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Khibiny Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Khibiny MassifMassif
Murmansk OblastOblast
RussiaCountry

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Key
01138970014946274756165.jpg
Panorama of NE side of Khibiny massif, view from Lovozero massif

Khibiny Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
03660910014946274758451.jpg
Central part of Khibiny massif - Tuliok river valley.

Khibiny Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
05190350014946274758488.jpg
The Russian mineralogist A. P. Khomyakov in Khibina

Khibiny Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
01138970014946274756165.jpg
Panorama of NE side of Khibiny massif, view from Lovozero massif

Khibiny Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
03660910014946274758451.jpg
Central part of Khibiny massif - Tuliok river valley.

Khibiny Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
05190350014946274758488.jpg
The Russian mineralogist A. P. Khomyakov in Khibina

Khibiny Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
01138970014946274756165.jpg
Panorama of NE side of Khibiny massif, view from Lovozero massif

Khibiny Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
03660910014946274758451.jpg
Central part of Khibiny massif - Tuliok river valley.

Khibiny Massif, Murmansk Oblast, Russia
Area:
1,327 km2
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Kirovsk29,605 (2016)
Koashva882 (2018)
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Murmanskaja Oblast'; Murmansk Oblast
Other Languages:
Russian:
Хиби́ны, Мурманская область, Россия


An alkaline massif. Yakovenchuk et al. (2005) list about 70 mineral localities within this massif.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

529 valid minerals. 121 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 8 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Kompanchenko, A., Voloshin, A., & Balagansky, V. (2018). Vanadium mineralization in the Kola region, Fennoscandian Shield. Minerals, 8(11), 474.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 65 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Men’shikov, Y.P., Konopleva, N.G., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 732-745.
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Agrellite
Formula: NaCa2Si4O10F
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G., Pakhomovsky, Y. & Men'shikov, Y. (2005): Khibiny. Apatity & London (Laplandia Minerals in association with the Mineral. Soc. of GB & Ireland), 468 pp.
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Description: Fe-rich
Reference: Barkov, A.Y., R.F. Martin, Y.P. Men'shikov, Y.E. Savchenko, Y. Thibault, and K.V.O. Laajoki (2000) Edgarite, FeNb3S6, first natural niobium-rich sulfide from the Khibina alkaline complex, Russian Far North: evidence of chalcophile behavior of Nb in a fenite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 138: 229-236.; Barkov, A. Y., Fleet, M. E., Martin, R. F., & Men'Shikov, Y. P. (2006). Sr-Na-REE titanates of the crichtonite group from a fenitized megaxenolith, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: first occurrence and implications. European journal of mineralogy, 18(4), 493-502.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Albite var:
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Albite var:
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Alexkhomyakovite (TL)
Formula: K6(Ca2Na)(CO3)5Cl·6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Britvin, S.N., Turchkova, A.G. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2015) Alexkhomyakovite, IMA 2015-013. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 534; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535.
'Alkali amphibole'
Reference: Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Alluaivite
Formula: Na19(Ca,Mn)6(Ti,Nb)3Si26O74Cl · 2H2O
Reference: O.A. Ageeva e.a. Alluaivite and genetic aspect of the forming of enriched in titanium eudialytes in Khibina massif, - ZVMO, 2002, N1, pp.99-106.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Alstonite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Karpov S.M., Voloshin A.V., Savchenko E.E., Selivanova E.A., Polekhovskii Yu.S. (2012) coulsonite in pyrrhotite gorge deposit (Kola peninsula): the first find in Russia, - Doklady RAN, 445/2, in press (in Russ.)
Altisite (TL)
Formula: Na3K6Ti2Al2Si8O26Cl3
Type Locality:
Description: Found in drill core (470 m).
Reference: ZVMO (1994) 123/6, 82-86; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Amicite
Formula: K2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2O
Habit: pseudotetragonal dipyramids 0.1-5mm commonly displaying forms {101}, {110}, {010}, and {011}; less commonly dipyramids without the {010}
Colour: colorless
Reference: World of Stones 95:5-6, p64; Tschernich R. (1992), Zeolites of the World, p.42
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Lapis 29(1), 47 (2004)
'Ancylite'
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Ancylite-(La) (TL)
Formula: LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Andrianovite (TL)
Formula: Na12(K,Sr,Ce)3Ca6Mn3Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,H2O,OH)5
Type Locality:
Reference: Khomyakov, A.P., Nechelyustov, G.N., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Rozenberg, K.A. (2008): Andrianovite, Na12(K,Sr,Ce)3Ca6Mn3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,H2O,OH)5-a new potassium-rich mineral of the eudialyte group from Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 137(2), 43-52. [English translation: Geology of Ore Deposits 50,705-712(2008)]
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Zaitsev, A.N., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Yakovenchuk, V.N. [Зайцев, А.Н., Меньшиков, Ю.П., Яковенчук, В.Н.] (1992): Barium zeolites of the Khibiny alkaline massif [Бариевые цеолиты Хибинского щелочного массива]. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки Всероссийского Минералогического Общества], 121, 2, 54-61 (in Russian); Zaitsev, A.N. (1996): Rhombohedral carbonates from carbonatites of the Khibina massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 34, 453-468; Zaitsev, A.N., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Chao, G.Y., Gault, R.A., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Bogdanova, A.N. (1996): Kukharenkoite-(Ce), Ва2Се(СО3)3F, a new mineral from Kola Peninsula, Russia, and Québec, Canada. European Journal of Mineralogy, 8, 1327—1336; Pekov I.V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Picture, Moscow, 369 pp.; Zaitsev, A.N., Wall, F., Le Bas, M.J. (1998): REE-Sr-Ba minerals from the Khibina carbonatites, Kola peninsula, Russia: their mineralogy, paragenesis and evolution. Mineralogical Magazine, 62, 225-250; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P. (2005): Khibiny. Laplandia Minerals Ltd. (in association with the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Apatity, 468 pp.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Men'shikov Yu.P., Khomyakov A.P., Ferraris G. e.a. (2003) Eveslogite, (Ca,K,Na,Sr,Ba)48[(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe")12(OH)12Si48O144](F,OH,Cl)14, a new mineral from the Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia, - Zapiski VMO, 132(1), pp. 59-67 (in Rus.).
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Anorthite var:
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Kapustin, Y. L., Pudovkina, Z. V., Bykova, A. V., & Lyubomilova, G. V. (1975). Koashvite, a new mineral. International Geology Review, 17(6), 654-660.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Aplowite
Formula: (Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Arctite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca4(PO4)3F
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Karpov S.M., Voloshin A.V., Savchenko E.E., Selivanova E.A., Polekhovskii Yu.S. (2012) coulsonite in pyrrhotite gorge deposit (Kola peninsula): the first find in Russia, - Doklady RAN, 445/2, in press (in Russ.); Kompanchenko, A., Voloshin, A., & Balagansky, V. (2018). Vanadium mineralization in the Kola region, Fennoscandian Shield. Minerals, 8(11), 474.
Armbrusterite (TL)
Formula: K5Na7Mn15[(Si9O22)4](OH)10 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Victor N. Yakovenchuk, Sergey V. Krivovichev, Yakov A. Pakhomovsky, Gregory Yu. Ivanyuk, Ekaterina A. Selivanova, Yury P. Men'shikov, and Sergey N. Britvin (2007): Armbrusterite, K5Na6Mn3+Mn2+14[Si9O22]4(OH)10•4H2O, a new Mn hydrous heterophyllosilicate from the Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Am. Mineral. 92, 416-423.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Men’shikov, Y.P., Konopleva, N.G., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 732-745.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Bafertisite
Formula: Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Reference: Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Baotite
Formula: Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
'Ba-Priderite'
Formula: (Ba,K)(Ti,Fe)8O16
Reference: [World of Stones, 95:5-6, p64]
Barentsite (TL)
Formula: Na7Al(HCO3)2(CO3)2F4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Barylite
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
'Barylite-1O' (FRL)
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K..,Chilov, G.V. & Zadov, A.E. Zap. Vser. Miner.Obshch.,132: 29-37 (in Russ.)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Barytolamprophyllite (TL)
Formula: (Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Batisite
Formula: BaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Belovite-(Ce)
Formula: NaCeSr3(PO4)3F
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y., Hawthorne, F.C., Khomyakov, A.P. (2013): Kolskyite (Ca☐)Na2Ti4(Si2O7)2O4(H2O)7, a group-IV Ti-disilicate from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 51, 921-936.; Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y. A., & Hawthorne, F. C. (2014). Saamite, Ba□ Tinbna3ti (Si2o7) 2o2 (Oh) 2 (H2o) 2, a Group-iii Ti-disilicate Mineral from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia: Description and Crystal Structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 52(4), 745-762.
Belovite-(La) (TL)
Formula: NaLaSr3(PO4)3F
Reference: Men'shikov, Y.P., et al (2006), American Mineralogist: 91: 922-928.; Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.
Belyankinite
Formula: Ca1-2(Ti,Nb)5O12 · 9H2O (?)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm; Mitchell, R. H., & Chakhmouradian, A. R. (1998). Th-rich loparite from the Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula: isomorphism and paragenesis. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(3), 341-353.
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Beryllite
Formula: Be3(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Betalomonosovite
Formula: Na64Ti4(Si2O7)2[PO3(OH)][PO2(OH)2]O2(OF)
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Kompanchenko, A., Voloshin, A., & Balagansky, V. (2018). Vanadium mineralization in the Kola region, Fennoscandian Shield. Minerals, 8(11), 474.
'Bitumen'
Reference: A.N. Labuntsov Mineralogical survey of central parts of Khibina massif (zircon, catapleiite and fersmanite localities), - Khibinskie apatity, 1933, N6, p. 202-209.
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Bonshtedtite (TL)
Formula: Na3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Khomyakov A P, Aleksandrov V V, Krasnova N I, Ermilov V V, Smolyaninova N N (1982) Bonshtedtite, Na3Fe(PO4)(CO3), a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, issue 4, 486-490
Bornemanite
Formula: Na6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Bradleyite
Formula: Na3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: Karpov S.M., Voloshin A.V., Savchenko E.E., Selivanova E.A., Polekhovskii Yu.S. (2012) coulsonite in pyrrhotite gorge deposit (Kola peninsula): the first find in Russia, - Doklady RAN, 445/2, in press (in Russ.); Kompanchenko, A., Voloshin, A., & Balagansky, V. (2018). Vanadium mineralization in the Kola region, Fennoscandian Shield. Minerals, 8(11), 474.
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Karpov S.M., Voloshin A.V., Savchenko E.E., Selivanova E.A., Polekhovskii Yu.S. (2012) coulsonite in pyrrhotite gorge deposit (Kola peninsula): the first find in Russia, - Doklady RAN, 445/2, in press (in Russ.); Kompanchenko, A., Voloshin, A., & Balagansky, V. (2018). Vanadium mineralization in the Kola region, Fennoscandian Shield. Minerals, 8(11), 474.
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Bromellite
Formula: BeO
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Burbankite var:
Formula: Na2Ca2Sr2[CO3]5
Reference: I.V. Pekov analytical data
Burovaite-Ca (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)4Ca2(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(OH,O)8 · 12H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Azarova Y V, Shlyukova Z V, Zolotarev A A, Organova N I (2009) Burovaite-Ca, (Na,K)4Ca2(Ti,Nb)8[Si4O12]4(OH,O)8·12H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral species and its place in low-temperature mineral formation in pegmatites of the Khibiny Pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits 51, 774-783
Bussenite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ba2Fe2+Ti(Si2O7)(CO3)(OH)3F
Type Locality:
Reference: Zap. Vseross. Mineral. Obshch., 130(3):50-55, in Rusisan, English abs.
Cafetite
Formula: CaTi2O5 · H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 292.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Calcite var:
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: http://library.iem.ac.ru/can-min/vol34/cm2/zaitsev.html.
Calzirtite
Formula: CaZr3TiO9
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Canasite (TL)
Formula: K3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Cancrisilite
Formula: Na7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2O
Reference: O.A. Ageeva data
Carbobystrite (TL)
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3) · 3.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Khomyakov, A. P., Cámara, F., & Sokolova, E. (2010). Carbobystrite, Na8 [Al6Si6O24](CO3)· 4H2O, a new cancrinite-group mineral species from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(2), 291-300.
Carbocernaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Cebaite-(Ce)
Formula: Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 40:1177-1184
Cerite-(La) (TL)
Formula: (La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 40: 1177-1184
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Lapis 29(1), 47 (2004)
'Chabazite'
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 40:1177-1184
Chabazite-K
Formula: (K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Yakubovich, O. V., Massa, W., Gavrilenko, P. G., & Pekov, I. V. (2005). Crystal structure of chabazite K. Crystallography Reports, 50(4), 544-553.
