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Kamchatka Krai, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Kamchatka KraiKrai
RussiaCountry

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A view from the observation point on Viluchinskiy Mountain Pass (suburbs of Mutnovskiy Volcano)

Kamchatka Krai, Russia
"Rope" - type lava (pahoehoe) of the Tolbachik's eruption of 2012-2013 year 'in situ"

2012-2013 Fissure Tolbachik Eruption site, Plosky Tolbachik volcano, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Krai, Russia
A view from the observation point on Viluchinskiy Mountain Pass (suburbs of Mutnovskiy Volcano)

Kamchatka Krai, Russia
"Rope" - type lava (pahoehoe) of the Tolbachik's eruption of 2012-2013 year 'in situ"

2012-2013 Fissure Tolbachik Eruption site, Plosky Tolbachik volcano, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Krai, Russia
A view from the observation point on Viluchinskiy Mountain Pass (suburbs of Mutnovskiy Volcano)

Kamchatka Krai, Russia
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky187,282 (2017)
Yelizovo40,692 (2016)
Vilyuchinsk25,204 (2012)
Klyuchi10,000 (2013)
Mil’kovo8,251 (2017)
Atlasovo5,000 (2013)
Other Languages:
French:
Kraï du Kamtchatka, Russie
German:
Region Kamtschatka, Russland
Italian:
Territorio della Kamčatka, Russia
Russian:
Камчатский край, Россия
Simplified Chinese:
堪察加邊疆區, 俄罗斯
Spanish:
Krai de Kamchatka, Rusia
Achinese:
Krai Kamchatka, Rusia
Afrikaans:
Kamtsjatka-krai, Rusland
Arabic:
كراي كامشاتكا, روسيا
Asturian:
Krai de Kamchatka, Rusia
Azeri:
Kamçatka diyarı, Rusiya
Bashkir:
Камчатка крайы, Рәсәй Федерацияһы
Basque:
Kamtxatka kraia, Errusia
Belarusian:
Камчацкі край, Расія
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Камчацкі край, Расея
Bosnian:
Kamčatski kraj, Rusija
Bulgarian:
Камчатски край, Русия
Catalan:
Territori de Kamtxatka, Rússia
Cebuano:
Kamtchatski Kray, Rusya
Chechen:
Камчаткан мохк, Росси
Croatian:
Kamčatski kraj, Rusija
Czech:
Kamčatský kraj, Rusko
Danish:
Kamtjatka kraj, Rusland
Dutch:
Kraj Kamtsjatka, Rusland
Erzya:
Камчатонь край, Россия Мастор
Estonian:
Kamtšatka krai, Venemaa
Farsi/Persian:
سرزمین کامچاتکا, روسیه
Finnish:
Kamtšatkan aluepiiri, Venäjä
Georgian:
კამჩატკის მხარე, რუსეთი
Greek:
Κράι Καμτσάτκα, Ρωσία
Hebrew:
קמצ'טקה (חבל מנהלי), רוסיה
Hindi:
कमचातका क्राय, रूस
Hungarian:
Kamcsatkai határterület, Oroszország
Indonesian:
Krai Kamchatka, Rusia
Irish Gaelic:
Críoch Kamchatka, An Rúis
Japanese:
カムチャツカ地方, ロシア
Kalmyk:
Камчатин зах улс, Орсин Ниицән
Karakalpak:
Kamchatka U'lkesi, Rossiya
Komi:
Камчатка край, Рочму
Komi-Permyak:
Камчатка ладор, Рочму
Korean:
캄차카 지방, 러시아
Kyrgyz:
Камчатка крайы, Орусия
Latvian:
Kamčatkas novads, Krievija
Lithuanian:
Kamčiatkos kraštas, Rusija
Macedonian:
Камчатски Крај, Русија
Malay:
Jajahan Kamchatka, Rusia
Marathi:
कामचत्का क्राय, रशिया
Meadow Mari:
Камчатке мланде, Россий
Mingrelian:
კამჩატკაშ აკანი, რუსეთი
Norwegian:
Kamtsjatka kraj, Russland
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Kamtsjatka kraj, Russland
Ossetian:
Камчаткæйы край, Уæрæсе
Polish:
Kraj Kamczacki, Rosja
Portuguese:
Krai de Kamtchatka, Rússia
Romanian:
Ținutul Kamceatka, Rusia
Russia Buriat:
Камчаткын хизаар, Оросой холбоото улас
Scots:
Kamchatka Krai, Roushie
Serbian:
Камчатска Покрајина, Русија
Serbo-Croatian:
Kamčatski kraj, Rusija
Slovak:
Kamčatský kraj, Rusko
South Azerbaijani:
کامچاتکا دیاری, روسیه
Swahili:
Kamchatka Krai, Urusi
Swedish:
Kamtjatka kraj, Ryssland
Tagalog:
Kamchatka Krai, Rusya
Tamil:
கம்சாத்கா பிரதேசம், உருசியா
Tatar:
Камчатка крае, Русия
Thai:
ดินแดนคัมชัตคา, ประเทศรัสเซีย
Traditional Chinese:
琴察加邊疆區, 俄羅斯
Turkish:
Kamçatka Krayı, Rusya
Udmurt:
Камчатка шаер, Россия
Ukrainian:
Камчатський край, Росія
Upper Sorbian:
Region Kamčatka, Ruska
Urdu:
کامچاٹکا کرائی, روس
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Kamchatka oʻlkasi, Rossiya
Venetian:
Teritorio de ła Kamčatka, Rusia
Veps:
Kamčatkan rand, Venäma
Vietnamese:
Kamchatka (vùng), Nga
Waray:
Kamchatka Krai, Rusya
Welsh:
Crai Kamchatka, Rwsia
Western Punjabi:
کمچٹکا, روس
Yakut:
Камчатка кыраайа, Арассыыйа


The volcanoes of Kamchatka are a UNESCO World Heritage Area.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

510 valid minerals. 150 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Achyrophanite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na)3(Fe3+,Ti,Al,Mg)5O2(AsO4)5
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Koshlyakova, N.N., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Agakhanov, A.A., Britvin, S.N., Turchkova, A.G., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2018) Achyrophanite, IMA 2018-011. CNMNC Newsletter No 43, June 2018, page 783; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 779-785.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Ahrensite
Formula: SiFe2O4
Reference: Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]; Takahashi, R., Matsueda, H., Okrugin, V. M., & Ono, S. (2006). Polymetallic and Au‐Ag Mineralizations at the Mutnovskoe Deposit in South Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology, 56(2), 141-156.; Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015 ; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Alacránite (TL)
Formula: As8S9
Reference: ZVMO,(1986) 115, 360-368; Bonazzi, P., Bindi, L., Popova, V., Pratesi, G. & Menchetti, S. (2003): Alacranite, As8S9: Structural study of the holotype and re-assignment of the original chemical formula. American Mineralogist 88, 1796-1800.
Alarsite (TL)
Formula: AlAsO4
Reference: [DAN,(1994) 338, n4, 501-505; MinRec 27:201]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Aleutite (TL)
Formula: [Cu5O2](AsO4)(VO4)·(Cu,K,Pb,Rb,Cs,)Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Agakhanov, A.A. and Polekhovsky, Y.S. (2018) Aleutite, IMA 2018-014. CNMNC Newsletter No 43, June 2018, page 784; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 779-785.
Allochalcoselite (TL)
Formula: Cu+PbCu2+5(SeO3)2Cl5O2
Type Locality:
Reference: P. Vergasova et al.: Proc. Russ. Min. Soc. 134(3):70-73 (2005)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka, vol 2, p 140, S.A. Fedotov
'α-Brass'
Formula: Cu3Zn
Reference: No reference listed
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Aluminium
Formula: Al
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Alum-(Na)
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Alumoedtollite (TL)
Formula: K2NaCu5AlO2(AsO4)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Sidorov, E.G., Ksenofontov, D.A., Britvin, S.N. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2017) Alumoedtollite, IMA2017-020. CNMNC Newsletter No. 38, August 2017, page 1034; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1033–1038.
Alumoklyuchevskite (TL)
Formula: K3Cu3(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)4O2
Description: From thesecond cone of the Northern Breakthrough.
Reference: [AmMin 84:685]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Ammoniovoltaite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12(H2O)18
Type Locality:
Reference: Zhitova, E.S., Siidra, O.I., Shilovskikh, V.V., Belakovsky, D.I., Nuzhdaev, A.A. and Ismagilova, R.M. (2017) Ammoniovoltaite, IMA 2017-022. CNMNC Newsletter No. 38, August 2017, page 1035; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1033–1038.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatolyite (TL)
Formula: Na6(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe3+)3Al(AsO4)6
Type Locality:
Reference: ekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Scheidl, K.S. (2016): Anatolyite, IMA 2016-040. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1137; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Anglesite var: Cuprian Anglesite
Formula: (Pb,Cu)SO4
Reference: Bykova E Y, Berlepsch P, Kartashov P M, Brugger J, Armbruster T, Criddle A J (1998) Vergasovaite Cu3O[(Mo,S)O4][SO4], a new copper-oxy-molybdate-sulfate from Kamchatka, Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 78, 479-488
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bortnikova, S. P., Manstein Yu, A., Kiryuhin, A. V., Vernikovskaya, I. V., & Palchik, N. A. (2009, February). Thermal springs hydrogeochemistry and structure at North-Mutnovskoe fumarole field (South Kamchatka, Russia). In Proceedings, thirty–fourth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, pp SGP-TR-187.
Antofagastaite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2·1.5H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Kovrugin, V.M., Siidra, O.I., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Koshlyakova, N.N., Yapaskurt, V.O., Turchkova, A.G., Möhn, G. (2019) Antofagastaite, Na2Ca(SO4)2·1.5H2O, a new mineral related to syngenite. Mineralogical Magazine: 83 (in press).
Anyuiite
Formula: AuPb2
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Arsenatrotitanite (TL)
Formula: NaTi(AsO4)O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Yapaskurt, V.O., Sidorov, R.G., Britvin, S.N. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016) Arsenatrotitanite, IMA 2016-015. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1143; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 1135–1144
Arsenic
Formula: As
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Arsenowagnerite (TL)
Formula: Mg2(AsO4)F
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015) Arsenowagnerite, IMA 2014-100. CNMNC Newsletter No. 24, April 2015, page 251; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 247-251; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2017): New arsenate minerals from the Arsenatnaya fumarole, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. VIII. Arsenowagnerite, Mg2(AsO4)F. Mineralogical Magazine, 82, 877-888.
Arsenudinaite (TL)
Formula: NaMg4(AsO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Koshlyakova, N.N., Belakovskiy, D.I., Agakhanov, A.A., Turchkova, A.G., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2018) Arsenudinaite, IMA 2018-067. CNMNC Newsletter No. 45, October 2018: page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: xxx-xxx; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=14984
Arsmirandite (TL)
Formula: Na18Cu12Fe3+O8(AsO4)8Cl5
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Britvin, S.N., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Krivovichev, S.V., Vigasina, M.F. and Sidorov, E.G. (2015) Arsmirandite, IMA 2014-081. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 57; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 51-58.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: N. V. Chukanov, M. N. Murashko, A. E. Zadov & A. F. Bushmakin (2006): Avdoninite, K2Cu5Cl8(OH)4• H2O, a new mineral from volcanic exhalations and from the zone of technogenesis at massive sulphide ore deposits. Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society 135(3), 38–42; Chukanov, N. V., Murashko, M. N., Zadov, A. E., & Bushmakin, A. F. (2007). Avdoninite, K 2 Cu 5 Cl 8 (OH) 4· H 2 O, a new mineral species from volcanic exhalations and the technogenic zone at volcanic-hosted massive sulfide deposits. Geology of Ore Deposits, 49(7), 505-508.
