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Xenolith no. 1, Lakargi Mt., Upper Chegem volcanic caldera (Verkhnechegemskaya caldera), Baksan Valley, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Xenolith no. 1- not defined -
Lakargi Mt.Mountain
Upper Chegem volcanic caldera (Verkhnechegemskaya caldera)Caldera
Baksan ValleyValley
Kabardino-BalkariaRepublic
RussiaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 43° 12' North , 43° 6' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 43.20000,43.10000
GeoHash:G#: szwtub26n
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


An edgrewite-bearing zone of endoskarn at the contact of a large altered calciferous xenolith within ignimbrites of the Upper Chegem Caldera, Russia. The largest of 11 known altered silicate-carbonate xenoliths (xenolith no. 1, about 20 m in diameter) (Galunskina et al 2015).

Regions containing this locality

Soviet Union (1922-1991)

Country (Former) - 3,780 mineral species & varietal names listed

Caucasus Mts, Azerbaijan/Georgia/Russia

Mountain Range - 265 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


29 valid minerals. 13 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Detailed Mineral List:

Afwillite
Formula: Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.
Aklimaite (TL)
Formula: Ca4[Si2O5(OH)2](OH)4·5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Zadov, A.E., Pekov, I.V., Gazeev, V.M., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Kartashov, P.M.,. Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Pertsev, N.N., Gurbanov, A.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2011): Aklimaite, IMA 2011-050. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011, page 2560.
Bitikleite (TL)
Formula: Ca3SbSn(AlO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskina, I., Galuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Lazić, B., Dzierżanowski, P., Gazeev, V., Prusik, K., Pertsev, N., Winiarski, A., Zadov, A., Wrzalik, R., Gurbanov, A. (2010): Bitikleite-(SnAl) and bitikleite-(ZrFe) - new garnets from xenoliths of the Upper Chegem volcanic structure, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, Russia. American Mineralogist, 95, 959-967.
Bultfonteinite
Formula: Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.
Chegemite (TL)
Formula: Ca7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskin, E. V.; Gazeev, V. M.; Lazic, B.; Armbruster, T.; Galuskina, I. O.; Zadov, A. E.; Pertsev, N. N.; Wrzalik, R.; Dzierzanowski, P.; Gurbanov, A. G. & Bzowska, G. (2009): Chegemite Ca7(SiO4)3(OH)2 - a new humite-group calcium mineral from the Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy 21, 1045-1059.
'Chlorkyuygenite' (FRL)
Formula: Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4Cl2]
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E. V., Kusz, J., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V. M., ... & Dubrovinsky, L. (2013). Dzhuluite, Ca3SbSnFe3+ 3O12, a new bitikleite-group garnet from the Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(2), 231-239
Dzhuluite (TL)
Formula: Ca3SbSnFe3+3O12
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E. V., Kusz, J., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V. M., ... & Dubrovinsky, L. (2013). Dzhuluite, Ca3SbSnFe3+ 3O12, a new bitikleite-group garnet from the Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(2), 231-239
Edgrewite (TL)
Formula: Ca9(SiO4)4F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Pertsev, N.N., Galuskina, I.O., Lazic, B., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M., Dzierzanowski, P., Zadov, A.E. and Dubrovinsky, L. (2011) Edgrewite, IMA 2011-058. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2888; Galuskin, E.V., Lazic, B., Armbruster, T., Galuskina, I.O., Pertsev, N.N., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R, Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Zadov, A.E., Dubrovinsky, L.S. (2012): Edgrewite Ca9(SiO4)4F2 – hydroxyledgrewite Ca9(SiO4)4(OH)2, a new series of calcium humite-group minerals from altered xenoliths in the ignimbrite of Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. American Mineralogist, 97, 1998-2006.
Elbrusite (TL)
Formula: Ca3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe3+3O12
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskina, I., Galuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Lazic, B., Kusz, J., Dzieržanowski, P., Gazeev, V., Pertsev, N., Prusik, K., Zadov, A., Winiarski, A., Wrzalik, R., Gurbanov, A. (2010): Elbrusite-(Zr) - a new uranian garnet from the Upper Chegem caldera, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, Russia. American Mineralogist, 95, 1172-1181.
Eltyubyuite (TL)
Formula: Ca12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.
'Ettringite Group'