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Chabazite-Sr
Formula: Sr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Erik Vercammen collection
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Dudkin, O.B., Minakov, F.V. [Дудкин, О.Б., Минаков, Ф.В.] (1976): A new type of carbonate mineralisation in foyaites of the Khibiny massif [Новый тип карбонатной минерализации в фойяитах Хибинского массива]. In: Materials on the mineralogy and geochemistry of alkaline rocks of the Kola peninsula [Материалы по минералогии и геохимии щелочных пород Кольского полуострова]. Kola Branch, USSR Academy of Science Press [Издательство Кольского филиала АН СССР], Apatity, pages 159-174 (in Russian); Kostyleva-Labuntsova, E.E., Borutskiy, B.E., Sokolova, M.N., Shlyukova, Z.V., Dorfman, M.D., Dudkin, O.B., Kozyreva, L.V., Ikorskiy, S.V. [Костылева-Лабунцова, Е.Е., Боруцкий, Б.Е., Соколова, М.Н., Шлюкова, З.В., Дорфман, М.Д., Дудкин, О.Б., Козырева, Л.В., Икорский, С.В.] (1978): Mineralogy of the Khibiny massif [Минералогия Хибинского массива]. Volume 1: Magmatism and post-magmatic transformations [Магматизм и постмагматические преобразования]. Nauka, Moscow, Москва, 227 pp.; Volume 2: Minerals [Минералы]. Nauka, Moscow, 585 pp. (in Russian); Zaitsev, A.N., Sinai, M.Yu., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Lepekhina, E.N. [Зайцев А.Н., Синай М.Ю., Шахмурадян А.Р., Лепехина Е.Н.] (1998): Association of pyrrhotite and pyrite in rocks of the carbonatite series of the Khibiny alkaline massif [Ассоциация пирротина и пирита в породах карбонатитовой серии Хибинского щелочного массива]. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки Всероссийского Минералогического Общества], 127, 4, 110-119; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P. (2005): Khibiny. Laplandia Minerals Ltd. (in association with the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Apatity, 468 pp.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Kompanchenko, A., Voloshin, A., & Balagansky, V. (2018). Vanadium mineralization in the Kola region, Fennoscandian Shield. Minerals, 8(11), 474.
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Shlyukova Z.V., Burova T.A. (1963) Chevkinite from Khibiny, - Zapiski VMO, v.92, №5, pp. 597-599 (in Rus.)
Chirvinskyite (TL)
Formula: (Na,Ca)13(Fe,Mn,□)2(Ti,Zr)5(Si2O7)4(OH,O)12·2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Panikirovskii, T.L., Zolotarev, A.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Bocharov, V.N., Krivovichev, S.V., Ivanyuk, G.Y. (2016): Chirvinskyite, IMA 2016-051. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1140; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144; Yakovenchuk, V.N.; Pakhomovsky, Y.A.; Panikorovskii, T.L.; Zolotarev, A.A.; Mikhailova, J.A.; Bocharov, V.N.; Krivovichev, S.V.; Ivanyuk, G.Y. (2019) Chirvinskyite, (Na,Ca)13(Fe,Mn,□)2(Ti,Nb)2(Zr,Ti)3-(Si2O7)4(OH,O,F)12, a New Mineral with a Modular Wallpaper Structure, from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Minerals 2019, 9, 219.
Chivruaiite
Formula: Ca4(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 13-14H2O
Reference: Men'skikov, Y.P. et al (2006), American Mineralogist: 91: 922-928.; Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.
Chkalovite
Formula: Na2BeSi2O6
Reference: [AmMin 87:181]; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1450–1458, 2009; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Chlorbartonite (TL)
Formula: K6Fe24S26(Cl,S)
Type Locality:
Description: Chlorbartonite occurs in a microcline – pectolite – sodalite – aegirine hydrothermal vein in the heterogeneous feldspathic urtite.
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (2003) 41, pp. 503-511
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Dudkin, O.B., Minakov, F.V. [Дудкин, О.Б., Минаков, Ф.В.] (1976): A new type of carbonate mineralisation in foyaites of the Khibiny massif [Новый тип карбонатной минерализации в фойяитах Хибинского массива]. In: Materials on the mineralogy and geochemistry of alkaline rocks of the Kola peninsula [Материалы по минералогии и геохимии щелочных пород Кольского полуострова]. Kola Branch, USSR Academy of Science Press [Издательство Кольского филиала АН СССР], Apatity, pages 159-174 (in Russian); Kostyleva-Labuntsova, E.E., Borutskiy, B.E., Sokolova, M.N., Shlyukova, Z.V., Dorfman, M.D., Dudkin, O.B., Kozyreva, L.V., Ikorskiy, S.V. [Костылева-Лабунцова, Е.Е., Боруцкий, Б.Е., Соколова, М.Н., Шлюкова, З.В., Дорфман, М.Д., Дудкин, О.Б., Козырева, Л.В., Икорский, С.В.] (1978): Mineralogy of the Khibiny massif [Минералогия Хибинского массива]. Volume 1: Magmatism and post-magmatic transformations [Магматизм и постмагматические преобразования]. Nauka, Moscow, Москва, 227 pp.; Volume 2: Minerals [Минералы]. Nauka, Moscow, 585 pp. (in Russian);
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Clinophosinaite (TL)
Formula: Na12(Ca,Sr)4(Si4O12)(PO4)4
Reference: ZVMO,(1981) 110, 351-355, [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Mikhailova, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 599-606.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Cordylite-(Ce)
Formula: NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Reference: Zaitsev A,N., Men'shikov Yu.P., Polezhaeva L.I., Latysheva L.G. (1990) Ba, Sr and REE minerals of late carbonatites of Khibiny massif. - Novye dannye po mineralogii Karelo-Kol'skogo regiona, KNC AN SSSR, Petrozavodsk, p. 76-79 (in Rus.).
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Corundum var:
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Shlyukova Z.V. (1986) Mineralogy of contact formations of Khibina massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 96 (in Rus.)
Coulsonite
Formula: Fe2+V3+2O4
Reference: Karpov S.M., Voloshin A.V., Savchenko E.E., Selivanova E.A., Polekhovskii Yu.S. (2012) coulsonite in pyrrhotite gorge deposit (Kola peninsula): the first find in Russia, - Doklady RAN, 445/2, p. 1-3 (in Russ.); Kompanchenko, A., Voloshin, A., & Balagansky, V. (2018). Vanadium mineralization in the Kola region, Fennoscandian Shield. Minerals, 8(11), 474.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Crawfordite (TL)
Formula: Na3Sr(CO3)(PO4)
Type Locality:
Reference: [MinRec 27:202]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Crichtonite
Formula: Sr(Mn,Y,U)Fe2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm; Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.; Barkov, A. Y., Fleet, M. E., Martin, R. F., & Men'Shikov, Y. P. (2006). Sr-Na-REE titanates of the crichtonite group from a fenitized megaxenolith, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: first occurrence and implications. European journal of mineralogy, 18(4), 493-502.; Menshikov, Y. P., Mikhailova, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2015). Minerals of zirconolite group from fenitized xenoliths in nepheline syenites of Khibiny and Lovozero plutons, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 591-599.
'Crichtonite Group'
Formula: AD21O38 or A{DE2G6 J12}O38
Reference: Kompanchenko, A., Voloshin, A., & Balagansky, V. (2018). Vanadium mineralization in the Kola region, Fennoscandian Shield. Minerals, 8(11), 474.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Cryolite
Formula: Na2NaAlF6
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Cryptophyllite (TL)
Formula: K2Ca[Si4O10] · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov I.V., Zubkova N.V., Filinchuk Ya.E., Chukanov N.V., Zadov A.E., Pushcharovsky D.Yu., Gobechiya E.R. Shlykovite, KCa[Si4O9(OH)]·3H2O, and cryptophyllite, K2Ca[Si4O10]·5H2O, two new mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia,Zapiski RMO, 139(1),37(2010); Pekov I.V., Zubkova N.V., Filinchuk Ya.E., Chukanov N.V., Zadov A.E., Pushcharovsky D.Yu., Gobechiya E.R. (2010): Shlykovite, KCa[Si4O9(OH)]·3H2O, and cryptophyllite, K2Ca[Si4O10]·5H2O, two new mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Zapiski RMO, 139(1), 37-50.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
'Davidite'
Reference: Kompanchenko, A., Voloshin, A., & Balagansky, V. (2018). Vanadium mineralization in the Kola region, Fennoscandian Shield. Minerals, 8(11), 474.
Davinciite (TL)
Formula: Na12K3Ca6Fe2+3Zr3(Si26O73OH)Cl2
Type Locality:
Reference: Belakovskiy D, Smith D G W, Welch M (2013) New mineral names. American Mineralogist 98, 811-815
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Delhayelite
Formula: (Na,K)10Ca5Al6Si32O80(Cl2,F2,SO4)3 · 18H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Delindeite
Formula: (Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Lapis 29(2), 41 (2004); Ferraris, G., Ivaldi, G., Pushcharovsky, D. Y., Zubkova, N. V., & Pekov, I. V. (2001). The crystal structure of delindeite, Ba2 {(Na, K,□) 3 (Ti, Fe)[Ti2 (O, OH) 4Si4O14](H2O, OH) 2}, a member of the mero-plesiotype bafertisite series. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(5), 1307-1316
Deloneite (TL)
Formula: (Na0.5REE0.25Ca0.25)(Ca0.75REE0.25)Sr1.5(CaNa0.25REE0.25)(PO4)3F0.5(OH)0.5
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Denisovite (TL)
Formula: K14+x(Ca,Na,Mn,Fe)48[Si60O162]F16(Ox,OH4−x)·2H2O
Description: From foidite.
Reference: ZVMO,(1984) 113, 718-723
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Diversilite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Na2(Ba,K)6Fe2+Ce2Ti3(Si3O9)3(HSiO4)3(OH,H2O)9
Type Locality:
Reference: A.P. Khomyakov et al.: ZVMO 132(5):34-39 (2003)
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Dolomite var:
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Donnayite-(Y)
Formula: NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Dorfmanite (TL)
Formula: Na2HPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Edgarite (TL)
Formula: FeNb3S6
Description: Occurs in a feldspar-rich fenite in a fenitized xenolith enclosed by nepheline syenite.
Reference: Barkov, A.Y., R.F. Martin, Y.P. Men'shikov, Y.E. Savchenko, Y. Thibault, and K.V.O. Laajoki (2000) Edgarite, FeNb3S6, first natural niobium-rich sulfide from the Khibina alkaline complex, Russian Far North: evidence of chalcophile behavior of Nb in a fenite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 138: 229-236; The Canadian Mineralogist (2000): 38: 1377-1385.
Edingtonite
Formula: Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Reference: Mandarino, J. A. (2003). New minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(3), 803-828.
Eirikite
Formula: KNa6Be2(Si15Al3)O39F2
Reference: In Coll. Martin Slama, ex Coll. Michael Murashko
Eitelite
Formula: Na2Mg(CO3)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Ekplexite (TL)
Formula: (Nb,Mo,W)S2·(Mg1-xAlx)(OH)2+x
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O. and Polekhovsky, Y.S. (2012): Ekplexite, IMA 2011- 082. CNMNC Newsletter No. 12, February 2012, page 152; Mineralogical Magazine, 76,151-155; Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Vigasina, M.F., Siidra, O.I. (2014): Ekplexite (Nb,Mo)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, kaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x and manganokaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mn1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, three new valleriite-group mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 663-679.
Elpasolite
Formula: K2NaAlF6
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Kononkova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Rabadanov, M.K., and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 749-754.
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Men’shikov, Y.P., Konopleva, N.G., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 732-745.
Epididymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: World of Stones 95:5-6, p64; Men'shikov, Y.P., et al (2006), American Mineralogist: 91: 922-928.; Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Ershovite (TL)
Formula: Na4K3(Fe,Mn,Ti)2Si8O22(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Eudialyte
Formula: (Na3Na3Na3Na3Na3)Ca6(IVFe2+3)Zr3[Si3O9]2[Si9O27SiO][Si9O27SiO]Cl(H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Eudidymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Eveslogite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K,Ca,Sr,Ba)48 [(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe2+)12Si48O144(OH)12](F,OH,Cl)14
Type Locality:
Reference: Men'shikov Yu.P., Khomyakov A.P., Ferraris G. et al. (2003) Eveslogite, (Ca,K,Na,Sr,Ba)48[(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe")12(OH)12Si48O144](F,OH,Cl)14, a new mineral from the Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia, - Zapiski VMO, 132(1), 59-67 (in Russ.); Pekov, I. V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Pictures Ltd., Moscow, 369 pp.
