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Kortejärvi Carbonatite, Pudasjärvi, North Ostrobothnia, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
Kortejärvi CarbonatiteOccurrence
PudasjärviMunicipality
North OstrobothniaRegion
FinlandCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
65° 52' North , 27° 39' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
, , , Suomi


Carbonatite.
Similar to the Laivajoki carbonatite and lies c. 7 km SSW of it. It is emplaced in strongly deformed amphibolites and gneisses.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


19 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/raportti/arkisto/m42_2010_69.pdf
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21; http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/raportti/arkisto/m42_2010_69.pdf; Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21; http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/raportti/arkisto/m42_2010_69.pdf
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/raportti/arkisto/m42_2010_69.pdf; http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/raportti/arkisto/m42_2010_69.pdf; Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/raportti/arkisto/m42_2010_69.pdf; http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
Edenite
Formula: NaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Reference: http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Reference: http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
'Monazite'
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/raportti/arkisto/m42_2010_69.pdf; Thair Al-Ani! and Olli Sarapää (2013) REE-Rich Accessory Minerals in Carbonatitic, Alkaline, Appinitic and Metasomatichydrothermal Rocks, Central and Northern Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Tutkimusraportti 198 – Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 198, Pentti Hölttä (ed.) pp 17-21; http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/raportti/arkisto/m42_2010_69.pdf; http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
Potassic-richterite
Formula: {K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: http://tupa.gtk.fi/raportti/arkisto/m42_2010_69.pdf
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf
Saponite var. Bowlingite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
Tetraferriphlogopite
Formula: KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume69/sgs_bt_069_pages_005_030.pdf; Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2. Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Edenite9.DE.15NaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Potassic-richterite9.DE.20{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
var. Bowlingite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Tetraferriphlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'Monazite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Edenite66.1.3a.10NaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'Monazite'-
Potassic-richterite-{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Saponite
var. Bowlingite
-Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Tetraferriphlogopite-KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
H Saponite var. BowlingiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
H Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
O Saponite var. BowlingiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
O Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Mg Saponite var. BowlingiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Mg EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Mg Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
AlAluminium
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Saponite var. BowlingiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
SiSilicon
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Si Saponite var. BowlingiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Si Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
K Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Saponite var. BowlingiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Ca EdeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22OH2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Fe Saponite var. BowlingiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Paleoproterozoic : 1875 ± 75 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded on mindat.org for this locality and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Paleoproterozoic
   Orosirian
ⓘ Phlogopite1875 ± 75 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.316
Nykanen, J., Laajoki, K., & Karhu, J. (1997). Geology and geochemistry of the early Proterozoic Kortejarvi and Laivajoki carbonatites, central Fennoscandian Shield, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 69, 1-2.
Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65.
O'Brien, H. E., Peltonen, P., & Vartiainen, H. (2005). Kimberlites, carbonatites, and alkaline rocks. In Developments in Precambrian Geology (Vol. 14, pp. 605-644). Elsevier.

External Links


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