Reference: Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E. V., Kusz, J., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V. M., ... & Dubrovinsky, L. (2013). Dzhuluite, Ca3SbSnFe3+ 3O12, a new bitikleite-group garnet from the Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(2), 231-239
Fluorchegemite (TL)
Formula: Ca7(SiO4)3F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Lazic, B., Galuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Zadov, A.E., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P. (2012) Fluorchegemite, IMA 2011-112. CNMNC Newsletter No. 13, June 2012, page 812; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 807-817. ; Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.;
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E. V., Kusz, J., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V. M., ... & Dubrovinsky, L. (2013). Dzhuluite, Ca3SbSnFe3+ 3O12, a new bitikleite-group garnet from the Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(2), 231-239
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Reference: Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E. V., Kusz, J., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V. M., ... & Dubrovinsky, L. (2013). Dzhuluite, Ca3SbSnFe3+ 3O12, a new bitikleite-group garnet from the Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(2), 231-239
Hillebrandite
Formula: Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.
Hydrocalumite
Formula: Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E. V., Kusz, J., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V. M., ... & Dubrovinsky, L. (2013). Dzhuluite, Ca3SbSnFe3+ 3O12, a new bitikleite-group garnet from the Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(2), 231-239
Hydroxyledgrewite (TL)
Formula: Ca9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Pertsev, N.N., Galuskina, I.O., Lazic, B., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Zadov, A.E., Dubrovinsky, L. (2012) Hydroxyledgrewite, IMA 2011-113. CNMNC Newsletter No. 13, June 2012, page 812; Galuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Pertsev, N.N., Galuskina, I.O., Lazic, B., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Zadov, A.E., Dubrovinsky, L. (2012) Hydroxyledgrewite, IMA 2011-113. CNMNC Newsletter No. 13, June 2012, page 812; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 807-817.
Hydroxylellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Reference: Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E. V., Kusz, J., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V. M., ... & Dubrovinsky, L. (2013). Dzhuluite, Ca3SbSnFe3+ 3O12, a new bitikleite-group garnet from the Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(2), 231-239
Jennite
Formula: Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.
Kerimasite
Formula: Ca3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.
Killalaite
Formula: Ca6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.
Kumtyubeite (TL)
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)2F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E. V., Kusz, J., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V. M., ... & Dubrovinsky, L. (2013). Dzhuluite, Ca3SbSnFe3+ 3O12, a new bitikleite-group garnet from the Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(2), 231-239
Lakargiite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Gazeev, V.M., Armbruster, Th., Zadov, A., Galuskina, I.O., Pertsev, N.N., Dziercanowski, P., Kadiyski, M., Gurbanov, A., Wrzalik, R., Winiarski, A. (2008): Lakargiite CaZrO3 - a new mineral of the perovskite group from the North Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. American Mineralogist, 93, 1903-1910.
Larnite
Formula: Ca2SiO4
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.; Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E. V., Kusz, J., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V. M., ... & Dubrovinsky, L. (2013). Dzhuluite, Ca3SbSnFe3+ 3O12, a new bitikleite-group garnet from the Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(2), 231-239
Pavlovskyite (TL)
Formula: Ca8(SiO4)2(Si3O10)
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Savelyeva, V.B., Armbruster, T., Lazic, B., Galuskina, I.O., Többens, D.M., Zadov, A.E., Dzierżanowski, P., Pertsev, N.N., M. Gazeev, V.M. (2012): Pavlovskyite Ca8(SiO4)2(Si3O10) - a new mineral of altered silicate-carbonate xenoliths from the two Russian type localities: Birkhin massif, Baikal Lake area and Upper Chegem caldera, North Caucasus. American Mineralogist, 97, 503-512.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E. V., Kusz, J., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V. M., ... & Dubrovinsky, L. (2013). Dzhuluite, Ca3SbSnFe3+ 3O12, a new bitikleite-group garnet from the Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(2), 231-239
Rondorfite
Formula: Ca8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.
Rusinovite (TL)