Ewaldite
Formula: Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy 19, 95-103(2007)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N.; Pakhomovsky, Y.A.; Panikorovskii, T.L.; Zolotarev, A.A.; Mikhailova, J.A.; Bocharov, V.N.; Krivovichev, S.V.; Ivanyuk, G.Y. (2019) Chirvinskyite, (Na,Ca)13(Fe,Mn,□)2(Ti,Nb)2(Zr,Ti)3-(Si2O7)4(OH,O,F)12, a New Mineral with a Modular Wallpaper Structure, from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Minerals 2019, 9, 219.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Fenaksite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na)4(Fe,Mn)2(Si4O10)2(OH,F)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Ferri-katophorite
Formula: Na(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
'Ferrikatophorite-Katophorite Series'
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
'Ferri-nybøite'
Formula: NaNa2(Mg3Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
'Ferri-taramite'
Formula: Na(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Ferroceladonite
Formula: K(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
'Ferro-eckermannite'
Formula: NaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Ferro-ferri-katophorite
Formula: Na(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Ferro-ferri-nybøite
Formula: NaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Ferrokentbrooksite
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Ferro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Men’shikov, Y.P., Konopleva, N.G., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 732-745.
Ferrotychite (TL)
Formula: Na6(Fe,Mn,Mg)2(CO3)4(SO4)
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO,(1981) 110, 600-603; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Fersmanite (TL)
Formula: Ca4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: A.N. Labuntsov Mineralogical survey of central parts of Khibina massif (zircon, catapleiite and fersmanite localities), - Khibinskie apatity, 1933, N6, p. 202-209. ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Fivegite (TL)
Formula: K4Ca2[AlSi7O17(O2-xOHx)][(H2O)2-xOHx]Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov I.V., Zubkova N.V., Chukanov N.V., Zadov A.E., Pushcharovsky D.Yu.: Fivegite, K4Ca2[AlSi7O17(O2-xOHx)][(H2O)2-xOHx]Cl, a new mineral from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia // Zapiski RMO (in press).
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Fluorapatite var:
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Lapis 29(1), 47 (2004)
Fluorapatite var:
Formula: (Ca,Sr,REE)5(PO4)3(F,O)
Description: As it has been shown by microprobe analyses "Saamite" crystals from the locality contains ~1 mas.% of SrO and no of REEs. So this apatite turned out more pure than any apatite from massive apatite ores of Yukspor.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: P.M.Kartashov data; Azarova, Y. V., Shlyukova, Z. V., Zolotarev Jr, A. A., & Organova, N. I. (2009). Burovaite-Ca,(Na, K) 4Ca2 (Ti, Nb) 8 [Si4O12] 4 (OH, O) 8· 12H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral species and its place in low-temperature mineral formation in pegmatites of the Khibiny pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(8), 774-783.
Fluorcalciobritholite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,REE)5(SiO4,PO4)3F
Type Locality:
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy 19, 95-103(2007)
Fluorcalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N.; Pakhomovsky, Y.A.; Panikorovskii, T.L.; Zolotarev, A.A.; Mikhailova, J.A.; Bocharov, V.N.; Krivovichev, S.V.; Ivanyuk, G.Y. (2019) Chirvinskyite, (Na,Ca)13(Fe,Mn,□)2(Ti,Nb)2(Zr,Ti)3-(Si2O7)4(OH,O,F)12, a New Mineral with a Modular Wallpaper Structure, from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Minerals 2019, 9, 219.
Fluorcanasite (TL)
Formula: K3Na3Ca5Si12O30F4 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Khomyakov A P, Nechelyustov G N, Krivokoneva G K, Rastsvetaeva R K, Rozenberg K A, Rozhdestvenskay I V (2009) Fluorcanasite, K3Na3Ca5Si12O30(F,OH)4·H2O - a new mineral from Khibiny Alkaline Massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia) and new data on canasite. Zapiski Rossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchetstva 138, issue 2, 52-66
Fluorcaphite (TL)
Formula: SrCaCa3(PO4)3F
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Kononkova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Rabadanov, M.K., and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 749-754.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Fluoro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Vigasina, M.F., Siidra, O.I. (2014): Ekplexite (Nb,Mo)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, kaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x and manganokaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mn1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, three new valleriite-group mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 663-679.
Fluorstrophite
Formula: SrCaSr3(PO4)3F
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Mikhailova, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 599-606.
'Foshallasite'
Formula: Ca3[Si2O7] · 3H2O(?)
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Franconite
Formula: Na(Nb2O5)(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Freudenbergite
Formula: Na2(Ti,Fe)8O16
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm; Barkov, A. Y., Fleet, M. E., Martin, R. F., & Men'Shikov, Y. P. (2006). Sr-Na-REE titanates of the crichtonite group from a fenitized megaxenolith, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: first occurrence and implications. European journal of mineralogy, 18(4), 493-502.
Gadolinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Mikhailova, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 599-606.
Gaidonnayite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Dudkin, O.B., Minakov, F.V. [Дудкин, О.Б., Минаков, Ф.В.] (1976): A new type of carbonate mineralisation in foyaites of the Khibiny massif [Новый тип карбонатной минерализации в фойяитах Хибинского массива]. In: Materials on the mineralogy and geochemistry of alkaline rocks of the Kola peninsula [Материалы по минералогии и геохимии щелочных пород Кольского полуострова]. Kola Branch, USSR Academy of Science Press [Издательство Кольского филиала АН СССР], Apatity, pages 159-174 (in Russian); Kostyleva-Labuntsova, E.E., Borutskiy, B.E., Sokolova, M.N., Shlyukova, Z.V., Dorfman, M.D., Dudkin, O.B., Kozyreva, L.V., Ikorskiy, S.V. [Костылева-Лабунцова, Е.Е., Боруцкий, Б.Е., Соколова, М.Н., Шлюкова, З.В., Дорфман, М.Д., Дудкин, О.Б., Козырева, Л.В., Икорский, С.В.] (1978): Mineralogy of the Khibiny massif [Минералогия Хибинского массива]. Volume 1: Magmatism and post-magmatic transformations [Магматизм и постмагматические преобразования]. Nauka, Moscow, Москва, 227 pp.; Volume 2: Minerals [Минералы]. Nauka, Moscow, 585 pp. (in Russian); Zaitsev, A.N., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Yakovenchuk, V.N. [Зайцев, А.Н., Меньшиков, Ю.П., Яковенчук, В.Н.] (1992): Barium zeolites of the Khibiny alkaline massif [Бариевые цеолиты Хибинского щелочного массива]. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки Всероссийского Минералогического Общества], 121, 2, 54-61 (in Russian); Khomyakov, A.P. (1995): Mineralogy of hyperagpaitic alkaline rocks. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 223 pp.; Zaitsev, A.N., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Chao, G.Y., Gault, R.A., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Bogdanova, A.N. (1996): Kukharenkoite-(Ce), Ва2Се(СО3)3F, a new mineral from Kola Peninsula, Russia, and Québec, Canada. European Journal of Mineralogy, 8, 1327—1336; Zaitsev, A.N., Sinai, M.Yu., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Lepekhina, E.N. [Зайцев А.Н., Синай М.Ю., Шахмурадян А.Р., Лепехина Е.Н.] (1998): Association of pyrrhotite and pyrite in rocks of the carbonatite series of the Khibiny alkaline massif [Ассоциация пирротина и пирита в породах карбонатитовой серии Хибинского щелочного массива]. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки Всероссийского Минералогического Общества], 127, 4, 110-119; Zaitsev, A.N., Wall, F., Le Bas, M.J. (1998): REE-Sr-Ba minerals from the Khibina carbonatites, Kola peninsula, Russia: their mineralogy, paragenesis and evolution. Mineralogical Magazine, 62, 225-250; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P. (2005): Khibiny. Laplandia Minerals Ltd. (in association with the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Apatity, 468 pp.
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Georgbarsanovite (TL)
Formula: Na12(Mn,Sr,REE)3Ca6Fe2+3Zr3NbSi25O76Cl2·H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: M.D. Dorfman et al. , "La barsanovite, un nouveau minéral" (translated title), Dok. Akad. Nauk. USSR, 1963, 153 (5), 1164. Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Cristallogr. , N°4, Oct.-Déc. 1964, LXXXVII, p. 633.
Georgechaoite
Formula: NaKZr[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Gerasimovskite
Formula: (Mn,Ca)(Nb,Ti)5O12 · 9H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Glaucochroite
Formula: CaMn2+SiO4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Lapis 29(1), 47 (2004)
'Gmelinite'
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Gobbinsite
Formula: Na5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Goldmanite
Formula: Ca3V3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Karpov S.M., Voloshin A.V., Savchenko E.E., Selivanova E.A., Polekhovskii Yu.S. (2012) coulsonite in pyrrhotite gorge deposit (Kola peninsula): the first find in Russia, - Doklady RAN, 445/2, p. 1-3 (in Russ.); Kompanchenko, A., Voloshin, A., & Balagansky, V. (2018). Vanadium mineralization in the Kola region, Fennoscandian Shield. Minerals, 8(11), 474.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Götzenite
Formula: NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Habit: Spherical aggregates to 2cm and hollow tubes
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:238; Jaszczak, J. A., Dimovski, S., Hackney, S. A., Robinson, G. W., Bosio, P., & Gogotsi, Y. (2007). Micro-and nanoscale graphite cones and tubes from Hackman Valley, Kola Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(2), 379-389.
'Graphite-2H'
Formula: C
Description: Intimatly intergrown with aegirine, as monomineralic veinlets (up to 1 cm); as spheric inclusions ( up to 30 micron in diameter or as clusters of spherulites up to 6 cm across
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G., Pakhomovsky, Y. & Men'shikov, Y. (2005): Khibiny. Apatity & London (Laplandia Minerals in association with the Mineral. Soc. of GB & Ireland), 468 pp.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Grumantite
Formula: Na(HSi2O5) · H2O
Reference: Pekov I.V., Zubkova N.V., Filinchuk Ya.E., Chukanov N.V., Zadov A.E., Pushcharovsky D.Yu., Gobechiya E.R. (2010): Shlykovite, KCa[Si4O9(OH)]·3H2O, and cryptophyllite, K2Ca[Si4O10]·5H2O, two new mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Zapiski RMO, 139(1), 37-50.
Gutkovaite-Mn (TL)
Formula: K2CaMn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy: 14: 165-173; Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 131(2): 51-57.
Gwihabaite
Formula: (NH4,K)NO3
Reference: Anatoly Kasatkin collection and photo
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
'Hackmanite'
Formula: Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Reference: Shlyukova Z.V. (1986) Mineralogy of contact formations of Khibina massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 96 (in Rus.)
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Men’shikov, Y.P., Konopleva, N.G., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 732-745.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Henrymeyerite
Formula: Ba(Ti4+7Fe2+)O16
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Karpov S.M., Voloshin A.V., Savchenko E.E., Selivanova E.A., Polekhovskii Yu.S. (2012) coulsonite in pyrrhotite gorge deposit (Kola peninsula): the first find in Russia, - Doklady RAN, 445/2, in press (in Russ.)
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Heulandite-K
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Hilairite
Formula: Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Habit: to 6mm pseudo cubic rhombic dodecahedrons
Colour: Brown
Reference: I.V. Pekov data; Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Hochelagaite
Formula: (Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
Reference: Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Huanghoite-(Ce)
Formula: BaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
'Hydroastrophyllite'
Formula: (H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Hydrodelhayelite (TL)
Formula: KCa2AlSi7O17(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Dorfman, M.D., Chiragov, M.I. (1979) Hydrodelhayelite, a product of supergene alteration of delhayelite. Novye dannye o mineralakh. Nauka, SSSR (New Data on Minerals of the USSR): 28: 172-175.; World of Stones 95:5-6: 64.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.
'Hydromuscovite'
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
Hydroxylapatite var:
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Ikranite
Formula: (Na,H3O)15(Ca,Mn2+)6Fe3+2Zr3[H0-3Si3O9)2(Si9O27)2SiO]Cl · 2-3H2O
Reference: Barkov, A. et al., 2000, Zoned tungstenoan molybdenite from a fenitized megaxenolite in the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: Canadian Mineralogist, v. 38, p. 1377-1385.
Ilímaussite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,K)7-8(Ba,K)10Ce5(Nb,Ti)6(Si3O9)4(Si9O18)O6(O,OH)24
Description: = Diversilite-(Ce). No Nb-dominant phase has been confirmed from Kola.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64] (but probably actually Diversilite-(Ce) and not really Nb-dominant Ilimaussite-(Ce).)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Menshikov, Y. P., Mikhailova, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2015). Minerals of zirconolite group from fenitized xenoliths in nepheline syenites of Khibiny and Lovozero plutons, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 591-599.
