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Nerft meteorite, Priekule Municipality, Kurzeme Region, Latviai
Regional Level Types
Nerft meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Priekule MunicipalityMunicipality
Kurzeme RegionRegion
LatviaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
56° 30' North , 21° 30' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Meteorite Class:
Meteoritical Society Class:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Priekule2,550 (2016)8.1km
Durbe454 (2016)12.7km
Grobiņa4,203 (2016)20.7km
Aizpute5,634 (2018)25.3km
Skuodas7,726 (2016)25.6km
Name(s) in local language(s):
, Latvija


Ordinary chondrite, veined (L6)
Fall, 12 April 1864;10.25 kg, 2 stones

After detonations, two stones fell ~700 meters apart. Nerft is characterized by dominant olivine (Fa23) and subequal pyroxene accompanied by accessory plagioclase, troilite, and Fe-Ni metal (~20% Ni). Inhomogeneities, veining and small shock-melt inclusions of shock-melt suggest that other minor phases might await more extensive studies. Nerft's cosmic ray exposure age of ~39 Ma is similar to those of a number of other L6 chondrites. This possible coincidence has suggested to some observers that Nerft and other L6 chondrites were probably involved in a major collision ~40 million years ago.

Petrological type L6 chondrites represent the largest single petrological type of all meteorite falls, representing over 25% of all fully classified witnessed falls. Four meteorite falls have been recorded from Latvia — all of them ordinary chondrites which fell during the 19th Century. In another coincidence, Latvia's two L6 falls — Buschhof [F:1863] and Nerft fell less than a year apart.

At the beginning of the millennium, 5.2 kg were still held at the University of Tartu in Estonia and 1.5 kg at the Naturhistorisches Museum in Wiens.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Soviet Union (1922-1991)Country (Former)
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


3 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Description: Plagioclase accounts for ~10% the meteorite.
Reference: Meunier, S. (1884) Météorites: In Encyclopédie chimique: Métalloïdes, vol II (Fremy, M., editor). Dunod: Paris.; Prior, G.T. (1916) On the remarkable similarity in chemical and mineralogical composition of meteoritic stones: Mineralogical Magazine 17 (78):38. (April 1916)
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Kuhlberg, K. (1865) Analyse und Beschreibung der Meteorite von Nerft, Honolulu, Lixna und eines im Gouvernement Jekatherinoslaw gefallenen Meteoriten. Heimrich Laakmann: Dorpat.; Meunier, S. (1884) Météorites: In Encyclopédie chimique: Métalloïdes, vol II (Fremy, M., editor). Dunod: Paris.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Description: Olivine (Fa23) accounts for nearly half of the meteorite (~46%).
Reference: Meunier, S. (1884) Météorites: In Encyclopédie chimique: Métalloïdes, vol II (Fremy, M., editor). Dunod: Paris.; Prior, G.T. (1916) On the remarkable similarity in chemical and mineralogical composition of meteoritic stones: Mineralogical Magazine 17 (78):38. (April 1916); Prior, G.T. (1923) Catalogue of Meteorites: with special reference to those represented in the collection of the British Museum of Natural History. Richard Clay & Sons, Limited: Bungay, Suffolk.; Mason, B. (1963) Olivine Composition in chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 27: 1011-1023.
'Meteoritic Iron'
Description: Composition of Fe-Ni metal (20% Ni) suggests presence of taenite.
Reference: Farrington, O. C. (1915) Meteorites: Their Structure, Composition, and Terrestrial Relations. The Lakeside Press, R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company: Chicago.; Prior, G.T. (1916) On the remarkable similarity in chemical and mineralogical composition of meteoritic stones: Mineralogical Magazine 17 (78):38. (April 1916)
'Pyroxene Group'
Description: Shock effects (present here) may have disturbed the orthopyroxene-clinopyroxene distribution?
Reference: Meunier, S. (1884) Météorites: In Encyclopédie chimique: Métalloïdes, vol II (Fremy, M., editor). Dunod: Paris.; Prior, G.T. (1923) Catalogue of Meteorites: with special reference to those represented in the collection of the British Museum of Natural History. Richard Clay & Sons, Limited: Bungay, Suffolk.
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Kuhlberg, K. (1865) Analyse und Beschreibung der Meteorite von Nerft, Honolulu, Lixna und eines im Gouvernement Jekatherinoslaw gefallenen Meteoriten. Heimrich Laakmann: Dorpat.; Meunier, S. (1884) Météorites: In Encyclopédie chimique: Métalloïdes, vol II (Fremy, M., editor). Dunod: Paris.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Kuhlberg, K. (1865) Analyse und Beschreibung der Meteorite von Nerft, Honolulu, Lixna und eines im Gouvernement Jekatherinoslaw gefallenen Meteoriten. Heimrich Laakmann: Dorpat.; Meunier, S. (1884) Météorites: In Encyclopédie chimique: Métalloïdes, vol II (Fremy, M., editor). Dunod: Paris.; Prior, G.T. (1916) On the remarkable similarity in chemical and mineralogical composition of meteoritic stones: Mineralogical Magazine 17 (78):38. (April 1916)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

OOxygen
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
PPhosphorus
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S TroiliteFeS
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe TroiliteFeS
NiNickel
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kuhlberg, K. (1865) Analyse und Beschreibung der Meteorite von Nerft, Honolulu, Lixna und eines im Gouvernement Jekatherinoslaw gefallenen Meteoriten. Heimrich Laakmann: Dorpat.
Meunier, S. (1884) Météorites. Encyclopédie chimique: Métalloïdes, vol II (Fremy, M., editor). Dunod: Paris.
Farrington, O.C. (1915) Meteorites: Their Structure, Composition, and Terrestrial Relations. The Lakeside Press, R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company: Chicago.
Prior, G.T. (1916) On the remarkable similarity in chemical and mineralogical composition of meteoritic stones: Mineralogical Magazine, 17(78), 38 (April 1916).
Prior, G.T. (1923) Catalogue of Meteorites: with special reference to those represented in the collection of the British Museum of Natural History. Richard Clay & Sons, Limited: Bungay, Suffolk.
Mason, B. (1963) Olivine Composition in chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 27, 1011-1023.
Graham, A.L., Bevan, A.W.R., Hutchison, B. (1985) Catalogue of Meteorites (4/e). University of Arizona Press: Tucson.
Rubin, A.E., Peterson, E., Keil, K., Rehfeldt, A., Jarosewich, E. (1983) Fragmental breccias and the collisional evolution of ordinary chondrite parent bodies. Meteoritics, 18(3), 179-196 (30 Sept 1983).
Alexeev, V.A. (1988) Parent bodies of L and H chondrites: Times of catastrophic events. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 33(1), 145-152 (March 1988).
Grady, M.M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge; New York; Oakleigh; Madrid; Cape Town. 689 pages.
Monica, M.M., Pratesi, G., Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.

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