Formula: Ca10(Si2O7)3Cl2
Type Locality:
Reference: Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Lazic, B., Armbruster, T., Zadov, A.E., Krzykawski, T., Banasik, K., Gazeev, V.M. and Pertsev, N.N. (2011) Rusinovite, IMA 2010-072. CNMNC Newsletter No. 8, April 2011, page 292; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 289-294; Evgeny V. Galuskin, Irina O. Galuskina, Biljana Lazic, Thomas Armbruster, Aleksandr E. Zadov, Tomasz Krzykawski, Kamila Banasik, Viktor M. Gazeev and Nikolai N. Pertsev (2011): Rusinovite, Ca10(Si2O7)3Cl2: a new skarn mineral from the Upper Chegem caldera, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, Russia. Eur. J. Mineral. 23, 837-844.
Srebrodolskite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+2O5
Reference: Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E. V., Kusz, J., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V. M., ... & Dubrovinsky, L. (2013). Dzhuluite, Ca3SbSnFe3+ 3O12, a new bitikleite-group garnet from the Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(2), 231-239
Trabzonite
Formula: Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.
Wadalite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
Reference: Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hydrocalumite'4.FL.10Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
'Lakargiite' (TL)4.CC.30Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
'Perovskite'4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Srebrodolskite'4.AC.10Ca2Fe3+2O5
Group 9 - Silicates
'Afwillite'9.AG.75Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
'Bultfonteinite'9.AG.80Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
'Cuspidine'9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
'Edgrewite' (TL)9.AG.Ca9(SiO4)4F2
'Eltyubyuite' (TL)9.AD.25Ca12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6
'Hillebrandite'9.DG.40Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
'Hydroxylellestadite'9.AH.25Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
'Jennite'9.DG.20Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
'Kerimasite'9.AD.25Ca3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
'Killalaite'9.BE.85Ca6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
'Kumtyubeite' (TL)9.AF.45Ca5(SiO4)2F2
'Larnite'9.AD.05Ca2SiO4
'Rondorfite'9.AB.20Ca8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
'Trabzonite'9.BJ.15Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
'Wadalite'9.AD.25(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Aklimaite' (TL)-Ca4[Si2O5(OH)2](OH)4·5H2O
'Bitikleite' (TL)-Ca3SbSn(AlO4)3
'Chegemite' (TL)-Ca7(SiO4)3(OH)2
'Chlorkyuygenite' (TL)-Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4Cl2]
'Dzhuluite' (TL)-Ca3SbSnFe3+3O12
'Elbrusite' (TL)-Ca3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe3+3O12
'Ettringite Group'-
'Fluorchegemite' (TL)-Ca7(SiO4)3F2
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
'Hydroxyledgrewite' (TL)-Ca9(SiO4)4(OH)2
'Pavlovskyite' (TL)-Ca8(SiO4)2(Si3O10)
'Rusinovite' (TL)-Ca10(Si2O7)3Cl2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
Miscellaneous
Hydrocalumite6.4.4.1Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Wadalite51.4.5.1(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Larnite51.5.1.1Ca2SiO4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Kumtyubeite (TL)52.3.3.4Ca5(SiO4)2F2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Afwillite52.4.7.1Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Bultfonteinite52.4.7.2Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Hydroxylellestadite52.4.9.4Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Cuspidine56.2.4.3Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Jennite56.2.4.11Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Killalaite56.2.9.2Ca6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si3O10] groups
Trabzonite57.1.3.1Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Hillebrandite65.2.3.1Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Aklimaite (TL)-Ca4[Si2O5(OH)2](OH)4·5H2O
Bitikleite (TL)-Ca3SbSn(AlO4)3
Chegemite (TL)-Ca7(SiO4)3(OH)2
'Chlorkyuygenite' (FRL)-Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4Cl2]
Dzhuluite (TL)-Ca3SbSnFe3+3O12
Edgrewite (TL)-Ca9(SiO4)4F2
Elbrusite (TL)-Ca3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe3+3O12
Eltyubyuite (TL)-Ca12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6
'Ettringite Group'-
Fluorchegemite (TL)-Ca7(SiO4)3F2
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
Hydroxyledgrewite (TL)-Ca9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Kerimasite-Ca3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Lakargiite (TL)-Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Pavlovskyite (TL)-Ca8(SiO4)2(Si3O10)
Rondorfite-Ca8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Rusinovite (TL)-Ca10(Si2O7)3Cl2
Srebrodolskite-Ca2Fe3+2O5