Ilyukhinite (TL)
Formula: (H3O,Na)14Ca6Mn2Zr3Si26O72(OH)2·3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Rozenberg, K.A., Aksenov, S.M., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Kristiansen, R. (2015) Ilyukhinite, IMA 2015-065. CNMNC Newsletter No.28, December 2015, page1860; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1859–1864. ; Chukanov, N. V., Rastsvetaeva, N. K., Rozenberg, K. A., Aksenov, S.M., Pekov, I.V., Belakovsky, D.I., Kristiansen, R., & Van, K.V. (2016) Ilyukhinite, (H3O,Na)14 Ca6 Mn2 Zr3 Si26 O72(OH)3 . 3 H2O, a new mineral of the eudialyte group. Zapiski Rossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (Proceedings of the Russian mineralogical society), 145 (2): 44-57 (in Russian).
Imandrite (TL)
Formula: Na12Ca3Fe3+2(Si6O18)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm; Olga Yakovleva, I. Pekov, I. Bryzgalov, Yu. Men’shikov, V. Yapaskurt, E. Guseva, N. Korotaeva (2009) Chalcogenide Minerals in Fenitized Xenoliths in Khibiny Alkaline Complex Kola Peninsula, Russia): Diversity and Chemical Features. Fifth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp213-216
Isolueshite (TL)
Formula: (Na,La)NbO3
Type Locality:
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A.R., Yakovenchuk, V., Mitchell, R.H. and Bogdanova, A.(1997) Isolueshite (1997) new mineral of the perovskite group from the Khibina alkaline complex. European Journal of Mineralogy: 9: 483-490; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Ivanyukite-Cu (TL)
Formula: CuTi4(SiO4)3(OH)2O2 · 7H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: IMA website - Proposals approved December 2007; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1450–1458, 2009
Ivanyukite-K (TL)
Formula: K2Ti4(SiO4)3(OH)2O2 · 9H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: IMA website - Proposals approved December 2007; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1450–1458, 2009
Ivanyukite-Na (TL)
Formula: Na2Ti4(SiO4)3(OH)2O2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Victor N. Yakovenchuk, Alexander P. Nikolaev, Ekaterina A. Selivanova, Yakov A. Pakhomovsky, Julia A. Korchak, Dar’ya V. Spiridonova, Oleg A. Zalkind, and Sergey V. Krivovichev (2009) Ivanyukite-Na-T, ivanyukite-Na-C, ivanyukite-K, and ivanyukite-Cu: New microporous titanosilicates from the Khibiny massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia) and crystal structure of ivanyukite-Na-T. American Mineralogist, 94, 1450–1458.
Ivanyukite-Na-C (TL)
Formula: Na2Ti4(SiO4)3(OH)2O2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1450–1458, 2009
Ivanyukite-Na-T (TL)
Formula: Na2Ti4(SiO4)3(OH)O3 · 7H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1450–1458, 2009
Jaipurite
Formula: CoS
Reference: Olga Yakovleva, I. Pekov, I. Bryzgalov, Yu. Men’shikov, V. Yapaskurt, E. Guseva, N. Korotaeva (2009) Chalcogenide Minerals in Fenitized Xenoliths in Khibiny Alkaline Complex Kola Peninsula, Russia): Diversity and Chemical Features. Fifth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp213-216
Janhaugite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Kalborsite (TL)
Formula: K6Al4BSi6O20(OH)4Cl
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Kalicinite
Formula: KHCO3
Reference: J. Weissman collection; http://rruff.info/kalicinite/names/asc/
Kalifersite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na)5Fe3+7Si20O50(OH)6 · 12H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: [AmMin 84:991]
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Karelianite
Formula: V3+2O3
Reference: Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Kaskasite (TL)
Formula: (Mo,Nb)S2·(Mg1-xAlx)(OH)2+x
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S. and Siidra, O.I (2013) Kaskasite, IMA 2013-025. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2706; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709; Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Vigasina, M.F., Siidra, O.I. (2014): Ekplexite (Nb,Mo)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, kaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x and manganokaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mn1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, three new valleriite-group mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 663-679.
Kassite
Formula: CaTi2O4(OH)2
Reference: Lapis 1996(4), p. 20
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Kazakovite
Formula: Na6Mn2+Ti(Si6O18)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Kazanskyite (TL)
Formula: BaNa3Ti2Nb(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2(H2O)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Ca´mara, F., Sokolova, E. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2011): Kazanskyite, IMA 2011-007. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011, page 2549; Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y. A., & Hawthorne, F. C. (2014). Saamite, Ba□ Tinbna3ti (Si2o7) 2o2 (Oh) 2 (H2o) 2, a Group-iii Ti-disilicate Mineral from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia: Description and Crystal Structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 52(4), 745-762.
Keldyshite
Formula: (Na,H)2ZrSi2O7
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Kentbrooksite
Formula: (Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Kononkova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Rabadanov, M.K., and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 749-754.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Khanneshite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm
Khibinskite (TL)
Formula: K2ZrSi2O7
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Kihlmanite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ce2TiO2(SiO4)(HCO3)2(H2O)
Type Locality:
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Krivovichev, S.V., Zhitova, E.A., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Korchak, J.A. and Kadyrova, G.I. (2013) Kihlmanite-(Ce), IMA 2012-081. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 11; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12; Panikorovskii T. L., Kalashnikova G. O., Zhitova E. S., Pakhomovsky Ya. A., Bocharov V. N., Yakovenchuk V. N., Zolotarev A. A. jr., Krivovichev S. V. (2017): Crystal chemistry of Na-rich kihlmanite-(Ce) from arfvedsonite-aegirine-microcline pegmatite at the Kihlman Mt. (Khibiny massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Zapiski RMO 146, 113-124.
Koashvite (TL)
Formula: Na6(Ca,Mn)(Ti,Fe)Si6O18 · H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Kapustin, Y. L., Pudovkina, Z. V., Bykova, A. V., & Lyubomilova, G. V. (1975). Koashvite, a new mineral. International Geology Review, 17(6), 654-660.
Kolskyite (TL)
Formula: CaNa2Ti4(Si2O7)2O4(H2O)7
Type Locality:
Reference: Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y., Hawthorne, F.C., Khomyakov, A.P. (2013): Kolskyite (Ca☐)Na2Ti4(Si2O7)2O4(H2O)7, a group-IV Ti-disilicate from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 51, 921-936.
Komarovite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)(Nb,Ti)2[Si2O7](O,F)3 · 3.5H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Kostylevite (TL)
Formula: K2Zr(Si3O9) · H2O
Reference: ZVMO,(1983) 112, 469-474; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Kukharenkoite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Kukharenkoite-(La) (TL)
Formula: Ba2(La,Ce,Th)(CO3)3F
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 46-47 (2003)
Kukisvumite (TL)
Formula: Na6ZnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Kupletskite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Kuzmenkoite-Mn
Formula: K2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4 · 5-6H2O
Reference: Men'shikov, Y.P., et al (2006), American Mineralogist: 91: 922-928.; Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.
Kuzmenkoite-Zn
Formula: K2Zn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4·6-8H2O
Reference: Pekov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp11-16
Laachite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)2Zr2Nb2TiFeO14
Reference: Menshikov, Y. P., Mikhailova, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2015). Minerals of zirconolite group from fenitized xenoliths in nepheline syenites of Khibiny and Lovozero plutons, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 591-599.
Labuntsovite-Fe (TL)
Formula: Na4K4(Ba,K)2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 47 (2003)
Labuntsovite-Mg
Formula: Na4K4(Ba,K)2Mg(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Labuntsovite-Mn (TL)
Formula: Na4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Labuntsovite Supergroup'
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1450–1458, 2009
Labyrinthite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K,Sr)35Ca12Fe3Zr6TiSi51O144(O,OH,H2O)9Cl3
Reference: PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
Lamprophyllite
Formula: (Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; 33 IGC excursion No 47, July 22 – August 2, 2008 Stop 2-2; Kapustin, Y. L., Pudovkina, Z. V., Bykova, A. V., & Lyubomilova, G. V. (1975). Koashvite, a new mineral. International Geology Review, 17(6), 654-660.; Khomyakov, A.P., Nechelyustov, G.N., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Rozenberg, K.A. (2008): Andrianovite, Na12(K,Sr,Ce)3Ca6Mn3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,H2O,OH)5-a new potassium-rich mineral of the eudialyte group from Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 137(2), 43-52. [English translation: Geology of Ore Deposits 50,705-712(2008)] ; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages; Krivovichev, S.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Mikhailova, J.A., Men’shikov, Yu.P., Armbruster, Th., Selivanova, E.A., Meisser, N. (2007): Yakovenchukite-(Y), K3NaCaY2(Si12O30)(H2O)4, a new mineral from the Khibiny massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia: A novel type of octahedral-tetrahedral open-framework structure. American Mineralogist, 92, 1525-1530.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Yurii P. Men'shikov data
Leifite
Formula: (Na,H2O)Na6[Be2Al2(Al,Si)Si15O39]F2
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Lemmleinite-Ba (TL)
Formula: Na2K2Ba(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: N.V. Chukanov et al. (2001) Zap. Vser. Min. Ob. 130(3), 36-43
Lemmleinite-K (TL)
Formula: K2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 4H2O
Reference: [AmMin 85:1844]; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
'Lepidomelane'
Reference: Kogarko et al. (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Part 2 Former USSR
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Leucophanite
Formula: NaCaBeSi2O6F
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Leucosphenite
Formula: BaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G., Pakhomovsky, Y. & Men'shikov, Y. (2005): Khibiny. Apatity & London (Laplandia Minerals in association with the Mineral. Soc. of GB & Ireland), 468 pp.
Lintisite
Formula: LiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Lisitsynite (TL)
Formula: KBSi2O6
Type Locality:
Reference: [AmMin 87:181]
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages; Krivovichev, S.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Mikhailova, J.A., Men’shikov, Yu.P., Armbruster, Th., Selivanova, E.A., Meisser, N. (2007): Yakovenchukite-(Y), K3NaCaY2(Si12O30)(H2O)4, a new mineral from the Khibiny massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia: A novel type of octahedral-tetrahedral open-framework structure. American Mineralogist, 92, 1525-1530.
Lithosite (TL)
Formula: K6Al4Si8O25 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Litvinskite
Formula: Na2(◻,Na,Mn)ZrSi6O12(OH,O)6
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Lobanovite (TL)
Formula: K2Na(Fe2+4Mg2Na)Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm; Olga Yakovleva, I. Pekov, I. Bryzgalov, Yu. Men’shikov, V. Yapaskurt, E. Guseva, N. Korotaeva (2009) Chalcogenide Minerals in Fenitized Xenoliths in Khibiny Alkaline Complex Kola Peninsula, Russia): Diversity and Chemical Features. Fifth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp213-216
Lomonosovite
Formula: Na5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; 33 IGC excursion No 47, July 22 – August 2, 2008 Stop 2-2; Kapustin, Y. L., Pudovkina, Z. V., Bykova, A. V., & Lyubomilova, G. V. (1975). Koashvite, a new mineral. International Geology Review, 17(6), 654-660.; Khomyakov, A.P., Nechelyustov, G.N., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Rozenberg, K.A. (2008): Andrianovite, Na12(K,Sr,Ce)3Ca6Mn3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,H2O,OH)5-a new potassium-rich mineral of the eudialyte group from Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 137(2), 43-52. [English translation: Geology of Ore Deposits 50,705-712(2008)] ; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Loparite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Comp. Rend. Acad. Sci.(1922) 59, p59; Izv.Geol.Kom.(1925) 44, 6, 663-682 ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Loparite-(Ce) var:
Formula: (Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Loveringite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm
Lovozerite
Formula: Na2Ca(Zr,Ti)(Si6O12)[(OH)4O2] · H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Lucasite-(Ce)
Formula: CeTi2(O,OH)6
Reference: In the collection of Lukasz Kruszewski.
Lueshite
Formula: NaNbO3
Reference: PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P. (2005): Khibiny. Laplandia Minerals Ltd. (in association with the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Apatity, 468 pp.; Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Mikhailova, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 599-606.
Magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Magnetite var:
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Makatite
Formula: Na2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Manganbelyankinite
Formula: (Mn,Ca)(Ti,Nb)5O12 · 9H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Manganokaskasite (TL)
Formula: (Mo,Nb)S2·(Mn1-xAlx)(OH)2+x
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O. and Polekhovsky, Y.S. (2013) Manganokaskasite, IMA 2013-026. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, 2013, page 2707; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709. ; Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Vigasina, M.F., Siidra, O.I. (2014): Ekplexite (Nb,Mo)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, kaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x and manganokaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mn1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, three new valleriite-group mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 663-679.
Manganokukisvumite
Formula: Na6MnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2O
Reference: Gault et al. 2004; Yakovenchuk et al. 2005
Manganoneptunite (TL)
Formula: Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mannardite
Formula: Ba(Ti4+6V3+2)O16
Mannardite var:
Formula: Ba(Ti,V3+,Cr)8O16
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Description: Ti-rich.
