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Hessle meteorite, Enköping, Uppsala County, Swedeni
Regional Level Types
Hessle meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
EnköpingMunicipality
Uppsala CountyCounty
SwedenCountry
Hessle meteorite, Uppland Province, Sweden

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
59° 51' North , 17° 40' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Meteorite Class:
Meteoritical Society Class:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Uppsala149,245 (2017)1.8km
Sävja9,723 (2017)3.9km
Danmark453 (2017)4.8km
Håga319 (2017)5.1km
Skölsta368 (2017)5.4km


Ordinary Chondrite (H5)
Fell, 1 January 1869; 20 kg

After detonations, a shower of stones fell over a 5 x 15 km wide region (largest fragment ~ 1.8 kg). A few pieces fell upon ice without breaking the ice and were accompanied by powdery dark carbonaceous dust. The primary constituents are, as expected, olivine and orthopyroxene in chondrules and matrix accompanied by accessory troilite, plagioclase, and Fe-Ni metal. Much of the earlier reports were in Scandinavian journals, but details of silicates and opaques occasionally appear in English (Cf., esp. Ramdohr, 1973).

Hessle is one of 170 recorded H5 falls, one of the most common petrologic types for the 364 H (high bulk iron) ordinary chondrite falls representing approximately 30% of all witnessed meteorite falls. For approximately 150 years major portions of the Hessle masses have been held in Stockholm and Uppsala.

Regions containing this locality

Uppland Province, SwedenProvince (Historical)
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Fennoscandian ShieldShield
ScandinaviaRegion

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


9 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Prior, G.T. (1913) On the remarkable similarity in chemical and mineral composition of chondritic meteorites. Mineral Magazine 17 (78): 33-38. (Dec 1913).; Farrington, O. C. (1915) Meteorites: Their Structure, Composition, and Terrestrial Relations. The Lakeside Press, R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company: Chicago.; Meunier, S. (1884) Encyclopédie Chimique: Tome II, Métalloides, Appendice. – 2me cashier: Météorites. Dunod, Paris, 1884, 532 pp.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Prior, G.T. (1913) On the remarkable similarity in chemical and mineral composition of chondritic meteorites. Mineral Magazine 17 (78): 33-38. (Dec 1913).; Meunier, S. (1884) Encyclopédie Chimique: Tome II, Métalloides, Appendice. – 2me cashier: Météorites. Dunod, Paris, 1884, 532 pp.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Prior, G.T. (1913) On the remarkable similarity in chemical and mineral composition of chondritic meteorites. Mineral Magazine 17 (78): 33-38. (Dec 1913).
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Meunier, S. (1884) Encyclopédie Chimique: Tome II, Métalloides, Appendice. – 2me cashier: Météorites. Dunod, Paris, 1884, 532 pp.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Prior, G.T. (1913) On the remarkable similarity in chemical and mineral composition of chondritic meteorites. Mineral Magazine 17 (78): 33-38. (Dec 1913).; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages. ; Meunier, S. (1884) Encyclopédie Chimique: Tome II, Métalloides, Appendice. – 2me cashier: Météorites. Dunod, Paris, 1884, 532 pp.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Iron-Fe
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Pyroxene Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

OOxygen
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RutileTiO2
SSulfur
S TroiliteFeS
S IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe IronFe
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
Cu IsocubaniteCuFe2S3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185452
Paleoproterozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3157968
Proterozoic I granodiorite-diorite

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{granodiorite-diorite group}, Minor{granite,syenite-monzonite group,meta-granodiorite-diorite group}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Orosirian
1800 - 2050 Ma



ID: 2630997

Age: Orosirian (1800 - 2050 Ma)

Description: Svecokarelian orogen; Bergslagen lithotectonic unit

Lithology: Granitoid and subordinate syenitoid, metamorphic

Reference: Bergman, S., M.B. Sephens, J. Andersson, B. Kathol, T. Bergman. Sveriges berggrund, skala 1:1 miljon. Sveriges geologiska undersökning K 423. [95]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Meunier, S. (1884) Encyclopédie Chimique: Tome II, Métalloides, Appendice. – 2me cashier: Météorites. Dunod, Paris, 1884, 532 pp.
Prior, G.T. (1913) On the remarkable similarity in chemical and mineral composition of chondritic meteorites. Mineral Magazine 17 (78): 33-38. (Dec 1913).
Farrington, O. C. (1915) Meteorites: Their Structure, Composition, and Terrestrial Relations. The Lakeside Press, R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company: Chicago.
Mason, B. (1963) Olivine in ordinary chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 27: 1011-1023.
Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Grady, M.M. (2000). Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge; New York; Oakleigh; Madrid; Cape Town. 689 pages.

External Links



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