Atlasovite (TL)
Formula: K(BiO)Cu6Fe3+(SO4)5O3Cl
Reference: ZVMO,(1987) 116, 358-367; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Auricupride
Formula: Cu3Au
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Avdoninite (TL)
Formula: K2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2O
Reference: N. V. Chukanov, M. N. Murashko, A. E. Zadov & A. F. Bushmakin (2006): Avdoninite, K2Cu5Cl8(OH)4• H2O, a new mineral from volcanic exhalations and from the zone of technogenesis at massive sulphide ore deposits. Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society 135(3), 38–42
Averievite (TL)
Formula: Cu6(VO4)2O2Cl2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1997) 61, 441-446
Avogadrite
Formula: (K,Cs)[BF4]
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 32
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Axelite (TL)
Formula: Na14Cu7(AsO4)8F2Cl2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2017) Axelite, IMA 2017-015a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 38, August 2017, page 1038; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1033–1038.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Sidorov, E. G., Ignatyev, E. K., & Chubarov, V. M. (2017, August). First find of platinum group metals in the ore of Kirganik copper–porphyry deposit (Kamchatka). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 475, No. 2, pp. 883-886). Pleiades Publishing.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Badalovite (TL)
Formula: Na2Mg2Fe(AsO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Koshlyakova, N.N., Agakhanov, A.A., Zubkova, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Turchkova, A.G., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016): Badalovite, IMA 2016-053. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1140; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144
Balyakinite (TL)
Formula: Cu(TeO3)
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Bannermanite
Formula: (Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Kartashov, P.M., Polekhovsky, Yu.S., Murashko, M.N., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2014): Koksharovite, CaMg2Fe3+4(VO4)6, and grigorievite, Cu3Fe3+2Al2(VO4)6, two new howardevansite-group minerals from volcanic exhalations. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26, 667-677.
Barrerite
Formula: (Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bassanite
Formula: CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Belloite
Formula: Cu(OH)Cl
Belomarinaite (TL)
Formula: KNa(SO4)
Type Locality:
Reference: Filatov, S.K., Shablinskii, A.P., Vergasova, L.P., Saprikina, O.Y., Bubnova, R.S., Moskaleva, S.V. and Belousov, A.B. (2018) Belomarinaite, IMA 2017-069a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 43, June 2018, page 781; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: 779-785
Belousovite (TL)
Formula: KZn(SO4)Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Zaitsev, A.N., Lukina, E.A., Kayukov, R.A., Vergasova, L.P., Filatov, S.K., Karpov, G.A. and Shilovskikh, V.V. (2016) Belousovite, IMA 2016-047. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1139; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 1135–1144; Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Lukina, E.A., Zaitsev, A.N., Shilovskikh, V.V. (2018): Belousovite, KZn(SO4)Cl, a new sulphate mineral from the Tolbachik volcano with apophyllite sheet-topology. Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 1079-1088.
Bezsmertnovite (TL)
Formula: (Au,Ag)4Cu(Te,Pb)
Type Locality:
Reference: Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold; Andreeva, E. D., Matsueda, H., Okrugin, V. M., Takahashi, R., & Ono, S. (2013). Au–Ag–Te Mineralization of the Low‐Sulfidation Epithermal Aginskoe Deposit, Central Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology, 63(4), 337-349.; Okrugina, V. and Elena Andreeva (2014) Volcanic-related epithermal deposits in Kamchatka volcanic arc (North-East of Pacific region). in Abstract Volume IAGR Conference Series No. 20, pp.107–109
Bilibinskite (TL)
Formula: PbCu2Au3Te2
Reference: Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Andreeva, E. D., Matsueda, H., Okrugin, V. M., Takahashi, R., & Ono, S. (2013). Au–Ag–Te Mineralization of the Low‐Sulfidation Epithermal Aginskoe Deposit, Central Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology, 63(4), 337-349.; Okrugina, V. and Elena Andreeva (2014) Volcanic-related epithermal deposits in Kamchatka volcanic arc (North-East of Pacific region). in Abstract Volume IAGR Conference Series No. 20, pp.107–109
Bílinite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Bischofite
Formula: MgCl2 · 6H2O
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Zelenski, M. & Bortnikova, S. (2005): Sublimate speciation at Mutnovsky volcano, Kamchatka. European Journal of Mineralogy, 17, 107-118.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Bobjonesite
Formula: (V4+O)(SO4) · 3H2O
Reference: Siidra, O. I., Vergasova, L. P., Kretser, Y. L., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Filatov, S. K., & Krivovichev, S. V. (2014). Unique thallium mineralization in the fumaroles of Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. III. Evdokimovite, Tl4 (VO) 3 (SO4) 5 (H2O) 5. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1711-1724.
Bogdanovite (TL)
Formula: (Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
Type Locality:
Reference: Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Andreeva, E. D., Matsueda, H., Okrugin, V. M., Takahashi, R., & Ono, S. (2013). Au–Ag–Te Mineralization of the Low‐Sulfidation Epithermal Aginskoe Deposit, Central Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology, 63(4), 337-349.; Okrugina, V. and Elena Andreeva (2014) Volcanic-related epithermal deposits in Kamchatka volcanic arc (North-East of Pacific region). in Abstract Volume IAGR Conference Series No. 20, pp.107–109
Bohdanowiczite
Formula: AgBiSe2
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
Bonattite
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Bonazziite ?
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Bindi, L., Pratesi, G., Muniz-Miranda, M., Zoppi, M., Chelazzi, L., Lepore, G. O., & Menchetti, S. (2015). From ancient pigments to modern optoelectronic applications of arsenic sulfides: bonazziite, the natural analogue of β-As4S4 from Khaidarkan deposit, Kyrgyzstan. Mineralogical Magazine, 79(1), 121-131
Boothite
Formula: CuSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/minerals/boothite.htm.
Borisenkoite (TL)
Formula: Cu3[(V,As)O4]2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Vigasina, M.F., Britvin, S.N., Turchkova, A.G., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016): Borisenkoite, IMA 2015-113. CNMNC Newsletter No. 30, April 2016, page 411; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 407–413
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015 ; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Bowieite
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Bradaczekite (TL)
Formula: NaCu4(AsO4)3
Reference: Filatov, S. K., Vergasova, L. P., Gorskaya, M. G., Krivovichev, S. V., Burns, P. C., & Ananiev, V. V. (2001). Bradaczekite, NaCu4 (AsO4) 3, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(4), 1115-1119.
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Reference: Mikon specimen
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Reference: Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Bubnovaite (TL)
Formula: K2Na8Ca(SO4)6
Reference: found in volcanic fumaroles of the 2012–2013 Tolbachik fissure eruption, Kamchatka peninsula, on the new cinder Naboko cone
Burnsite (TL)
Formula: KCdCu2+7(SeO3)2O2Cl9
Type Locality:
Reference: Krivovichev S V, Vergasova L P, Starova G L, Filatov S K, Britvin S N, Roberts A C, Steele I M (2002) Burnsite, KCdCu7O2(SeO3)2Cl9, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia, The Canadian Mineralogist 40, 1171-1175. Burns, P.C., Krivovichev, S.V. & Filatov, S.K. (2002) New Cu2+ coordination polyhedra in the crystal structure of burnsite, KCdCu7O2(SeO3)2Cl9. Canadian Mineralogist 40, 1587-1595. ; Mandarino, J. A. (2003). New minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(3), 803-828.
Butlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bortnikova, S. P., Manstein Yu, A., Kiryuhin, A. V., Vernikovskaya, I. V., & Palchik, N. A. (2009, February). Thermal springs hydrogeochemistry and structure at North-Mutnovskoe fumarole field (South Kamchatka, Russia). In Proceedings, thirty–fourth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, pp SGP-TR-187.
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.; Okrugin, V. M., Andreeva, E. D., Kim, A. U., Moskaleva, S. V., Okrugina, A. M., Filosofova, T. M., ... & Kudaeva, S. S. (2015). Zeolites of the Modern and Paleo-Hydrothermal Systems on Kamchatka. Zeolites, 19, 25.; Andreeva, E. D., Matsueda, H., Okrugin, V. M., Takahashi, R., & Ono, S. (2013). Au–Ag–Te Mineralization of the Low‐Sulfidation Epithermal Aginskoe Deposit, Central Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology, 63(4), 337-349.; Okrugina, V. and Elena Andreeva (2014) Volcanic-related epithermal deposits in Kamchatka volcanic arc (North-East of Pacific region). in Abstract Volume IAGR Conference Series No. 20, pp.107–109
Calciojohillerite (TL)
Formula: NaCaMg3(AsO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Koshlyakova, N.N., Agakhanov, A.A., Zubkova, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Turchkova, A.G., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016): Calciojohillerite, IMA 2016-068. CNMNC Newsletter No. 34, December 2016, page 1317; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1315–1321
Calciolangbeinite (TL)
Formula: K2Ca2(SO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zelenski, M.E., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2011) Calciolangbeinite, IMA 2011-067. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2890; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893.; Pekov, I. V., Zelenski, M. E., Zubkova, N. V., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Belakovskiy, D. I., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2012). Calciolangbeinite, K2Ca2 (SO4) 3, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(3), 673-682.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015 ; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Calomel
Formula: (Hg2)2+Cl2
Reference: [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]; Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Reference: [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Cannizzarite
Formula: Pb48Bi56S132
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1312–1324, 2009; American Mineralogist, Volume 91, pages 21-–28, 2006
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: Подлипский, М. Ю., Сидоров, Е. Г., Толстых, Н. Д., & Кривенко, А. П. (1999). Кобальтсодержащий маланит и другие тиошпинели платины из россыпных проявлений реки Майор (Камчатка). Геология и геофизика, 40(4), 645-648.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Cesiodymite (TL)
Formula: CsKCu5O(SO4)5
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016): Cesiodymite, IMA 2016-002. CNMNC Newsletter No. 31, June 2016, page 694; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 691–697; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N. (2018): Cryptochalcite, K2Cu5O(SO4)5, and cesiodymite, CsKCu5O(SO4)5, two new isotypic minerals and the K-Cs isomorphism in this solid-solution series. European Journal of Mineralogy, 30: 593-607
'Chabazite'
Reference: Okrugin, V. M., Andreeva, E. D., Kim, A. U., Moskaleva, S. V., Okrugina, A. M., Filosofova, T. M., ... & Kudaeva, S. S. (2015). Zeolites of the Modern and Paleo-Hydrothermal Systems on Kamchatka. Zeolites, 19, 25.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Zelenski, M. E., Yapaskurt, V. O., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Fadeeva, O. A., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2013). Yaroshevskite, Cu9O2 (VO4) 4Cl2, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(1), 107-116.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chalcocyanite
Formula: CuSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Challacolloite
Formula: KPb2Cl5
Chengdeite
Formula: Ir3Fe
Reference: SEM by Excalibur Mineral Co.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Chlorartinite (TL)
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Vergasova, L.P., Filatov, S.K., Serafimova, E.K., and Sergeyeva, S.V. (1998) Chlorartinite Mg2(CO3)ClOH·3H2O — a new mineral from exhalations. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 127(2): 55-59 (in Russian).; Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., and Roberts, A.C. (1999) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 84: 1195-1198.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chloromenite (TL)
Formula: Cu9(SeO3)4O2Cl6
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy(1999) 11, 119-123; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Chlorothionite
Formula: K2Cu(SO4)Cl2
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysothallite (TL)
Formula: K6Cu6Tl3+Cl17(OH)4·H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013) Chrysothallite, IMA 2013-008. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2702; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.
