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Bushveld Complex, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Bushveld ComplexComplex
South AfricaCountry

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07436880014947207181761.jpg
Western Bushveld Platinum mines

Bushveld Complex, South Africa
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Witbank262,491 (2012)
Rustenburg124,064 (2012)
Brits122,497 (2012)
Mokopane101,090 (2012)
Mabopane97,417 (2012)
Ga-Rankuwa68,767 (2012)


The Bushveld complex is a (65,000 km2) layered intrusive. It contains many magmatic ores, pegmatitic and hydrothermal ore deposits and has metamorphosed the floor rocks of the intrusive. The major deposits are of platinum group elements, chrome, nickel, vanadium and uranium.

It is a large complex covering a major area of the province formerly known as the Transvaal which has since been divided up and the Bushveld Igneous Complex now occurs in the following Provinces: North West, Gauteng, for the western limb and Limpopo and Mpumalanga for the eastern limb.


Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

429 valid minerals. 15 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: Wooley (2001) 269-270.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.; Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Aluminocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Manyeruke, T. D. (2007). Compositional and lithological variation of the Platreef on the farm Nonnenwerth, northern lobe of the Bushveld Complex: Implications for the origin of Platinum-group elements (PGE) mineralization (Doctoral dissertation, University of Pretoria).
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andalusite var: Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Botha, B. W. (2010) An Overview of Andalusite in Souhern Africa: Geology and Mineralogy. The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Refractories 2010 Conference
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Kottke-Levin, J., Gauert, C., Merkle, R., & Sommer, H. (2008, December). Pilot study of melt inclusions in chromites of the Merensky Reef reflecting melt compositions at Karee Mine, western Bushveld Complex, South Africa. In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts (Vol. 1, p. 2085).
Antarcticite
Formula: CaCl2 · 6H2O
Reference: J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997)
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Apatite Group'
Reference: VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Manyeruke, T. D. (2007). Compositional and lithological variation of the Platreef on the farm Nonnenwerth, northern lobe of the Bushveld Complex: Implications for the origin of Platinum-group elements (PGE) mineralization (Doctoral dissertation, University of Pretoria).
Armalcolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Reference: MCDONALD I., HOLWELL D.A. & ARMITAGE P.E.B. (2005). Geochemistry and mineralogy of the Platreef and ìCritical Zoneî cumulates of the Northern limb of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa: implications for Bushveld stratigraphy and the development of PGE mineralization. Miner. Deposita, 40, 526-549.
Arsenbrackebuschite
Formula: Pb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Min Rec 27:6 pp417-428
Arsenopalladinite
Formula: Pd8(As,Sb)3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Atheneite
Formula: Pd2As0.75Hg0.25
Atokite (TL)
Formula: (Pd,Pt)3Sn
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Can Min 13 (1975), 146
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Auricupride
Formula: Cu3Au
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society); Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
Bafertisite
Formula: Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Species list by Dr. Hans Börner
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Baryte var: Hokutolite
Formula: (Ba,Pb)SO4
Reference: Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
Barytolamprophyllite
Formula: (Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Reference: Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.
'Bastnäsite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Reference: MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
Bastnäsite-(Y)
Formula: Y(CO3)F
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Belovite-(Ce)
Formula: NaCeSr3(PO4)3F
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Min Rec 27:6 pp417-428
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Manganophyllite'
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bowieite
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.; Zaccarini, F., Bindi, L., Pushkarev, E., Garuti, G., & Bakker, R. J. (2016). Multi-analytical characterization of minerals of the bowieite–kashinite series from the Svetly Bor complex, Urals, Russia, and comparison with worldwide occurrences. The Canadian Mineralogist, 54(2), 461-473.
Braggite (TL)
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1932) 23, 198-206
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.
Britholite-(Y) ?
Formula: (Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
Cabriite
Formula: Pd2CuSn
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Mg-rich Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)CO3
Reference: Harmer, R. (2017) The Bulhoek Carbonatite Complex, South Africa: Evidence for magmatic crystallization of dolomite at low pressures and the petrogenetic implications. " Carbonatites-alkaline rocks and associated mineral deposits" Abstract, 5.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Cerite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
Ceruleite
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Reference: Rick Turner
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Malcolm Southwood (2002) Arsenical Ramblings. British Micromount society Newsletter 61:2-9
Cheralite
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Reference: Cairncross & Dixon (1995) 138-140.
'Cheralite-(Ce)'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cherepanovite
Formula: RhAs
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: VERWOERD, W.J. (1986) Mineral deposits associated with carbonatites and alkaline rocks. In: Mineral deposits of Southern Africa. Vol. II. 2173-2191. Edited by: Annhaeusser and Maske. Geological Society of South Africa.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Chromatite
Formula: CaCr6+O4
Reference: http://www.fc.up.pt/geo/ecrofi/377.PDF; McDonald, I., Vaughan, D. J., & Tredoux, M. (1995). Platinum mineralization in quartz veins near Naboomspruit, central Transvaal. S. Afr. J. Geol, 98, 168-175.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinochrysotile'
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Clinoferrosilite
Formula: Fe2+SiO3
Reference: Excalibur Minerals photo ID 140072
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 79 pg
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Columbite Group'
Reference: VERWOERD, W.J. (1986) Mineral deposits associated with carbonatites and alkaline rocks. In: Mineral deposits of Southern Africa. Vol. II. 2173-2191. Edited by: Annhaeusser and Maske. Geological Society of South Africa.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cooperite (TL)
Formula: PtS
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: ourn.Chem.Metall.Mining Soc.S.Africa,(1928) 28, 281-283
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Kottke-Levin, J., Gauert, C., Merkle, R., & Sommer, H. (2008, December). Pilot study of melt inclusions in chromites of the Merensky Reef reflecting melt compositions at Karee Mine, western Bushveld Complex, South Africa. In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts (Vol. 1, p. 2085).
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: Species list by Dr. Hans Börner
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Reeks, G. (2007) Olifantspoort Mine, Olifantspoort, Northern Province. South African Micromount Society newsletter: 33(3)
Diamond
Formula: C
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Economic Geology (1990) 85:537-555
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Harmer, R. (2017) The Bulhoek Carbonatite Complex, South Africa: Evidence for magmatic crystallization of dolomite at low pressures and the petrogenetic implications. " Carbonatites-alkaline rocks and associated mineral deposits" Abstract, 5.
Donnayite-(Y)
Formula: NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
Doyleite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Ecandrewsite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
Reference: MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Emplectite ?
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Fusswinkel, T., van den Kerkhof, A. M., & Sosa, G. M. (2018). The hydrothermal Waterberg platinum deposit, Mookgophong (Naboomspruit), South Africa. Part 1: Geochemistry and ore mineralogy. Mineralogical Magazine, 82(3), 725-749.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: Lionnet, M. D., & Lomberg, K. G. (2007). The application of facies classification in evaluating the Merensky Reef at Bafokeng Rasimone platinum mine, South Africa. Journal-South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 107(1), 37.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 204.; Reeks, G. (1996) The Kruisrivier Cobalt Mine - Transvaal (South Africa). Mineralogical Record, 27(6), 417-428.; Windisch, W. (2014) An introduction to micromounting.