Reference: Barkov, A.Y., R.F. Martin, Y.P. Men'shikov, Y.E. Savchenko, Y. Thibault, and K.V.O. Laajoki (2000) Edgarite, FeNb3S6, first natural niobium-rich sulfide from the Khibina alkaline complex, Russian Far North: evidence of chalcophile behavior of Nb in a fenite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 138: 229-236; Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 875-885.; Barkov, A. Y., Fleet, M. E., Martin, R. F., & Men'Shikov, Y. P. (2006). Sr-Na-REE titanates of the crichtonite group from a fenitized megaxenolith, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: first occurrence and implications. European journal of mineralogy, 18(4), 493-502.
Marsturite
Formula: NaCaMn3Si5O14(OH)
Colour: yellow-light brown
Description: Yellowish spathic aggregates with steenstrupine-(Ce)
Reference: Joan Rosell-rosellminerals
Mckelveyite-(Y)
Formula: NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Megacyclite (TL)
Formula: Na8KSi9O18(OH)9 · 19H2O
Reference: Am Min 79:1011; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Megakalsilite (TL)
Formula: KAlSiO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Can Min (2002) 40, (3), 961-970 ; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Meliphanite
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Be,Al)[Si2O6(OH,F)]
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Merlinoite
Formula: (K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Reference: [AmMin 87:181]; 33 IGC excursion No 47, July 22 – August 2, 2008 Stop 2-2; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1450–1458, 2009; Khomyakov, A.P., Nechelyustov, G.N., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Rozenberg, K.A. (2008): Andrianovite, Na12(K,Sr,Ce)3Ca6Mn3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,H2O,OH)5-a new potassium-rich mineral of the eudialyte group from Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 137(2), 43-52. [English translation: Geology of Ore Deposits 50,705-712(2008)] ; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Middendorfite (TL)
Formula: K3Na2Mn5Si12(O,OH)36 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: I. V. Pekov, N. V. Chukanov, V. T. Dubinchuk & A. E. Zadov (2006): Middendorfite, K3Na2Mn5Si12(O,OH)36• 2H2O, a new mineral from Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula. Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society, 135(3), 42–52.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Yurii P. Men'shikov data
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 38, pp. 1377-1385 (2000); Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Vigasina, M.F., Siidra, O.I. (2014): Ekplexite (Nb,Mo)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, kaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x and manganokaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mn1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, three new valleriite-group mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 663-679.
'Molybdenite-3R'
Formula: MoS2
Reference: J. A. Mandarino and R. I. Gait (1970) Molybdenite polytypes in the Royal Ontario Museum. The Canadian Mineralogist 10:723-729
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Barkov, A.Y., R.F. Martin, Y.P. Men'shikov, Y.E. Savchenko, Y. Thibault, and K.V.O. Laajoki (2000) Edgarite, FeNb3S6, first natural niobium-rich sulfide from the Khibina alkaline complex, Russian Far North: evidence of chalcophile behavior of Nb in a fenite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 138: 229-236.; Barkov, A. Y., Fleet, M. E., Martin, R. F., & Men'Shikov, Y. P. (2006). Sr-Na-REE titanates of the crichtonite group from a fenitized megaxenolith, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: first occurrence and implications. European journal of mineralogy, 18(4), 493-502.
Monazite-(La)
Formula: La(PO4)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data
Mongolite
Formula: Ca4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Morimotoite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Reference: Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Mosandrite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Mosandrite-(Ce) var:
Formula: (◻,Ca,Na)3(Ca,REE)4Ti(Si2O7)2[H2O,OH,F]4 · H2O
Reference: Fersman A.E. Smol'yaninov N.A., Bonshtedt E.M. (1937) Minerals of Khibinskih and Lovozerskih tundras, - Moskow-Leningrad, AN SSSR publishers, p.563 (in Rus.)
Mukhinite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2V3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012); Kompanchenko, A., Voloshin, A., & Balagansky, V. (2018). Vanadium mineralization in the Kola region, Fennoscandian Shield. Minerals, 8(11), 474.
Murmanite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: No reference listed
Murunskite
Formula: K2(Cu,Fe)4S4
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Muscovite var:
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Nabaphite (TL)
Formula: NaBaPO4 · 9H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Nacaphite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca(PO4)F
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Belakovskiy D, Smith D G W, Welch M (2013) New mineral names. American Mineralogist 98, 811-815
Nafertisite (TL)
Formula: Na3Fe2+10Ti2(Si6O17)2O2(OH)6F(H2O)2
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO,(1995) 124, n. 6, 101-107
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Nahpoite
Formula: Na2HPO4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Nastrophite
Formula: Na(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Natisite
Formula: Na2Ti(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Natrite (TL)
Formula: Na2CO3
Reference: [Mandarino, 1997]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Natrokomarovite' (FRL)
Formula: (Na,Ca,H)2Nb2Si2O10(OH,F)2 · H2O
Reference: New Data on Minerals M., 2004 Vol 39 pp 5-13
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1450–1458, 2009; Khomyakov, A.P., Nechelyustov, G.N., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Rozenberg, K.A. (2008): Andrianovite, Na12(K,Sr,Ce)3Ca6Mn3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,H2O,OH)5-a new potassium-rich mineral of the eudialyte group from Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 137(2), 43-52. [English translation: Geology of Ore Deposits 50,705-712(2008)] ; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Natrophosphate (TL)
Formula: Na7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Kapustin, Y. L., Pudovkina, Z. V., & Bykova, T. Y. (1982). Dorfmanite, a new mineral. International Geology Review, 24(1), 111-115.
Natrosilite
Formula: Na2Si2O5
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
Natroxalate
Formula: Na2(C2O4)
Nechelyustovite (TL)
Formula: (Ba,Sr,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(O,H2O,F)2 · 4.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: IMA website; Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y. A., & Hawthorne, F. C. (2014). Saamite, Ba□ Tinbna3ti (Si2o7) 2o2 (Oh) 2 (H2o) 2, a Group-iii Ti-disilicate Mineral from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia: Description and Crystal Structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 52(4), 745-762.
Nefedovite (TL)
Formula: Na5Ca4(PO4)4F
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Neighborite
Formula: NaMgF3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Khomyakov A P, Aleksandrov V V, Krasnova N I, Ermilov V V, Smolyaninova N N (1982) Bonshtedtite, Na3Fe(PO4)(CO3), a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, issue 4, 486-490
Nenadkevichite
Formula: (Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 46-47 (2003); Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y. A., & Hawthorne, F. C. (2014). Saamite, Ba□ Tinbna3ti (Si2o7) 2o2 (Oh) 2 (H2o) 2, a Group-iii Ti-disilicate Mineral from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia: Description and Crystal Structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 52(4), 745-762.
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Neptunite
Formula: Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Neskevaaraite-Fe
Formula: K3Na2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-6 H2O
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 47 (2003); Chukanov, N.V. et al. (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 9-14.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Nordite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)(Sr,Ca)Na2(Na,Mn)(Zn,Mg)Si6O17
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G., Pakhomovsky, Y. & Men'shikov, Y. (2005): Khibiny. Apatity & London (Laplandia Minerals in association with the Mineral. Soc. of GB & Ireland), 468 pp.
Nordite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)(Sr,Ca)Na2(Na,Mn)(Zn,Mg)Si6O17
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Lapis 29(1), 47 (2004)
Normandite
Formula: NaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Reference: LAPIS 4/96; Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G., Pakhomovsky, Y. & Men'shikov, Y. (2005): Khibiny. Apatity & London (Laplandia Minerals in association with the Mineral. Soc. of GB & Ireland), 468 pp (P.253-4)
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Odintsovite
Formula: K2Na4Ca3Ti2Be4Si12O38
Reference: PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
Olgite
Formula: (Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Olympite (TL)
Formula: Na5Li(PO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Belakovskiy D, Smith D G W, Welch M (2013) New mineral names. American Mineralogist 98, 811-815
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Orickite
Formula: 2CuFeS2 · H2O
Reference: PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.
Paraershovite (TL)
Formula: Na3K3Fe3+2Si8O20(OH)4 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Khomyakov, P., Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y., Hawthorne, F.C. (2010): Paraershovite, Na3K3Fe3+2Si8O20(OH)4·4H2O, a new mineral species from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineral description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 279-290.
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Parakeldyshite (TL)
Formula: Na2ZrSi2O7
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Parakuzmenkoite-Fe
Formula: (K,Ba)4Fe(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 14H2O
Description: Listed as a second occurrence from Saami Mountain.
Reference: Tony Nikischer specimen
Paranatisite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ti(SiO4)O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Paranatrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Paratsepinite-Ba
Formula: Ba4(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(OH,O)8 · 8H2O
Reference: Pekov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp11-16
Paratsepinite-Na (TL)
Formula: (Na,Sr,K,Ca)7(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8·nH2O n ~ 8
Type Locality:
Reference: I,V, Pekov (2007) New minerals from former Soviet Union countries 1998-2006, - Miner. Almanac, v.11, p.39.; Azarova, Y. V., Shlyukova, Z. V., Zolotarev Jr, A. A., & Organova, N. I. (2009). Burovaite-Ca,(Na, K) 4Ca2 (Ti, Nb) 8 [Si4O12] 4 (OH, O) 8· 12H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral species and its place in low-temperature mineral formation in pegmatites of the Khibiny pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(8), 774-783.
Paraumbite (TL)
Formula: K3Zr2H(Si3O9)2 · nH2O
Description: Replacing wadeite in a pegmatite in a differentiated alkalic massif near lake Umba.
Reference: [ZVMO,(1983) 112, 461-469; World of Stones 95:5-6, p. 64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Paravinogradovite (TL)
Formula: Na1-2(Ti,Fe3+)4(Si2O6)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)4 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Khomyakov A.P., Kulikova I.E., Sokolova E.V., Hawtorne F.C., Kartashov P.M. (2003) Paravinogradovite, (Na,[])2[(Ti4+,Fe3+)4{Si2O6}2{Si3AlO10}(OH)4]*H2O, a new mineral species from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: description and crystal structure, - Canadian Mineralogist, V.41, №5, pp. 989-1002.; Lapis 29(1), 47 (2004)
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; 33 IGC excursion No 47, July 22 – August 2, 2008 Stop 2-2; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1450–1458, 2009; Kapustin, Y. L., Pudovkina, Z. V., Bykova, A. V., & Lyubomilova, G. V. (1975). Koashvite, a new mineral. International Geology Review, 17(6), 654-660.; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Pectolite var:
Formula: Na(Ca,Mn)2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2003): 10: 461-480.
Penkvilksite
Formula: Na4Ti2Si8O22 · 4H2O
Reference: YAKOVENCHUK, V.N., IVANYUK, G.YU., PAKHOMOVSKY, YA.A. & MEN’SHIKOV, YU.P. (2005): Khibiny. Published by Laplandia Minerals, Apatity. [penkvilksite-1M] p. 293.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Perlialite (TL)
Formula: K9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Perrierite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Petarasite
Formula: Na5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Description: Place of the first find of Petarasite in Russia. It form yellow grains up to 3 mm in pseudomorphoses (together with elpidite and fluorite) after rounded Eudialyte grains 3 cm size within natrolite-albite-aegirine metasomatic rock.
Reference: Хомяков А.П., Курова Т.Ф., Шумяцкая Р.Г. и др. (1981) О новом цирконосиликате Na5Zr2[Si6O18]Clx2H2O и его кристаллической структуре,- ДАН СССРб т.257, №3, с. 622-624.
Petersenite-(Ce)
Formula: Na4(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)5
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., and Belovitskaya, Y.V. (1998) Khanneshite and petersenite-(Ce) from the Khibiny massif. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 127(2): 92-100.
Phillipsite-Ca
Formula: (Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Reference: Azarova, Y. V., Shlyukova, Z. V., Zolotarev Jr, A. A., & Organova, N. I. (2009). Burovaite-Ca,(Na, K) 4Ca2 (Ti, Nb) 8 [Si4O12] 4 (OH, O) 8· 12H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral species and its place in low-temperature mineral formation in pegmatites of the Khibiny pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(8), 774-783.
Phillipsite-K
Formula: (K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
'Phillipsite subgroup'
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Can Min (2002) 40, (3), 961-970 ; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Phosinaite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Na13Ca2(Ce,La,Th,Nd,Pr)(Si4O12)(PO4)4
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pirssonite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Podlesnoite (TL)
Formula: BaCa2(CO3)2F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 39, 137-148(2008)
Polezhaevaite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: NaSrCeF6
Type Locality:
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Selivanova, E.A., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Nikolaev, A.P. (2010): Polezhaevaite-(Ce), NaSrCeF6, a new mineral from the Khibiny massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). American Mineralogist, 95, (in press).
Polylithionite
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Potassic-arfvedsonite (TL)
Formula: [(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Description: Cotype locality
Reference: American Mineralogist: 90: 1467-1468.