Chubarovite (TL)
Formula: KZn2(BO3)Cl2
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Pautov, L.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2014) Chubarovite, IMA 2014-018. CNMNC Newsletter No. 21, August 2014, page 799; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 797-804.; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Pautov, L.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): Chubarovite,KZn2(BO3)Cl2, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist. 53: 273-284
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Scientific Report 5:9111; Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
'Clinoptilolite'
Reference: Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka, vol 2, p 140, S.A. Fedotov
Clinoptilolite-K
Formula: K6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (1984)
Clinoptilolite-Na
Formula: Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (1984)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bortnikova, S. P., Manstein Yu, A., Kiryuhin, A. V., Vernikovskaya, I. V., & Palchik, N. A. (2009, February). Thermal springs hydrogeochemistry and structure at North-Mutnovskoe fumarole field (South Kamchatka, Russia). In Proceedings, thirty–fourth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, pp SGP-TR-187.
Cochromite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Scientific Report 5:9111
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Coparsite (TL)
Formula: Cu4(AsO4,VO4)O2Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Zeitschr.Krist.(1998) 213, 650-653 & Canadian Mineralogist(1999) 37, 911-914
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Description: fumarolic
Reference: Lapis, 35 (2010), #11, 10.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Cryobostryxite (TL)
Formula: KZnCl3·2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Britvin, S.N., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2014) Cryobostryxite, IMA 2014-058. CNMNC Newsletter No. 22, October 2014, page 1247; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248.
Cryptochalcite (TL)
Formula: K2Cu5O(SO4)5
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015) Cryptochalcite, IMA 2014-106. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 530; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535. ;Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N. (2018): Cryptochalcite, K2Cu5O(SO4)5, and cesiodymite, CsKCu5O(SO4)5, two new isotypic minerals and the K-Cs isomorphism in this solid-solution series. European Journal of Mineralogy, 30, 593-607
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Takahashi, Ryohei; Natsueda, Hiroharu; Okrugin, Victor M.; Ono, Shuji (2007): Epithermal gold-​silver mineralization of the Asachinskoe deposit in southern Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology 57(4), 354-373.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cupalite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Zn)Al
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Sidorov, E. G., Ignatyev, E. K., & Chubarov, V. M. (2017, August). First find of platinum group metals in the ore of Kirganik copper–porphyry deposit (Kamchatka). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 475, No. 2, pp. 883-886). Pleiades Publishing.
Cuproiridsite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Cupromolybdite (TL)
Formula: Cu3O(MoO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Zelenski, M.E., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Polekhovsky, Yu.S. & Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2012): Cupromolybdite, Cu3O(MoO4)2, a new fumarolic mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 749-757.
Cuprorhodsite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Cuprospinel
Formula: Cu2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia[i]. Minerals: 8: 498; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8110498; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=14995
Cuprostibite
Formula: Cu2(Sb,Tl)
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Cyanochroite
Formula: K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Decagonite (TL)
Formula: Al71Ni24Fe5
Type Locality:
Reference: Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.; Bindi, L. and Steinhardt, P.J. (2015) Decagonite, IMA 2015-017. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 535; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535; Bindi, L. et al. (2015): Natural quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry. Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 9111 [doi:10.1038/srep09111].
Deltalumite (TL)
Formula: (Al0.670.33)Al2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Anikin, L.P., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Yapaskurt, V.O., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Zubkova, N.V. (2016): Deltalumite, IMA 2016-027. CNMNC Newsletter No. 32, August 2016, page 919; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 915–922
Diamond
Formula: C
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Reference: Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
Dietrichite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Description: Occurs in host picrite phenocrysts.
Reference: Turner, A., Drummond, M.S., Kepezhinskas, P., and Defant, M.J. (1996) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of mantle Xenoliths and Host Volcanics of the Avachinsky Volcano, Kamchatka Arc, Russia. 1996 Abstracts with Programs, The Geological Society of America.
Dioskouriite (TL)
Formula: CaCu4Cl6(OH)4·4H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Zolotarev, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Krivovichev, S.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Vigasina, M.F., Kasatkin, A.V., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016): Dioskouriite, IMA No. 2015-106. CNMNC Newsletter No. 30, April 2016, page 409; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 407–413.
Dmisokolovite (TL)
Formula: K3Cu5AlO2(AsO4)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Yapaskurt, V.O., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013) Dmisokolovite, IMA 2013-079. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3253; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258.
Dokuchaevite (TL)
Formula: Cu8O2(VO4)3Cl3
Type Locality:
Reference: Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Zaitsev, A.N., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Wenzel, T. and Spratt, J. (2018) Dokuchaevite, IMA 2018-012. CNMNC Newsletter No 43, June 2018, page 783; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 779-785.
Dolerophanite
Formula: Cu2(SO4)O
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Dravertite (TL)
Formula: CuMg(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015) Dravertite, IMA 2014-104. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 530; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2017): Dravertite, CuMg(SO4)2, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29: 323-330.
Dypingite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Edtollite (TL)
Formula: K2NaCu5Fe3+O2(AsO4)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Ksenofontov, D.A., Britvin, S.N. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016) Edtollite, IMA 2016-010. CNMNC Newsletter No. 31, June 2016, page 696; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 691–697.
Elasmochloite (TL)
Formula: Na3Cu6BiO4(SO4)5
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Britvin, S.N., Agakhanov, A.A., Vigasina, M.F. and Sidorov, E.G. (2018) Elasmochloite, IMA 2018-015. CNMNC Newsletter No 43, June 2018, page 784; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 779-785
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Eleomelanite (TL)
Formula: (K2Pb)Cu4O2(SO4)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016): Eleomelanite, IMA 2015-118. CNMNC Newsletter No. 30, April 2016; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 407–413
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Description: Enstatite, sensu strictu, [Fs1Wo1] is interstitial along with adjoining olivine.
Reference: Ruzicka, A., Jeffrey N. Grossman, J.N. & Garvie, L. (2014) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 100: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49: E1-E10. (June 2014). [On line]
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ericlaxmanite (TL)
Formula: Cu4O(AsO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013) Ericlaxmanite, IMA 2013-022. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2706; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2014): New arsenate minerals from the Arsenatnaya fumarole, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. II. Ericlaxmanite and kozyrevskite, two natural modifications of Cu4O(AsO4)2. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1553–1569
Eriochalcite
Formula: CuCl2 · 2H2O
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Euchlorine
Formula: KNaCu3(SO4)3O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Evdokimovite (TL)
Formula: Tl4(VO)3(SO4)5(H2O)5
Type Locality:
Reference: Siidra, O. I., Vergasova, L. P., Kretser, Y. L., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Filatov, S. K., & Krivovichev, S. V. (2014). Unique thallium mineralization in the fumaroles of Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. III. Evdokimovite, Tl4 (VO) 3 (SO4) 5 (H2O) 5. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1711-1724.
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
'Famatinite-Luzonite Series'
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Fedotovite (TL)
Formula: K2Cu3(SO4)3O
Reference: DAN-SSSR,(1988) 229, 961-964; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Feodosiyite (TL)
Formula: Cu11Mg2Cl18(OH)8·16H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Vigasina, M.F., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015) Feodosiyite, IMA 2015-063. CNMNC Newsletter No. 28, December 2015, page 1860; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1859–1864. ; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Vigasina, M.F., Ksenofontov, D.A., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Khanin, D.A., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2018): Feodosiyite, Cu11Mg2Cl18(OH)8·16H2O, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 195, 27-39
Ferrohexahydrite
Formula: FeSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Ferronickelplatinum
Formula: Pt2FeNi
Reference: Kutyrev, A. V., Sidorov, E. G., Antonov, A. V., & Chubarov, V. M. (2018). Platinum-group mineral assemblage of the Prizhimny Creek (Koryak Highland). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(8), 935-944.
'Ferrorhodsite'
Formula: (Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Reference: Tony Nikischer specimen and analysis; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Filatovite (TL)
Formula: K(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Vergasova, L.P., Krivovichev, S.V., Britvin, S.N., Burns, P.C., and Ananiev, V.V. (2004) Filatovite, K[(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8], a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka peninsula, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy: 16(3): 533-536.
Fischesserite
Formula: Ag3AuSe2
Reference: Spiridonov, E. M., Filimonov, S. V., & Bryzgalov, I. A. (2009, April). Solid solution fisnhesserite-naumannite (Ag, Au) 2 Se in ores of the volcanogenic gold deposit Ozernovskoye, Kamchatka. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 425, No. 2, pp. 415-418). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Flinteite (TL)
Formula: K2ZnCl4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2014) Flinteite, IMA 2014-009. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 556; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558.; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588.; Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Fluoborite
Formula: Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Savelyev, D.P., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2014): Wulffite, K3NaCu4O2(SO4)4, and parawulffite, K5Na3Cu8O4(SO4)8, two new minerals from fumarole sublimates of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 699-716.; Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Ksenofontov, D. A., Yapaskurt, V. O., Pushcharovsky, D. Y., & Sidorov, E. G. (2018, March). Arcanite from Fumarole Exhalations of the Tolbachik Volcano (Kamchatka, Russia) and Its Crystal Structure. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 479, pp. 339-341). Pleiades Publishing.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia[i]. Minerals: 8: 498; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8110498; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=14995
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia[i]. Minerals: 8: 498; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8110498; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=14995
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Galena var: Selenian Galena
Formula: Pb(S,Se)
Reference: Andreeva, E. D., Matsueda, H., Okrugin, V. M., Takahashi, R., & Ono, S. (2013). Au–Ag–Te Mineralization of the Low‐Sulfidation Epithermal Aginskoe Deposit, Central Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology, 63(4), 337-349.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Genkinite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Reference: Tony Nikischer specimen and analysis; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Georgbokiite (TL)
Formula: Cu5(SeO3)2O2Cl2
Reference: [Doklady Akad. Nauk, 364(4), 527–531; Zeits. Kristallogr., 214(3), 135– 138.; MinRec 31:201]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Kozlov, A. P., Chanturiya, V. A., Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., & Telegin, Y. M. (2011). Large-volume platinum ore deposits in zonal mafic-ultramafic complexes of the Ural-Alaskan type and the outlook for their development. Geology of ore deposits, 53(5), 374.
'Glass'
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Glikinite (TL)
Formula: Zn3O(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Nazarchuk, E.V., Siidra, O.I., Nekrasova, D.O., Borisov, A.S. and Shilovskikh, V.V. (2019) Glikinite, IMA 2018-119. CNMNC Newsletter No. 47, February 2019, page 202; European Journal of Mineralogy, 31: 199–204.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Gold var: Palladian Gold
Formula: (Au,Pd)
Reference: Tolstykh, N.D., Sidorov, E.G., Laajoki, K.V.O., Krivenko, A.P., and Podlipskiy, M. (2000): Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 1251-1264.