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series var: Hortonolite'
Formula: from (Fe1.5Mg0.5)2SiO4 to (Mg1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)
Formula: CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004); Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: Wooley (2001) 269-270.
Ferronickelplatinum
Formula: Pt2FeNi
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.; www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/11407/EAE03-A-11407.pdf.
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Reference: VERWOERD, W.J. (1986) Mineral deposits associated with carbonatites and alkaline rocks. In: Mineral deposits of Southern Africa. Vol. II. 2173-2191. Edited by: Annhaeusser and Maske. Geological Society of South Africa.
'Florencite'
Reference: Birtel, S., Kern, M., Höfig, T. W., Krause, J., & Gutzmer, J. (2015). Geometallurgical Assessment: Beneficiation of Rare Earth Minerals as a Possible By-Product from the Vergenoeg Fluorite Mine, South Africa. In Proceedings of the 13th Biennial SGA Meeting (mineral resources in a sustainable world), Nancy, France (pp. 1383-1386).
Florencite-(Nd)
Formula: NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
'Fluocerite'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Fluorstrophite
Formula: SrCaSr3(PO4)3F
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Reeks, G. (2007) Olifantspoort Mine, Olifantspoort, Northern Province. South African Micromount Society newsletter: 33(3)
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Froodite
Formula: α-PdBi2
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Westerlund, K. J., & Gurney, J. J. (2004). Silicate and oxide inclusion characteristics and infra-red absorption analysis of diamonds from the Klipspringer kimberlites, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 107(1-2), 131-146.
Gasparite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(AsO4)
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Genkinite (TL)
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1977) 15, 389-392; Cabri, L. J., Laflamme, J. G., & Stewart, J. M. (1977). Platinum-group minerals from Onverwacht; II, Platarsite, a new sulfarsenide of platinum. The Canadian Mineralogist, 15(3), 385-388.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Hutchinson, D., & Kinnaird, J. A. (2005). Complex multistage genesis for the Ni–Cu–PGE mineralisation in the southern region of the Platreef, Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Applied Earth Science, 114(4), 208-224.
Geversite (TL)
Formula: PtSb2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1961) 32, 833-847; Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.; Oberthür, T. (2018). The fate of platinum-group minerals in the exogenic environment—From sulfide ores via oxidized ores into placers: Case studies bushveld complex, South Africa, and Great Dyke, Zimbabwe. Minerals, 8(12), 581.
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Godlevskite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
Gold var: Palladian Gold
Formula: (Au,Pd)
Reference: Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.
Goudeyite
Formula: AlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Rick Turner collection
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Economic Geology (1990) 85:537-555
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society)
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Reference: Junge, M., Oberthür, T., & Melcher, F. (2014). Cryptic variation of chromite chemistry, platinum group element and platinum group mineral distribution in the UG-2 chromitite: an example from the Karee Mine, western Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Economic Geology, 109(3), 795-810.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Grunerite var: Amosite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: Amosite is a commercial name. Grunerite has exceptionally long fibres, longest is recorded at 76cm.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 211; www.minresco.com/syst/a.htm
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Haycockite (TL)
Formula: Cu4Fe5S8
Reference: Cabri, L.J. & Hall, S.R. (1972) Mooihoekite and haycockite, two new copper-iron sulfides and their relationship to chalcopyrite and talnakhite. American Mineralogist 57, 689-708; Rowland, J.F. & Hall, S.R. (1973) The crystal structure of haycockite, Cu4Fe5S8. American Mineralogist, 58, 1110 abstract????; Rowland, J.F. & Hall, S.R. (1975) Haycockite, Cu4Fe5S8: a superstructure in the chalcopyrite series. Acta crystallographica B31, 2105-2112; Daltry, V.D.C., (1997) Mineralogy of South Africa: Type-Mineral Species and Type-Mineral Names, Council For Geoscience, Geological Survey of South Africa, Handbook 15.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hejtmanite
Formula: Ba2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
'Hellandite'
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Reeks, G. (2007) Olifantspoort Mine, Olifantspoort, Northern Province. South African Micromount Society newsletter: 33(3)
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Reference: Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Reference: Min Rec 27:6 pp417-428
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
Hilairite
Formula: Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Reference: MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Hollingworthite (TL)
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: AM 50 (1965), 1068; HB1 (1990); Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Sitnikova, M., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., Cabri, L. J., ... & Gast, L. (2008). Combination of novel mineralogical methods in the study of noble metal ores–focus on pristine (Bushveld, Great Dyke) and placer platinum mineralisation. In Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy ICAM (pp. 187-194).
Hongshiite
Formula: PtCu
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. & Windisch, W.(1998): Microminerals from the Bushveld Complex South Africa. Mineralogical Record 29: 461-465
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Mandende, H. (2014). Geochemical and petrographic characterization of platreef pyroxenite Package p1, p2, p3 and p4 units at the akanani prospect area, bushveld Complex, South Africa. Masters thesis University of the Western Cape
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Insizwaite
Formula: Pt(Bi,Sb)2
Irarsite (TL)
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Iridium var: Osmiridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Isomertieite
Formula: Pd11Sb2As2
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
Isomertieite var: Fengluanite
Formula: Pd3(As,Sb)
Reference: Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Meulenbeld, P.M.P.B., Grote, W. & Verryn, S. (2014) The Albert silver mine and trippkeite occurrence. Rock & Minerals 89(5), 417-422.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Julgoldite-(Fe3+)
Formula: Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
Habit: acicular
Colour: dark-green
Description: First reported find of this mineral in South Africa
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Windisch, W.(1998): Microminerals from the Bushveld Complex South Africa. Mineralogical Record 29: 461-465
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Kamphaugite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: VERWOERD, W.J. (2008) Kamphaugite-(Y) from the Goudini carbonatite, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 1007-1022.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
Kentbrooksite
Formula: (Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004); Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.
'K Feldspar'
Description: The SEM work is done by Maria Atanasova at Council for Geoscience in Pretoria (Stephen J Gomersall, pers. comm to Debbie Woolf).
Reference: Wolfgang R. Windisch personal list.
Koechlinite
Formula: Bi2MoO6
Reference: S. Weinert (2006) Locality Data Sheet ML35 (South African Micromount Society); Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 190;
Kupletskite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Westerlund, K. J., & Gurney, J. J. (2004). Silicate and oxide inclusion characteristics and infra-red absorption analysis of diamonds from the Klipspringer kimberlites, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 107(1-2), 131-146.
Lamprophyllite
Formula: (Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Reference: Wight, Q. (2002). Through the'Scope: The Year in Micromounting: 2001 Was a Year of Change. Rocks & Minerals, 77(3), 181-189.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Wight, Q. (2002). Through the'Scope: The Year in Micromounting: 2001 Was a Year of Change. Rocks & Minerals, 77(3), 181-189.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
'Lindackerite Group'
Formula: MCu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 9H2O
Reference: Meulenbeld, P.M.P.B., Grote, W. & Verryn, S. (2014) The Albert silver mine and trippkeite occurrence. Rock & Minerals 89(5), 417-422.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Loparite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Description: Ca/Nb-loparite-(Ce).
