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Knappenwand, Knappenwand area, Untersulzbach valley, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg, Austria

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 13' 21'' North , 12° 16' 41'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.22250,12.27806
Other regions containing this locality:The Alps, Europe
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Knappenwand, Knappenwandgebiet, Untersulzbachtal, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg, Österreich

Clefts in epidote-amphibolites of the so-called Knappenwandmulde series. The well known mineralization with outstanding epidote crystals is restricted to places where these clefts intersect with an aplite vein. The locality owes its discovery in 1865 to prospection works in search of copper ores, which occur at several places both at the Knappenwand and in its vicinity. Rarely, fine bornite crystals occur in association with epidote. The deposit was intermittently worked for epidote until 1956. Later, specimens were recovered during a scientific project guided by staff from the National History Museum of Vienna.
Presently (2007), the site is leased by the Zukunftkollegium Neukirchen and mined for specimens.

Mineral List

26 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

66 - 252.17 Ma

ID: 1378234
Mesozoic Tectonic assemblages, metamorphic schist belts, melanges

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 252.17 Ma)

Comments: Rocks distinguished in compilation sources primarily as part of a tectonic assemblage, belts of schist and mylonite of mixed parentage, and tectonic melanges.

Lithology: Tectonic assemblages, metamorphic schist belts, melanges

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
- Seemann, R. (1986): Famous mineral localities: Knappenwand, Untersulzbachtal (Austria). Mineralogical Record 17(3), 167-181.
- Seemann, R. (1987): Epidotfundstelle Knappenwand. Geschichte, Geologie, Mineralien. 2nd ed., Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 48 pp.
- A. Strasser (1989): Die Minerale Salzburgs.
- R. Exel (1993): Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs.
- Seemann, R. (1993): Geolehrpfad Knappenwand Untersulzbachtal. Naturkundlicher Führer zum Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Band 10, Österreichischer Alpenverein, Innsbruck, Austria, 115 pp.
- Koller, F. (2007): Weltfundstelle Knappenwand. Österreichs berühmtestes Mineralvorkommen. Pinzgau, ExtraLapis 32. Christian Weisse Verlag, 62-69
- Burgsteiner, E (2002): Epidotfundstelle Knappenwand im Untersulzbachtal. Kristallschätze, Mineraliensammler im Oberpinzgau. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 44-53.
- Kandutsch, G., Wachtler, M. (2000): Die Epidote der Knappenwand. Die Kristallsucher, Band 2. Christian Weisse Verlag, 120-123.

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