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Afrikanda complex, Murmansk Oblast, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Afrikanda complexComplex
Murmansk OblastOblast
RussiaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):массив Африканда
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 67° 25' 52'' North , 32° 45' 20'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 67.43134,32.75556
GeoHash:G#: uezr97eb5
Area:7.0 km2
Locality type:Complex
Age:~426 to ~344 Ma
Geologic Time:Paleozoic
Dating method:K-Ar on biotite and Rb-Sr mineral isochron.
Reference for age:Kukharenko et al, 1965
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Murmanskaja Oblast'; Murmansk Oblast


Ultrabasic alkaline massif just southwest of the Khibiny massif.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Soviet Union (1922-1991)Country (Former)
EuropeContinent
Kola Peninsula, Murmansk Oblast, RussiaPeninsula
Karelian-Kola Alkaline Ultramafic and Carbonatitic Province, Finland/RussiaGeologic Province

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


68 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 6 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aluminocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Description: extremely rare micro-mineral on the massif
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole– Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Anzaite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ce3+ 4Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A.R., Cooper, M.A., Medici, L., Abdu, Y.A., Shelukhina, Y.S. (2015): Anzaite-(Ce), a new rare-earth mineral and structure type from the Afrikanda silicocarbonatite, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1231-1244.
'Apatite'
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm
'Biotite'
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Cafetite (TL)
Formula: CaTi2O5 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Reference: Belovitskaya, Y. V., Pekov, I. V., Gobechiya, E. R., & Kabalov, Y. K. (2013). Refinement of the crystal structure of calcioancylite-(Ce) by the Rietveld method. Crystallography Reports, 58(2), 216-219.
Calciocatapleiite
Formula: CaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Calzirtite
Formula: CaZr3TiO9
Description: crystals up to 3 mm.
Reference: Бритвин С.Н., Иванюк Г.Ю., Яковенчук В.Н. Минералогические экскурсии по Кольскому полуострову. IV. Массив Африканда. - Мир камня, 1995, № 5/6, С. 31-32 (World of Stones, 1995, № 5/6, 56-57).; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Description: Very rare micro-mineral. It is very enriched by Ca, transitive to calcium catapleiite.
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Cebollite
Formula: Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Cerite-(Ce) ?
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Description: Formally this cerite isn't cerite-(Ce) but new Fe-dominant its analogue.
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Specimen identified by Dr. Igor Pekov, Moscow State University
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Description: Rock-forming mineral.
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Edingtonite
Formula: Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Gittinsite
Formula: CaZrSi2O7
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: Originally described as magnesiohastingsite.
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Chakhmouradian, A. R. (2004). Crystal chemistry and paragenesis of compositionally unique (Al-, Fe-, Nb-, and Zr-rich) titanite from Afrikanda, Russia. American Mineralogist, 89(11-12), 1752-1762.; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Kassite (TL)
Formula: CaTi2O4(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Khanneshite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Lamprophyllite
Formula: (Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm
Loparite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Lueshite
Formula: NaNbO3
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.; Chakhmouradian, A. R. (2004). Crystal chemistry and paragenesis of compositionally unique (Al-, Fe-, Nb-, and Zr-rich) titanite from Afrikanda, Russia. American Mineralogist, 89(11-12), 1752-1762.; Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Nyerereite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.; Chakhmouradian, A. R. (2004). Crystal chemistry and paragenesis of compositionally unique (Al-, Fe-, Nb-, and Zr-rich) titanite from Afrikanda, Russia. American Mineralogist, 89(11-12), 1752-1762.; Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Perovskite var: Knopite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole– Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Rasvumite
Formula: KFe2S3
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: MinRec 26: 522
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Takai, Y., Uehara, S., Inoo, T. (2011) Minerals from Khibiny, Kola, Russia. Chigaku Kenkyu, 60 (1), 41-46.
Shortite
Formula: Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Thorutite
Formula: (Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Description: At least 4-5 generations of Titanite are known in rocks of massif,in that number is very interesting Zr-rich (up to 7.60 mas.% ZrO2) variety.
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Chakhmouradian, A. R. (2004). Crystal chemistry and paragenesis of compositionally unique (Al-, Fe-, Nb-, and Zr-rich) titanite from Afrikanda, Russia. American Mineralogist, 89(11-12), 1752-1762.; Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Zirconolite (TL)
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Type Locality:
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Zirkelite
Formula: (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rasvumite2.FB.20KFe2S3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Cafetite (TL)4.FL.75CaTi2O5 · H2O
Calzirtite4.DL.10CaZr3TiO9
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Kassite (TL)4.DH.10CaTi2O4(OH)2
Loparite-(Ce)4.CC.35(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Lueshite4.CC.30NaNbO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
var: Knopite4.CC.30(Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Thorutite4.DH.05(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Zirconolite (TL)4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite ?4.DL.05(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcioancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Khanneshite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Nyerereite5.AC.10Na2Ca(CO3)2
Shortite ?5.AC.25Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Aluminocerite-(Ce)9.AG.20(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Calciocatapleiite9.CA.15CaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Catapleiite9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Cebollite9.BB.10Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Cerite-(Ce) ?9.AG.20(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cuspidine9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Edingtonite9.GA.15Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gittinsite9.BC.05CaZrSi2O7
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Lamprophyllite ?9.BE.25(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnesio-hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Schorl ?9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorlomite9.AD.25Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Anzaite-(Ce) (TL)-Ce3+ 4Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup' ?-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)' ?-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Rasvumite2.9.11.1KFe2S3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.3.3.3(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Lueshite4.3.3.4NaNbO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)' ?
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Zirconolite (TL)8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite ?8.2.5.1(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