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
H AklimaiteCa4[Si2O5(OH)2](OH)4·5H2O
H BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
H ChegemiteCa7(SiO4)3(OH)2
H ChlorkyuygeniteCa12Al14O32[(H2O)4Cl2]
H CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
H HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
H HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
H HydroxyledgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4(OH)2
H HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
H JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
H KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
H TrabzoniteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
CCarbon
C HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
OOxygen
O AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
O AklimaiteCa4[Si2O5(OH)2](OH)4·5H2O
O BitikleiteCa3SbSn(AlO4)3
O BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
O ChegemiteCa7(SiO4)3(OH)2
O ChlorkyuygeniteCa12Al14O32[(H2O)4Cl2]
O CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
O DzhuluiteCa3SbSnFe33+O12
O EdgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4F2
O ElbrusiteCa3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe33+O12
O EltyubyuiteCa12Fe103+Si4O32Cl6
O FluorchegemiteCa7(SiO4)3F2
O HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
O HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
O HydroxyledgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4(OH)2
O HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
O JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
O KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
O KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
O KumtyubeiteCa5(SiO4)2F2
O LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
O LarniteCa2SiO4
O PavlovskyiteCa8(SiO4)2(Si3O10)
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O RondorfiteCa8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
O RusinoviteCa10(Si2O7)3Cl2
O SrebrodolskiteCa2Fe23+O5
O TrabzoniteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
O Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
FFluorine
F BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
F CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
F EdgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4F2
F FluorchegemiteCa7(SiO4)3F2
F FluoriteCaF2
F KumtyubeiteCa5(SiO4)2F2
MgMagnesium
Mg RondorfiteCa8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
AlAluminium
Al BitikleiteCa3SbSn(AlO4)3
Al ChlorkyuygeniteCa12Al14O32[(H2O)4Cl2]
Al HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Al Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
SiSilicon
Si AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Si AklimaiteCa4[Si2O5(OH)2](OH)4·5H2O
Si BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Si ChegemiteCa7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Si CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Si EdgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4F2
Si EltyubyuiteCa12Fe103+Si4O32Cl6
Si FluorchegemiteCa7(SiO4)3F2
Si HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
Si HydroxyledgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Si HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Si JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Si KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Si KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
Si KumtyubeiteCa5(SiO4)2F2
Si LarniteCa2SiO4
Si PavlovskyiteCa8(SiO4)2(Si3O10)
Si RondorfiteCa8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Si RusinoviteCa10(Si2O7)3Cl2
Si TrabzoniteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Si Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
SSulfur
S HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorkyuygeniteCa12Al14O32[(H2O)4Cl2]
Cl EltyubyuiteCa12Fe103+Si4O32Cl6
Cl HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Cl RondorfiteCa8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Cl RusinoviteCa10(Si2O7)3Cl2
Cl Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
CaCalcium
Ca AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca AklimaiteCa4[Si2O5(OH)2](OH)4·5H2O
Ca BitikleiteCa3SbSn(AlO4)3
Ca BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Ca ChegemiteCa7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Ca ChlorkyuygeniteCa12Al14O32[(H2O)4Cl2]
Ca CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Ca DzhuluiteCa3SbSnFe33+O12
Ca EdgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4F2
Ca ElbrusiteCa3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe33+O12
Ca EltyubyuiteCa12Fe103+Si4O32Cl6
Ca FluorchegemiteCa7(SiO4)3F2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
Ca HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Ca HydroxyledgrewiteCa9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Ca HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Ca JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Ca KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Ca KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
Ca KumtyubeiteCa5(SiO4)2F2
Ca LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Ca LarniteCa2SiO4
Ca PavlovskyiteCa8(SiO4)2(Si3O10)
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca RondorfiteCa8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
Ca RusinoviteCa10(Si2O7)3Cl2
Ca SrebrodolskiteCa2Fe23+O5
Ca TrabzoniteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Ca Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
TiTitanium
Ti LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
FeIron
Fe DzhuluiteCa3SbSnFe33+O12
Fe ElbrusiteCa3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe33+O12
Fe EltyubyuiteCa12Fe103+Si4O32Cl6
Fe KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Fe SrebrodolskiteCa2Fe23+O5
ZrZirconium
Zr ElbrusiteCa3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe33+O12
Zr KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Zr LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
SnTin
Sn BitikleiteCa3SbSn(AlO4)3
Sn DzhuluiteCa3SbSnFe33+O12
Sn LakargiiteCa(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
SbAntimony
Sb BitikleiteCa3SbSn(AlO4)3
Sb DzhuluiteCa3SbSnFe33+O12
UUranium
U ElbrusiteCa3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe33+O12

