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Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brazili
Regional Level Types
Governador ValadaresMunicipality
Minas GeraisState
BrazilCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Governador Valadares250,878 (2012)
Other Languages:
French:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brésil
German:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasilien
Italian:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasile
Portuguese:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasil
Russian:
Говернадор-Валадарис, Минас-Жерайс, Бразилия
Simplified Chinese:
瓦拉達里斯州長市, 米纳斯吉拉斯, 巴西
Spanish:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasil
Arabic:
غوفيرنادور فالاداريس, ميناس جرايس, البرازيل
Armenian:
Գովերնադոր Վալադարիս, Մինաս Ժերաիս, Բրազիլիա
Basque:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasil
Bengali:
গভর্নাডোর ভালাদারেস, মিনাস জেরাইস, ব্রাজিল
Bishnupriya Manipuri:
গোভের্নাডোর্ ভালাডারেস, মিনাস জেরায়িস, ব্রাজিল
Bulgarian:
Говернадор Валадарис, Минас Жерайс, Бразилия
Cebuano:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasil
Croatian:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Danish:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasilien
Dutch:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brazilië
Esperanto:
Governador Valadares, Minas-Ĝerajso, Brazilo
Finnish:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasilia
Georgian:
გოვერნადორ-ვალადარისი, მინას-ჟერაისი, ბრაზილია
Greek:
Γκοβερνάντορ Βαλαντάρες, Μίνας Ζεράις, Βραζιλία
Gujarati:
ગવર્નર વાલાડેર્સ, મિનાસ ગેરઈસ, બ્રાઝિલ
Hindi:
गोवेरनाडोर वालाडारेस, मिनास जेरायज़, ब्राज़ील
Hungarian:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brazília
Ido:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brazilia
Indonesian:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasil
Japanese:
ゴベルナドール・バラダレス, ミナスジェライス州, ブラジル
Kannada:
ಗವರ್ಡಾರ್ ವ್ಯಾಲಾಡರ್ಸ್, ಮಿನಾಸ್ ಗೆರೈಸ್, ಬ್ರೆಜಿಲ್
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Говернадор-Валадарис, Минас-Жерайс, Бразилия
Korean:
고베르나도르발라다레스, 미나스제라이스, 브라질
Latvian:
Governador-Valadaresa, Minasžeraisa, Brazīlija
Lithuanian:
Governador Valadaresas, Minas Žeraisas, Brazilija
Malagasy:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brazila
Malay:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Marathi:
गव्हनडोर वॅलंडेअरस्, मिनास जेराईस, ब्राझील
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Pa-se
Nauruan:
Governador Valadares, Bradir
Norwegian:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasil
Polish:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brazylia
Romanian:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brazilia
Serbian:
Говернадор Валадарес, Минас Жераис, Бразил
Serbo-Croatian:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Silesian:
Governador Valadares, Brazylijo
Sinhalese:
ගොවෙන්දර් වැලදෙරෙස්, මිනාස් ගෙරායිස්, බ්රසීලය
Swedish:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasilien
Tamil:
கோவேர்னாடோர் வாலாடாரெஸ், மினாஸ் ஜெரைசு, பிரேசில்
Telugu:
గవర్నడోర్ వాలాడరోస్, మినాస్ జెరాయిస్, బ్రెజిల్
Thai:
โกเวร์นาโดร์วาลาดาริส, มีนัสเชไรส์, ประเทศบราซิล
Traditional Chinese:
瓦拉達里斯州長市, 米納吉拉斯州, 巴西
Turkish:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brezilya
Ukrainian:
Говернадор-Валадарес, Мінас-Жерайс, Бразилія
Urdu:
جوویرنادور والاداریس, میناس گیرائس, برازیل
Vietnamese:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasil
Volapük:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasilän
Waray:
Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasil


This city is a commercial center with an active mineral marketplace.

Many specimens pass from rural localities through this city and are attributed to it.

Aimorés pegmatite district, Eastern Brazilian pegmatite province.