Reference: MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
Loparite-(Ce) var: Nioboloparite
Formula: (Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.
Lópezite
Formula: K2Cr2O7
Reference: www.fc.up.pt/geo/ecrofi/377.PDF.; McDonald, I., Vaughan, D. J., & Tredoux, M. (1995). Platinum mineralization in quartz veins near Naboomspruit, central Transvaal. S. Afr. J. Geol, 98, 168-175.
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Lucasite-(Ce) ?
Formula: CeTi2(O,OH)6
Reference: Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2004). Ecandrewsite–zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite, Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 42(4), 1169-1178.
Ludlockite
Formula: PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Description: All ludlockite micromount specimens were self collected by Wolf Windisch and sent to Hans Borner for analyse (private communication to Debbie Woolf, April 2016).
Reference: Robert O. Meyer collection; Dr. Hans Börner collection;
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Maghemite (TL)
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Wagner P A (1927) Changes in the oxidation of iron in magnetite, Economic Geology 22, 845-846
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Majakite
Formula: PdNiAs
Reference: Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Malanite
Formula: Cu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Description: In clinopyroxene or between magnetite grains and in safflorite.
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Marshite
Formula: CuI
Reference: Meulenbeld, P.M.P.B., Grote, W. & Verryn, S. (2014) The Albert silver mine and trippkeite occurrence. Rock & Minerals 89(5), 417-422.
Maslovite
Formula: PtBiTe
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Mcguinnessite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., & Cawthorn, R. G. (2002). Platinum-group minerals in chromitite xenoliths from the Onverwacht and Tweefontein ultramafic pipes, eastern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 481-497.
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Description: Occurs in mable as black prismatic crystals to 1cm.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 223.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
Menshikovite
Formula: Pd3Ni2As3
Reference: Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
Merenskyite (TL)
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/merenskyite.pdf Cairncross, B. (2002). Merenskyite, type-mineral from the Bushveld Complex. Rocks & Minerals – Special Issue on “Minerals of Africa”, Vol. 77, 48-50.
'Mertieite'
Reference: Hutchinson, D., & Kinnaird, J. A. (2005). Complex multistage genesis for the Ni–Cu–PGE mineralisation in the southern region of the Platreef, Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Applied Earth Science, 114(4), 208-224.
Mertieite-I
Formula: Pd11(Sb,As)4
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
Mertieite-II
Formula: Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
Mesolite ?
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):398.
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Miassite
Formula: Rh17S15
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mixite
Formula: BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Monazite'
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)
Formula: La(PO4)
Reference: MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
Monazite-(Nd)
Formula: Nd(PO4)
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mooihoekite (TL)
Formula: Cu9Fe9S16
Reference: Amer.Min.(1972) 57, 689-708
Mosandrite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Reeks, G. (2007) Olifantspoort Mine, Olifantspoort, Northern Province. South African Micromount Society newsletter: 33(3)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Fusswinkel, T., van den Kerkhof, A. M., & Sosa, G. M. (2018). The hydrothermal Waterberg platinum deposit, Mookgophong (Naboomspruit), South Africa. Part 1: Geochemistry and ore mineralogy. Mineralogical Magazine, 82(3), 725-749.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Reference: Paul Meulenbeld collection
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Naldrettite
Formula: Pd2Sb
Reference: Hutchinson, D., & Kinnaird, J. A. (2005). Complex multistage genesis for the Ni–Cu–PGE mineralisation in the southern region of the Platreef, Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Applied Earth Science, 114(4), 208-224.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Newberyite
Formula: Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Reference: Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Niggliite
Formula: PtSn
Niobophyllite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Nitrocalcite
Formula: Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 79 pg
Olekminskite
Formula: Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Onoratoite
Formula: Sb8Cl2O11
Reference: Meulenbeld, P.M.P.B., Grote, W. & Verryn, S. (2014) The Albert silver mine and trippkeite occurrence. Rock & Minerals 89(5), 417-422.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Hyalite
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Wolfgang R. Windisch personal list.
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Reference: Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
Palarstanide
Formula: Pd5(Sn,As)2
Reference: Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.
Palladium
Formula: (Pd,Pt)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Palladoarsenide
Formula: Pd2As
Palladobismutharsenide
Formula: Pd2(As,Bi)
Reference: Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
Palladosilicide
Formula: Pd2Si
Reference: Cabri, L.J., McDonald, A.M., Stanley, C.J., Rudashevsky, N.S., Poirier, G., Wilhelmij, H.R., Zhe, W., Rudashevsky, V.N. (2015) Palladosilicide, Pd2Si, a new mineral from the Kapalagulu Intrusion, Western Tanzania and the Bushveld Complex, South Africa, Mineralogical Magazine, 79 , 295–307
Paolovite
Formula: Pd2Sn
Parakeldyshite
Formula: Na2ZrSi2O7
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
'Parisite'
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Penfieldite
Formula: Pb2Cl3(OH)
Reference: Barkov, A. Y., Martin, R. F., Kaukonen, R. J., & Alapieti, T. T. (2001). The occurrence of Pb–Cl–(OH) and Pt–Sn–S compounds in the Merensky reef, Bushveld layered complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(5), 1397-1403.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Petersite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Philipsbornite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Min Rec 27:6 pp417-428
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pilsenite
Formula: Bi4Te3
Reference: Manyeruke, T. D. (2007). Compositional and lithological variation of the Platreef on the farm Nonnenwerth, northern lobe of the Bushveld Complex: Implications for the origin of Platinum-group elements (PGE) mineralization (Doctoral dissertation, University of Pretoria).
Platarsite (TL)
Formula: PtAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1977): 15, 385-388.; Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.; Cabri, L. J., Laflamme, J. G., & Stewart, J. M. (1977). Platinum-group minerals from Onverwacht; II, Platarsite, a new sulfarsenide of platinum. The Canadian Mineralogist, 15(3), 385-388.
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.; www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/11407/EAE03-A-11407.pdf.
Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum
Formula: (Pt,Fe)
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.; www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/11407/EAE03-A-11407.pdf.
'Platinum-Group Elements'
Reference: Ramakoloi N, Viljoen F (2014) Mineral chemistry of PGE-bismuthotellurides in the Platreef, Akanani Prospect, Lonmin plcl. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 106
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
Plumbopalladinite
Formula: Pd3Pb2
Polarite
Formula: Pd(Bi,Pb)
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Junge, M., Oberthür, T., & Melcher, F. (2014). Cryptic variation of chromite chemistry, platinum group element and platinum group mineral distribution in the UG-2 chromitite: an example from the Karee Mine, western Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Economic Geology, 109(3), 795-810.
Potarite
Formula: PdHg
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Pyrochroite
Formula: Mn(OH)2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:5 pp 410-421
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyroxmangite
Formula: MnSiO3
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: www.mindat.org/mesg-55-48596.html
Quartz var: Ametrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: (Error for yellow iron-stained amethyst; not true ametrine.)
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Robert Lavinsky photo ID 605150
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: (Error for yellow iron-stained quartz; not true citrine.)
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Habit: Complex. Tetragonal.
Colour: White.
Description: Milky quartz from weathered vein in rhyolite.