Goldfieldite
Formula: Cu10Te4S13
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1312–1324, 2009; Okrugin, V. M., Andreeva, E. D., Chubarov, V. M., Yablokova, D. A., Shishkanova, K. O., Chernev, I. I., & Chubarov, M. V. Sulfides of the Modern Kamchatka Hydrothermal Systems. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015
Grigorievite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Fe3+2Al2(VO4)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Murashko, M.N., Yapaskurt , V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Kartashov, P.M. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013) Grigorievite, IMA 2012-047. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 15; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Gunningite
Formula: ZnSO4 · H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hatertite (TL)
Formula: Na2(Ca,Na)(Fe3+,Cu)2(AsO4)3
Reference: Vergasova, L.P., Filatov, S.K., Rybin, D.S., Krivovichev, S.V., Britvin, S.N. and Ananiev, V.V. (2013) Hatertite, IMA 2012-048. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 3; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Hemusite
Formula: Cu6SnMoS8
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Hermannjahnite (TL)
Formula: CuZn(SO4)2
Reference: Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Lukina, E.A., Vergasova, L.P., Filatov, S.K., Pekov, I.V., Karpov, G.A. and Yapaskurt, V.O. (2015) Hermannjahnite, IMA 2015-050. CNMNC Newsletter No. 27, October 2015, page 1225; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1229–1236; Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Lukina, E.A., Zaitsev, A.N., Turner, R., Filatov, S.K., Pekov, I.V., Karpov, G.A., Yapaskurt, V.O. (2018): Hermannjahnite, CuZn(SO4)2, a new mineral with chalcocyanite derivative structure from the Naboko scoria cone of the 2012–2013 fissure eruption at Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology: 112: 123-134.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (1984)
Heulandite-Na
Formula: (Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (1984)
Hexaferrum (TL)
Formula: (Fe,Os,Ru,Ir)
Type Locality:
Description: The mineral occurs as inclusions of cubic or octahedral crystals up to 200 micron, with most 5–50 micron, in Cr spinel at the Chirynaisky dunite-harzburgite massif.
Reference: [ZVMO 127/5 (1998), 41; MinRec 31:201]
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Hodrušite
Formula: Cu8Bi12S22
Reference: [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p.163-180]; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588.; Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Hollisterite (TL)
Formula: Al3Fe
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]; Ma, C., Lin, C., Luca Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2017): Hollisterite (Al3Fe), kryachkoite (Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu), and stolperite (AlCu): Three new minerals from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 102, 690-693
Hongshiite
Formula: PtCu
Reference: [Canadian Mineralogist 38 p1251-1264 "The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia"]
'Hornblende'
Hunchunite
Formula: Au2Pb
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3·4H2O
Reference: Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Hydrophilite'
Reference: Vergasova L P, Filatov S K, Starova G L, Matusevich Z L, Filosofova T M (1996) Vlodavetsite, AlCa2(SO4)2F2Cl·4H2O, a new mineral from volcanic exhalations, Transactions (Doklady) of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Earth science sections, 343, 173-176 abstract Am Min 81:768
Ice
Formula: H2O
Reference: http://www.answers.com/topic/avacha.
Icosahedrite (TL)
Formula: Al63Cu24Fe13
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: Andreeva, E. D., Matsueda, H., Okrugin, V. M., Takahashi, R., & Ono, S. (2013). Au–Ag–Te Mineralization of the Low‐Sulfidation Epithermal Aginskoe Deposit, Central Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology, 63(4), 337-349.
Ilinskite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)Cu5(SeO3)2O2Cl3
Reference: DAN,(1997) 353, n5, 641-644; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Mandarino, J. A. (2003). New minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(3), 803-828.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Inaglyite
Formula: Cu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iridium var: Osmiridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iridium var: Rutheniridium
Formula: (Ir,Ru)
Reference: AmMin 84:1685-1688
Iron
Formula: Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Itelmenite (TL)
Formula: Na4Mg3Cu3(SO4)8
Type Locality:
Reference: Nazarchuk, E.V., Siidra, O.I., Agakhanov, A.A., Lukina, E.A., Avdontseva, E.Y., Vergasova, L.P., Filatov, S.K. and Karpov, G.A.(2015) Itelmenite, IMA2015-047. CNMNC Newsletter No. 27, October 2015, page 1225; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1229–1236.
Ivsite (TL)
Formula: Na3H(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Filatov, S.K., Karpov, G.A., Shablinskii, A.P., Krivovichev, S.V., Vergasova, L.P. and Antonov, A.V. (2014) Ivsite, IMA 2013-138. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 554; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015 ; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Jakobssonite
Formula: CaAlF5
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Reference: [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p.163-180]; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Johillerite
Formula: Na(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3
Kainite
Formula: KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Kainotropite (TL)
Formula: Cu4Fe3+O2(V2O7)(VO4)
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Turchkova, A.G., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015) Kainotropite, IMA 2015-053. CNMNC Newsletter No. 27, October 2015, page 1226; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1229–1236.
Kalininite
Formula: ZnCr2S4
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bortnikova, S. P., Manstein Yu, A., Kiryuhin, A. V., Vernikovskaya, I. V., & Palchik, N. A. (2009, February). Thermal springs hydrogeochemistry and structure at North-Mutnovskoe fumarole field (South Kamchatka, Russia). In Proceedings, thirty–fourth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, pp SGP-TR-187.
Kaliochalcite (TL)
Formula: KCu2(SO4)2[(OH)(H2O)]
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Siidra, O.I., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Zelenski, M.E., Murashko, M.N. and Sidorov, E.G. (2013) Kaliochalcite, IMA 2013-037. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 2998; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005. ; Pekov, I.V., Siidra, O.I., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Murashko, M.N., Sidorov, E.G. (2014): Kaliochalcite, KCu2(SO4)2[(OH)(H2O)], a new tsumcorite-group mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26, 597-604.
Kalithallite (TL)
Formula: K3Tl3+Cl6·2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Krzhizhanovskaya, M.G., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Sidorov, E.G. (2017) Kalithallite, IMA 2017-044. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1280; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1279–1286.
Kamchatkite (TL)
Formula: KCu3(SO4)2OCl
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Karpovite (TL)
Formula: Tl2VO(SO4)2(H2O)
Type Locality:
Reference: Vergasova, L.P., Siidra, O.I., Kretser, Y.L., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Filatov, S.K. and Krivovichev, S.V. (2013) Karpovite, IMA 2013-040. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 2999; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005. ; Siidra, O.I., Vergasova, L.P., Kretser, Y.L., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Filatov, S.K., and Krivovichev, S.V. (2014): Unique thallium mineralization in the fumaroles of Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. II. Karpovite, Tl2VO(SO4)2(H2O). Mineralogical Magazine 78, 1699-1709. ; Siidra, O. I., Vergasova, L. P., Kretser, Y. L., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Filatov, S. K., & Krivovichev, S. V. (2014). Unique thallium mineralization in the fumaroles of Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. III. Evdokimovite, Tl4 (VO) 3 (SO4) 5 (H2O) 5. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1711-1724.
Kashinite
Formula: (Ir,Rh)2S3
Katiarsite (TL)
Formula: KTiO(AsO4)
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Zubkova, N.V., Vigasina, M.F. and Sidorov, E.G. (2014) Katiarsite, IMA 2014- 025. CNMNC Newsletter No. 21, August 2014, page 800; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 797-804. ; Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Zubkova, N.V., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G. (2016): New arsenate minerals from the Arsenatnaya fumarole, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. V. Katiarsite, KTiO(AsO4). Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 639-646
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Khamrabaevite ?
Formula: (Ti,V,Fe)C
Reference: Mineral. Zhurnal: 9: 7l-82: 1987 Zharg, J., Yang, G., Li, Z. (1986): Discovery of natural tungsten carbide (WC) in China. Kuangwu Xuebao: 6: 344-349 (in Chinese, with English abstract); in: Hawthorne, F.C., Jambor, J.L., Bladh, K.W., Burke, E.A.J., Grice, J.D., Phillips, D., Roberts, A.C., Schedler, R.A., Shigley, J.E. (1987): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 72: 1027
Khatyrkite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Zn)Al2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Khrenovite (TL)
Formula: Na3Fe3+2(AsO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Koshlyakova, N.N., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2018) Khrenovite, IMA 2017-105. CNMNC Newsletter No. 42, April 2018, page 448; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 445-451.
Klyuchevskite (TL)
Formula: K3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2
Reference: ZVMO,(1989) 118, n1, 70-73; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Koksharovite (TL)
Formula: CaMg2Fe3+4(VO4)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Kartashov, P. M . , Yapask u r t , V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013) Koksharovite, IMA 2012-092. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2698; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.
Konderite
Formula: Cu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16
Reference: Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Kononovite (TL)
Formula: NaMg(SO4)F
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Krzhizhanovskaya, M.G., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S. and Sidorov, E.G. (2014) Kononovite, IMA 2013-116. CNMNC Newsletter No. 19, February 2014, page 169; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 165-170.; Pekov, I.V., Krzhizhanovskaya, M.G., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Sidorov, E.G. (2015): Kononovite, NaMg(SO4)F, a new mineral from the Arsenatnaya fumarole, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 575-580
Koryakite (TL)
Formula: NaKMg2Al2(SO4)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Nazarchuk, E.V., Siidra, O.I., Zaitsev, A.N. and Vlasenko, N.S. (2018) Koryakite, IMA 2018-013. CNMNC Newsletter No 43, June 2018, page 784; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 779-785.
Kostovite
Formula: CuAuTe4
Reference: Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Reference: Sidorov, E. G., Ignatyev, E. K., & Chubarov, V. M. (2017, August). First find of platinum group metals in the ore of Kirganik copper–porphyry deposit (Kamchatka). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 475, No. 2, pp. 883-886). Pleiades Publishing.
Kozyrevskite (TL)
Formula: Cu4O(AsO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013) Kozyrevskite, IMA 2013-023. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2706; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2014): New arsenate minerals from the Arsenatnaya fumarole, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. II. Ericlaxmanite and kozyrevskite, two natural modifications of Cu4O(AsO4)2. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1553–1569
Krasheninnikovite (TL)
Formula: KNa2CaMg(SO4)3F
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zelenski, M.E., Zubkova, N.V., Ksenofontov, D.A., Kabalov,Y.K., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Zadov,A.E. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2011) :Krasheninnikovite, IMA 2011-044. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011, page 2559; Pekov, I.V., Zelenski, M.E., Zubkova, N.V., Ksenofontov, D.A., Kabalov, Y.K., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Zadov, A.E., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2012): Krasheninnikovite, KNa2CaMg(SO4)3F, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. American Mineralogist, 97, 1788-1795
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Kryachkoite (TL)
Formula: (Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu)
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Kryachkoite, IMA 2016-062. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1142; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144; Ma, C., Lin, C., Luca Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2017): Hollisterite (Al3Fe), kryachkoite (Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu), and stolperite (AlCu): Three new minerals from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 102, 690-693
Kudriavite
Formula: (Cd,Pb)Bi2S4
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti (2005) Probed; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1312–1324, 2009; American Mineralogist, Volume 91, pages 21-–28, 2006
Lammerite
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)2
Lammerite-β (TL)
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)2
Reference: IMA Approvals - April 2009
Langbeinite
Formula: K2Mg2(SO4)3
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Lawrencite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Reference: http://www.kscnet.ru/ivs/conferences/kasp/JKASP04_circular2.pdf
Lead
Formula: Pb
Lehmannite (TL)
Formula: Na18Cu12TiO8(AsO4)8FCl5
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Britvin, S.N., Koshlyakova, N.N., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Göttlicher, J., Vigasina, M.F., Turchkova, A.G. and Sidorov, E.G. (2018) Lemannite, IMA 2017-057a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: xxxx–xxxx.
Lenaite
Formula: AgFeS2
Reference: Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Leningradite (TL)
Formula: PbCu3(VO4)2Cl
Reference: L.P. Vergasova, S.K. Filatov, T.F. Semenova and V.V. Anan'yev (1990). Lenningradite PbCU3 (V04) 2CI2. A new Mineral From Volcanic Exhalations Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 310(6), 1434-1437.
Leonardsenite
Formula: MgAlF5·2H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Lesukite (TL)
Formula: Al2Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO,(1997) 126, n2, 104-110
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: S. ISHIMARU, S. ARAI and H. SHUKUNO (2009) Metals in oxidized and metasomatized peridotite xenoliths derived from the mantle wedge. Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2009.
Luobusaite ?