'Potassic-ferri-katophorite'
Formula: K(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
'Potassic-ferro-richterite'
Formula: {K}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Potassic-fluoro-richterite
Formula: {K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: [K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
Potassic-richterite
Formula: {K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Priderite
Formula: K(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Punkaruaivite (TL)
Formula: LiTi2(HSi4O12)(OH)2 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.; Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.
Pyatenkoite-(Y)
Formula: Na5YTi[SiO3]6 · 6H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Karpov S.M., Voloshin A.V., Savchenko E.E., Selivanova E.A., Polekhovskii Yu.S. (2012) coulsonite in pyrrhotite gorge deposit (Kola peninsula): the first find in Russia, - Doklady RAN, 445/2, in press (in Russ.)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Dudkin, O.B., Minakov, F.V. [Дудкин, О.Б., Минаков, Ф.В.] (1976): A new type of carbonate mineralisation in foyaites of the Khibiny massif [Новый тип карбонатной минерализации в фойяитах Хибинского массива]. In: Materials on the mineralogy and geochemistry of alkaline rocks of the Kola peninsula [Материалы по минералогии и геохимии щелочных пород Кольского полуострова]. Kola Branch, USSR Academy of Science Press [Издательство Кольского филиала АН СССР], Apatity, pages 159-174 (in Russian); Kozyreva, L.V., Zorina, M.L., Romanova, T.S. [Козырева, Л.В., Зорина, М.Л., Романова, Т.С.] (1976): A find of cryolite and dawsonite in the Khibiny massif [Находка криолита и давсонит в Хибинском массиве]. In: Minerals and parageneses of minerals of rocks [Минералы и парагенезисы минералов горных пород]. Nauka [Наука], Leningrad, pages 67-70 (in Russian); Kostyleva-Labuntsova, E.E., Borutskiy, B.E., Sokolova, M.N., Shlyukova, Z.V., Dorfman, M.D., Dudkin, O.B., Kozyreva, L.V., Ikorskiy, S.V. [Костылева-Лабунцова, Е.Е., Боруцкий, Б.Е., Соколова, М.Н., Шлюкова, З.В., Дорфман, М.Д., Дудкин, О.Б., Козырева, Л.В., Икорский, С.В.] (1978): Mineralogy of the Khibiny massif [Минералогия Хибинского массива]. Volume 1: Magmatism and post-magmatic transformations [Магматизм и постмагматические преобразования]. Nauka, Moscow, Москва, 227 pp.; Volume 2: Minerals [Минералы]. Nauka, Moscow, 585 pp. (in Russian); Zaitsev, A.N., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Yakovenchuk, V.N. [Зайцев, А.Н., Меньшиков, Ю.П., Яковенчук, В.Н.] (1992): Barium zeolites of the Khibiny alkaline massif [Бариевые цеолиты Хибинского щелочного массива]. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки Всероссийского Минералогического Общества], 121, 2, 54-61 (in Russian); Khomyakov, A.P. (1995): Mineralogy of hyperagpaitic alkaline rocks. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 223 pp.; Zaitsev, A.N., Sinai, M.Yu., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Lepekhina, E.N. [Зайцев А.Н., Синай М.Ю., Шахмурадян А.Р., Лепехина Е.Н.] (1998): Association of pyrrhotite and pyrite in rocks of the carbonatite series of the Khibiny alkaline massif [Ассоциация пирротина и пирита в породах карбонатитовой серии Хибинского щелочного массива]. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки Всероссийского Минералогического Общества], 127, 4, 110-119; Zaitsev, A.N., Wall, F., Le Bas, M.J. (1998): REE-Sr-Ba minerals from the Khibina carbonatites, Kola peninsula, Russia: their mineralogy, paragenesis and evolution. Mineralogical Magazine, 62, 225-250; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P. (2005): Khibiny. Laplandia Minerals Ltd. (in association with the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Apatity, 468 pp.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
'Pyrochlore Group var: '
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.; Menshikov, Y. P., Mikhailova, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2015). Minerals of zirconolite group from fenitized xenoliths in nepheline syenites of Khibiny and Lovozero plutons, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 591-599.
'Pyrochlore Group var: '
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm; Mitchell, R. H., & Chakhmouradian, A. R. (1998). Th-rich loparite from the Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula: isomorphism and paragenesis. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(3), 341-353.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: '
Formula: (Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm; Mitchell, R. H., & Chakhmouradian, A. R. (1998). Th-rich loparite from the Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula: isomorphism and paragenesis. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(3), 341-353.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Description: Ti-rich.
Reference: Barkov, A.Y., R.F. Martin, Y.P. Men'shikov, Y.E. Savchenko, Y. Thibault, and K.V.O. Laajoki (2000) Edgarite, FeNb3S6, first natural niobium-rich sulfide from the Khibina alkaline complex, Russian Far North: evidence of chalcophile behavior of Nb in a fenite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 138: 229-236; Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 875-885.; Barkov, A. Y., Fleet, M. E., Martin, R. F., & Men'Shikov, Y. P. (2006). Sr-Na-REE titanates of the crichtonite group from a fenitized megaxenolith, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: first occurrence and implications. European journal of mineralogy, 18(4), 493-502.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Raite
Formula: Na4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G., Pakhomovsky, Y. & Men'shikov, Y. (2005): Khibiny. Apatity & London (Laplandia Minerals in association with the Mineral. Soc. of GB & Ireland), 468 pp.
Rastsvetaevite (TL)
Formula: Na27K8Ca12Fe3Zr6Si52O144(O,OH,H2O)6Cl2
Reference: Khomyakov, A.P., Nechelyustov, G.N., Arakcheeva, A.V. (2006): Rastsvetaevite, Na27K8Ca12Fe3Zr6Si4[Si3O9]4[Si9O27]4(O,OH,H2O)6Cl2, a new mineral with a modular eudialyte-like structure and crystal-chemical systematics of the eudialyte group. Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society, 135(1), 49-65.; Belakovskiy D, Smith D G W, Welch M (2013) New mineral names. American Mineralogist 98, 811-815
Rasvumite (TL)
Formula: KFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Rémondite-(Ce)
Formula: Na3(Ce,Ca,Na)3(CO3)5
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Rémondite-(La) (TL)
Formula: Na3(La,Ca,Na)3(CO3)5
Reference: I.V. Pekov, N.V. Chukanov, N.N. Kononkova, A.E. Zadov & Yu.V. Belovitskaya (2000) Zap. Vser. Min. Ob. 129 (1), 53-60
Rengeite
Formula: Sr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Revdite
Formula: Na16Si16O27(OH)26 · 28H2O
Reference: Am Min 79:1011
Rhabdophane-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4) · H2O
Reference: [AmMin 85:1844]; Pekov, I. V., & Nikolaev, A. P. (2007) Minerals of the Pegmatites and Hydrothermal Assemblages of the Koashva Deposit.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Rosenbuschite
Formula: Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Reference: Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Barkov, A.Y., R.F. Martin, Y.P. Men'shikov, Y.E. Savchenko, Y. Thibault, and K.V.O. Laajoki (2000) Edgarite, FeNb3S6, first natural niobium-rich sulfide from the Khibina alkaline complex, Russian Far North: evidence of chalcophile behavior of Nb in a fenite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 138: 229-236; http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm; Barkov, A. Y., Fleet, M. E., Martin, R. F., & Men'Shikov, Y. P. (2006). Sr-Na-REE titanates of the crichtonite group from a fenitized megaxenolith, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: first occurrence and implications. European journal of mineralogy, 18(4), 493-502.; Menshikov, Y. P., Mikhailova, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2015). Minerals of zirconolite group from fenitized xenoliths in nepheline syenites of Khibiny and Lovozero plutons, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 591-599.
Rutile var:
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Saamite (TL)
Formula: Ba☐Na3Ti2Nb(Si2O7)2O2(OH)F(H2O)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Cámara, F., Sokolova, E. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2013) Saamiite, IMA 2013- 083. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3254; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258. ; Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y.A., Hawthorne, F.C. (2014): Saamite, Ba□TiNbNa3Ti(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2(H2O)2, a Group-III Ti-disilicate mineral from the khibiny Alkaline Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia: Description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 745-762
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Sazykinaite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Na5YZr[SiO3]6 · 6H2O
Reference: [MinRec 27:204]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; 33 IGC excursion No 47, July 22 – August 2, 2008 Stop 2-2; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1450–1458, 2009
Schizolite
Formula: NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Reference: Dmitriy lLisitsin analysis.
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Seidite-(Ce)
Formula: Na4(Ce,Sr)2[TiSi8O18(OH)2](O,OH,F)4 · 5H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Sekaninaite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Mikhailova, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 599-606.
Serandite
Formula: NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Shafranovskite (TL)
Formula: Na3K2(Mn,Fe,Na)4[Si9(O,OH)27](OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Shcherbakovite (TL)
Formula: (K,Ba)KNa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)O2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Shirokshinite (TL)
Formula: KNaMg2(Si4O10)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: I.V. Pekov, N.V. Chukanov, G. Ferraris, G. Ivaldi, D.Yu. Pushcharovsky & A.E. Zadov (2003) Eur. J. Mineral. 15, 447-454
Shlykovite (TL)
Formula: KCa[Si4O9(OH)] · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov I.V., Zubkova N.V., Filinchuk Ya.E., Chukanov N.V., Zadov A.E., Pushcharovsky D.Yu., Gobechiya E.R. Shlykovite, KCa[Si4O9(OH)]·3H2O, and cryptophyllite, K2Ca[Si4O10]·5H2O, two new mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia, Zapiski RMO, 139(1),37(2010).; Pekov I.V., Zubkova N.V., Filinchuk Ya.E., Chukanov N.V., Zadov A.E., Pushcharovsky D.Yu., Gobechiya E.R. (2010): Shlykovite, KCa[Si4O9(OH)]·3H2O, and cryptophyllite, K2Ca[Si4O10]·5H2O, two new mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Zapiski RMO, 139(1), 37-50.
Shortite
Formula: Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Kirnarskiy, Yu.M., Kozyreva, L.V. [Кирнарский, Ю.М., Козырева, Л.В.] (1974): On the carbonate veins in rocks of the Khibiny alkaline massif [О карбонатных жилах в породах Хибинского щелочного массива]. In: Minerals and parageneses of minerals of magmatic and metasomatic rocks [Минералы и парагенезисы минералов магматических и метасоматических горных пород]. Nauka, Leningrad, pages 196-202 (in Russian); Dudkin, O.B., Minakov, F.V. [Дудкин, О.Б., Минаков, Ф.В.] (1976): A new type of carbonate mineralisation in foyaites of the Khibiny massif [Новый тип карбонатной минерализации в фойяитах Хибинского массива]. In: Materials on the mineralogy and geochemistry of alkaline rocks of the Kola peninsula [Материалы по минералогии и геохимии щелочных пород Кольского полуострова]. Kola Branch, USSR Academy of Science Press [Издательство Кольского филиала АН СССР], Apatity, pages 159-174 (in Russian); Kostyleva-Labuntsova, E.E., Borutskiy, B.E., Sokolova, M.N., Shlyukova, Z.V., Dorfman, M.D., Dudkin, O.B., Kozyreva, L.V., Ikorskiy, S.V. [Костылева-Лабунцова, Е.Е., Боруцкий, Б.Е., Соколова, М.Н., Шлюкова, З.В., Дорфман, М.Д., Дудкин, О.Б., Козырева, Л.В., Икорский, С.В.] (1978): Mineralogy of the Khibiny massif [Минералогия Хибинского массива]. Volume 1: Magmatism and post-magmatic transformations [Магматизм и постмагматические преобразования]. Nauka, Moscow, Москва, 227 pp.; Volume 2: Minerals [Минералы]. Nauka, Moscow, 585 pp. (in Russian); Zaitsev, A.N., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Yakovenchuk, V.N. [Зайцев, А.Н., Меньшиков, Ю.П., Яковенчук, В.Н.] (1992): Barium zeolites of the Khibiny alkaline massif [Бариевые цеолиты Хибинского щелочного массива]. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки Всероссийского Минералогического Общества], 121, 2, 54-61 (in Russian); Khomyakov, A.P. (1995): Mineralogy of hyperagpaitic alkaline rocks. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 223 pp.; Zaitsev, A.N. (1996): Rhombohedral carbonates from carbonatites of the Khibina massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 34, 453-468; Zaitsev, A.N., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Chao, G.Y., Gault, R.A., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Bogdanova, A.N. (1996): Kukharenkoite-(Ce), Ва2Се(СО3)3F, a new mineral from Kola Peninsula, Russia, and Québec, Canada. European Journal of Mineralogy, 8, 1327—1336; Pekov I.V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Picture, Moscow, 369 pp.; Zaitsev, A.N., Wall, F., Le Bas, M.J. (1998): REE-Sr-Ba minerals from the Khibina carbonatites, Kola peninsula, Russia: their mineralogy, paragenesis and evolution. Mineralogical Magazine, 62, 225-250; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P. (2005): Khibiny. Laplandia Minerals Ltd. (in association with the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Apatity, 468 pp.
