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Somaliland

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Key
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Area:137,600 km2
Locality type:Disputed Territory


A self-delcared state internationally recognised as an autonomous region of Somalia.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

23 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Amphibole Supergroup
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Guano'
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Precious Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramite
Formula: K(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrochlore Group
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
'Taramite Root Name'
Formula: A(CaNa)(Z2+3Z3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Precious Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrochlore Group4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Aegirine'9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Amphibole Supergroup-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Apatite-
Biotite-
Garnet Group-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Guano-
Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramite-K(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Taramite Root Name-A(CaNa)(Z2+3Z3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
Pyrochlore Group8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Amphibole Supergroup-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Guano'-
Opal
var: Precious Opal
-SiO2 · nH2O
Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramite-K(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
'Taramite Root Name'-A(CaNa)(Z2+3Z3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramiteK(CaNa)(Fe32+Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Opal (var: Precious Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Taramite Root NameA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O BaryteBaSO4
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O CorundumAl2O3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramiteK(CaNa)(Fe32+Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O Opal (var: Precious Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O Taramite Root NameA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Taramite Root NameA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
NaSodium
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramiteK(CaNa)(Fe32+Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Taramite Root NameA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramiteK(CaNa)(Fe32+Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al Taramite Root NameA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
SiSilicon
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramiteK(CaNa)(Fe32+Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Opal (var: Precious Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Taramite Root NameA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl Taramite Root NameA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramiteK(CaNa)(Fe32+Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramiteK(CaNa)(Fe32+Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca Taramite Root NameA(CaNa)(Z32+Z23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
FeIron
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramiteK(CaNa)(Fe32+Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
R. Lee Hadden (2007) The Geology of Somalia: a Selected Bibliography of Somalian Geology, Geography and Earth Science.

Localities in this Region
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