Formula: Fe0.84Si2
Description: Fe30Si70
Reference: S. ISHIMARU, S. ARAI and H. SHUKUNO (2009) Metals in oxidized and metasomatized peridotite xenoliths derived from the mantle wedge. Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2009.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]; Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015 ; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Lyonsite
Formula: Cu3Fe4(VO4)6
Lyonsite var: Cu-rich lyonsite
Formula: Cu3Fe4(VO4)6
Reference: I. V. Pekov, N. V. Zubkova, D. Yu. Chernyshov, M. E. Zelenski, V. O. Yapaskurt, D. Yu. Pushcharovskii (2013): A new Cu-rich variety of lyonsite from fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano (Kamchatka, Russia) and its crystal structure. Doklady Earth Sciences. 448(1),112-116
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
'Magnesiochromite-Spinel Series'
Reference: Tolstykh N.D., Sidorov E.G., Kozlov A.P. (2004) Platinum-group minerals in lode and placier deposits associated with the Ural-Alaskan-type Gal'moenan complex, Koryak-Kamchatka Platinum Belt, Russia, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, p.2, pp. 619-630.
Magnesiohatertite (TL)
Formula: (Na,Ca)2Ca(Mg,Fe3+)2(AsO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S., Koshlyakova, N.N., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F.,Agakhanov,A.A., Britvin, S.N., Turchkova, A.G., Sidorov, E.G. and Giester, G. (2016) Magnesiohatertite, IMA 2016-078. CNMNC Newsletter No. 34, December 2016, page 1319; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 1315–1321
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Majzlanite (TL)
Formula: K2Na(ZnNa)Ca(SO4)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Zaitsev, A.N. and Shilovskikh, V.V. (2018) Majzlanite, IMA 2018-016. CNMNC Newsletter No 43, June 2018, page 784; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 779-785
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Malanite
Formula: Cu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
Malladrite
Formula: Na2[SiF6]
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 82, pages 1038–1041, 1997
Mallardite
Formula: MnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Vergasova, L. P., Filatov, S. K., & Dunin-Barkovskaya, V. V. (2007). Posteruptive activity on the First Cone of the Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption and recent volcanogenic generation of bauxites. Journal of Volcanology and Seismology, 1(2), 119-139.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Takahashi, Ryohei; Natsueda, Hiroharu; Okrugin, Victor M.; Ono, Shuji (2007): Epithermal gold-​silver mineralization of the Asachinskoe deposit in southern Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology 57(4), 354-373.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015 ; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Manganochromite
Formula: Mn2+Cr2O4
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Marinaite (TL)
Formula: Cu2Fe3+O2(BO3)
Type Locality:
Reference: Chaplygin, I.V., Yudovskaya, M.A., Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Pushcharovsky, D.Y., Belakovskiy, D.I., Griboedova, I.G., Kononkova, N.N. and Rassulov, V.A. (2016): Marinaite, IMA 2016-021. CNMNC Newsletter No. 32, August 2016, page 917; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 915–922
Markhininite (TL)
Formula: TlBi(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Filatov, S.K., Vergasova, L.P., Siidra, O.I., Krivovichev, S.V. and Kretser, Y.L. (2013) Markhininite , IMA 2012-040. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 2; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12.; Siidra, O.I., Vergasova, L.P., Krivovichev, S.V., Kretser, Y.L., Zaitsev, A.N. and Filatov, S.K. (2014): Unique thallium mineralization in the fumaroles of Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. I. Markhininite, TlBi(SO4)2. Mineralogical Magazine 78, 1687-1698. ; Siidra, O. I., Vergasova, L. P., Kretser, Y. L., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Filatov, S. K., & Krivovichev, S. V. (2014). Unique thallium mineralization in the fumaroles of Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. III. Evdokimovite, Tl4 (VO) 3 (SO4) 5 (H2O) 5. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1711-1724.
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p.163-180]
Matteuccite
Formula: NaHSO4 · H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Kozlov, A. P., Chanturiya, V. A., Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., & Telegin, Y. M. (2011). Large-volume platinum ore deposits in zonal mafic-ultramafic complexes of the Ural-Alaskan type and the outlook for their development. Geology of ore deposits, 53(5), 374.
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Reference: [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]; Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015 ; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Mcbirneyite
Formula: Cu3(VO4)2
Melanarsite (TL)
Formula: K3Cu7Fe3+O4(AsO4)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Vigasina, M.F., Belakovskiy, D.I., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2014) Melanarsite, IMA 2014-048. CNMNC Newsletter No. 22, October 2014, page 1244; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248
Melanothallite
Formula: Cu2Cl2O
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/melanterite.pdf)
Mellizinkalite (TL)
Formula: K3Zn2Cl7
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2014) Mellizinkalite, IMA 2014-010. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 556; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558.; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
'Melnikovite'
Meniaylovite (TL)
Formula: Ca4[(SO4)(SiF6)(AlF6)]F · 12H2O
Reference: Vulcanologiya i seismologiya (2004) (2), 3; I,V, Pekov (2007) New minerals from former Soviet Union countries 1998-2006, - Miner. Almanac, v.11, p.34.; Vergasova, L. P., Filatov, S. K., & Dunin-Barkovskaya, V. V. (2007). Posteruptive activity on the First Cone of the Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption and recent volcanogenic generation of bauxites. Journal of Volcanology and Seismology, 1(2), 119-139.
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: Sidorov, E. G., Ignatyev, E. K., & Chubarov, V. M. (2017, August). First find of platinum group metals in the ore of Kirganik copper–porphyry deposit (Kamchatka). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 475, No. 2, pp. 883-886). Pleiades Publishing.
Mertieite-II
Formula: Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Reference: Tony Nikischer specimen and analysis; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Metathénardite (TL)
Formula: Na2SO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Zolotarev, A.A., Yapaskurt, V.O., Krivovichev, S.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Vigasina, M.F., Kasatkin, A.V., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016) Dioskouriite, IMA 2015-106. CNMNC Newsletter No. 30, April 2016, page 409; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 407–413.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Millosevichite
Formula: (Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Reference: http://www.kscnet.ru/ivs/conferences/kasp/JKASP04_circular2.pdf
Mitscherlichite
Formula: K2CuCl4 · 2H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Molybdenum'
Formula: Mo
Reference: Pavel Kartashov data
Molysite
Formula: FeCl3
Reference: http://www.kscnet.ru/ivs/conferences/kasp/JKASP04_circular2.pdf
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Moorhouseite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muthmannite
Formula: AuAgTe2
Reference: Spiridonov, E. M., Filimonov, S. V., & Bryzgalov, I. A. (2009, April). Solid solution fisnhesserite-naumannite (Ag, Au) 2 Se in ores of the volcanogenic gold deposit Ozernovskoye, Kamchatka. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 425, No. 2, pp. 415-418). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Mutnovskite (TL)
Formula: Pb4As2S6ICl
Type Locality:
Reference: M. Zelenski et al.: Am. Min. 91:21-28 (2006); American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1312–1324, 2009
Nabokoite (TL)
Formula: KCu7(SO4)5(Te4+O3)OCl
Reference: Zapiski Vses. Mineralog. Obshch.(1987) 116, 358-367; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Naquite
Formula: FeSi
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Nataliyamalikite (TL)
Formula: TlI
Type Locality:
Reference: Okrugin, V., Favero, M., Liu, A., Etschmann, B., Plutahina, C.Y., Moskaleva, S., Chubarov, M.V., Lukasheva, M.V., Kozlov, V.V., Mills, S.J. and Brugger, J. (2016)Nataliyamalikite, IMA 2016-022. CNMNC Newsletter No. 32, August 2016, page 918; Mineralogical Magazine, 80:915–922
Natrite
Formula: Na2CO3
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Zelensky, M.E., Kaz’min, L.A. (2004): Mineral associations and modeling of mineral formation processes in the high temperature fumarole zone of the Mutnovsky volcano (Kamchatka). Experiment in Geosciences: 10(1): 92-94
'Natroalunite-2c'
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Natroaphthitalite (TL)
Formula: KNa3(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Shchipalkina, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Zubkova, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Koshlyakova, N.N., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Vozchikova, S.A. (2018) Natroaphthitalite, IMA 2018-091. CNMNC Newsletter No. 46, December 2018, page xxxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: xxxx–xxxx.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka, vol 2, p 140, S.A. Fedotov
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Reference: http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/chlorartinite.pdf
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Nickelhexahydrite
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Kozlov, A. P., Chanturiya, V. A., Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., & Telegin, Y. M. (2011). Large-volume platinum ore deposits in zonal mafic-ultramafic complexes of the Ural-Alaskan type and the outlook for their development. Geology of ore deposits, 53(5), 374.
Nickenichite
Formula: Na0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
Reference: Stephan Wolfsried collection (from material analysed by Igor Pekov)
Nicksobolevite (TL)
Formula: Cu7(SeO3)2O2Cl6
Type Locality:
Reference: Vergasova, L.P., Semenova, T.F.,Krivovichev, S.V., Filatov, S.K., Zolotarev,A.A., Jr and Ananiev, V.V. (2013) Nicksobolevite, IMA 2012-097. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2699; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.; Vergasova, L.P., Semenova, T.F., Krivovichev, S.V., Filatov, S.K., Zolotarev, A.A. (2014): Nicksobolevite, Cu7(SeO3)2O2Cl6, a new complex copper oxoselenite chloride from Tolbachik fumaroles, Kamchatka. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26, 439-449.
Novodneprite
Formula: AuPb3
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Novograblenovite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)MgCl3 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Okrugin, V.M., Kudaeva, S.S., Karimova, O.V., Yakubovich, O.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Chukanov, N.V., Zolotarev, A.A., Gurzhiy, V.V., Zinovieva, N.G., Shiryaev, A.A., Kartashov, P.M. (2017): Novograblenovite, IMA 2017-060. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1284; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1279–1286; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.phpf=5&t=14029&sid=1bd8fea6f10174ac7bdd04a79c06bffd (2017)
Olsacherite
Formula: Pb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Reference: Kozlov, A. P., Chanturiya, V. A., Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., & Telegin, Y. M. (2011). Large-volume platinum ore deposits in zonal mafic-ultramafic complexes of the Ural-Alaskan type and the outlook for their development. Geology of ore deposits, 53(5), 374.
Oregonite
Formula: Ni2FeAs2
Reference: [MinRec 31:201]
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase var: Arsenian Orthoclase
Formula: KAlSi3O8
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Zelenski, M., Kamenetsky, V. S., Mavrogenes, J. A., Gurenko, A. A., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). Silicate-sulfide liquid immiscibility in modern arc basalt (Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka): Part I. Occurrence and compositions of sulfide melts. Chemical Geology, 478, 102-111.
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Osmium var: Iridosmine
Formula: (Os,Ir)
Owyheeite
Formula: Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Reference: Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015
Ozerovaite (TL)
Formula: Na2KAl3(AsO4)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Shablinskii, A.P., Vergasova, L.P.,Filatov, S.K., Avdontseva. E.Y. and Moskaleva, S.V. (2016) Ozerovaite, IMA 2016-019. CNMNC Newsletter No. 32, August 2016, page 917; Mineralogical Magazine, 80: 915–922
Palmierite
Formula: (K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
Reference: Zelenski, M.E., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Polekhovsky, Yu.S. & Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2012): Cupromolybdite, Cu3O(MoO4)2, a new fumarolic mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 749-757.
Pansnerite (TL)
Formula: K3Na3(Fe3+,Al)6(AsO4)8
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Koshlyakova, N.N., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Yapaskurt, V.O., Agakhanov, A.A., Britvin, S.N., Turchkova, A.G., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2017) Pansnerite, IMA 2016-103. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 406; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403–409.