Siderite var:
Formula: (Fe,Mn)CO3
Reference: http://library.iem.ac.ru/can-min/vol34/cm2/zaitsev.html.
Sidorenkite
Formula: Na3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Karpov S.M., Voloshin A.V., Savchenko E.E., Selivanova E.A., Polekhovskii Yu.S. (2012) coulsonite in pyrrhotite gorge deposit (Kola peninsula): the first find in Russia, - Doklady RAN, 445/2, in press (in Russ.)
Sitinakite (TL)
Formula: KNa2Ti4(SiO4)2O5(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Siudaite (TL)
Formula: Na8(Mn2+2Na)Ca6(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Zr3NbSi24(Si,◻,Ti)O74(OH)2Cl·5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Chukanov, N., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Kruszewski, Ł., Aksenov, S.M., Rusakov, V.S., Britvin, S.N. and Vozchikova, S.A. (2018) Siudaite, IMA 2017-092. CNMNC Newsletter No. 41, February 2018, page 184; European Journal of Mineralogy: 30: 183-186.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Sodalite
Formula: Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Menshikov, Y. P., Mikhailova, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2015). Minerals of zirconolite group from fenitized xenoliths in nepheline syenites of Khibiny and Lovozero plutons, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 591-599.
Sphaerobertrandite
Formula: Be3(SiO4)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.mineralogicalassociation.ca/doc/Sphaerobertrandite.pdf
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: [AmMin 85:1844; 33 IGC excursion No 47, July 22 – August 2, 2008 Stop 2-2; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1450–1458, 2009; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Sphalerite var:
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Azarova, Y. V., Shlyukova, Z. V., Zolotarev Jr, A. A., & Organova, N. I. (2009). Burovaite-Ca,(Na, K) 4Ca2 (Ti, Nb) 8 [Si4O12] 4 (OH, O) 8· 12H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral species and its place in low-temperature mineral formation in pegmatites of the Khibiny pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(8), 774-783.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Mikhailova, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 599-606.
'Spodiophyllite'
Formula: (Na,K)4(Mg,Fe2+)3(Fe3+,Al)2(Si8O24)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Srilankite
Formula: ZrTi2O6
Reference: Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Steacyite
Formula: K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Steenstrupine-(Ce)
Formula: Na14Mn2+2(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Lisitsin, D. & Bosio, P. (2001): An interesting find of thorosteenstrupine and steenstrupine-​(Ce) at Mt. Koashva, Khibiny massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 2001 (4), 218-229 (in Italian). ; Pekov, I. V., & Nikolaev, A. P. (2007) Minerals of the Pegmatites and Hydrothermal Assemblages of the Koashva Deposit.
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Karpov S.M., Voloshin A.V., Savchenko E.E., Selivanova E.A., Polekhovskii Yu.S. (2012) coulsonite in pyrrhotite gorge deposit (Kola peninsula): the first find in Russia, - Doklady RAN, 445/2, in press (in Russ.)
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Stronadelphite (TL)
Formula: Sr5(PO4)3F
Reference: IMA website - May 2008 approvals
Stronalsite
Formula: Na2SrAl4Si4O16
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Lapis 28(12), 46-47 (2003); Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Strontiofluorite (TL)
Formula: SrF2
Reference: Yakovenchuk, Y.A. et al.(2010): Strontiofluorite, a new mineral from the Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia, Canadian Mineralogist 48, 1487-1492
Sudburyite
Formula: PdSb
Reference: Karpov S.M., Voloshin A.V., Savchenko E.E., Selivanova E.A., Polekhovskii Yu.S. (2012) coulsonite in pyrrhotite gorge deposit (Kola peninsula): the first find in Russia, - Doklady RAN, 445/2, p. 1-3 (in Russ.)
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Kirnarskiy, Yu.M., Kozyreva, L.V. [Кирнарский, Ю.М., Козырева, Л.В.] (1974): On the carbonate veins in rocks of the Khibiny alkaline massif [О карбонатных жилах в породах Хибинского щелочного массива]. In: Minerals and parageneses of minerals of magmatic and metasomatic rocks [Минералы и парагенезисы минералов магматических и метасоматических горных пород]. Nauka, Leningrad, pages 196-202 (in Russian); Dudkin, O.B., Minakov, F.V. [Дудкин, О.Б., Минаков, Ф.В.] (1976): A new type of carbonate mineralisation in foyaites of the Khibiny massif [Новый тип карбонатной минерализации в фойяитах Хибинского массива]. In: Materials on the mineralogy and geochemistry of alkaline rocks of the Kola peninsula [Материалы по минералогии и геохимии щелочных пород Кольского полуострова]. Kola Branch, USSR Academy of Science Press [Издательство Кольского филиала АН СССР], Apatity, pages 159-174 (in Russian); Kostyleva-Labuntsova, E.E., Borutskiy, B.E., Sokolova, M.N., Shlyukova, Z.V., Dorfman, M.D., Dudkin, O.B., Kozyreva, L.V., Ikorskiy, S.V. [Костылева-Лабунцова, Е.Е., Боруцкий, Б.Е., Соколова, М.Н., Шлюкова, З.В., Дорфман, М.Д., Дудкин, О.Б., Козырева, Л.В., Икорский, С.В.] (1978): Mineralogy of the Khibiny massif [Минералогия Хибинского массива]. Volume 1: Magmatism and post-magmatic transformations [Магматизм и постмагматические преобразования]. Nauka, Moscow, Москва, 227 pp.; Volume 2: Minerals [Минералы]. Nauka, Moscow, 585 pp. (in Russian); Zaitsev, A.N., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Yakovenchuk, V.N. [Зайцев, А.Н., Меньшиков, Ю.П., Яковенчук, В.Н.] (1992): Barium zeolites of the Khibiny alkaline massif [Бариевые цеолиты Хибинского щелочного массива]. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки Всероссийского Минералогического Общества], 121, 2, 54-61 (in Russian); Zaitsev, A.N., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Chao, G.Y., Gault, R.A., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Bogdanova, A.N. (1996): Kukharenkoite-(Ce), Ва2Се(СО3)3F, a new mineral from Kola Peninsula, Russia, and Québec, Canada. European Journal of Mineralogy, 8, 1327—1336; Pekov I.V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Picture, Moscow, 369 pp.; Zaitsev, A.N., Wall, F., Le Bas, M.J. (1998): REE-Sr-Ba minerals from the Khibina carbonatites, Kola peninsula, Russia: their mineralogy, paragenesis and evolution. Mineralogical Magazine, 62, 225-250; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P. (2005): Khibiny. Laplandia Minerals Ltd. (in association with the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Apatity, 468 pp.
Tainiolite
Formula: KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Takanelite
Formula: (Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Reference: Pekov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp11-16
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Tausonite
Formula: SrTiO3
Reference: Menshikov, Y. P., Mikhailova, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2015). Minerals of zirconolite group from fenitized xenoliths in nepheline syenites of Khibiny and Lovozero plutons, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 591-599.
'Tetranatrolite'
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: [AmMin 87:181]; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Reference: Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Thomsonite-Sr (TL)
Formula: Na(Sr,Ca)2[Al5Si5O20] · 7H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Doklady Earth Sci. 376, 1, 101-104 (2001)
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Thorite var:
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012)
Thorosteenstrupine
Formula: (Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O
Reference: Lisitsin, D. & Bosio, P. (2001): An interesting find of thorosteenstrupine and steenstrupine-​(Ce) at Mt. Koashva, Khibiny massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 2001 (4), 218-229 (in Italian). ; Pekov, I. V., & Nikolaev, A. P. (2007) Minerals of the Pegmatites and Hydrothermal Assemblages of the Koashva Deposit.
Tiettaite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)17FeTiSi16O29(OH)30 · 2H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Tinaksite
Formula: K2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2TiO[Si7O18(OH)]
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Tinnunculite (TL)
Formula: C5H4N4O3·2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Yapaskurt, V.O., Zubkova, N.V., Shcherbakova, E.P. and Britvin, S.N. (2016) Tinnunculite, IMA 2015- 021a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 29, February 2016, page 202; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 199–205.
Tisinalite (TL)
Formula: Na3H3(Mn,Ca,Fe)TiSi6(O,OH)18 · 2H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm; Barkov, A. Y., Fleet, M. E., Martin, R. F., & Men'Shikov, Y. P. (2006). Sr-Na-REE titanates of the crichtonite group from a fenitized megaxenolith, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: first occurrence and implications. European journal of mineralogy, 18(4), 493-502.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Khomyakov A P, Aleksandrov V V, Krasnova N I, Ermilov V V, Smolyaninova N N (1982) Bonshtedtite, Na3Fe(PO4)(CO3), a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, issue 4, 486-490
Tsepinite-Ca (TL)
Formula: Ca(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Ferraris, G., Gula, A., Pushcharovsky, D. Y., & Zadov, A. E. (2003). Tsepinite–Ca,(Ca, K, Na,□) 2 (Ti, Nb) 2 (Si4O12)(OH, O) 2· 4H2O, a new mineral of the labuntsovite group from the Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula–Novel disordered sites in the vuoriyarvite-type structure. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte, 2003(10), 461-480.
Tsepinite-K
Formula: K2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Tsepinite-Na (TL)
Formula: Na2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Reference: ZVMO 130/3 (2001), 43; European Journal of Mineralogy 14 (2002), 165; Pekov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp11-16; Azarova, Y. V., Shlyukova, Z. V., Zolotarev Jr, A. A., & Organova, N. I. (2009). Burovaite-Ca,(Na, K) 4Ca2 (Ti, Nb) 8 [Si4O12] 4 (OH, O) 8· 12H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral species and its place in low-temperature mineral formation in pegmatites of the Khibiny pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(8), 774-783.
Tsepinite-Sr (TL)
Formula: Sr(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Pekov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp11-16
Tugtupite
Formula: Na4BeAlSi4O12Cl
Colour: Crimson-red
Reference: World of Stones 95:5-6, p64; Men'shikov, Y.P., et al (2006), American Mineralogist: 91: 922-928.; Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.
Tuliokite (TL)
Formula: Na6BaTh(CO3)6 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Tundrite-(Ce)
Formula: Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
Tungstenite
Formula: WS2
Reference: http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm; Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Vigasina, M.F., Siidra, O.I. (2014): Ekplexite (Nb,Mo)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, kaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mg1−xAlx)(OH)2+x and manganokaskasite (Mo,Nb)S2•(Mn1−xAlx)(OH)2+x, three new valleriite-group mineral species from the Khibiny alkaline complex, Kola peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 663-679.
Tychite
Formula: Na6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)
Description: Ferrous
Reference: Sharygin, I. S., Golovin, A. V., Korsakov, A. V., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2013). Eitelite in sheared peridotite xenoliths from Udachnaya-East kimberlite pipe (Russia)–a new locality and host rock type. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(5), 825-834.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
'UM1958-03-SiO:AlCaFeKNa'
Formula: (K,Na)4Ca2(Al,Fe)(Si,Al)6(O,OH,F)18•0.6NaCl
Reference: Dorfman, M.D. (1958): New data on minerals of Yukspor in the Khibina Tundra. Voprosy Geol. i Mineral. Kol'skogo Poluostrova (Problems of geology and mineralogy of the Kola Peninsula). Akad. Nauk SSSR, Kola Filia 1: (1958): 146-154; in: New mineral names. American Mineralogist (1959): 44: 906-910
'UM1958-04-SiO:AlHK'
Formula: K2Al3Si7O18(OH,F)3
Reference: Dorfman, M.D. (1958): New data on minerals of Yukspor in the Khibina Tundra. Voprosy Geol. i Mineral. Kol'skogo Poluostrova (Problems of geology and mineralogy of the Kola Peninsula). Akad. Nauk SSSR, Kola Filia 1: (1958): 146-154; in: New mineral names. American Mineralogist (1959): 44: 906-910
'UM1967-09-SiO:AlHKNa'
Formula: (K,Na)AlSi2O6•H2O
Reference: Semenov, E.I., (1967): Zeolites of the Lovozero alkalic massif; in: Mineralogy of Pegmatites and Hydrothermalites of Alkalic Massifs. Inst. Mineral., Geokhim., Kristallokhim. Redk. Elementov. Izdat. "Nauka," Moscow: 14-29 (in Russian); in: Fleischer, M. (1968): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 53: 1777
'UM1983-12-S:CuFe'
Formula: Cu2FeS3
Reference: Dobrovol'skaya, M. G., Sokolova, M. N., and Tsepin, A. I. (1979): Chemical composition of potassium-containing sulfides from the Khibiny Massif. Akademiya Nauk SSSR Izvestiya, Seriya Geologicheskaya, 1979 (6), 152-156 (in Russian).; Dobrovol'skaya, M. G., Sokolova, M. N., Tsepin, A. I., and Organova, N. I. (1977): Nonuniformity of segregations of a potassium-containing sulfide with chalcopyrite-like structure. Neodnorodnost' Mineralov i tonkie Mineral'nye Smesi. 1977, 65-68 (in Russian).