AB2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Kassite (TL)8.3.9.1CaTi2O4(OH)2
Thorutite8.3.4.2(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Miscellaneous
Cafetite (TL)8.7.3.1CaTi2O5 · H2O
Calzirtite8.7.4.1CaZr3TiO9
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
A2B(XO3)2
Nyerereite14.3.4.1Na2Ca(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Khanneshite14.4.4.2(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Shortite ?14.4.1.1Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Calcioancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.2(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite51.4.3d.1Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Schorlomite51.4.3c.1Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cerite-(Ce) ?52.4.6.1(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Gittinsite55.2.1a.1CaZrSi2O7
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Cuspidine56.2.4.3Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Lamprophyllite ?56.2.6c.4(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Calciocatapleiite59.2.2.2CaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl ?61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Edingtonite77.1.5.6Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Cebollite78.1.1.1Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aluminocerite-(Ce)-(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Anzaite-(Ce) (TL)-Ce3+ 4Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Ferro-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
Perovskite
var: Knopite
-(Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
'Pyrochlore Supergroup' ?-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2O
H KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2
H Anzaite-(Ce)Ce 43+Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H CalciocatapleiiteCaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
H Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
H Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
H Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
C CalciteCaCO3
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
C ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
OOxygen
O CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2O
O KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O Anzaite-(Ce)Ce 43+Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Perovskite (var: Knopite)(Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
O CalciteCaCO3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
O Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
O LueshiteNaNbO3
O ThorianiteThO2
O RutileTiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O GittinsiteCaZrSi2O7
O CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O CalciocatapleiiteCaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
O Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
O Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
O Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
O Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
FFluorine
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
NaSodium
Na Perovskite (var: Knopite)(Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Na LueshiteNaNbO3
Na Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
MgMagnesium
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
AlAluminium
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Al Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SiSilicon
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Si Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si GittinsiteCaZrSi2O7
Si CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si CalciocatapleiiteCaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Si Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Si Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
PPhosphorus
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S RasvumiteKFe2S3
ClChlorine
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K RasvumiteKFe2S3
CaCalcium
Ca CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2O
Ca KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca Perovskite (var: Knopite)(Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Ca Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Ca Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ca Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca GittinsiteCaZrSi2O7
Ca CalciocatapleiiteCaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Ca CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Ca Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Ca Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Ca ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
Ca Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
TiTitanium
Ti CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2O
Ti KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti Anzaite-(Ce)Ce 43+Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti Perovskite (var: Knopite)(Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
Ti SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Ti Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ti Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Ti Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Ti Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
FeIron
Fe Anzaite-(Ce)Ce 43+Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
Fe Perovskite (var: Knopite)(Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fe Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe RasvumiteKFe2S3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Fe Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SrStrontium
Sr Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Sr Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Sr Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Sr Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Sr Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr GittinsiteCaZrSi2O7
Zr CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Zr CalciocatapleiiteCaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Zr Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
NbNiobium
Nb Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Nb LueshiteNaNbO3
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ba Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Ba EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
LaLanthanum
La Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
CeCerium
Ce Anzaite-(Ce)Ce 43+Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
Ce Perovskite (var: Knopite)(Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
Ce Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Ce Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Ce Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ce Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ce Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Ce Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ce Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ce Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
TaTantalum
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
ThThorium
Th Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Devonian : 390 ± 9 Ma to 376 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Devonian
   Late Devonian
ⓘ Biotite (youngest age)376 Ma
   Middle Devonian
ⓘ Biotite (oldest age)390 ± 9 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole– Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals.
Chakhmouradian, A. R. (2004). Crystal chemistry and paragenesis of compositionally unique (Al-, Fe-, Nb-, and Zr-rich) titanite from Afrikanda, Russia. American Mineralogist, 89(11-12), 1752-1762.
Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.
Chakhmouradian, A.R., Cooper, M.A., Medici, L., Abdu, Y.A., Shelukhina, Y.S. (2015): Anzaite-(Ce), a new rare-earth mineral and structure type from the Afrikanda silicocarbonatite, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1231-1244.
Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference

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