Reference: Paul Meulenbeld collection
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Retzian-(Ce)
Formula: Mn2+2Ce(AsO4)(OH)4
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Rhodarsenide
Formula: (Rh,Pd)2As
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
Rhodium
Formula: (Rh,Pt)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Reeks, G. (2007) Olifantspoort Mine, Olifantspoort, Northern Province. South African Micromount Society newsletter: 33(3)
Roscoelite
Formula: K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: www.fc.up.pt/geo/ecrofi/377.PDF.; McDonald, I., Vaughan, D. J., & Tredoux, M. (1995). Platinum mineralization in quartz veins near Naboomspruit, central Transvaal. S. Afr. J. Geol, 98, 168-175.
Ruarsite
Formula: (Ru,Os)AsS
Reference: Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Sitnikova, M., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., Cabri, L. J., ... & Gast, L. (2008). Combination of novel mineralogical methods in the study of noble metal ores–focus on pristine (Bushveld, Great Dyke) and placer platinum mineralisation. In Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy ICAM (pp. 187-194).
Rustenburgite (TL)
Formula: (Pt,Pd)3Sn
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Can Min 13 (1975), 146
Rustenburgite var: Cuprian Rustenburgite
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
Ruthenarsenite
Formula: (Ru,Ni)As
Ruthenium
Formula: (Ru,Ir)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, pg 181
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Reference: VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Serandite
Formula: NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Silver
Formula: Ag
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Min Rec 27:6 pp417-428
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Reeks, G. (2007) Olifantspoort Mine, Olifantspoort, Northern Province. South African Micromount Society newsletter: 33(3)
Sobolevskite
Formula: Pd(Bi,Te)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Stannopalladinite
Formula: (Pd,Cu)3Sn2
Stibiopalladinite (TL)
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Cabri, L. J. & Chen, T.T. (1976) : Stibiopalladinite from the type locality. American Mineralogist. 61, 1249-1254
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Stillwaterite
Formula: Pd8As3
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
Stronalsite
Formula: Na2SrAl4Si4O16
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.; Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
'Strontium-Apatite'
Reference: Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
Struvite
Formula: (NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Reference: Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
Stumpflite (TL)
Formula: Pt(Sb,Bi)
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1972) 95, 610-613; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.; Oberthür, T. (2018). The fate of platinum-group minerals in the exogenic environment—From sulfide ores via oxidized ores into placers: Case studies bushveld complex, South Africa, and Great Dyke, Zimbabwe. Minerals, 8(12), 581.
Sudburyite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)Sb
Sulphur
Formula: S8
'Synchysite'
Reference: Clarke, L. B. (1989). The Geology of the Kruidfontein Volcanic Complex Transvaal. S. Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Leicester).
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
'Synchysite Group'
Reference: Econ Geology (1993)88:27-43
Synchysite-(Y)
Formula: CaY(CO3)2F
Reference: VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Kottke-Levin, J., Gauert, C., Merkle, R., & Sommer, H. (2008, December). Pilot study of melt inclusions in chromites of the Merensky Reef reflecting melt compositions at Karee Mine, western Bushveld Complex, South Africa. In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts (Vol. 1, p. 2085).
Taimyrite
Formula: (Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tapiolite-(Fe)
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 79 pg
Taseqite
Formula: Na12Sr3Ca6Fe3Zr3Nb[(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2SiO]Cl2(O,OH,H2O)3
Reference: Mitchell, R. H., & Liferovich, R. P. (2006). Subsolidus deuteric/hydrothermal alteration of eudialyte in lujavrite from the Pilansberg alkaline complex, South Africa. Lithos, 91(1), 352-372.
Tatyanaite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Cu)9Cu3Sn4
Reference: Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
Telluropalladinite
Formula: Pd9Te4
Reference: Hutchinson, D., & Kinnaird, J. A. (2005). Complex multistage genesis for the Ni–Cu–PGE mineralisation in the southern region of the Platreef, Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Applied Earth Science, 114(4), 208-224.
Temagamite
Formula: Pd3HgTe3
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Tetra-auricupride
Formula: AuCu
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Manyeruke, T. D. (2007). Compositional and lithological variation of the Platreef on the farm Nonnenwerth, northern lobe of the Bushveld Complex: Implications for the origin of Platinum-group elements (PGE) mineralization (Doctoral dissertation, University of Pretoria).
Tetraferroplatinum
Formula: PtFe
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.; www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/11407/EAE03-A-11407.pdf.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Trevorite
Formula: Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Kottke-Levin, J., Gauert, C., Merkle, R., & Sommer, H. (2008, December). Pilot study of melt inclusions in chromites of the Merensky Reef reflecting melt compositions at Karee Mine, western Bushveld Complex, South Africa. In AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts (Vol. 1, p. 2085).
Trippkeite
Formula: Cu2+As3+2O4
Reference: Meulenbeld, P.M.P.B., Grote, W. & Verryn, S. (2014) The Albert silver mine and trippkeite occurrence. Rock & Minerals 89(5), 417-422.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Tulameenite
Formula: Pt2CuFe
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.; www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/11407/EAE03-A-11407.pdf.
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
'UM1974-02-Bi:AsPdPtSb'
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Bi,Sb,As)
Reference: Tarkian, M., Stumpfl, E.F., (1974): (Pt,Pd)(Bi,Sb), a new mineral. Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Monatsh.: 5l4-517; in: Fleischer, M., Chao, G.Y., Cabri, L.J. (1975): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 60: 739
'UM1975-07-As:PdSn'
Formula: (Pd,Pt)2.2(As,Sn)
Reference: Gasparrini, E. (1975): Mertieite and an unnamed compound of palladium with arsenic and tin in a mineral intergrowth from the Atok Mine. National Institute for Metallurgy Report No. 1726; in: Fleischer, M., Burns, R.G., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Hogarth, D.D., Pabst, A. (1979): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 64: 1333
'UM1976-16-S:IrRhSb'
Formula: (Rh,Ir)SbS
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
'UM1977-04-E:CuFeNiPtSb'
Formula: Pt10Fe3Ni3Cu3Sb
Reference: Cabri, L.J., Rosenzweig, A., Pinch, W.W. (1977): Platinum-group mineral from Onverwacht; I, Pt-Fe-Cu-Ni alloys. Can. Mineral.: 15: 380-384
'UM1991-06-E:AuCu'
Formula: Au3Cu
Description: Associated with maldonite.
Reference: S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
'UM1992-04-Bi:Pt'
Formula: (Pt,Fe)(Bi,Sb)
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
'UM1992-12-E:IrPtSb'
Formula: (Pt,Ir,Fe)3Sb
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
'UM1992-38-Sn:CuPdPt'
Formula: (Pd,Pt)4(Cu,Fe)2(Sn,Sb)3
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
'UM2001-24-Te:BiSe'
Formula: Bi4Te2Se
Reference: Manyeruke, T. D. (2007). Compositional and lithological variation of the Platreef on the farm Nonnenwerth, northern lobe of the Bushveld Complex: Implications for the origin of Platinum-group elements (PGE) mineralization (Doctoral dissertation, University of Pretoria).