'UM1989-35-SiO:KTi'
Formula: K2TiSi3O9
Reference: Karimova, O.V., Yakubovich, O.V., Ageeva, O.A., Erofeeva, K.G. (2017) Ti/Zr isomorphism in wadeite: The crystal structure of the titanium-dominant K2(Ti0.55Zr0.45)Si3O9 member of the series. Crystallography Reports: 62: 391–396; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=13752 (2017)
'UM1990-101-S:CuFeK'
Formula: KCu+19Cu2+18Fe2+10S38
Reference: Lisitsyn, D.V., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Tsepin, A.I., Shcherbachev, D.k., Trubkin, N.V., Kononkova, N.N. (2002): Sulfide mineralization in high-alkaline pegmatites of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny massif, Kola Peninsula). Geol. Ore Deposits: 44: 385–395; in: Jambor, J.L., Kovalenker, V.A., Roberts, A.C. (2003): New mineral names. Am. Mineral.: 88: 934
'UM1991-09-OH:AlCr'
Formula: γ-(Cr,Al)O(OH)
Reference: N.V. Chukanov analytical data
'UM1991-24-SiO:CaKNaZr'
Formula: (Ca,Na,K)2-xZrSi3O9•5H2O
Reference: Belyayevskaya, G.P., Borutskiy, B.Ye., Marsiy, I.M., Vlasova, Ye.V., Sivtsov, A.V., Golovanova, T.I., Vishnev, A.I. (1991): Potassium-calcium gaidonnayite (Ca,Na,K)2-xZrSi3O9.nH2O, a new mineral variety from the Khibiny block. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 320(5): 220-1225 (English translation, Doklady U.S.S.R. Acad. Sci., Earth Sci. Sections: 321A(9):111-116); in: Jambor, J.L., Andrews, A.C., Vanko, D.A. (1994): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 79: 1010
'UM1992-05-CO:CaCeLaNaSr'
Formula: (Sr,Na,Y,REE,Ca,Ba)2(CO3)2 · H2O
Reference: Ching Tji Le Tjy, Pobedimskaya, E.A., Nadezhina, T.N., Khomyakov, A.P. (1992): Polymorphism of donnayite (Na,REE)Sr(CO3)2.H2O. Moscow University Geol. Bull.: 47(5): 60-70; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., (1995): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 80(11-12): 1332
'UM2000-63-SiO:BaHKNaNbSrTi'
Formula: (H3O)4Na2K[Sr0.4Ba0.3(H2O)0.8]{[Ti4.5Nb3.5](OH)4.5O3.5)[Si4O12]4}•4.2H2O
Reference: Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Organova, N.I., Rozhdestventskaya, I.V., Schlukova, Z.V., Chukanov, N.V. (2000): Crystal structure of an oxonium mineral of the nenadkevichite-labuntsovite group from the Khibina massif. Doklady Akad. Nauk: 371(3): 336–340 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C. (2000): New mineral names. Am. Min.: 86: 378.
'UM2002-12-OS:CuFe'
Formula: ~(Cu,Fe)SO ?
Reference: Lisitsyn, D.V., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Tsepin, A.I., Shcherbachev, D.k., Trubkin, N.V., Kononkova, N.N. (2002): Sulfide mineralization in high-alkaline pegmatites of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny massif, Kola Peninsula). Geol. Ore Deposits: 44: 385–395; in: Jambor, J.L., Kovalenker, V.A., Roberts, A.C. (2003): New mineral names. Am. Mineral.: 88: 934
'UM2003-18-S:CuFeHNaO'
Formula: Cu(Fe0.75Cu0.25)(S1.99As0.01)(NaOH)0.23(KOH)0.02•nH2O (?)
Reference: Khomyakov, A.P., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Tsepin, A.I., Shcherbachev, D.K. (2003): New data on K,Na-bearing sulfidesof copper and iron from the Khibiny massif. Dokl. Earth Sci.: 389: 219–222; in: Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C. (2003): New mineral names. Am. Mineral.: 88: 1628
'UM2003-19-S:CuFe'
Formula: (Cu0.96K0.04)(Fe0.6Cu0.4)(S1.98O0.02)
Reference: Khomyakov, A.P., Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Tsepin, A.I., Shcherbachev, D.K. (2003): New data on K,Na-bearing sulfidesof copper and iron from the Khibiny massif. Dokl. Earth Sci.: 389: 219–222; in: Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C. (2003): New mineral names. Am. Mineral.: 88: 1628
'UM2006-05-O:CaFeKMnNaREESrTiZr'
Formula: (Sr,Na,K,REE)(Ca,Zr,Mn)(Ti,Fe)18Fe2O38
Reference: Barkov, A.Y., Fleet, M.E., Martin, R.F., Men'shikov, Y.P. (2006): Sr-Na-REE titanates of the crichtonite group from a fenitized megaxenolith, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: first occurrence and implications. Eur. J. Mineral.: 18: 493-502; in: Piilonen, P.C., Locock, A.J., Rowe, R., Ercit, T.S. (2007): New mineral names. Am. Mineral.: 92(4): 705
'UM2006-06-O:CaFeKMnNaREESrTiZr'
Formula: (Sr,Na,K,REE)(Zr,Ca,Mn)(Ti,Fe)18Fe2O38
Reference: Barkov, A.Y., Fleet, M.E., Martin, R.F., Men'shikov, Y.P. (2006): Sr-Na-REE titanates of the crichtonite group from a fenitized megaxenolith, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: first occurrence and implications. Eur. J. Mineral.: 18: 493-502; in: Piilonen, P.C., Locock, A.J., Rowe, R., Ercit, T.S. (2007): New mineral names. Am. Mineral.: 92(4): 705
'UM2006-07-O:CaFeKMnNaREESrTiZr'
Formula: (Na,Sr,K,REE)(Ca,Zr,Mn)(Ti,Fe)18Fe2O38
Reference: Barkov, A.Y., Fleet, M.E., Martin, R.F., Men'shikov, Y.P. (2006): Sr-Na-REE titanates of the crichtonite group from a fenitized megaxenolith, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: first occurrence and implications. Eur. J. Mineral.: 18: 493-502; in: Piilonen, P.C., Locock, A.J., Rowe, R., Ercit, T.S. (2007): New mineral names. Am. Mineral.: 92(4): 705
'UM2006-08-O:CaFeKMnNaREESrTiZr'
Formula: (Na,Sr,K,REE)(Zr,Ca,Mn)(Ti,Fe)18Fe2O38
Reference: Barkov, A.Y., Fleet, M.E., Martin, R.F., Men'shikov, Y.P. (2006): Sr-Na-REE titanates of the crichtonite group from a fenitized megaxenolith, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: first occurrence and implications. Eur. J. Mineral.: 18: 493-502; in: Piilonen, P.C., Locock, A.J., Rowe, R., Ercit, T.S. (2007): New mineral names. Am. Mineral.: 92(4): 705
'UM2006-09-O:CaFeMnREESrTiZr'
Formula: (Ce,Sr,REE)(Ca,Mn,Zr)(Ti,Fe)18Fe2O38
Reference: Barkov, A.Y., Fleet, M.E., Martin, R.F., Men'shikov, Y.P. (2006): Sr-Na-REE titanates of the crichtonite group from a fenitized megaxenolith, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: first occurrence and implications. Eur. J. Mineral.: 18: 493-502; in: Piilonen, P.C., Locock, A.J., Rowe, R., Ercit, T.S. (2007): New mineral names. Am. Mineral.: 92(4): 705
Umbite (TL)
Formula: K2(Zr,Ti)Si3O9 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Unnamed (K-Ti-analogue of Ilímaussite-(Ce))'
Formula: (Ba,K,Na,Ca)11-12(REE,Fe,Th)4(Ti,Nb)6(Si6O18)4(OH)12·4.5H2O
Reference: Krivovichev, S.V., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Armbruster, T., Pakhomovskiy, Y.A., Depmeier, W. (2003): Crystal structure of the K, Ti analogue of ilímaussite-(Ce), (Ba,K,Na,Ca)11-12(REE,Fe,Th)4(Ti,Nb)6(Si6O18)4(OH)12·4.5H2O: revision of structure model and structural formula. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 218(6-2003): 392-396
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012)
Uraninite var:
Formula: (U,Th)O2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012)
Ussingite
Formula: Na2AlSi3O8OH
Reference: P Haas collection
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 40:1177-1184
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Villiaumite
Formula: NaF
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; 33 IGC excursion No 47, July 22 – August 2, 2008 Stop 2-2; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1450–1458, 2009; Kapustin, Y. L., Pudovkina, Z. V., Bykova, A. V., & Lyubomilova, G. V. (1975). Koashvite, a new mineral. International Geology Review, 17(6), 654-660.; Khomyakov, A.P., Nechelyustov, G.N., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Rozenberg, K.A. (2008): Andrianovite, Na12(K,Sr,Ce)3Ca6Mn3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,H2O,OH)5-a new potassium-rich mineral of the eudialyte group from Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 137(2), 43-52. [English translation: Geology of Ore Deposits 50,705-712(2008)] ; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Vinogradovite
Formula: Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: World of Stones 95:5-6, p64; Tschernich R. (1992), Zeolites of the World, p.42; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Vishnevite
Formula: (Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Reference: PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
Vitusite-(Ce)
Formula: Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2
Reference: 33 IGC excursion No 47, July 22 – August 2, 2008 Stop 2-2; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Vlasovite
Formula: Na2ZrSi4O11
'Vudyavrite'
Reference: Minerals of Khibina and Lovozero Tundras, - Edition of AN SSSR, Moskva-Leningrad, 1937, p. 372-381 (in Rus.)
Vuonnemite (TL)
Formula: Na11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Vuorelainenite
Formula: Mn2+V3+2O4
Reference: Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Vuoriyarvite-K
Formula: K2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Wad'
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Wadeite
Formula: K2Zr(Si3O9)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Westerveldite
Formula: (Fe,Ni,Co)As
Reference: Olga Yakovleva, I. Pekov, I. Bryzgalov, Yu. Men’shikov, V. Yapaskurt, E. Guseva, N. Korotaeva (2009) Chalcogenide Minerals in Fenitized Xenoliths in Khibiny Alkaline Complex Kola Peninsula, Russia): Diversity and Chemical Features. Fifth International Symposium Mineral Diversity Research and Preservation pp213-216
Wilhelmramsayite (TL)
Formula: Cu3FeS3·2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Boldyreva, M.M., Dubinchuk, V.T. (2006): Wilhelmramsayite, Cu3FeS3•2H2O, a new mineral from Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula. Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society, 135(1), 38-48.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Wöhlerite
Formula: NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N.; Pakhomovsky, Y.A.; Panikorovskii, T.L.; Zolotarev, A.A.; Mikhailova, J.A.; Bocharov, V.N.; Krivovichev, S.V.; Ivanyuk, G.Y. (2019) Chirvinskyite, (Na,Ca)13(Fe,Mn,□)2(Ti,Nb)2(Zr,Ti)3-(Si2O7)4(OH,O,F)12, a New Mineral with a Modular Wallpaper Structure, from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Minerals 2019, 9, 219.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Men’shikov, Y.P., Konopleva, N.G., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 732-745.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Description: Mn-Fe rich. Wurtzite-2H
Reference: Barkov, A.Y., R.F. Martin, Y.P. Men'shikov, Y.E. Savchenko, Y. Thibault, and K.V.O. Laajoki (2000) Edgarite, FeNb3S6, first natural niobium-rich sulfide from the Khibina alkaline complex, Russian Far North: evidence of chalcophile behavior of Nb in a fenite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 138: 229-236.; Barkov, A. Y., Fleet, M. E., Martin, R. F., & Men'Shikov, Y. P. (2006). Sr-Na-REE titanates of the crichtonite group from a fenitized megaxenolith, Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: first occurrence and implications. European journal of mineralogy, 18(4), 493-502.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Yakovenchukite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: K3NaCaY2[Si12O30] · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 92, pages 1525-1530, 2007
Yuksporite (TL)
Formula: K4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Zakharovite (TL)
Formula: Na4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Zeophyllite
Formula: Ca13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2O
Reference: [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy 19, 95-103(2007)
'Zirconolite-3O'
Formula: (Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Zirkelite
Formula: (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Zirsinalite (TL)
Formula: Na6(Ca,Mn2+,Fe2+)Zr(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: [ZVMO,(1974) 103, 551-558; World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow

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