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Spruce Pine District, Mitchell Co., North Carolina, USAi
Regional Level Types
Spruce Pine DistrictMining District
Mitchell Co.County
North CarolinaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° North , 82° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~11km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


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North America PlateTectonic Plate

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

78 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Dockal, James A., and Smith, Michael S. (2007) Petrography of the County Rock Surrounding the Crabtree Pegmatite, Spruce Pine District, Mitchell County, North Carolina :University of North Carolina Wilmington
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: MinMax Mineral Information System
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: American Mineralogist Vol. 22 -1937, May
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Magma Field Trip Reports
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Reference: Lumpkin,Gregory R.,and Ribbe,Paul H.,(1979)Chemistry and Physical Properties of Axinite:American Mineralogist Vol.64,p.635-645
Becquerelite
Formula: Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Reference: Finch,Robert J. and Ewing,Rodney C.(1997) Clarkeite: New chemical and structural data; American Mineralogist, Vol.82, pg. 607-619,1997
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Streeter,Michael.,2003, A Rockhounding Guide to North Carolinas Blue Ridge Mountains
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/chevkinitece.pdf. Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.164664-00
'Chlorite Group'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Seaman, 1976. Pegmatite Minerals of the World
'Chrysolite'
Reference: U.S Bureau of Mines/Spatial Data from the Minerals System/Mineral Industry Location System(Mas/Mils)CD-Rom,Sep,1995
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Genth,F.A,1891,The Minerals of North Carolina, pg 75 and pg 107
Clarkeite (TL)
Formula: (Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
Reference: Ross, Henderson, and Posnjak (1931), American Mineralogist: 16: 213.; Arthur Roe and John S. White, Jr. (1976) A Catalog of the Type Specimens in the Mineral Collection, National Museum of Natural History
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite var: Clinothulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Dockal, James A., and Smith, Michael S. (2007) Petrography of the County Rock Surrounding the Crabtree Pegmatite, Spruce Pine District, Mitchell County, North Carolina :University of North Carolina Wilmington
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:92.
'Dravite-Schorl Series'
Reference: Tappen,Christine.,Smith S.Michael and Dockal A. James (2006) Beryl (Aquamarine,Emerald,Green and Yellow) and Tourmaline of the Crabtree Pegmatite,Spruce Pine District Mitchell County ,North Carolina:Proceedings of the 42nd Forumon the Geology of Industrial Minerals at Asheville,North Carolina,Information Circular 34,NCGS
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.135124-00
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/horn/fergusonitey.pdf
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 11:76.
Fluor-dravite (TL)
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Type Locality:
Habit: Anhedral, up to a few mm in size,occurs as isolated grains.
Colour: Blackish-Brown
Fluorescence: None in S.W or L.W light
Description: Associated with plagioclase,K-feldspar,Quartz,Beryl,Muscovite,Garnet group,Biotite, and Fluorite.
Reference: Clark, C.M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ottolini, L. (2011): Fluor-dravite, NaMg3Al6Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3F, a new mineral of the tourmaline group from the Crabtree emerald mine, Mitchell County, North Carolina: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 57-62.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Fluorite var: Chlorophane
Formula: CaF2
Fourmarierite
Formula: Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl ,2004, Minerals and their Localities,pg 231.,Frondel.Clifford.,1955,The Mineral Composition of Gummite;USGS Trace Element Investigation Report 508
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Clarence S.Ross,May 1937,Sphalerite from a pegmatite near Spruce Pine,North Carolina,America Mineralogist,Vol.22,No.5
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Curt segeler
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Colour: yellow
Fluorescence: Pale yellow under longwave light
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com/mind-j.htm
'Gummite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Halloysite-7Å
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Johnson,Sheryl L.,Guggenheim,Stephen and Van Groos,A.F Koster (1990)Thermal Stability of Halloysite by High-Pressure Differential Thermal Analysis :Clay and Clay Minerals,Vol.38,No.5,pg.477-484,1990
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Reference: Finch,Robert J. and Ewing,Rodney C.(1997) Clarkeite: New chemical and structural data; American Mineralogist, Vol.82, pg. 607-619,1997
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Lepidolite'
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Ross,Clarence S.,(1937) Sphalerite from a Pegmatite near Spruce Pine,North Carolina:The American Mineralogist,May,1937
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Reference: Curt segeler
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metavandendriesscheite
Formula: PbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
Reference: Dana, (1997) Dana System of Mineralogy,pg 263
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 79 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Anthony,J.W,Bideaux,R.A,Bladh,K.W,and Nichols,M.C,1994,Handbook of Mineralogy,Volume II,Silica and Silicates,pg. 586
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Tappen,Christine.,Smith S. Michael.,and Dockal A. James (2006) Beryl ( Aquamarine,Emerald,Green,and Yellow) and Tourmaline of the Crabtree Pegmatite, Spruce Pine District Mitchell County, North Carolina: Proceedings of the 42nd Forum the Geology of Industrial Minerals at Asheville, North Carolina, Information Circular 34, NCGS
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Wise MA,Brown CD (2009) Extreme rare-earth element enrichment in a muscovite -rare element class granitic pegmatite: A case study of the spodumene-amazonite McHone pegmatite,Spruce Pine,North Carolina:Southeast Geology 46:155-172
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: [MinRec 27:289-290]
Pumpellyite-(Fe3+) ?
Formula: Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Reference: www.tulane.edu/~sanelson/geol212/regional metamorph.htm
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Warner,Richard.,Poterala,Stephan.,Fleisher,Chris.,(2008) A Note on Uranium Minerals from Spruce Pine Area,North Carolina,pg 34-35,Carolina Geological Society (CGS) 2008 Field Trip,Spruce Pine Mining District,North Carolina
'Pyrochlore Group var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Warner,Richard.,Poterala,Stephan.,Fleisher,Chris.,(2008) A Note on Uranium Minerals from Spruce Pine Area,North Carolina,pg 34-35,Carolina Geological Society (CGS) 2008 Field Trip,Spruce Pine Mining District,North Carolina
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Pratt,Joseph Hyde.,(1933) Gems and Gem Minerals of North Carolina: American Mineralogist,Vol.18,No.4,April,1933
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Clarence S.Ross,May 1937,Sphalerite from a pegmatite near Spruce Pine,North Carolina,America Mineralogist,Vol.22,No.5
Schoepite
Formula: (UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Reference: Curt segeler
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 477
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: U.S Bureau of Mines/Spatial Data from the Minerals System/Mineral Industry Location System(Mas/Mils)CD-Rom,Sep,1995
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.C3989-00
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Reference: Reiner Mielke 2017
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1956-01-O:HPbU'
Formula: Pb-U-O-H
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Reference: Stern,T.W (1950) A Catalog Of Study Material Of Radioactive Minerals;Trace Elements Investigations Report 129
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Uranophane-β
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Habit: cubo-octahedral
Colour: yellowish-brown,with a grayish opalescence
Description: Has a resinous luster and subconchoidal fracture,associated with Samarskite-Y
Reference: Genth,1891,pg.72 and pg.107
Vandendriesscheite
Formula: PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Reference: Clifford Frondel,1958,Systematic Mineralogy of Uranium and Thoriun,USGS Bulletin 1064,pg .86
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Wölsendorfite
Formula: Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Reference: Finch,Robert J. and Ewing,Rodney C.(1997) Clarkeite: New chemical and structural data; American Mineralogist, Vol.82, pg. 607-619,1997
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Tappen,Christine,Smith,Michael and Dockal,James (2006) Beryl (Aquamarine,Emerald,Green and Yellow) and Tourmaline of the Crabtree Pegmatite,Spruce Pine District,Mitchell County,North Carolina Proceedings of the 42nd Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals at Asheville, North Carolina,Information Circular 34, NCGS
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Zoisite var: Thulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Chlorophane3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Becquerelite4.GB.10Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Clarkeite (TL)4.GC.05(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Fourmarierite4.GB.25Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Metavandendriesscheite4.GB.40PbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Schoepite4.GA.05(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Vandendriesscheite4.GB.40PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Wölsendorfite4.GB.30Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Churchite-(Y)8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite ?8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var: Clinothulite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluor-dravite (TL)9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Halloysite-7Å9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kasolite9.AK.15Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Petalite9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Pumpellyite-(Fe3+) ?9.BG.20Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranophane-β9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
var: Thulite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrysolite'-
'Dravite-Schorl Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gummite'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1956-01-O:HPbU'-Pb-U-O-H

