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Gravelotte, Murchison Range, Limpopo, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Gravelotte- not defined -
Murchison RangeMountain Range
LimpopoProvince
South AfricaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
23° 57' 4'' South , 30° 36' 43'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Nkowakowa30,138 (2014)33.8km
Tzaneen16,954 (2013)47.4km


No description has been added for this locality. Can you add one?

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

53 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Jaguin, J., Boulvais, P., Poujol, M., Bosse, V., Paquette, J. L., & Vilbert, D. (2013). Albitization in the antimony line, Murchison Greenstone Belt (Kaapvaal Craton): A geochemical and geochronological investigation. Lithos, 168, 124-143.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Jaguin, J., Boulvais, P., Poujol, M., Bosse, V., Paquette, J. L., & Vilbert, D. (2013). Albitization in the antimony line, Murchison Greenstone Belt (Kaapvaal Craton): A geochemical and geochronological investigation. Lithos, 168, 124-143.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Antimony
Formula: Sb
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Jaguin, J., Boulvais, P., Poujol, M., Bosse, V., Paquette, J. L., & Vilbert, D. (2013). Albitization in the antimony line, Murchison Greenstone Belt (Kaapvaal Craton): A geochemical and geochronological investigation. Lithos, 168, 124-143.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:308-324
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Jaguin, J., Boulvais, P., Poujol, M., Bosse, V., Paquette, J. L., & Vilbert, D. (2013). Albitization in the antimony line, Murchison Greenstone Belt (Kaapvaal Craton): A geochemical and geochronological investigation. Lithos, 168, 124-143.
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Jaguin, J., Boulvais, P., Poujol, M., Bosse, V., Paquette, J. L., & Vilbert, D. (2013). Albitization in the antimony line, Murchison Greenstone Belt (Kaapvaal Craton): A geochemical and geochronological investigation. Lithos, 168, 124-143.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Eglestonite
Formula: (Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)
Description: Occurs as a yellow powder associated with mercury and cinnabar
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 52; Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa;
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Feldspar Group'
'Ferrohögbomite-6N12S'
Formula: [(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6
Reference: T. Armbruster (2002) Revised nomenclature of högbomite, nigerite, and taaffeite minerals.- Eur. Journ. Mineralogy 14, 389-395
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Description: Found as gemmy blue-green crystals in quartz.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 206.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Gold
Formula: Au
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Jaguin, J., Boulvais, P., Poujol, M., Bosse, V., Paquette, J. L., & Vilbert, D. (2013). Albitization in the antimony line, Murchison Greenstone Belt (Kaapvaal Craton): A geochemical and geochronological investigation. Lithos, 168, 124-143.
'Högbomite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Description: Type locality for 18R polytype
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Hypercinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S (TL)
Formula: [(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Type Locality:
Reference: T. Armbruster (2002) Eur. Journ. Mineralogy 14, 389-395
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Colour: Black
Description: In syenite dike.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Reference: Jaguin, J., Boulvais, P., Poujol, M., Bosse, V., Paquette, J. L., & Vilbert, D. (2013). Albitization in the antimony line, Murchison Greenstone Belt (Kaapvaal Craton): A geochemical and geochronological investigation. Lithos, 168, 124-143.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Aventurine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Jaguin, J., Boulvais, P., Poujol, M., Bosse, V., Paquette, J. L., & Vilbert, D. (2013). Albitization in the antimony line, Murchison Greenstone Belt (Kaapvaal Craton): A geochemical and geochronological investigation. Lithos, 168, 124-143.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Jaguin, J., Boulvais, P., Poujol, M., Bosse, V., Paquette, J. L., & Vilbert, D. (2013). Albitization in the antimony line, Murchison Greenstone Belt (Kaapvaal Craton): A geochemical and geochronological investigation. Lithos, 168, 124-143.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Stichtite
Formula: Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Jaguin, J., Boulvais, P., Poujol, M., Bosse, V., Paquette, J. L., & Vilbert, D. (2013). Albitization in the antimony line, Murchison Greenstone Belt (Kaapvaal Craton): A geochemical and geochronological investigation. Lithos, 168, 124-143.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:308-324
'Xenotime'
Reference: Jaguin, J., Boulvais, P., Poujol, M., Bosse, V., Paquette, J. L., & Vilbert, D. (2013). Albitization in the antimony line, Murchison Greenstone Belt (Kaapvaal Craton): A geochemical and geochronological investigation. Lithos, 168, 124-143.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Jaguin, J., Boulvais, P., Poujol, M., Bosse, V., Paquette, J. L., & Vilbert, D. (2013). Albitization in the antimony line, Murchison Greenstone Belt (Kaapvaal Craton): A geochemical and geochronological investigation. Lithos, 168, 124-143.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Gold1.AA.05Au
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Aurostibite2.EB.05aAuSb2
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Hypercinnabar2.CD.15bHgS
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Group 3 - Halides
Eglestonite3.DD.05(Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cervantite4.DE.30Sb3+Sb5+O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
'Ferrohögbomite-6N12S'4.CB.20[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S (TL)4.CB.20[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Aventurine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Stichtite5.DA.50Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Högbomite'-(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
'Monazite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Hypercinnabar2.8.8.1HgS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Aurostibite2.12.1.11AuSb2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Oxysulfides
Kermesite2.13.1.1Sb2S2O
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Cervantite4.4.16.1Sb3+Sb5+O4
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Miscellaneous
'Högbomite'7.11.7.3(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
Am(O,OH)pXq
Eglestonite10.5.4.1(Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Stichtite16b.6.2.2Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var: Emerald
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Ferrohögbomite-6N12S'-[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S (TL)-[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
'Monazite'-
Quartz
var: Aventurine
-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
H Ferrohögbomite-6N12S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Eglestonite(Hg22+)3OCl3(OH)
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Ferrohögbomite-6N12S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O SenarmontiteSb2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Eglestonite(Hg22+)3OCl3(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
O KermesiteSb2S2O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Aventurine)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O RutileTiO2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Mg Ferrohögbomite-6N12S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Ferrohögbomite-6N12S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Aventurine)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S StibniteSb2S3
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S GudmunditeFeSbS
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S CinnabarHgS
S HypercinnabarHgS
S KermesiteSb2S2O
S MetacinnabarHgS
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Eglestonite(Hg22+)3OCl3(OH)
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Ti Ferrohögbomite-6N12S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6
Ti Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Ti RutileTiO2
CrChromium
Cr StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
MnManganese
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FeIron
Fe Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Fe Ferrohögbomite-6N12S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe GudmunditeFeSbS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
NiNickel
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Zn Ferrohögbomite-6N12S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb AntimonySb
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb SenarmontiteSb2O3
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb GudmunditeFeSbS
Sb AurostibiteAuSb2
Sb KermesiteSb2S2O
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
Sb CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au AurostibiteAuSb2
HgMercury
Hg Eglestonite(Hg22+)3OCl3(OH)
Hg MercuryHg
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg HypercinnabarHgS
Hg MetacinnabarHgS

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Gübelin, E. and Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel (in Dutch).

Localities in this Region

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Somali PlateTectonic Plate
South Africa

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