Paraberzeliite (TL)
Formula: NaCa2Mg2(AsO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Koshlyakova, N.N., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2018) Paraberzeliite, IMA 2018-001. CNMNC Newsletter No 43, June 2018, page 780; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: 779-785
Parageorgbokiite (TL)
Formula: Cu5(SeO3)2O2Cl2
Type Locality:
Reference: L. P. Vergasova, S. V. Krivovichev, S. K. Filatov, S. N. Britvin, P. C. Burns & V. V. Ananyev (2006): Parageorgbokiite, beta-Cu5O2(SeO3)2Cl2 – a new mineral from volcanic exhalation (Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia). Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society 135(4), 24–28.
Pararealgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: OT. Ljostad collection
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: N. V. Chukanov, M. N. Murashko, A. E. Zadov & A. F. Bushmakin (2006): Avdoninite, K2Cu5Cl8(OH)4• H2O, a new mineral from volcanic exhalations and from the zone of technogenesis at massive sulphide ore deposits. Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society 135(3), 38–42; Chukanov, N. V., Murashko, M. N., Zadov, A. E., & Bushmakin, A. F. (2007). Avdoninite, K 2 Cu 5 Cl 8 (OH) 4· H 2 O, a new mineral species from volcanic exhalations and the technogenic zone at volcanic-hosted massive sulfide deposits. Geology of Ore Deposits, 49(7), 505-508.
Parawulffite (TL)
Formula: K5Na3Cu8O4(SO4)8
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013) Parawulffite, IMA 2013-036. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 2998; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Savelyev, D.P., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2014): Wulffite, K3NaCu4O2(SO4)4, and parawulffite, K5Na3Cu8O4(SO4)8, two new minerals from fumarole sublimates of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 699-716
Pauflerite (TL)
Formula: (V4+O)SO4
Reference: IMA Website
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Penzhinite (TL)
Formula: (Ag,Cu)4Au(S,Se)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Pharmazincite (TL)
Formula: KZnAsO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Zubkova, N.V. and Sidorov, E.G. (2014) Pharmazincite, IMA 2014-015. CNMNC Newsletter No. 21, August 2014, page 798; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 797-804.
Philoxenite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na,Pb)4(Na,Ca)2(Mg,Cu)3(Fe3+0.5Al0.5)(SO4)8
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Agakhanov, A.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Britvin, S.N., Turchkova, A.G., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016): Philoxenite, IMA No. 2015-108. CNMNC Newsletter No. 30, April 2016, page 410; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 407–413
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Piypite (TL)
Formula: K4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
Reference: Vergasova L.P., Filatov S.K., Serafimova E.K., Stalova G.L. (1984) Doklady URSS Academy of Sciences, Earth Science Sections, 275, 714-717; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Platarsite
Formula: PtAsS
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum
Formula: (Pt,Fe)
Reference: Kutyrev, A. V., Sidorov, E. G., Antonov, A. V., & Chubarov, V. M. (2018). Platinum-group mineral assemblage of the Prizhimny Creek (Koryak Highland). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(8), 935-944.
Platinum var: Rhodic Platinum
Formula: (Pt,Rh)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Pliniusite (TL)
Formula: Ca5(VO4)3F
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Koshlyakova, N.N., Krzątała, A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Galuskina, I.O., Galuskin, E.V., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Vapnik, Y. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2018) Pliniusite, IMA 2018-031. CNMNC Newsletter No. 44, August 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: xxx–xxx
Polkanovite
Formula: Rh12As7
Reference: Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ponomarevite (TL)
Formula: K4Cu4Cl10O
Reference: DAN-SSSR,(1988) 300, 1197-1200; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Vergasova L P, Filatov S K, Serafimova E K, Semenova T F (1988) Ponomarevite K4Cu4OCl10 - a new mineral from volcanic sublimates, Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 300, 1197-1200
Popovite (TL)
Formula: Cu5O2(AsO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013) Popovite, IMA 2013-060. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3003; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: No reference listed
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Prewittite (TL)
Formula: KPb1.5ZnCu6(SeO3)2O2Cl10
Type Locality:
Habit: Separate tabular crystals up to 0.2 mm in maximum dimension.
Colour: Olive green
Reference: Shuvalov, R.R., Vergasova, L.P., Semenova, T.F., Filatov, S.K., Krivovichev, S.V., Siidra, O.I., Rudashevsky, N.S. (2013): Prewittite, KPb1.5Cu6Zn(SeO3)2O2Cl10, a new mineral from Tolbachik fumaroles, Kamchatka peninsula, Russia: description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 98, 463–469.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Proxidecagonite (TL)
Formula: Al34Ni9Fe2
Type Locality:
Reference: Bindi, L. and Steinhard, P.J. (2018) Proxidecagonite, IMA 2018-038. CNMNC Newsletter No. 44, August 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: xxx–xxx.
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Pseudolyonsite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(VO4)2
Reference: Zelenski, M.E., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Boldyreva, M.M., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Nekrasov, A.N. (2011): Pseudolyonsite, Cu3(VO4)2, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 23, (in press).
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Okrugin, V. M., Andreeva, E. D., Chubarov, V. M., Yablokova, D. A., Shishkanova, K. O., Chernev, I. I., & Chubarov, M. V. Sulfides of the Modern Kamchatka Hydrothermal Systems. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015
Puninite (TL)
Formula: Na2Cu3O(SO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Lukina, E.A., Zaitsev, A.N., Avdontseva, E.Y., Vergasova, L.P., Filatov, S.K., Vlasenko, N.S., Turner, R. and Karpov, G.A. (2015) Puninite, IMA 2015-012. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 942; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947; Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Zaitsev, A.N., Lukina, E.A., Avdontseva, E.Y., Vergasova, L.P., Vlasenko, N.S., Filatov, S.K., Turner, R., Karpov, G.A. (2017) Copper oxosulphates from fumaroles of Tolbachik Vulcano: puninite, Na2Cu3O(SO4)3 - a new mineral species and structure refinements of kamchatkite and alumoklyuchevskite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 29: 499-510.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Rascheskin EV Flashes of the North. Eastern Siberia through the eyes of a geologist. - Ekaterinburg: GRAFO Studio, 2004.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Qusongite ?
Formula: WC
Reference: Mineral. Zhurnal: 9: 7l-82: 1987 Zharg, J., Yang, G., Li, Z. (1986): Discovery of natural tungsten carbide (WC) in China. Kuangwu Xuebao: 6: 344-349 (in Chinese, with English abstract); in: Hawthorne, F.C., Jambor, J.L., Bladh, K.W., Burke, E.A.J., Grice, J.D., Phillips, D., Roberts, A.C., Schedler, R.A., Shigley, J.E. (1987): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 72: 1027
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Kozlov, A. P., Chanturiya, V. A., Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., & Telegin, Y. M. (2011). Large-volume platinum ore deposits in zonal mafic-ultramafic complexes of the Ural-Alaskan type and the outlook for their development. Geology of ore deposits, 53(5), 374.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Rhabdoborite-(V) (TL)
Formula: Mg12(V5+,Mo6+,W6+)1 · 5O6{[BO3]6-x[(P,As)O4]xF2-x} (x < 1)
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Koshlyakova, N.N., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Agakhanov, A.A., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2018) Rhabdoborite-(V), IMA 2017-108. CNMNC Newsletter No. 42, April 2018, page 448; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 445-451.
Rhabdoborite-(W) (TL)
Formula: Mg12(W6+,V5+)1 · 5O6{[BO3]6–x[(P,As)O4]xF2–x} (x < 1)
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Koshlyakova, N.N., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Agakhanov, A.A., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2018) Rhabdoborite-(W), IMA 2017-109. CNMNC Newsletter No. 42, April 2018, page 449; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 445-451.
Rhodarsenide
Formula: (Rh,Pd)2As
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rhönite
Formula: Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Romanorlovite (TL)
Formula: K8Cu6Cl17(OH)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Lykova, I.S., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2014) Romanorlovite, IMA 2014-011. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 557; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558.
Rucklidgeite
Formula: PbBi2Te4
Reference: Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Rutheniridosmine
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Ruthenium
Formula: (Ru,Ir)
Reference: Tolstykh, N., Sidorov, E., & Kozlov, A. (2009). Platinum-group Minerals from the Olkhovaya–1 Placers Related to the Karaginsky Ophiolite Complex, Kamchatskiy Mys Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47(5), 1057-1074.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Rutile var: Ferrian Antimonian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Fe,Sb)O2
Reference: Belakovskiy, D.I., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Savelyev, D.P., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2014): Wulffite, K3NaCu4O2(SO4)4, and parawulffite, K5Na3Cu8O4(SO4)8, two new minerals from fumarole sublimates of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 52: 699-716
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Reference: Kozlov, A. P., Chanturiya, V. A., Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., & Telegin, Y. M. (2011). Large-volume platinum ore deposits in zonal mafic-ultramafic complexes of the Ural-Alaskan type and the outlook for their development. Geology of ore deposits, 53(5), 374.
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Saltonseaite
Formula: K3NaMnCl6
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588.; Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S. N., Yapaskurt, V. O., Chukanov, N. V., Lykova, I. S., ... & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2015). New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. III. Cryobostryxite, KZnCl3· 2H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27(6), 805-812
Sanderite
Formula: MgSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Sanguite (TL)
Formula: KCuCl3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Yapaskurt, V.O., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): Sanguite, KCuCl3, A New Mineral From the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 53, 633-641
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (1984)
Saranchinaite (TL)
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Siidra, O.I., Nazarchuk, E.V., Lukina, E.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Avdontseva, E.Y., Kayukov, R.A., Vergasova, L.P., Filatov, S.K. and Karpov, G.A. (2015) Saranchinaite, IMA 2015-019. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 942; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947; Siidra, O.I., Lukina, E.A., Nazarchuk, E.V., Depmeier, W., Bubnova, R.S., Agakhanov, A.A., Adontseva, E.Yu., Filatov, S.K., Kovrugin, V.M. (2018) Saranchinaite, Na2Cu(SO4)2, A New Exhalative Mineral from Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia, and a product of the Reversible Dehydration of Kröhnkite, Na2Cu(SO4)2(H2O)2. Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 257-274.
Sassolite
Formula: H3BO3
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka, vol 2, p 140, S.A. Fedotov
Selenium
Formula: Se
Reference: Takahashi, Ryohei; Natsueda, Hiroharu; Okrugin, Victor M.; Ono, Shuji (2007): Epithermal gold-​silver mineralization of the Asachinskoe deposit in southern Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology 57(4), 354-373.
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Tolstykh, N., Sidorov, E., & Kozlov, A. (2009). Platinum-group Minerals from the Olkhovaya–1 Placers Related to the Karaginsky Ophiolite Complex, Kamchatskiy Mys Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47(5), 1057-1074.; Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Shandite
Formula: Ni3Pb2S2
Reference: Kozlov, A. P., Chanturiya, V. A., Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., & Telegin, Y. M. (2011). Large-volume platinum ore deposits in zonal mafic-ultramafic complexes of the Ural-Alaskan type and the outlook for their development. Geology of ore deposits, 53(5), 374.
Shcherbinaite (TL)
Formula: V5+2O5
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Shchurovskyite (TL)
Formula: K2CaCu6O2(AsO4)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Yapaskurt, V.O., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013) Shchurovskyite, IMA 2013-078. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3253; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258.
