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Cananea, Mun. de Cananea, Sonora, Mexicoi
Regional Level Types
Cananea- not defined -
Mun. de CananeaMunicipality
Sonora- not defined -
MexicoCountry

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View of the Cananea copper mining area, ca. 1910.

Cananea, Mun. de Cananea, Sonora, Mexico
View of the Cananea copper mining area, ca. 1902.

Cananea, Mun. de Cananea, Sonora, Mexico
View of the Cananea copper mining area, ca. 1910.

Cananea, Mun. de Cananea, Sonora, Mexico
View of the Cananea copper mining area, ca. 1902.

Cananea, Mun. de Cananea, Sonora, Mexico
View of the Cananea copper mining area, ca. 1910.

Cananea, Mun. de Cananea, Sonora, Mexico
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 30° 57' North , 110° 18' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 30.95000,-110.30000
GeoHash:G#: 9t98443bz
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Cananea31,560 (2018)4.2km
Emiliano Zapata155 (2018)15.6km
Vicente Guerrero217 (2018)16.7km
Cuitaca424 (2018)18.8km
Milpillas172 (2018)23.0km


Area with gold, silver and copper-mining, around the city of Cananea.
Ores were exploited since the first European settlers arrived in the 18th century.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

39 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Peter Megaw colletion
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: American Mineralogist (1929) 14: 161
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Field and Mine tour in 1994 - J des Rivieres
'Biotite'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1467-1514
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1467-1514
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 81:296-300
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: Analyzed by Barb Dutrow at LSU. Publication pending
Reference: Peter Megaw collection
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Kelly,William C.,(1958)Topical Study of Lead -Zinc Gossans: State Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology Bulletin #46 - Appendix E -Sample 13 p.72
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1467-1514
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Peter Megaw collection
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Paratellurite (TL)
Formula: TeO2
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1960) 45, 1272-1274
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Tony Nikischer
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1467-1514
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1467-1514
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Econ Geol (1985) 80:1467-1514
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Rock Currier photo
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Tellurite
Formula: TeO2
Reference: J F Carpenter
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Lawrence D. Dickey collection
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Paratellurite (TL)4.DE.25TeO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tellurite4.DE.20TeO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Paratellurite (TL)4.4.3.2TeO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Tellurite4.4.6.1TeO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
OOxygen
O ParatelluriteTeO2
O QuartzSiO2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O RutileTiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O TelluriteTeO2
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O AnataseTiO2
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
NaSodium
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
PPhosphorus
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
SSulfur
S ChalcociteCu2S
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S LuzoniteCu3AsS4
S CovelliteCuS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S PyriteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AcanthiteAg2S
S DigeniteCu9S5
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S BaryteBaSO4
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu LuzoniteCu3AsS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As LuzoniteCu3AsS4
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te ParatelluriteTeO2
Te TelluriumTe
Te TelluriteTeO2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
BiBismuth
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Paleocene : 60.7 Ma to 58.9 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Paleogene
   Paleocene
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)58.9 Ma
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)60.7 MaMaria Mine, Cananea, Mun. de Cananea, Sonora, Mexico

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Tertiary
2.588 - 66 Ma



ID: 2430169

Age: Cenozoic (2.588 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Conglomerate

Reference: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática. Conjunto de Datos Vectoriales Geológicos. Continuo Nacional. Escala 1:1’000,000. [63]

Miocene - Oligocene
5.333 - 33.9 Ma



ID: 3184329
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (5.333 - 33.9 Ma)

Comments: Sierra Madre Occidental

Lithology: Ignimbrite(s); felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Anderson, T.H., and Silver, L.T. (1977): U-Pb isotope ages of granitic plutons near Cananea, Sonora. Economic Geology 72, 827–836.
- Meinert, L.D. (1982): Skarn, manto, and breccia pipe formation in sedimentary rocks of the Cananea Mining District, Sonora, Mexico. Economic Geology 77, 919–949.
- Bushnell, S.E. (1988): Mineralization at Cananea, Sonora, Mexico, and the paragenesis and zoning of breccia pipes in quartzofeldspathic rock. Economic Geology 83, 1760-1781.
- Barra, F., Ruiz, J., Valencia, V.A., Ochoa-Landín, L., Chesley, J.T., and Zurcher, L. (2005): Laramide porphyry Cu-Mo mineralization in northern Mexico: age constraints from Re-Os geochronology in molybdenite. Economic Geology 100, 1605–1616.
- Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): Porphyry copper deposits of the world: Database and grade and tonnage models, 2008. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.

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