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Paleozoic
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3188475
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Late Carboniferous
298.9 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 3161421
Caucasus, Urals

Age: Pennsylvanian (298.9 - 323.2 Ma)

Lithology: Granite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Galuskin, E.V., Gazeev, V.M., Armbruster, Th., Zadov, A., Galuskina, I.O., Pertsev, N.N., Dziercanowski, P., Kadiyski, M., Gurbanov, A., Wrzalik, R., Winiarski, A. (2008) Lakargiite CaZrO3 -- a new mineral of the perovskite group from the North Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. American Mineralogist: 93: 1903-1910.
Galuskin, E. V.; Gazeev, V. M.; Lazic, B.; Armbruster, T.; Galuskina, I. O.; Zadov, A. E.; Pertsev, N. N.; Wrzalik, R.; Dzierzanowski, P.; Gurbanov, A. G. & Bzowska, G. (2009) Chegemite Ca7(SiO4)3(OH)2 - a new humite-group calcium mineral from the Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy: 21: 1045-1059.
Galuskina, Irina О.; Lazic, Biljana; Armbruster, Thomas; Galuskin, Evgeny V.; Gazeev, Viktor M.; Zadov, Aleksander E.; Pertsev, Nikolai N.; Jeżak, Lidia; Wrzalik, Roman; Gurbanov, Anatoly G. (2009) Kumtyubeite Ca5(SiO4)2F2 — A new calcium mineral of the humite group from Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. American Mineralogist: 94: 1361–1370.
Gałuskina, I.O., Gałuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Lazić, B., Dzierżanowski, P., Gazeev, V.M, Prusik, K., Pertsev, N.N., Winiarski, A., Zadov, A.E., Wrzalik, R., and Gurbanov, A.G. (2010) Bitikleite-(SnAl) and bitikleite-(ZrFe): New garnets from xenoliths of the Upper Chegem volcanic structure, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, Russia. American Mineralogist: 95(7): 959-967.
Gałuskina, I., Gałuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Lazic, B., Kusz, J., Dzieržanowski, P., Gazeev, V., Pertsev, N., Prusik, K., Zadov, A., Winiarski, A., Wrzalik, R., and Gurbanov, A. (2010) Elbrusite-(Zr) - a new uranian garnet from the Upper Chegem caldera, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, Russia. American Mineralogist: 95: 1172-1181.
Galuskin, Evgeny V.; Galuskina, Irina O.; Lazic, Biljana; Armbruster, Thomas; Zadov, Aleksandr E.; Krzykawski, Tomasz; Banasik, Kamila; Gazeev, Viktor M.; and Pertsev, Nikolai N. (2011) Rusinovite, Ca10(Si2O7)3Cl2: a new skarn mineral from the Upper Chegem caldera, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy: 23: 837-844.
Zadov, A.E., Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Gazeev, V.M., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Kartashov, P.M., Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Pertzev, N.N., Gurbanov, A.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2012) Aklimaite, Ca4[Si2O5(OH2)](OH)4·5Н2O, a new natural hydrosilicate from Lakargi area (the North Caucazus, Russia). Zapiski RMO: 141(2): 21-31.
Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Savelyeva, V.B., Armbruster, T., Lazic, B., Galuskina, I.O., Többens, D.M., Zadov, A.E., Dzierżanowski, P., Pertsev, N.N., M. Gazeev, V.M. (2012) Pavlovskyite Ca8(SiO4)2(Si3O10) - a new mineral of altered silicate-carbonate xenoliths from the two Russian type localities: Birkhin massif, Baikal Lake area and Upper Chegem caldera, North Caucasus. American Mineralogist: 97: 503-512.
Galuskin, E.V., Lazic, B., Armbruster, T., Galuskina, I.O., Pertsev, N.N., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R, Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Zadov, A.E., Dubrovinsky, L.S. (2012) Edgrewite Ca9(SiO4)4F2 – hydroxyledgrewite Ca9(SiO4)4(OH)2, a new series of calcium humite-group minerals from altered xenoliths in the ignimbrite of Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. American Mineralogist: 97: 1998-2006.
Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Bailau, R., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V.M., Zadov, A.E., Pertsev, N.N., Jeżak, L., Gurbanov, A.G. and Dubrovinsky, L. (2013) Eltyubyuite, Ca12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6 - the Fe3+ analogue of wadalite: a new mineral from the Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy: 25: 221-229.
Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E. V., Kusz, J., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V. M., ... & Dubrovinsky, L. (2013). Dzhuluite, Ca3SbSnFe3+ 3O12, a new bitikleite-group garnet from the Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy: 25(2): 231-239.
Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015) Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewite bearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist: 53: 325-344.


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