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Afrikanda complex, Murmansk Oblast, Russia

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Name(s) in local language(s):массив Африканда
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 67° 25' 52'' North , 32° 45' 20'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 67.43134,32.75556
GeoHash:G#: uezr97eb5
Area:7.0 km2
Locality type:Complex
Age:~426 to ~344 Ma
Geologic Time:Paleozoic
Dating method:K-Ar on biotite and Rb-Sr mineral isochron.
Reference for age:Kukharenko et al, 1965
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Murmanskaja Oblast'; Murmansk Oblast


Ultrabasic alkaline massif just southwest of the Khibiny massif.

Regions containing this locality

Soviet Union (1922-1991)

Country (Former) - 3,758 mineral species & varietal names listed

Kola Peninsula, Murmansk Oblast, Russia

Peninsula - 1,074 mineral species & varietal names listed

Karelian-Kola Alkaline Ultramafic and Carbonatitic Province, Finland/Russia

Geologic Province - 1,167 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


68 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 6 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aluminocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Description: extremely rare micro-mineral on the massif
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole– Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Anzaite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ce3+ 4Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A.R., Cooper, M.A., Medici, L., Abdu, Y.A., Shelukhina, Y.S. (2015): Anzaite-(Ce), a new rare-earth mineral and structure type from the Afrikanda silicocarbonatite, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1231-1244.
'Apatite'
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm
'Biotite'
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Cafetite (TL)
Formula: CaTi2O5 · H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Reference: Belovitskaya, Y. V., Pekov, I. V., Gobechiya, E. R., & Kabalov, Y. K. (2013). Refinement of the crystal structure of calcioancylite-(Ce) by the Rietveld method. Crystallography Reports, 58(2), 216-219.
Calciocatapleiite
Formula: CaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Calzirtite
Formula: CaZr3TiO9
Description: crystals up to 3 mm.
Reference: Бритвин С.Н., Иванюк Г.Ю., Яковенчук В.Н. Минералогические экскурсии по Кольскому полуострову. IV. Массив Африканда. - Мир камня, 1995, № 5/6, С. 31-32 (World of Stones, 1995, № 5/6, 56-57).; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Description: Very rare micro-mineral. It is very enriched by Ca, transitive to calcium catapleiite.
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Cebollite
Formula: Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Cerite-(Ce) ?
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Description: Formally this cerite isn't cerite-(Ce) but new Fe-dominant its analogue.
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Specimen identified by Dr. Igor Pekov, Moscow State University
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
'Clinopyroxenite'
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Description: Rock-forming mineral.
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Edingtonite
Formula: Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
'Fenite'
Reference: Kukharenko et al, 1965
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Gittinsite
Formula: CaZrSi2O7
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
'Granitic gneiss'
Reference: Kukharenko et al, 1965
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: Originally described as magnesiohastingsite.
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Chakhmouradian, A. R. (2004). Crystal chemistry and paragenesis of compositionally unique (Al-, Fe-, Nb-, and Zr-rich) titanite from Afrikanda, Russia. American Mineralogist, 89(11-12), 1752-1762.; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Kassite (TL)
Formula: CaTi2O4(OH)2
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Khanneshite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Reference: New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Lamprophyllite
Formula: (Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm
Loparite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Lueshite
Formula: NaNbO3
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.; Chakhmouradian, A. R. (2004). Crystal chemistry and paragenesis of compositionally unique (Al-, Fe-, Nb-, and Zr-rich) titanite from Afrikanda, Russia. American Mineralogist, 89(11-12), 1752-1762.; Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Melanocratic nephelinolite'
Reference: Kukharenko et al, 1965
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
'Nepheline pyroxenite'
Reference: Kukharenko et al, 1965
Nyerereite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
'Olivinite'
Reference: Kukharenko et al, 1965; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
'Pegmatitic Ijolite'
Reference: Kukharenko et al, 1965
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.; Chakhmouradian, A. R. (2004). Crystal chemistry and paragenesis of compositionally unique (Al-, Fe-, Nb-, and Zr-rich) titanite from Afrikanda, Russia. American Mineralogist, 89(11-12), 1752-1762.; Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Perovskite var: Knopite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole– Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
'Pyroxenite'
Reference: Kukharenko et al, 1965
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Rasvumite
Formula: KFe2S3
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: MinRec 26: 522
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Takai, Y., Uehara, S., Inoo, T. (2011) Minerals from Khibiny, Kola, Russia. Chigaku Kenkyu, 60 (1), 41-46.
Shortite
Formula: Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Thorutite
Formula: (Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Description: At least 4-5 generations of Titanite are known in rocks of massif,in that number is very interesting Zr-rich (up to 7.60 mas.% ZrO2) variety.
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Chakhmouradian, A. R. (2004). Crystal chemistry and paragenesis of compositionally unique (Al-, Fe-, Nb-, and Zr-rich) titanite from Afrikanda, Russia. American Mineralogist, 89(11-12), 1752-1762.; Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.; Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374. ; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Zirconolite (TL)
