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Zug Lake, Wadi El-Natrun depression (Wadi El Natroun), Beheira, Egypti
Regional Level Types
Zug LakeLake
Wadi El-Natrun depression (Wadi El Natroun)Depression
BeheiraGovernorate
EgyptCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 30° 23' 48'' North , 30° 18' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 30.39681,30.31642
GeoHash:G#: stmscvedr
Locality type:Lake
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


Zug Lake and Hamra Lake are connected together by a small canal in the northwestern end of Zug Lake.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate
Sahara Desert, North AfricaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


3 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Burkeite
Formula: Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Reference: Sapsford, M. (2009) The use of sodium salt deposits in medical and medically associated industries in Ancient Egypt. PhD thesis. Cranford University.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Sapsford, M. (2009) The use of sodium salt deposits in medical and medically associated industries in Ancient Egypt. PhD thesis. Cranford University. Salem, S.M., Sayed Ahmed El Gammal, El. (2018) Salt Minerals at Wadi El Natrun Saline Lakes, Egypt. New Implications from Remote Sensing Data. European Chemical Bulletin, 7(2), 72-80. [DOI: 10.17628/ecb.2018.7.72-80].
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Reference: Salem, S.M., Sayed Ahmed El Gammal, El. (2018) Salt Minerals at Wadi El Natrun Saline Lakes, Egypt. New Implications from Remote Sensing Data. European Chemical Bulletin, 7(2), 72-80. [DOI: 10.17628/ecb.2018.7.72-80].
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Salem, S.M., Sayed Ahmed El Gammal, El. (2018) Salt Minerals at Wadi El Natrun Saline Lakes, Egypt. New Implications from Remote Sensing Data. European Chemical Bulletin, 7(2), 72-80. [DOI: 10.17628/ecb.2018.7.72-80].

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Natron5.CB.10Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Burkeite7.BD.25Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Natron15.1.2.1Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates
Burkeite32.1.1.1Na6(CO3)(SO4)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
CCarbon
C BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
C NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
OOxygen
O BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
O NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
NaSodium
Na BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
Na HaliteNaCl
Na NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
SSulfur
S BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3188831
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Sandstone-siltstone

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3306575

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Pliocene
2.588 - 5.333 Ma



ID: 3137053
Pliocene undifferentiated

Age: Pliocene (2.588 - 5.333 Ma)

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Sapsford, M. (2009) The use of sodium salt deposits in medical and medically associated industries in Ancient Egypt. Ph.D. thesis. Cranford University.
Salem, S.M. and El Gammal, El Sayed Ahmed (2018) Salt Minerals at Wadi El Natrun Saline Lakes, Egypt. New Implications from Remote Sensing Data. European Chemical Bulletin, 7(2), 72-80. [DOI: 10.17628/ecb.2018.7.72-80].


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