Ungavaite
Formula: Pd4Sb3
Reference: Hutchinson, D., & Kinnaird, J. A. (2005). Complex multistage genesis for the Ni–Cu–PGE mineralisation in the southern region of the Platreef, Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Applied Earth Science, 114(4), 208-224.
'Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Emplecite)'
Formula: FeBiS2
Reference: Manyeruke, T. D. (2007). Compositional and lithological variation of the Platreef on the farm Nonnenwerth, northern lobe of the Bushveld Complex: Implications for the origin of Platinum-group elements (PGE) mineralization (Doctoral dissertation, University of Pretoria).
'Unnamed (Ir-Ni Alloy I)'
Formula: Ir-Fe
Reference: Kinloch, E.D. (1982): Economic Geology 77, 1328-1347.
'Unnamed (Ir-Os-Rh-Pd-Cu-Fe-Ni Sulphide)'
Reference: Kinloch, E.D. (1982): Economic Geology 77, 1328-1347.
'Unnamed (Ir-Os Sulphide III)'
Reference: McLaren, C.H., and de Villiers, J.P.R. (1982): Economic Geology 77, 1348-1366.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Reeks, G. (2007) Olifantspoort Mine, Olifantspoort, Northern Province. South African Micromount Society newsletter: 33(3)
Vanadium ?
Formula: V
Reference: http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
Vasilite
Formula: (Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
Vauquelinite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Reeks, G. (2007) Olifantspoort Mine, Olifantspoort, Northern Province. South African Micromount Society newsletter: 33(3); Wight, Q. (2002). Through the'Scope: The Year in Micromounting: 2001 Was a Year of Change. Rocks & Minerals, 77(3), 181-189.
Vincentite
Formula: Pd3As
Reference: Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Vysotskite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)S
Weloganite ?
Formula: Na2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: R. Liferovich -L. Horváth p.c. 2004
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Armitage, Paul Edward Blake (2011) Development of the Platreef in the northern limb of the Bushveld Complex at Sandsloot, Mokopane District, South Africa. Diss. University of Greenwich.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Species list by Dr. Hans Börner
'Xenotime'
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Zaccariniite
Formula: RhNiAs
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
Zeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
'Zinnwaldite'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
Zircophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Reference: R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
Zvyagintsevite
Formula: Pd3Pb

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Atokite (TL)1.AG.10(Pd,Pt)3Sn
Auricupride1.AA.10aCu3Au
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Cabriite1.AG.30Pd2CuSn
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Ferronickelplatinum1.AG.40Pt2FeNi
Gold1.AA.05Au
var: Palladian Gold1.AA.05(Au,Pd)
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Hongshiite1.AG.45PtCu
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
var: Osmiridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Isoferroplatinum1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Nickel1.AA.05Ni
Niggliite1.AG.60PtSn
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
Palladium1.AF.10(Pd,Pt)
Paolovite1.AG.20Pd2Sn
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
var: Ferroan Platinum1.AF.10(Pt,Fe)
Plumbopalladinite1.AG.25Pd3Pb2
Potarite1.AD.25PdHg
Rhodium1.AF.10(Rh,Pt)
Rustenburgite (TL)1.AG.10(Pt,Pd)3Sn
var: Cuprian Rustenburgite1.AG.10(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Ruthenium1.AF.05(Ru,Ir)
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Stannopalladinite1.AG.25(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Taimyrite1.AG.15(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
Tatyanaite1.AG.15(Pt,Pd,Cu)9Cu3Sn4
Tetra-auricupride1.AA.10bAuCu
Tetraferroplatinum1.AG.40PtFe
Tulameenite1.AG.40Pt2CuFe
'UM1991-06-E:AuCu'1.AA.05Au3Cu
Vanadium ?1.AE.V
Zvyagintsevite1.AG.10Pd3Pb
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Arsenopalladinite2.AC.10cPd8(As,Sb)3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Atheneite2.AC.05aPd2As0.75Hg0.25
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Bowieite2.DB.15(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Braggite (TL)2.CC.35a(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cherepanovite2.CC.15RhAs
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cooperite (TL)2.CC.35bPtS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Emplectite ?2.HA.05CuBiS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Froodite2.AC.45aα-PdBi2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Galenobismutite2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Genkinite (TL)2.AC.35a(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Geversite (TL)2.EB.05aPtSb2
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Godlevskite2.BB.15(Ni,Fe)9S8
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Haycockite (TL)2.CB.10bCu4Fe5S8
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Hollingworthite (TL)2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Insizwaite2.EB.05aPt(Bi,Sb)2
Irarsite (TL)2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Isomertieite2.AC.15aPd11Sb2As2
var: Fengluanite2.AC.15aPd3(As,Sb)
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Joséite-B2.DC.05Bi4Te2S
Keithconnite2.BC.20Pd20Te7
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Krennerite2.EA.15Au3AgTe8
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Majakite2.AC.25ePdNiAs
Malanite2.DA.05Cu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Maslovite2.EB.25PtBiTe
Menshikovite2.AC.20cPd3Ni2As3
Merenskyite (TL)2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Mertieite-I2.AC.15bPd11(Sb,As)4
Mertieite-II2.AC.10bPd8Sb2.5As0.5
Miassite2.BC.05Rh17S15
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Mooihoekite (TL)2.CB.10bCu9Fe9S16
Naldrettite2.AC.25dPd2Sb
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Orcelite2.AB.10Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Palarstanide2.AC.20bPd5(Sn,As)2
Palladoarsenide2.AC.25aPd2As
Palladobismutharsenide2.AC.25fPd2(As,Bi)
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pilsenite2.DC.05Bi4Te3
Platarsite (TL)2.EB.25PtAsS
Polarite2.AC.40Pd(Bi,Pb)
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rhodarsenide2.AC.25b(Rh,Pd)2As
Ruarsite2.EB.20(Ru,Os)AsS
Ruthenarsenite2.CC.15(Ru,Ni)As
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sobolevskite2.CC.05Pd(Bi,Te)
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stibiopalladinite (TL)2.AC.20aPd5Sb2
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stillwaterite2.AC.10aPd8As3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Stumpflite (TL)2.CC.05Pt(Sb,Bi)
Sudburyite2.CC.05(Pd,Ni)Sb
Telluropalladinite2.BC.30Pd9Te4
Temagamite2.BC.50Pd3HgTe3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Ungavaite2.AC.35bPd4Sb3
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vasilite2.BC.25(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
Vincentite2.AC.05bPd3As
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Vysotskite2.CC.35a(Pd,Ni)S
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 3 - Halides
Antarcticite3.BB.30CaCl2 · 6H2O
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Fluocerite-(Ce)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Marshite3.AA.05CuI
Onoratoite3.DC.80Sb8Cl2O11
Penfieldite3.DC.15Pb2Cl3(OH)
Prosopite3.CD.10CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Armalcolite4.CB.15(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Coesite4.DA.35SiO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Delafossite4.AB.15CuFeO2
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Doyleite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Ecandrewsite4.CB.05(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Picotite4.BB.05(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Koechlinite4.DE.15Bi2MoO6
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Loparite-(Ce)4.CC.35(Na,REE)Ti2O6
var: Nioboloparite4.CC.35(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
Lucasite-(Ce) ?4.DH.10CeTi2(O,OH)6
Ludlockite4.JA.45PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Maghemite (TL)4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Molybdite4.E0.10MoO3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Hyalite4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrochroite4.FE.05Mn(OH)2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Ametrine ?4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine ?4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tapiolite-(Fe)4.DB.10(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Trevorite4.BB.05Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Trippkeite4.JA.20Cu2+As3+2O4
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)5.BD.20aLa(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(Y)5.BD.20aY(CO3)F
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Mg-rich Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mg)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Donnayite-(Y)5.CC.05NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Gaylussite5.CB.35Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Kamphaugite-(Y)5.DC.10Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite5.BA.10(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Nitrocalcite5.NC.10Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Olekminskite5.AB.40Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)5.BD.20cCaY(CO3)2F
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Weloganite ?5.CC.05Na2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
var: Hokutolite7.AD.35(Ba,Pb)SO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chromatite7.FA.10CaCr6+O4
Cuprotungstite7.GB.15Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Fergusonite-(Ce)7.GA.05CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fornacite7.FC.10Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Lópezite7.FD.05K2Cr2O7
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Vauquelinite7.FC.05Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Arsenbrackebuschite8.BG.05Pb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Bariopharmacosiderite8.DK.10Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Belovite-(Ce)8.BN.05NaCeSr3(PO4)3F