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Zirkelite
Formula: (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rasvumite2.FB.20KFe2S3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Baddeleyite'4.DE.35ZrO2
'Cafetite' (TL)4.FL.75CaTi2O5 · H2O
'Calzirtite'4.DL.10CaZr3TiO9
'Fersmite'4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Kassite (TL)4.DH.10CaTi2O4(OH)2
Loparite-(Ce)4.CC.35(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Lueshite4.CC.30NaNbO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
var: Knopite4.CC.30(Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
Pyrochlore Group4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Thorutite4.DH.05(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Zirconolite (TL)4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite ?4.DL.05(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ancylite-(Ce)'5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
'Burbankite'5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
'Calcioancylite-(Ce)'5.DC.05(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Khanneshite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Nyerereite5.AC.10Na2Ca(CO3)2
Shortite ?5.AC.25Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Fluorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Aluminocerite-(Ce)'9.AG.20(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
'Andradite'9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Britholite-(Ce)'9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
'Calciocatapleiite'9.CA.15CaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
'Cancrinite'9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
'Catapleiite'9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
'Cebollite'9.BB.10Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
'Cerite-(Ce)' ?9.AG.20(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
'Chamosite'9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
'Clinochlore'9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Cuspidine'9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Edingtonite'9.GA.15Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
'Ferro-hornblende'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Forsterite'9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
'Gittinsite'9.BC.05CaZrSi2O7
'Grossular'9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
'Hastingsite'9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Lamprophyllite ?9.BE.25(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnesio-hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Schorl ?9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorlomite9.AD.25Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Anzaite-(Ce)' (TL)-Ce3+ 4Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Clinopyroxenite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Fenite'-
'Granitic gneiss'-
Melanocratic nephelinolite-
Melilite Group-Ca2M(XSiO7)
Nepheline pyroxenite-
Olivinite-
Pegmatitic Ijolite-
Pyrochlore Supergroup ?-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)' ?-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Pyroxenite-
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Rasvumite2.9.11.1KFe2S3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.3.3.3(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Lueshite4.3.3.4NaNbO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)' ?
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Zirconolite (TL)8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite ?8.2.5.1(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
AB2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Kassite (TL)8.3.9.1CaTi2O4(OH)2
Thorutite8.3.4.2(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Miscellaneous
Cafetite (TL)8.7.3.1CaTi2O5 · H2O
Calzirtite8.7.4.1CaZr3TiO9
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
A2B(XO3)2
Nyerereite14.3.4.1Na2Ca(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Burbankite14.4.4.1(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Khanneshite14.4.4.2(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Shortite ?14.4.1.1Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Calcioancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.2(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite51.4.3d.1Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Schorlomite51.4.3c.1Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cerite-(Ce) ?52.4.6.1(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Gittinsite55.2.1a.1CaZrSi2O7
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Cuspidine56.2.4.3Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Lamprophyllite ?56.2.6c.4(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Calciocatapleiite59.2.2.2CaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl ?61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Edingtonite77.1.5.6Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Cebollite78.1.1.1Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Aluminocerite-(Ce)-(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Anzaite-(Ce) (TL)-Ce3+ 4Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Clinopyroxenite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Fenite'-
Ferro-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Granitic gneiss'-
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Melanocratic nephelinolite'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Nepheline pyroxenite'-
'Olivinite'-
'Pegmatitic Ijolite'-
Perovskite
var: Knopite
-(Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
'Pyrochlore Supergroup' ?-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyroxenite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Anzaite-(Ce)Ce 43+Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2O
H Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
H CalciocatapleiiteCaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
H Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
H EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
H Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2
H Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
C Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