Shuvalovite (TL)
Formula: K2(Ca2Na)(SO4)3F
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Britvin, S.N., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2014) Shuvalovite, IMA 2014-057. CNMNC Newsletter No. 22, October 2014, page 1246; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Silicon
Formula: Si
Reference: No reference listed
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Silver var: Küstelite
Formula: Ag
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Skippenite
Formula: Bi2TeSe2
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]; Spiridonov, E. M., Filimonov, S. V., & Bryzgalov, I. A. (2009, April). Solid solution fisnhesserite-naumannite (Ag, Au) 2 Se in ores of the volcanogenic gold deposit Ozernovskoye, Kamchatka. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 425, No. 2, pp. 415-418). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Sofiite (TL)
Formula: Zn2(SeO3)Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: L. P. Vergasova et al.: Zap. Vses. Min. Obshch. 118(1):65-69 (1989)
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Stanleyite
Formula: (V4+O)(SO4) · 6H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]; Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Reference: [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]; Okrugin, V., & Chernev, I. Correlation of Epithermal and Geothermal Deposits (an Example of Mutnovsky Geothermal Area, Southern Kamchatka). Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2015 ; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Starovaite (TL)
Formula: KCu5O(VO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zelenski, M.E.,Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S. and Murashko, M.N. (2012): Starovaite, IMA 2011- 085. CNMNC Newsletter No. 12, February 2012, page 153; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 151-155.
Steinhardtite (TL)
Formula: Al0.38Ni0.32Fe0.30
Type Locality:
Reference: Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L.S., Poirier, G.R., Andronicos, C.L., MacPherson, G.J., Distler, V.V., Eddy, M.P., Kostin, A., Kryachko, V., Steinhardt, W.M., Yudovskaya, M. (2014): Steinhardtite, a new body-centered-cubic allotropic form of aluminum from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 99 (in press); Bindi, L. et al. (2015): Natural quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry. Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 9111 [doi:10.1038/srep09111].; http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=55600
Steklite (TL)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2
Reference: Murashko, M.N., Pekov, I.V., Krivovichev, S.V., Chernyatieva, A.P.,Yapaskurt, V.O. and Zadov, A.E. (2011):Steklite, IMA 2011-041. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011, page 2558; Murashko, M.; Pekov, I.; Krivovichev, S.; Chernyatyeva, A.; Yapaskurt, V.; Zadov, A.; Zelensky, M. (2013): Steklite, KAl(SO4)2: A finding at the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia, validating its status as a mineral species and crystal structure. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55, 594-600.; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Savelyev, D.P., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2014): Wulffite, K3NaCu4O2(SO4)4, and parawulffite, K5Na3Cu8O4(SO4)8, two new minerals from fumarole sublimates of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 699-716
Stellerite (TL)
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Sternbergite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Stibiopalladinite
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Reference: [Canadian Mineralogist 38 p1251-1264 "The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia"]
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/
Stishovite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Stolperite (TL)
Formula: AlCu
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Luca Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2017): Hollisterite (Al3Fe), kryachkoite (Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu), and stolperite (AlCu): Three new minerals from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist: 102:, 690-693.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Sidorov, E. G., Ignatyev, E. K., & Chubarov, V. M. (2017, August). First find of platinum group metals in the ore of Kirganik copper–porphyry deposit (Kamchatka). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 475, No. 2, pp. 883-886). Pleiades Publishing.
Stumpflite
Formula: Pt(Sb,Bi)
Reference: Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Suessite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3Si
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
'Sulfurite'
Formula: S
Reference: Zelensky, M.E., Kaz’min, L.A. (2004): Mineral associations and modeling of mineral formation processes in the high temperature fumarole zone of the Mutnovsky volcano (Kamchatka). Experiment in Geosciences: 10(1): 92-94
'Sulfurite var: Arsensulfurite'
Formula: (S,As)8
Reference: Zelensky, M.E., Kaz’min, L.A. (2004): Mineral associations and modeling of mineral formation processes in the high temperature fumarole zone of the Mutnovsky volcano (Kamchatka). Experiment in Geosciences: 10(1): 92-94
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Syngenite
Formula: K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bortnikova, S. P., Manstein Yu, A., Kiryuhin, A. V., Vernikovskaya, I. V., & Palchik, N. A. (2009, February). Thermal springs hydrogeochemistry and structure at North-Mutnovskoe fumarole field (South Kamchatka, Russia). In Proceedings, thirty–fourth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, pp SGP-TR-187.
Tazieffite (TL)
Formula: Pb20Cd2(As,Bi)22S50Cl10
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1312–1324, 2009
Tellurantimony
Formula: Sb2Te3
Reference: Spiridonov, E. M., Filimonov, S. V., & Bryzgalov, I. A. (2009, April). Solid solution fisnhesserite-naumannite (Ag, Au) 2 Se in ores of the volcanogenic gold deposit Ozernovskoye, Kamchatka. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 425, No. 2, pp. 415-418). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Tellurite
Formula: TeO2
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Temagamite
Formula: Pd3HgTe3
Reference: Sidorov, E. G., Ignatyev, E. K., & Chubarov, V. M. (2017, August). First find of platinum group metals in the ore of Kirganik copper–porphyry deposit (Kamchatka). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 475, No. 2, pp. 883-886). Pleiades Publishing.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Tetra-auricupride
Formula: AuCu
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Tetraferroplatinum
Formula: PtFe
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Thermaerogenite (TL)
Formula: CuAl2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Vigasina, M.F., Britvin, S.N. and Sidorov, E.G. (2018) Thermaerogenite, IMA 2018-021. CNMNC Newsletter No. 44, August 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine. 82: xxx–xxx.; Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Minerals, 8: 498; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8110498.
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Tilasite
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)F
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2014): New arsenate minerals from the Arsenatnaya fumarole, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. I. Yurmarinite, Na7(Fe3+,Mg,Cu)4(AsO4)6. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 905-917
Tin
Formula: Sn
Reference: Gordeev, E. I., Karpov, G. A., Anikin, L. P., Krivovichev, S. V., Filatov, S. K., Antonov, A. V., & Ovsyannikov, A. A. (2014, January). Diamonds in lavas of the Tolbachik fissure eruption in Kamchatka. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 454, No. 1, pp. 47-49). Pleiades Publishing.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Titanium
Formula: Ti
Tolbachite (TL)
Formula: CuCl2
Reference: DAN-SSSR,(1983) 270, 415-417; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Tolovkite (TL)
Formula: IrSbS
Type Locality:
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Trevorite
Formula: Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Bindi, L. et al. (2015): Natural quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry. Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 9111 [doi:10.1038/srep09111].; Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka, vol 2, p 140, S.A. Fedotov
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Scientific Report 5:9111
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Tulameenite
Formula: Pt2CuFe
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tungsten
Formula: W
Reference: Doklady Akad. Nauk (2000), V 373, N 6, August-September. p. 997
Udinaite (TL)
Formula: NaMg4(VO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Koshlyakova, N.N., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Agakhanov, A.A., Turchkova, A.G., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2018) Udinaite, IMA 2018-066. CNMNC Newsletter No. 45, October 2018: page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: xxx-xxx; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=14984
'UM1941-01-F:AlCaHMgNa'
Formula: NaCaMgAl3F14 · 4H2O
Reference: Palache et al (1951), Dana's System of Mineralogy, seventh ed., vol. II: 127.
'UM1980-11-S:CuIrPtRh'
Formula: (Ir,Cu,Pt,Rh)3S4
Reference: Zhdanov, V.V., Rudashevskii, N.S. (1980): A new type of gold-platinum mineralization in metasomatites after basites. Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR: 252: 1452-1456 (in Russian); in: Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J. (1981): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 66: 1279
'UM1980-13-S:IrRh'
Formula: ~Ir3Rh3S8
Reference: Zhdanov, V.V., Rudashevskii, N.S. (1980): A new type of gold-platinum mineralization in metasomatites after basites. Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR: 252: 1452-1456 (in Russian); in: Fleischer, M., Cabri, L.J. (1981): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 66: 1279
'UM1980-17-TeO:CuPb'
Formula: PbCu(TeO3)O
Reference: Spiridonov, E.M. (1980): Balyakinite, CuTeO3, a new mineral from the zone of oxidation. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR.: 253: 1448-1450 (in Russian); in: Fleischer, M., Pabst, A. (1981): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 66: 436
'UM1984-21-PO:AsCu'
Formula: Cu3(PO4,AsO4)2
Reference: Filatov, S.K., Gaidamako, L.M., Glavatskikh, S.F., Starova, G.L., Sorokin, N.D. (1984): Exhalation lammerite Cu3[(As,P)O4]2,(Kamchatka). Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR: 279: 197-200 (in Russian); in: Hawthorne, F.C., Dunn, P.J., Grice, J.D., Puziewicz, J., Shigley, J.E. (1989): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 71: 847
'UM1985-02-E:AlZn' (FRL)
Formula: (Zn,Cu)Al2
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO 114,90(1985)
'UM1985-03-E:AlZn'
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2Al
Reference: Razin, L.V., Rudashevskiy, N.S., Vyalsov, L.N. (1985): New natural intermetallic compounds of aluminum, copper and zinc - khatyrkite, cupalite, and zinc aluminides: Zapiski Vses. Mineralog. Obshch (1985): 114, 90-100; in: Hawthorne, F.C., Fleischer, M., Grew, E.S., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J.A. (1986): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 71: 1278
'UM1985-20-S:AsCuSbSeTe'
Formula: Cu+10Cu2+2(Te,As,Sb)4(S,Se)13
Reference: Spiridonov, E.M., Okrugin, V.M. (1985): Selenious goldfieldite - a new variety of fahl ores. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR: 280: 476-478 (in Russian); in: Hawthorne, F.C., Dunn, P.J., Grice, J.D., Puziewicz, J., Shigley, J.E. (1986): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 71: 847
'UM1986-12-E:CuFeNiPt'
Formula: (Ni,Cu,Fe)3Pt
Reference: Distler, V.V., Kryachko, V.V., Laputina, I.P. (1986): Evolution of platinum-group parageneses in Alpine-type ultramafics. Geol. Rudnykh Mestorozhdeniy: 1986(5): 16- 33 (in Russian, with English translation); in: Jambor, J.L. (1989): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 74: 1217
'UM1986-13-E:CuFeNiPt'
Formula: (Cu,Fe,Ni)Pt
Reference: Distler, V.V., Kryachko, V.V., Laputina, I.P. (1986): Evolution of platinum-group parageneses in Alpine-type ultramafics. Geol. Rudnykh Mestorozhdeniy: 1986(5): 16- 33 (in Russian, with English translation); in: Jambor, J.L. (1989): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 74: 1217
'UM1986-14-E:CuFePt'
Formula: PtCu2Fe
Reference: Distler, V.V., Kryachko, V.V., Laputina, I.P. (1986): Evolution of platinum-group parageneses in Alpine-type ultramafics. Geol. Rudnykh Mestorozhdeniy: 1986(5): 16- 33 (in Russian, with English translation); in: Jambor, J.L. (1989): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 74: 1217
'UM1986-15-E:CuFePt'
Formula: Pt2CuFe
Reference: Distler, V.V., Kryachko, V.V., Laputina, I.P. (1986): Evolution of platinum-group parageneses in Alpine-type ultramafics. Geol. Rudnykh Mestorozhdeniy: 1986(5): 16- 33 (in Russian, with English translation); in: Jambor, J.L. (1989): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 74: 1217
'UM1986-16-E:CuFePt'
Formula: Cu2Pt3Fe
Reference: Distler, V.V., Kryachko, V.V., Laputina, I.P. (1986): Evolution of platinum-group parageneses in Alpine-type ultramafics. Geol. Rudnykh Mestorozhdeniy: 1986(5): 16- 33 (in Russian, with English translation); in: Jambor, J.L. (1989): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 74: 1217
'UM1986-17-E:CuPt'
Formula: PtCu3
Reference: Distler, V.V., Kryachko, V.V., Laputina, I.P. (1986): Evolution of platinum-group parageneses in Alpine-type ultramafics. Geol. Rudnykh Mestorozhdeniy: 1986(5): 16- 33 (in Russian, with English translation); in: Jambor, J.L. (1989): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 74: 1217
'UM2000-47-S:CuFePdPt'
Formula: (Cu,Fe,Pd,Pt,Rh)9S8
Reference: [Canadian Mineralogist 38 p1251-1264 "The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia"]
'Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy)'
Formula: AlCuFe
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011): Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
'Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy II)'
Formula: Al78Cu15Fe5
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
'Unnamed (As-S-Cl Phase)'
Formula: As-S-Cl
Reference: Zelensky, M., Bortnikova, S. (2005): Sublimate speciation at Mutnovsky volcano, Kamchatka. European Journal of Mineralogy: 17: 107-118
'Unnamed (Bi Telluride Selenide II)'
Formula: Bi2SeTe
Reference: Kovalenker, V.A., Plotinskaya, O.Yu. (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology: 43: 118-123
'Unnamed (Bi Telluride Selenide III)'
Formula: Bi8Te3Se3
Reference: Kovalenker, V.A., Plotinskaya, O.Yu. (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology: 43: 118-123
'Unnamed (Bi Telluride Selenide IV)'
Formula: Bi3TeSe3
Reference: Kovalenker, V.A., Plotinskaya, O.Yu. (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology: 43: 118-123
'Unnamed (Cd-Pb-Bi Sulphide Selenide I)'
Formula: Cd4PbBi12(S,Se)23
Reference: Zelensky, M.E., Kaz’min, L.A. (2004): Mineral associations and modeling of mineral formation processes in the high temperature fumarole zone of the Mutnovsky volcano (Kamchatka). Experiment in Geosciences: 10(1): 92-94
'Unnamed (Cd-Pb-Bi Sulphide Selenide II)'
Formula: CdPb4Bi6(S,Se)14
Reference: Zelensky, M.E., Kaz’min, L.A. (2004): Mineral associations and modeling of mineral formation processes in the high temperature fumarole zone of the Mutnovsky volcano (Kamchatka). Experiment in Geosciences: 10(1): 92-94
'Unnamed (Fe-Si-Ti Alloy)'
Formula: Fe54Si40Ti6
Description: Fe54Si40Ti6
Reference: S. ISHIMARU, S. ARAI and H. SHUKUNO (2009) Metals in oxidized and metasomatized peridotite xenoliths derived from the mantle wedge. Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2009.