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Ceruleite8.DE.25Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cheralite8.AD.50CaTh(PO4)2
Churchite-(Y)8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Clinoclase8.BE.20Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornwallite8.BD.05Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Florencite-(Nd)8.BL.13NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorstrophite8.BN.05SrCaSr3(PO4)3F
Gasparite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(AsO4)
Goudeyite8.DL.15AlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Hidalgoite8.BL.05PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mixite8.DL.15BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)8.AD.50La(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd)8.AD.50Nd(PO4)
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Newberyite8.CE.10Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Petersite-(Y)8.DL.15(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Philipsbornite8.BL.10PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Picropharmacolite8.CH.15Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Retzian-(Ce)8.BM.05Mn2+2Ce(AsO4)(OH)4
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Struvite8.CH.40(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Zeunerite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)9.BG.05b{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Aluminocerite-(Ce)9.AG.20(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
var: Chiastolite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Astrophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Bafertisite9.BE.55Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Banalsite9.FA.60Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Barytolamprophyllite9.BE.25(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Beidellite9.EC.40(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Britholite-(Y) ?9.AH.25(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Catapleiite9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Cerite-(Ce)9.AG.20(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Cerite-(La)9.AG.20(La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinochrysotile'9.ED.
Clinoferrosilite9.DA.10Fe2+SiO3
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Greenalite9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Amosite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hejtmanite9.BE.55Ba2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hilairite9.DM.10Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Huttonite9.AD.35ThSiO4
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Julgoldite-(Fe3+)9.BG.20Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
Kainosite-(Y)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kentbrooksite9.CO.10(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Kupletskite9.DC.05(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Lamprophyllite9.BE.25(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Lorenzenite9.DB.10Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Låvenite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Mesolite ?9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mosandrite-(Ce)9.BE.20(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Niobophyllite9.DC.05(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Parakeldyshite9.BC.10Na2ZrSi2O7
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)9.EE.10Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Pyroxmangite9.DO.05MnSiO3
Rinkite-(Ce)9.00.20(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Roscoelite9.EC.15K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorlomite9.AD.25Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Serandite9.DG.05NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Stronalsite9.FA.60Na2SrAl4Si4O16
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Taseqite9.CO.10Na12Sr3Ca6Fe3Zr3Nb[(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2SiO]Cl2(O,OH,H2O)3
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zircophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Åkermanite9.BB.10Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apatite Group'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'var: Manganophyllite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Cheralite-(Ce)'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'var: Hortonolite'-from (Fe1.5Mg0.5)2SiO4 to (Mg1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
'Feldspar Group'-
'Florencite'-
'Fluocerite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hellandite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Joséite'-Bi4TeS2
'K Feldspar'-
'Lindackerite Group'-MCu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 9H2O
'Mertieite'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Palladosilicide-Pd2Si
'Parisite'-
'Platinum-Group Elements'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Strontium-Apatite'-
'Synchysite'-
'Synchysite Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1974-02-Bi:AsPdPtSb'-(Pt,Pd)(Bi,Sb,As)
'UM1975-07-As:PdSn'-(Pd,Pt)2.2(As,Sn)
'UM1976-16-S:IrRhSb'-(Rh,Ir)SbS
'UM1977-04-E:CuFeNiPtSb'-Pt10Fe3Ni3Cu3Sb
'UM1992-04-Bi:Pt'-(Pt,Fe)(Bi,Sb)
'UM1992-12-E:IrPtSb'-(Pt,Ir,Fe)3Sb
'UM1992-38-Sn:CuPdPt'-(Pd,Pt)4(Cu,Fe)2(Sn,Sb)3
'UM2001-24-Te:BiSe'-Bi4Te2Se
'Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Emplecite)'-FeBiS2
'Unnamed (Ir-Ni Alloy I)'-Ir-Fe
'Unnamed (Ir-Os Sulphide III)'-
'Unnamed (Ir-Os-Rh-Pd-Cu-Fe-Ni Sulphide)'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
Zaccariniite-RhNiAs
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Auricupride1.1.2.1Cu3Au
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Nickel1.1.11.5Ni
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tetra-auricupride1.1.2.2AuCu
'UM1991-06-E:AuCu'1.1.2.4Au3Cu
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Atokite (TL)1.2.5.3(Pd,Pt)3Sn
Cabriite1.2.11.Pd2CuSn
Ferronickelplatinum1.2.4.3Pt2FeNi
Hongshiite1.2.3.1PtCu
Iridium1.2.1.2(Ir,Os,Ru)
Isoferroplatinum1.2.5.1Pt3Fe
Niggliite1.2.10.1PtSn
Osmium1.2.2.1(Os,Ir,Ru)
Palladium1.2.1.4(Pd,Pt)
Paolovite1.2.6.1Pd2Sn
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Plumbopalladinite1.2.11.1Pd3Pb2
Potarite1.2.4.4PdHg
Rhodium1.2.1.3(Rh,Pt)
Rustenburgite (TL)1.2.5.2(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Ruthenium1.2.2.2(Ru,Ir)
Stannopalladinite1.2.9.1(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
Taimyrite1.2.10.1(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
Tatyanaite1.2.10.2(Pt,Pd,Cu)9Cu3Sn4
Tetraferroplatinum1.2.4.1PtFe
Tulameenite1.2.4.2Pt2CuFe
Zvyagintsevite1.2.5.4Pd3Pb
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Atheneite2.2.4.1Pd2As0.75Hg0.25
Keithconnite2.2.6.1Pd20Te7
Vincentite2.2.5.1Pd3As
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Orcelite2.3.2.1Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Palarstanide2.3.3.2Pd5(Sn,As)2
Stibiopalladinite (TL)2.3.3.1Pd5Sb2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Majakite2.4.16.1PdNiAs
Palladoarsenide2.4.14.1Pd2As
Palladobismutharsenide2.4.15.1Pd2(As,Bi)
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Genkinite (TL)2.6.4.1(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
'Joséite'2.6.2.1Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B2.6.2.2Bi4Te2S
Pilsenite2.6.2.5Bi4Te3
Temagamite2.6.5.1Pd3HgTe3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Argentopentlandite2.7.1.2Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Godlevskite2.7.4.1(Ni,Fe)9S8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Braggite (TL)2.8.5.3(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Cherepanovite2.8.17.2RhAs
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Cooperite (TL)2.8.5.1PtS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Polarite2.8.6.1Pd(Bi,Pb)
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Ruthenarsenite2.8.17.1(Ru,Ni)As
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Vysotskite2.8.5.2(Pd,Ni)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Haycockite (TL)2.9.8.2Cu4Fe5S8
Mooihoekite (TL)2.9.8.3Cu9Fe9S16
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Malanite2.10.1.17Cu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Bowieite2.11.12.1(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Froodite2.12.15.1α-PdBi2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Geversite (TL)2.12.1.14PtSb2
Glaucodot2.12.6.1(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Hollingworthite (TL)2.12.3.8(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Insizwaite2.12.1.15Pt(Bi,Sb)2
Irarsite (TL)2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Krennerite2.12.13.1Au3AgTe8
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Maslovite2.12.3.12PtBiTe
Merenskyite (TL)2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Moncheite2.12.14.3(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Platarsite (TL)2.12.3.6PtAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ruarsite2.12.4.4(Ru,Os)AsS
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Miscellaneous
Arsenopalladinite2.16.5.1Pd8(As,Sb)3
Isomertieite2.16.2.1Pd11Sb2As2
Mertieite-I2.16.1.1Pd11(Sb,As)4
Mertieite-II2.16.3.1Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Stillwaterite2.16.4.1Pd8As3
Telluropalladinite2.16.6.1Pd9Te4
Vasilite2.16.22.1(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
ø = 2
Emplectite ?3.7.5.2CuBiS2
Galenobismutite3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ecandrewsite4.3.5.4(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.3.3.3(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Maghemite (TL)4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
AX3
Molybdite4.5.1.1MoO3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Heterogenite6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Pyrochroite6.2.1.3Mn(OH)2
X(OH)3
Doyleite6.3.4.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Delafossite7.1.1.1CuFeO2
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Trevorite7.2.2.5Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB2X5
Armalcolite7.7.1.2(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)8.1.1.3CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Lucasite-(Ce) ?8.3.5.1CeTi2(O,OH)6