C CalciteCaCO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
C NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
C ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
OOxygen
O Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Anzaite-(Ce)Ce 43+Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
O CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2O
O Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
O CalciocatapleiiteCaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
O Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
O Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O GittinsiteCaZrSi2O7
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2
O Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
O Perovskite (var: Knopite)(Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
O Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
O LueshiteNaNbO3
O Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O ThorianiteThO2
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
FFluorine
F CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Na Perovskite (var: Knopite)(Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
Na Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Na Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Na LueshiteNaNbO3
Na Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
AlAluminium
Al Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Al Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Al Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
SiSilicon
Si Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Si CalciocatapleiiteCaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Si Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Si Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si GittinsiteCaZrSi2O7
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S RasvumiteKFe2S3
ClChlorine
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K RasvumiteKFe2S3
CaCalcium
Ca Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ca Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ca CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2O
Ca Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Ca CalciocatapleiiteCaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Ca Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Ca CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca GittinsiteCaZrSi2O7
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2
Ca Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Ca Perovskite (var: Knopite)(Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
Ca Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Ca ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
TiTitanium
Ti Anzaite-(Ce)Ce 43+Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
Ti CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2O
Ti CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2
Ti Perovskite (var: Knopite)(Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
Ti Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Ti Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Ti Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
MnManganese
Mn Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Anzaite-(Ce)Ce 43+Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
Fe Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Perovskite (var: Knopite)(Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
Fe Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Fe Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe RasvumiteKFe2S3
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SrStrontium
Sr Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Sr Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Sr Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Sr Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Sr Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Sr Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
ZrZirconium
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr CalciocatapleiiteCaZr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Zr CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
Zr CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Zr GittinsiteCaZrSi2O7
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Zr Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
NbNiobium
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Nb Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Nb LueshiteNaNbO3
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ba EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Ba Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
LaLanthanum
La Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
CeCerium
Ce Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Ce Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ce Anzaite-(Ce)Ce 43+Fe2+Ti6O18 (OH)2
Ce Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ce Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Ce Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Ce Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ce Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Ce Perovskite (var: Knopite)(Ca,Ce,Na)(Ti,Fe)O3
Ce Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
ThThorium
Th Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Devonian : 390 ± 9 Ma to 376 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Paleozoic
  Devonian
   Late Devonian
ⓘ Biotite (youngest age)376 Ma
   Middle Devonian
ⓘ Biotite (oldest age)390 ± 9 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole– Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals.
Chakhmouradian, A. R. (2004). Crystal chemistry and paragenesis of compositionally unique (Al-, Fe-, Nb-, and Zr-rich) titanite from Afrikanda, Russia. American Mineralogist, 89(11-12), 1752-1762.
Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.
Chakhmouradian, A.R., Cooper, M.A., Medici, L., Abdu, Y.A., Shelukhina, Y.S. (2015): Anzaite-(Ce), a new rare-earth mineral and structure type from the Afrikanda silicocarbonatite, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1231-1244.
Potter, N. J., Kamenetsky, V. S., Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Goemann, K. (2017) Inclusions in perovskite-magnetite-silicate rocks from Afrikanda, Russia: Clues to the early history of carbonatites?. 11th International Kimberlite Conference

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