Safira pegmatite district, Eastern Brazilian pegmatite province.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

41 valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rob Lavinsky specimen
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Description: Plagioclase Composition An49Ab48Or3
Reference: J.C. Bridges, M.M. Grady (2000) Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176:267-279; http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/antmet/mmc/GovVal.pdf; Gomes, C.B. & Keil, K. (1980) Brazilian Stony Meteorites: University of New Mexico Press: Albuquerque. pp. 162.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/antmet/mmc/GovVal.pdf
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: J.C. Bridges, M.M. Grady (2000) Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176:267-279
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Berkley, J. L., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1980) Comparative petrology and origin of Governador Valadares and other nakhlites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11th, Houston, TX, March 17-21, 1980, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A82-22296 09-91) New York, Pergamon Press, 1980, p. 1089-1102.; http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/antmet/mmc/GovVal.pdf; Gomes, C.B. & Keil, K. (1980) Brazilian Stony Meteorites: University of New Mexico Press: Albuquerque. pp. 162.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Acquired with owner of mine.
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Berkley, J. L., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1980) Comparative petrology and origin of Governador Valadares and other nakhlites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11th, Houston, TX, March 17-21, 1980, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A82-22296 09-91) New York, Pergamon Press, 1980, p. 1089-1102.; http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/antmet/mmc/GovVal.pdf; Gomes, C.B. & Keil, K. (1980) Brazilian Stony Meteorites: University of New Mexico Press: Albuquerque. pp. 162.
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Gomes, C.B. & Keil, K. (1980) Brazilian Stony Meteorites: University of New Mexico Press: Albuquerque. pp. 162.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Martins da Pedra collection
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Berkley, J. L., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1980) Comparative petrology and origin of Governador Valadares and other nakhlites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11th, Houston, TX, March 17-21, 1980, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A82-22296 09-91) New York, Pergamon Press, 1980, p. 1089-1102.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: J.C. Bridges, M.M. Grady (2000) Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176:267-279; Chevrier, V., Lorand, J-P. & Sautter, V. (2011) Sulfide petrology of four nakhlites: Northwest Africa 817, Northwest Africa 998, Nakhla, and Governador Valadares: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 46(6): 769-784. (June 2011); http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/antmet/mmc/GovVal.pdf; Gomes, C.B. & Keil, K. (1980) Brazilian Stony Meteorites: University of New Mexico Press: Albuquerque. pp. 162.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Rob Lavinsky specimen
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Rob Lavinsky specimen
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorcalciomicrolite
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
Habit: ~1 mm transparent yellowish octahedrons precepitations over albite crystalline crusts
Colour: honey-yellow
Fluorescence: none
Description: Composition of the mineral is (Ca.95Na.62Pb.05)1.62(Ta1.54Nb.34Ti.12)2.00O5.50(F1.00OH.50)1.50
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012)
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Pecora, W.T., Switzer, G., Barbosa, A.L., Myers, A.T. (1950) Structure and mineralogy of the Golconda pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil. American Mineralogist, 35(9-10), 889-901.
'Glass'
Description: Silica-rich glass
Reference: http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/antmet/mmc/GovVal.pdf; Gomes, C.B. & Keil, K. (1980) Brazilian Stony Meteorites: University of New Mexico Press: Albuquerque. pp. 162.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: J.C. Bridges, M.M. Grady (2000) Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176:267-279
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: J.C. Bridges, M.M. Grady (2000) Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176:267-279; http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/antmet/mmc/GovVal.pdf
Herderite
Formula: CaBePO4(F,OH)
Description: Leavens, P. et al. (1978) studied Brazilian "herderite" from this and other localities and found them to be very OH-rich hydroxylherderite, instead.Leavens, P. et al. (1978) studied Brazilian "herderite" from this and other localities and found them to be very OH-rich hydroxylherderite, instead.
Reference: Leavens, et al. (1978) Am Min.; Leavens, P. et al, Compositional and Refractive Index Variations of the Herderite-Hydroxyl-herderite Series, Am Min v63, p 913-917 (1978)
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Reference: Berkley, J. L., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1980) Comparative petrology and origin of Governador Valadares and other nakhlites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11th, Houston, TX, March 17-21, 1980, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A82-22296 09-91) New York, Pergamon Press, 1980, p. 1089-1102.; http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/antmet/mmc/GovVal.pdf
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: J.C. Bridges, M.M. Grady (2000) Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176:267-279; Berkley, J. L., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1980) Comparative petrology and origin of Governador Valadares and other nakhlites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11th, Houston, TX, March 17-21, 1980, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A82-22296 09-91) New York, Pergamon Press, 1980, p. 1089-1102.; http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/antmet/mmc/GovVal.pdf; Gomes, C.B. & Keil, K. (1980) Brazilian Stony Meteorites: University of New Mexico Press: Albuquerque. pp. 162.
'K Feldspar'
'Lepidolite'
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: J.C. Bridges, M.M. Grady (2000) Evaporite mineral assemblages in the nakhlite (martian) meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 176:267-279; Berkley, J. L., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1980) Comparative petrology and origin of Governador Valadares and other nakhlites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11th, Houston, TX, March 17-21, 1980, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A82-22296 09-91) New York, Pergamon Press, 1980, p. 1089-1102.; http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/antmet/mmc/GovVal.pdf
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Gomes, C.B. & Keil, K. (1980) Brazilian Stony Meteorites: University of New Mexico Press: Albuquerque. pp. 162.
'Manganese Oxides'
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Monazite'
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Oxycalciomicrolite'
Formula: Ca2Ta2O6O
Reference: Andrade, Marcelo Barbosa de (2007) Estudo cristaloquímico de minerais do grupo do pirocloro no Brasil. Tese de Doutorado Instituto de Geociências. São Paulo, 2007, p. 175
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Martins da Pedra collection
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/antmet/mmc/GovVal.pdf; Gomes, C.B. & Keil, K. (1980) Brazilian Stony Meteorites: University of New Mexico Press: Albuquerque. pp. 162.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Pyrite and other sulfides are quite minor constituents.
Reference: Berkley, J. L., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1980) Comparative petrology and origin of Governador Valadares and other nakhlites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11th, Houston, TX, March 17-21, 1980, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A82-22296 09-91) New York, Pergamon Press, 1980, p. 1089-1102.; http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/antmet/mmc/GovVal.pdf; Gomes, C.B. & Keil, K. (1980) Brazilian Stony Meteorites: University of New Mexico Press: Albuquerque. pp. 162.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Description: As small, scarce blebs in mesostasis often associated with oxides.
Reference: Chevrier, V., Lorand, J-P. & Sautter, V. (2011) Sulfide petrology of four nakhlites: Northwest Africa 817, Northwest Africa 998, Nakhla, and Governador Valadares: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 46(6): 769-784. (June 2011)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Reiner Mielke
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Norman King and Robert Lavinsky report smoky quartz
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Luiz Alberto Dias Menezes, Fo.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
'Silica'
Description: Nearly pure silica grains [too small for mineralogical characterization]
Reference: http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/antmet/mmc/GovVal.pdf; Gomes, C.B. & Keil, K. (1980) Brazilian Stony Meteorites: University of New Mexico Press: Albuquerque. pp. 162.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Description: Fe,Al spinel as melt inclusions in olivine.
Reference: http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/antmet/mmc/GovVal.pdf
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Van King
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Van King
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Acquired with owner of mine.
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Ta2O6
Reference: Josef Vajdak (Peque Rare Minerals) specimens (JV02/101-4), labelled "Golconda/Urbano mine".
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: found by Christian Bracke.
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Rick Dalrymple
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Luiz Alberto Dias Menezes, Fo.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Description: Purchased from Comstock in April 2001 at "Spring Show of the Rockies" in Denver, Colorado, USA.
Reference: D. Slade collection
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Berkley, J. L., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1980) Comparative petrology and origin of Governador Valadares and other nakhlites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 11th, Houston, TX, March 17-21, 1980, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A82-22296 09-91) New York, Pergamon Press, 1980, p. 1089-1102.; http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/antmet/mmc/GovVal.pdf; Gomes, C.B. & Keil, K. (1980) Brazilian Stony Meteorites: University of New Mexico Press: Albuquerque. pp. 162.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Min Rec 36:3 pp292-293

