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Buschhof meteorite, Jēkabpils Municipality, Zemgale Region, Latviai
Regional Level Types
Buschhof meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Jēkabpils Municipality- not defined -
Zemgale RegionRegion
LatviaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
56° 27' 0'' North , 25° 46' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Meteorite Class:
Meteoritical Society Class:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Jēkabpils27,078 (2015)7.1km
Krustpils6,680 (2015)8.3km
Viesīte2,162 (2016)18.1km
Pļaviņas3,848 (2016)19.0km
Līvāni10,073 (2016)26.4km
Name(s) in local language(s):
, Jelgavas novads, Zemgales reģions, Latvija


Ordinary Chondrite (L6)
Fall, 2 June 1863;5 kg

After a loud quasi-steady sound was followed by even louder cannon-like detonations, the Buschhof meteorite landed in a forested region of Kurland. Fearing an outbreak of military hostilities, onlookers instead soon discovered a heavy black stone which they then dug out of the ground. A few pieces were broken off and distributed, but the remaining main mass retained a conical form with most of its fusion crust intact. The meteorite is to all intents and purposes a normal well-equilibrated ordinary L (low bulk iron) chondrite with the usual silicates (olivine [Fa 24], pyroxene, plagioclase), Fe-Ni metal, and troilite. A few minor accessories have been observed as well. Untranslated work in Russian may provide additional information not cited here.

Less than a year after the Buschhof fall a second L6 chondrite, Nerft, also fell in Latvia accounting for half of Latvia's 4 recorded falls. The L6 chondrites are the most common meteorite petrological type, accounting for over 25% of all fully classified recorded meteorite falls. As of 2000, the largest Buschhof mass (1.3 kg) was held at the University of Turku. Smaller masses were at the Naturhistorisches Museum in Vienna, the National Museum in Sarajevo, and elsewhere.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Soviet Union (1922-1991)Country (Former)
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


7 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Grewingk, C. & Schmidt, C. (1864) Ueber die Meteoritenfälle von Pillistfer, Buschhof und Igast in Liv-und Kurland. Heimrich Laakmann: Dorpat.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Grewingk, C. & Schmidt, C. (1864) Ueber die Meteoritenfälle von Pillistfer, Buschhof und Igast in Liv-und Kurland. Heimrich Laakmann: Dorpat.; Ramdohr. P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Ramdohr. P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Description: Composition Fa24 according to Mason(1963).
Reference: Mason, B. (1963) Olivine Composition in chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 27: 1011-1023.; Prior, G.T. (1923) Catalogue of Meteorites: with special reference to those represented in the collection of the British Museum of Natural History. Richard Clay & Sons, Limited: Bungay, Suffolk.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Ramdohr. P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr. P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ramdohr. P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Ramdohr. P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Grewingk, C. & Schmidt, C. (1864) Ueber die Meteoritenfälle von Pillistfer, Buschhof und Igast in Liv-und Kurland. Heimrich Laakmann: Dorpat.; Prior, G.T. (1923) Catalogue of Meteorites: with special reference to those represented in the collection of the British Museum of Natural History. Richard Clay & Sons, Limited: Bungay, Suffolk.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr. P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Grewingk, C. & Schmidt, C. (1864) Ueber die Meteoritenfälle von Pillistfer, Buschhof und Igast in Liv-und Kurland. Heimrich Laakmann: Dorpat.; Ramdohr. P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Iron-Fe
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

OOxygen
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
SSulfur
S TroiliteFeS
S IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe IronFe
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
CuCopper
Cu IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CopperCu

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Grewingk, C., Schmidt, C. (1864) Ueber die Meteoritenfälle von Pillistfer, Buschhof und Igast in Liv-und Kurland. Heimrich Laakmann: Dorpat.
Prior, G.T. (1923) Catalogue of Meteorites: with special reference to those represented in the collection of the British Museum of Natural History. Richard Clay & Sons, Limited: Bungay, Suffolk.
Mason, B. (1963) Olivine Composition in chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 27, 1011-1023.
Yudin, I.A. (1970) Microscopic study of the Buschhof stony meteorite: Meteoritika, 30, 88 - 92 (in Russian).
Ramdohr. P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Graham, A.L., Bevan, A.W.R., Hutchison, B. (1985) Catalogue of Meteorites (4/e). University of Arizona Press: Tucson.
Grady, M.M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge; New York; Oakleigh; Madrid; Cape Town. 689 pages.

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