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Hope's Hill Gold Mine, Southern Cross, Yilgarn Shire, Western Australia, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 31° 11' 4'' South , 119° 17' 5'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -31.18457,119.28479
GeoHash:G#: qdkyd7h88
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate

The Hope's Hill Gold Mine is approximately 2 kilometres north of Southern Cross, and 500 metres west of the Southern Cross-BullFinch Road, and just north of the southern limit of the Lake Koorkoordine salt-pan. It contains a long narrow, 90 metre deep, and partially re-filled north north-west trending open pit, with two large earth encased mullock plateaus to the east.

The mine was one of the first in the Southern Cross area, discovered by Macpherson (surname) around 1888. He named it the Caledonian, everyone else called it Hope's Hill. The name refers to the Hope's Hill Gold Mine from the early 1890's, then refers to an area containing several named prospecting leases from 1900 to 1910, before being called Hope's Hill Gold Mine again from the late 1980's until modern production stopped in the early 1990's.

Modern production achieved 220 000 ounces from the shallow open pit, averaging between 2.0 to 8.05 g/t.

We have an early description of the surface of the deposit less than one year after discovery. It was a bold 50 foot wide outcrop of white quartz, with a cutting, and 50 foot deep shaft at the top of the hill. The lode strikes north north-west and dips slightly west. The Hanging Wall side is white quartz and quartose sandstone, with irregular slate and grit banding. The Footwall side is ferruginuous quartz with 4 to 6 feet of soft carbonaceous clay rich in fine gold.

The Hopes Hill Gold Mining Company is noted as employing 20 to 30 men in 1897. A 40 head battery and an extensive plant was erected by the end of 1899. At face value it appears to be an overstatement for the amount of gold available. By 1901, its reported the company had abandoned mining on the lease.

From this time to at least 1910, several prospectors operated small leases in the area. This may have continued in later times, but no information was found.

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.

Mineral List

6 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

2500 - 4000 Ma

ID: 833643
undivided metamorphosed igneous and sedimentary rocks 74367

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Description: Komatiitic basalt, quartz-muscovite-andalusite schist, basalt, dacitic porphyry, granite with greenstone rafts, agglomerate, talc schist, banded gneiss, quartzite, amphibolite, schist, ultramafic rocks, banded iron formation, dolerite, granite

Comments: igneous mafic volcanic; meta-igneous ultramafic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous mafic volcanic; meta-igneous ultramafic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma

ID: 3193082
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Comments: Yilgarn Craton

Lithology: Gneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
The West Australian newspaper (Perth) (1889), Hopes Hill, 01/05/1889
Kalgoorlie Miner newspaper (1899), Southern Cross, 04/12/1899
The Inquirer and Commercial News newspaper (Perth) (1897), Southern Cross News, 05/11/1897
Kalgoorlie Miner newspaper (1901), Southern Cross Mining, 24/05/1901

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