Tapiolite-(Fe)8.3.1.1(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Marshite9.1.7.3CuI
AX2
Antarcticite9.2.6.1CaCl2 · 6H2O
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
AX3
Fluocerite-(Ce)9.3.4.1(Ce,La)F3
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite10.2.1.2BiOCl
A2(O,OH)Xq
Penfieldite10.4.1.1Pb2Cl3(OH)
Am(O,OH)pXq
Onoratoite10.5.7.1Sb8Cl2O11
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Gearksutite11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Prosopite11.6.9.1CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Olekminskite14.2.2.3Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Gaylussite15.2.2.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Donnayite-(Y)15.3.4.1NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Weloganite ?15.3.4.4Na2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)16a.1.1.2La(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(Y)16a.1.1.3Y(CO3)F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)16a.1.3.2CaY(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite16a.3.1.4(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Kamphaugite-(Y)16b.1.7.1Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
A(XO3)2·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Nitrocalcite18.2.2.1Ca(NO3)2 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
A2X2O7
Lópezite35.2.1.1K2Cr2O7
AXO4
Chromatite35.3.2.1CaCr6+O4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Cheralite38.4.3.5CaTh(PO4)2
Gasparite-(Ce)38.4.3.6Ce(AsO4)
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)38.4.3.2La(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd)38.4.3.5Nd(PO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Newberyite39.1.6.1Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Picropharmacolite39.2.4.1Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB(XO4)·xH2O
Struvite40.1.1.1(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Arsenbrackebuschite40.2.8.2Pb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite40.2a.14.2Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Zeunerite40.2a.14.1Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Clinoclase41.3.1.1Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Retzian-(Ce)41.3.4.1Mn2+2Ce(AsO4)(OH)4
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornwallite41.4.2.2Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Florencite-(Nd)41.5.10.4NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Belovite-(Ce)41.8.1.6NaCeSr3(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorstrophite41.8.1.7SrCaSr3(PO4)3F
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Goudeyite42.5.1.3AlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Mixite42.5.1.1BiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Petersite-(Y)42.5.2.1(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Philipsbornite42.7.4.2PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Bariopharmacosiderite42.8.1a.3Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Ceruleite42.13.6.1Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fornacite43.4.3.2Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Hidalgoite43.4.1.3PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Vauquelinite43.4.3.1Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Ludlockite45.1.14.1PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Trippkeite45.1.5.1Cu2+As3+2O4
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
A2XO4
Koechlinite48.2.2.1Bi2MoO6
Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
Cuprotungstite48.3.2.1Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite51.4.3d.1Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Schorlomite51.4.3c.1Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Huttonite51.5.3.1ThSiO4
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Britholite-(Y) ?52.4.9.2(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cerite-(Ce)52.4.6.1(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Parakeldyshite55.2.2.3Na2ZrSi2O7
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Åkermanite55.4.1.1Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Bafertisite56.2.6b.1Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Barytolamprophyllite56.2.6c.1(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Hejtmanite56.2.6b.2Ba2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Lamprophyllite56.2.6c.4(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Mosandrite-(Ce)56.2.5.1(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)58.2.1a.2{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Julgoldite-(Fe3+)58.2.2.2Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Hilairite59.2.3.1Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
Kainosite-(Y)60.2.1.1Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Kentbrooksite64.1.2.1(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Taseqite64.1.8. Na12Sr3Ca6Fe3Zr3Nb[(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2SiO]Cl2(O,OH,H2O)3
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoferrosilite65.1.1.2Fe2+SiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Lorenzenite65.1.6.1Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Serandite65.2.1.5NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=7
Pyroxmangite65.6.1.1MnSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Astrophyllite69.1.1.1K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Kupletskite69.1.1.2(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Niobophyllite69.1.1.4(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
Zircophyllite69.1.1.5K2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Clinochrysotile'71.1.2d.1
Greenalite71.1.2b.4(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Roscoelite71.2.2a.4K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Beidellite71.3.1a.1(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)72.4.1a.1Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Coesite75.1.4.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Banalsite76.1.6.1Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Stronalsite76.1.6.2Na2SrAl4Si4O16
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite ?77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Aluminocerite-(Ce)-(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andalusite
var: Chiastolite
-Al2(SiO4)O
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apatite Group'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Axinite Group'-
Baryte
var: Hokutolite
-(Ba,Pb)SO4
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'var: Manganophyllite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
Calcite
var: Mg-rich Calcite
-(Ca,Mg)CO3
Cerite-(La)-(La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
'Cheralite-(Ce)'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'var: Hortonolite'-from (Fe1.5Mg0.5)2SiO4 to (Mg1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
'Feldspar Group'-
Ferro-actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-katophorite-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
'Florencite'-
'Fluocerite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gold
var: Palladian Gold
-(Au,Pd)
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Amosite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Hellandite'-
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
Hercynite
var: Picotite
-(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Iridium
var: Osmiridium
-(Ir,Os,Ru)
Isomertieite
var: Fengluanite
-Pd3(As,Sb)
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kotulskite-Pd(Te,Bi)
'Lindackerite Group'-MCu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 9H2O
Loparite-(Ce)
var: Nioboloparite
-(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Menshikovite-Pd3Ni2As3
'Mertieite'-
Miassite-Rh17S15
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Phengite-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Naldrettite-Pd2Sb
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Opal
var: Hyalite
-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN-SiO2 · nH2O
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Palladosilicide-Pd2Si
'Parisite'-
Platinum
var: Ferroan Platinum
-(Pt,Fe)
'Platinum-Group Elements'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Ametrine ?-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Citrine ?-SiO2
var: Milky Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Rhodarsenide-(Rh,Pd)2As
Rinkite-(Ce)-(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Rustenburgite
var: Cuprian Rustenburgite
-(Pt,Pd)3Sn
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Sobolevskite-Pd(Bi,Te)
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Strontium-Apatite'-
Stumpflite (TL)-Pt(Sb,Bi)
Sudburyite-(Pd,Ni)Sb
'Synchysite'-
'Synchysite Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1974-02-Bi:AsPdPtSb'-(Pt,Pd)(Bi,Sb,As)
'UM1975-07-As:PdSn'-(Pd,Pt)2.2(As,Sn)
'UM1976-16-S:IrRhSb'-(Rh,Ir)SbS
'UM1977-04-E:CuFeNiPtSb'-Pt10Fe3Ni3Cu3Sb
'UM1992-04-Bi:Pt'-(Pt,Fe)(Bi,Sb)
'UM1992-12-E:IrPtSb'-(Pt,Ir,Fe)3Sb
'UM1992-38-Sn:CuPdPt'-(Pd,Pt)4(Cu,Fe)2(Sn,Sb)3
'UM2001-24-Te:BiSe'-Bi4Te2Se
Ungavaite-Pd4Sb3
'Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Emplecite)'-FeBiS2
'Unnamed (Ir-Ni Alloy I)'-Ir-Fe
'Unnamed (Ir-Os Sulphide III)'-
'Unnamed (Ir-Os-Rh-Pd-Cu-Fe-Ni Sulphide)'-
Vanadium ?-V
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Zaccariniite-RhNiAs
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
H Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2O
H Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H Julgoldite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Fe23+(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
H ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
H BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H DoyleiteAl(OH)3
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H ArsenbrackebuschitePb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
H Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
H Cerite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
H Florencite-(Nd)NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
H HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
H PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
H PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
H Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Grunerite (var: Amosite)☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H TungstiteWO3 · H2O
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
H GoudeyiteAlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
H Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
H Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H Lindackerite GroupMCu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 9H2O
H HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
H Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
H Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
H Retzian-(Ce)Mn22+Ce(AsO4)(OH)4
H Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H Fergusonite-(Ce)CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
H HejtmaniteBa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
H Niobophyllite(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
H Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H TaseqiteNa12Sr3Ca6Fe3Zr3Nb[(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2SiO]Cl2(O,OH,H2O)3
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H Lucasite-(Ce)CeTi2(O,OH)6
H WeloganiteNa2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
LiLithium
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
BeBeryllium
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C GraphiteC
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
C Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
C DiamondC
C Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
C Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
C Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
C Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C Calcite (var: Mg-rich Calcite)(Ca,Mg)CO3
C Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
C OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C WeloganiteNa2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
NNitrogen
N Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
N NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
OOxygen
O Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe23+O4
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O LudlockitePbFe43+As103+O22
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RutileTiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O CassiteriteSnO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
O Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AnataseTiO2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O CupriteCu2O
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O Fayalite-Forsterite Series (var: Hortonolite)from (Fe1.5Mg0.5)2SiO4 to (Mg1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
O UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O CoesiteSiO2
O GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O LópeziteK2Cr2O7
O ChromatiteCaCr6+O4
O RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CorundumAl2O3
O FerberiteFeWO4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O PericlaseMgO
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2O
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
O MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
O ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O Julgoldite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Fe23+(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O BismocliteBiOCl
O Baryte (var: Hokutolite)(Ba,Pb)SO4
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
O ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
O BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O DelafossiteCuFeO2
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O DoyleiteAl(OH)3
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O ArsenbrackebuschitePb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)
O Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
O Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
O Cerite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
O Florencite-(Nd)NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
O HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
O PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
O BrookiteTiO2
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3
O PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
O Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
O LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
O Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
O ThorianiteThO2
O Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O Grunerite (var: Amosite)☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O BismiteBi2O3
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O TungstiteWO3 · H2O
O TenoriteCuO
O CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O MolybditeMoO3
O CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
O GoudeyiteAlCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
O Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
O Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O NitrocalciteCa(NO3)2 · 4H2O
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
O KoechliniteBi2MoO6
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O UraniniteUO2
O Lindackerite GroupMCu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 9H2O
O OnoratoiteSb8Cl2O11
O TrippkeiteCu2+As23+O4
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O Calcite (var: Mg-rich Calcite)(Ca,Mg)CO3
O HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
O Allanite-(La){CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
O AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16
O SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
O Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
O Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
O Loparite-(Ce) (var: Nioboloparite)(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
O BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
O Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
O Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
O Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
O FluorstrophiteSrCaSr3(PO4)3F
O Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
O Retzian-(Ce)Mn22+Ce(AsO4)(OH)4
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O HuttoniteThSiO4
O OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
O CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2
O AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
O Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
O Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
O Belovite-(Ce)NaCeSr3(PO4)3F
O CelestineSrSO4
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O Fergusonite-(Ce)CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
O HejtmaniteBa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
O Niobophyllite(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
O ParakeldyshiteNa2ZrSi2O7
O PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
O Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O TaseqiteNa12Sr3Ca6Fe3Zr3Nb[(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2SiO]Cl2(O,OH,H2O)3
O Andalusite (var: Chiastolite)Al2(SiO4)O
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O Lucasite-(Ce)CeTi2(O,OH)6
O WeloganiteNa2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Ametrine)SiO2
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
F GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
F Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
F ProsopiteCaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
F AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
F Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
F Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
F Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
F Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
F Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
F Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
F FluorstrophiteSrCaSr3(PO4)3F
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
F Belovite-(Ce)NaCeSr3(PO4)3F
F HejtmaniteBa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
F Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
F Niobophyllite(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
F Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
F ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
F Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Na Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Na LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Na AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Na Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Na StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16
Na SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Na Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Na Loparite-(Ce) (var: Nioboloparite)(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
Na BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Na Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Na AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Na Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na Belovite-(Ce)NaCeSr3(PO4)3F
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Kentbrooksite(Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Na Niobophyllite(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
Na ParakeldyshiteNa2ZrSi2O7
Na ZircophylliteK2NaFe72+Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Na Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Na TaseqiteNa12Sr3Ca6Fe3Zr3Nb[(Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2SiO]Cl2(O,OH,H2O)3
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na WeloganiteNa2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Mg Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Mg MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg Fayalite-Forsterite Series (var: Hortonolite)from (Fe1.5Mg0.5)2SiO4 to (Mg1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg PericlaseMgO
Mg Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Mg ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Mg Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Mg Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Mg Cerite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Mg PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Mg Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)