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Saturnia, Manciano, Grosseto Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Saturnia- not defined -
MancianoCommune
Grosseto ProvinceProvince
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
42° 40' 18'' North , 11° 31' 26'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Saturnia292 (2014)1.5km
Poggio Murella287 (2014)2.1km
Capanne101 (2014)2.1km
Catabbio203 (2014)4.8km
San Martino sul Fiora211 (2014)5.9km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Saturnia, Manciano, Provincia di Grosseto, Toscana, Italia


Travertine deposits.

One travertine deposit is located around the Saturnia village, at an elevation of 260–300 m asl. This deposit occupies an old morphological depression, which now appears as a morphological high (Poggio di Saturnia) due to a relief inversion process.

Another large plate of travertine is located on the right side of Albegna valley, an elevation of 190–265 m asl in the area of Poggio Bagno Santo. The deposit is correlated with alluvial terraces along the present flow pattern of Albegna river, with top-depositional surfaces at 220–230 m asl, which testify an important phase of deposition and a temporary rising of the local base-level (Bosi et al., 1996).

Presently, travertine is forming at an elevation of 135–156 m asl downstream of the Saturnia spring.

According to De Angelis d'Ossat (1902), cinnabar was found between Fosso Gatta and Albegna River, to the NE of Saturnia village: in unaltered marly limestone and Eocene sandstone, as well as in marls and clays originated from alteration of Eocene rocks, in association with sulphur, gypsum, iron and manganese oxides; in the Pliocene conglomerate and sandy limestone occurring near Albegna River; in detrital soils. Exploitation attempts were performed at Saturnia-Poggietti (see coordinates) in the period 1920-1927. Later, the presence of tiny cinnabar grains in a surface detrital formation near Saturnia was described by Lotti (1928). Zucchetti (1964) reported the presence of dispersed cinnabar in the Pliocene clay formation, located below the village of Saturnia. Cinnabar appears: as tiny detrital individuals in the superficial sandy portion of such formation and also in the surrounding farmlands; as incrustations on pyrite concretions and on mostly pyritised or marcasitised plant remains, embedded in a deeper clay horizon. Here, also large transparent prismatic crystals of gypsum occur. According to Del Caldo et al. (1973), clay accumulations containing large gypsum crystals are situated on the right of the road SP 10 (towards Saturnia-Catabbio-Semproniano), just after the fork leading to Terme di Saturnia Spa & Golf Resort and Pitigliano.

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


6 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Repetti E. (1833): Dizionario geografico fisco storico della Toscana. Tip. A. Tofani, Firenze, vol. 1, page 227; Jervis G. (1874): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 2: Regione dell’Appennino e vulcani attivi e spenti dipendentivi. Ed. Loescher, Torino, 624 pp.; Bosi C., Messina P., Rosati M., Sposato A. (1996): Età dei travertini della Toscana meridionale e relative implicazioni neotettoniche. Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital., 51, 293–304.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: De Angelis d'Ossat G. (1902): Un nuovo giacimento di cinabro presso Saturnia (provincia di Grosseto). Rass. Min. Metall. Chim., 17, 273-275; Lotti B. (1928): I depositi dei minerali metalliferi: guida allo studio e alla ricerca dei giacimenti metalliferi con speciali esemplificazioni di giacimenti italiani. 2a edizione. Edizioni de "L'Industria Mineraria", Roma, 236 pp.; Zucchetti S. (1964): I giacimenti cinabriferi detritici e residuali del distretto amiatino. L'Industria Mineraria, 15, 495-507.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: De Angelis d'Ossat G. (1902): Un nuovo giacimento di cinabro presso Saturnia (provincia di Grosseto). Rass. Min. Metall. Chim., 17, 273-275; Zucchetti S. (1964): I giacimenti cinabriferi detritici e residuali del distretto amiatino. L'Industria Mineraria, 15, 495-507; Del Caldo A., Moro C., Gramaccioli C.M., Boscardin M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: De Angelis d'Ossat G. (1902): Un nuovo giacimento di cinabro presso Saturnia (provincia di Grosseto). Rass. Min. Metall. Chim., 17, 273-275.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Zucchetti S. (1964): I giacimenti cinabriferi detritici e residuali del distretto amiatino. L'Industria Mineraria, 15, 495-507.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Zucchetti S. (1964): I giacimenti cinabriferi detritici e residuali del distretto amiatino. L'Industria Mineraria, 15, 495-507.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: De Angelis d'Ossat G. (1902): Un nuovo giacimento di cinabro presso Saturnia (provincia di Grosseto). Rass. Min. Metall. Chim., 17, 273-275.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Manganese Oxides'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Manganese Oxides'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S SulphurS8
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Repetti E. (1833): Dizionario geografico fisico storico della Toscana. Tip. A. Tofani, Firenze, vol. 1, page 227.
Jervis G. (1874): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 2: Regione dell’Appennino e vulcani attivi e spenti dipendentivi. Ed. Loescher, Torino, 624 pp.
De Angelis d'Ossat G. (1902): Un nuovo giacimento di cinabro presso Saturnia (provincia di Grosseto). Rass. Min. Metall. Chim., 17, 273-275.
Lotti B. (1928): I depositi dei minerali metalliferi: guida allo studio e alla ricerca dei giacimenti metalliferi con speciali esemplificazioni di giacimenti italiani. 2a edizione. Edizioni de "L'Industria Mineraria", Roma, 236 pp.
Zucchetti S. (1964): I giacimenti cinabriferi detritici e residuali del distretto amiatino. L'Industria Mineraria, 15, 495-507.
Del Caldo A., Moro C., Gramaccioli C.M., Boscardin M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
Bosi C., Messina P., Rosati M., Sposato A. (1996): Età dei travertini della Toscana meridionale e relative implicazioni neotettoniche. Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital., 51, 293–304.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Italy

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