'Unnamed (Ir-Fe Alloy I)'
Formula: Ir-Fe
Reference: Mochalov, A.G., Dmitrenko, G.G., Zhernovskii, I.V., and Rudashevskii, N.S. (1985): Zapiski Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 114, 544-554.
'Unnamed (Ir-Ni Alloy II)'
Formula: Ir-Ni
Reference: Mochalov, A.G., Dmitrenko, G.G., Zhernovskii, I.V., and Rudashevskii, N.S. (1985): Zapiski Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 114, 544-554.
'Unnamed (Lyonsite-like Cu-Fe-Vanadate)'
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(Fe,Al)2[(V,Mo,S,As)O4]3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Elena Yu. Bykova material
'Unnamed (Na-Ti-Fe Sulphate)'
Formula: Na-Ti-Fe-S-O
Reference: Zelensky, M.E., Kaz’min, L.A. (2004): Mineral associations and modeling of mineral formation processes in the high temperature fumarole zone of the Mutnovsky volcano (Kamchatka). Experiment in Geosciences: 10(1): 92-94
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Tellurate)'
Formula: PbCu(TeO3)2
Reference: Spiridonov, E.M. (1980): Balyakinite, CuTeO3, a new mineral from the zone of oxidation. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR.: 253: 1448-1450 (in Russian); in: Fleischer, M., Pabst, A. (1981): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 66: 436
'Unnamed (Pd Telluride)'
Formula: Pd2Te
Reference: [Canadian Mineralogist 38 p1251-1264 "The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia"]
'Unnamed (Pt-Cu Alloy)'
Formula: Pt3Cu
Reference: Tolstykh, N.D., Sidorov, E.G., Laajoki, K.V.O., Krivenko, A.P., and Podlipskiy, M. (2000): The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 1251-1264.
'Unnamed (Pt-Pd-Fe-Cu Sulphide)'
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Fe,Cu)3S
Reference: [Canadian Mineralogist 38 p1251-1264 "The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia"]
'Unnamed (Pt-Pd Sulphide)'
Formula: (Pt,Pd)3S2
Reference: [Canadian Mineralogist 38 p1251-1264 "The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia"]
'Unnamed (Pt Sulphide)'
Formula: PtS
Description: may be one of the other unnamed minerals as it doesn't appear in reference. same as Unnamed (Pt-Pd-Fe-Cu Sulphide)?
Reference: Tolstykh, N.D., Sidorov, E.G., Laajoki, K.V.O., Krivenko, A.P., and Podlipskiy, M. (2000): The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 1251-1264.
'Unnamed (Se-analogue of Pavonite)'
Formula: AgBi3Se5
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
Urusovite (TL)
Formula: CuAl(AsO4)O
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy(2000) 12, 1041-1044
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 82, pages 1038–1041, 1997
Uzonite (TL)
Formula: As4S5
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Vanthoffite
Formula: Na6Mg(SO4)4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588
Vasilite
Formula: (Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
Reference: [Canadian Mineralogist 38 p1251-1264 "The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia"]
Vasilseverginite (TL)
Formula: Cu9O4(AsO4)2(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Britvin, S.N., Yapaskurt, V.O., Krivovichev, S.V., Vigasina, M.F. and Sidorov, E.G. (2015) Vasilseverginite, IMA 2015-083. CNMNC Newsletter No. 28, December 2015, page 1864; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1859–1864.
Vergasovaite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(MoO4,SO4)O
Reference: Bykova E Y, Berlepsch P, Kartashov P M, Brugger J, Armbruster T, Criddle A J (1998) Vergasovaite Cu3O[(Mo,S)O4][SO4], a new copper-oxy-molybdate-sulfate from Kamchatka, Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 78, 479-488
Vlodavetsite (TL)
Formula: AlCa2(SO4)2F2Cl · 4H2O
Reference: Vergasova L P, Filatov S K, Starova G L, Matusevich Z L, Filosofova T M (1996) Vlodavetsite, AlCa2(SO4)2F2Cl·4H2O, a new mineral from volcanic exhalations, Transactions (Doklady) of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Earth science sections, 343, 173-176 abstract Am Min 81:768
Vulcanite
Formula: CuTe
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]; Spiridonov, E. M., Filimonov, S. V., & Bryzgalov, I. A. (2009, April). Solid solution fisnhesserite-naumannite (Ag, Au) 2 Se in ores of the volcanogenic gold deposit Ozernovskoye, Kamchatka. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 425, No. 2, pp. 415-418). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Vurroite
Formula: Pb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6
Locality: Mutnovsky volcano, Kamchatka Krai, Russia - erroneously reported
Description: Vurroite turned out to be the new mineral tazieffite
Reference: Bonaccorsi, E., Garavelli, A., Moelo, Y., Pinto, D., Vurro, F., & Zelensky, M. (2006). Secondo rinvenimento di vurroite: la Cd-vurroite del vulcano Mutnovsky (Kamchatka, Russia). 85° congresso SIMP, Fluminimaggiore, 27-30 settembre 2006. M. Zelenski personal communication
Vysotskite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)S
Wairauite
Formula: CoFe
Reference: Kozlov, A. P., Chanturiya, V. A., Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., & Telegin, Y. M. (2011). Large-volume platinum ore deposits in zonal mafic-ultramafic complexes of the Ural-Alaskan type and the outlook for their development. Geology of ore deposits, 53(5), 374.
Wattevilleite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2 · 4H2O (?)
Reference: Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
'Winebergite'
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10·7H2O
Reference: Bortnikova, S. B., Bortnikova, S. P., Manstein Yu, A., Kiryuhin, A. V., Vernikovskaya, I. V., & Palchik, N. A. (2009, February). Thermal springs hydrogeochemistry and structure at North-Mutnovskoe fumarole field (South Kamchatka, Russia). In Proceedings, thirty–fourth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering. Stanford University, Stanford, CA, pp SGP-TR-187.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: No reference listed
Wrightite (TL)
Formula: K2Al2O(AsO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Shablinskii, A.P., Filatov, S.K., Vergasova, L.P., Avdontseva, E.Y. and Moskaleva, S.V. (2016) Wrightite, IMA 2015-120. CNMNC Newsletter No. 31, June 2016, page 692; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 691–697;
Wulffite (TL)
Formula: K3NaCu4O2(SO4)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013) Wulffite, IMA 2013-035. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 2998; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Savelyev, D.P., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2014): Wulffite, K3NaCu4O2(SO4)4, and parawulffite, K5Na3Cu8O4(SO4)8, two new minerals from fumarole sublimates of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 699-716.
Xanthoconite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Xifengite
Formula: Fe5Si3
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Yaroshevskite (TL)
Formula: Cu9O2(VO4)4Cl2
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zelenski, M.E., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2012) Yaroshevskite, IMA 2012-003. CNMNC Newsletter No. 13, June 2012, page 813; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 807-817.
Yuanjiangite
Formula: AuSn
Reference: Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
Yukonite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Nishikawa, O., Okrugin, V., Belkova, N., Saji, I., Shiraki, K., & Tazaki, K. (2006). Crystal symmetry and chemical composition of yukonite: TEM study of specimens collected from Nalychevskie hot springs, Kamchatka, Russia and from Venus mine, Yukon Territory, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 73-81.
Yurmarinite (TL)
Formula: Na7(Fe3+,Mg,Cu)4(AsO4)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013) Yurmarinite, IMA 2013-033. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2708; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
Ziminaite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+ 6 (VO4)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Siidra, O.I., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S. and Kartashov, P.M. (2015) Ziminaite, IMA 2014-062. CNMNCNewsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 52; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 51-58; Pekov, I.V., Siidra, O.I., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Yu.S., Kartashov, P.M. (2018) Ziminaite, Fe3+VO4, a new howardevansite-group mineral from the Bezymyannyi volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology: 112: 371–379.
Zinc
Formula: Zn
Zincite
Formula: ZnO
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. II. Flinteite, K2ZnCl4. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 581-588
Zincobradaczekite (TL)
Formula: NaZn2Cu2(AsO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S., Koshlyakova, N.N., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Turchkova, A.G., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Scheidl, K.S. (2016): Zincobradaczekite, IMA 2016-041. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1137; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144.
Zincochromite
Formula: ZnCr2O4
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Sandalov, F.D., Koshlyakova, N.N., Vigasina, M.F., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Britvin, S.N., Sidorov, E.G., Turchkova, A.G. (2018): Copper in Natural Oxide Spinels: The New Mineral Thermaerogenite CuAl2O4, Cuprospinel and Cu-Enriched Varieties of Other Spinel-Group Members from Fumaroles of the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia[i]. Minerals: 8: 498; https://doi.org/10.3390/min8110498; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=14995
Zincomenite (TL)
Formula: ZnSeO3
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Chukanov, N.V. and Sidorov, E.G. (2014) Zincomenite, IMA 2014-014. CNMNC Newsletter No. 21, August 2014, page 798; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 797-804. ; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N., Chukanov, N.V., Lykova, I.S., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2016): Zincomenite, ZnSeO3, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 997-1004.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Zubkovaite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Cu3(AsO4)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S., Agakhanov, A.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Britvin, S.N., Turchkova, A.G., Sidorov, E.G. and Scheidl, K.S. (2018) Zubkovaite, IMA 2018-008. CNMNC Newsletter No 43, June 2018, page 782; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 779-785.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Aluminium1.AA.05Al
Anyuiite1.AA.15AuPb2