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
AXO3·xH2O
Schoepite5.2.1.3(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
AX2O7·xH2O
Clarkeite (TL)5.4.1.1(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
Wölsendorfite5.4.3.2Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
AX6O19·xH2O
Becquerelite5.7.1.2Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
AX7O22·xH2O
Metavandendriesscheite5.8.1.2PbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
Vandendriesscheite5.8.1.1PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Miscellaneous
Fourmarierite5.9.2.1Pb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)'8.2.1.6A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Meta-autunite40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite ?41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Kasolite53.3.1.1Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranophane-β53.3.1.9Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Mn)56.2.2.3Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pumpellyite-(Fe3+) ?58.2.2.6Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrysolite'-
Clinozoisite
var: Clinothulite
-{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Dravite-Schorl Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Fluor-dravite (TL)-Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluorite
var: Chlorophane
-CaF2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gummite'-
Halloysite-7Å-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group
var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
-A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Pumpellyite'-
Quartz
var: Rock Crystal
-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1956-01-O:HPbU'-Pb-U-O-H
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Zircon
var: Cyrtolite
-Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zoisite
var: Thulite
-{Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
H Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
H BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
H KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
H MetavandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H UM1956-01-O:HPbUPb-U-O-H
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
O Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O UraniniteUO2
O Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O QuartzSiO2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
O BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
O KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
O MetavandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O AragoniteCaCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O UM1956-01-O:HPbUPb-U-O-H
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
FFluorine
F Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Fluorite (var: Chlorophane)CaF2
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
Na Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
AlAluminium
Al Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
SiSilicon
Si Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Si Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
PPhosphorus
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
P Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S GreenockiteCdS
S GalenaPbS
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Clinozoisite (var: Clinothulite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ca Fluorite (var: Chlorophane)CaF2
Ca Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ca Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ti Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Zoisite (var: Thulite){Ca2}{Al,Mn33+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
FeIron
Fe Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
CuCopper
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
YYttrium
Y Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr Zircon (var: Cyrtolite)Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
LaLanthanum
La Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
Pb VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Pb KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Pb MetavandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
Pb UM1956-01-O:HPbUPb-U-O-H
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
ThThorium
Th Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
UUranium
U Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
U UraniniteUO2
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
U FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
U Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
U WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
U BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
U KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
U MetavandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
U Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
U Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
U UM1956-01-O:HPbUPb-U-O-H

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