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)4.DB.10(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Bermanite8.DC.20Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Herderite ?8.BA.10CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase ?9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Fluorcalciomicrolite-(Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Monazite'-
'Oxycalciomicrolite'-Ca2Ta2O6O
'Silica'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1Fe2+Ta2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe)8.3.1.1(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Herderite ?41.5.4.1CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Bermanite42.11.17.1Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase ?76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Fluorcalciomicrolite-(Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidolite'-
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Monazite'-
'Oxycalciomicrolite'-Ca2Ta2O6O
Quartz
var: Rose Quartz
-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Silica'-
Spodumene
var: Kunzite
-LiAlSi2O6
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
BeBeryllium
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O QuartzSiO2
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O SideriteFeCO3
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
O OxycalciomicroliteCa2Ta2O6O
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O CassiteriteSnO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Fluorcalciomicrolite(Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluorcalciomicrolite(Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Fluorcalciomicrolite(Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S TroiliteFeS
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ca OxycalciomicroliteCa2Ta2O6O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca Fluorcalciomicrolite(Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
MnManganese
Mn Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
FeIron
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Fluorcalciomicrolite(Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
BaBarium
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
TaTantalum
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta OxycalciomicroliteCa2Ta2O6O
Ta Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Fluorcalciomicrolite(Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
Ta Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Sauer, J.R. (1982) Brazil, Paradise of Gemstones. Gemological Institute of America, 135 pp. (p. 120).
White, J.S. (?) (1980) Interview: Allan Caplan. The Mineralogical Record, 11(6), 351-360.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Governador_Valadares,_Minas_Gerais
Wikidata ID:Q462218
GeoNames ID:3462315

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