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Siberia Consols Gold Mine (Horse Shoe), Siberia Goldfield (Waverley), Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire, Western Australia, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 30° 15' 45'' South , 120° 55' 52'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -30.26270,120.93135
GeoHash:G#: qdtgzfge0
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate

The deposit was discovered by Jack Nolan and James Correll, the latter having an extended history with the mine. Named the Horse Shoe, 300 tonnes was taken out by them before they abandoned the lease in favour of the Pole mine.

In 1908 the lease was taken up by George Adams and V. Franca as the Siberia Consols. The hornblende schist lode at the site is huge ranging from 45 feet to 150 feet wide. This does not mean though it is automatically gold bearing. Results in the mine proved patchy with much of the schist barren or low grade. The schist contained quartz, hornblende crystals, bunches of jasper, and occasionally graphite.

Across 1911 and 1912, Adams and Franca happened across some rich patches, and were able to convince Adelaide capitalist James Lamb to finance the floating of a company. The Siberia Consols Gold Mining Company was floated to acquire the Siberia Consols (18 acres), Siberia Consols South (24 acres), and shortly after the neighbouring 24 acres adjoining to the north. William Rose Grant was appointed mine manager.

Adams and Franca got 10 000 pounds cash and 16 000 fully paid shares out of 80 000 issued. Lamb visited the mine, and reported it would prove a very rich mine, and made various positive statements about its future. After much development work across two years, the company achieved August 1914 235 tonnes 986 pounds worth of gold, and a second crushing of 117 tonnes for 1520 pounds worth. Considering shareholders had invested 80 000 pounds of cash into the mine, it was yet another example of shareholders financing the rich lifestyles of directors and promoters for no return. The company abandoned the lease mid 1915.

Adams and Franca take back the mine. By this stage they had obtained 20 800 pounds worth of gold from the mine, and 10 000 pounds from the prior company. Adams and Franca had been taken to court in 1913 by employee Gladonio Negri who broke a leg during a fall of earth incident. The court awarded him 2 pounds per week to be taken from Adams/Franca to be reviewed in 6 months, as compensation for not being able to work.

In 1917, two crushings are noted by Correll, Soltoggi, and Franca. It appears James Correll was active again at the mine from this time, but only intermittently. Correll and W. Skuthorpe are noted as owners in 1924.

Correll also owned the Siberia Hotel, which occupied part of his time, and the rest were other leases on the field. Correll owned the hotel from the early Twentieth Century to at least 1935.

In 1928, Correll is fined in the Kalgoorlie Police Court, for operating a non registered cyanide plant on another lease on the field, and it is confirmed at this stage he still holds the Siberia Consols, although little work is being done on it. This is confirmed a year later as part of a letter to a local newspaper.

In 1935, James Correll puts the hotel and Siberia Consols mine up for sale.

The Siberia Consols mine is about 5 kilometres south-west of the former Siberia town site. It borders the south side of the road to the Theil Well mine just before the road turns sharply south-west to south.

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.

Mineral List

3 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

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Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma

ID: 3187518
Archean volcanic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Comments: Yilgarn Craton

Lithology: Greenstone belt; mafic-ultramafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

2500 - 4000 Ma

ID: 821509
mafic extrusive rocks 74248

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Description: Basalt, high-Mg basalt, minor mafic intrusive rocks; some andesite; agglomerate; mafic schist; amphibolite; dolerite; komatiitic basalt; carbonated basalt; basaltic andesite; mafic rock interleaved with minor granitic rock

Comments: igneous mafic volcanic; igneous mafic intrusive; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous mafic volcanic; igneous mafic intrusive

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kalgoorlie Western Argus newspaper (1913), Siberia Consols, 29/07/1913
Kalgoorlie Western Argus newspaper (1915), Siberia Consols, 09/05/1915
The Register newspaper (Adelaide) (1912), Siberia Consols, 10/12/1912
The Daily News newspaper (Perth) (1915), Siberia Consols, 16/06/1915
The Register newspaper (Adelaide) (1913), Siberia Consols, 19/03/1913
Kalgoorlie Western Argus newspaper (1912), Siberia Consols Mine, 05/11/1912
Kalgoorlie Miner newspaper (1912), The Siberia Consols South, 25/07/1912
Kalgoorlie Miner newspaper (1913), Workers Compensation Act. Siberia Consols Case. Award Against Owners, 13/03/1913
Western Argus newspaper (Kalgoorlie) (1929), Correspondence. Prospector's Grievances, 03/09/1929
Western Argus newspaper (Kalgoorlie) (1928), Unregistered Treatment Plant. Accused Fined 100 pounds, 05/06/1928
Western Argus newspaper (Kalgoorlie) (1917), Waverley, 31/07/1917
Kalgoorlie Miner newspaper (1919), Mine Inspector's Report, 14/10/1919
Kalgoorlie Miner newspaper (1913), Siberia Hotel Tenders, 29/11/1913
Kalgoorlie Miner newspaper (1935), Tenders, 01/04/1935
The Sun newspaper (Kalgoorlie) (1911), Ora Banda to the Pole, 25/06/1911

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