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Taiban meteorite, De Baca Co., New Mexico, USAi
Regional Level Types
Taiban meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
De Baca Co.County
New MexicoState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 34° 27' North , 104° 1' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 34.45000,-104.01667
GeoHash:G#: 9wn5cp3mg
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:L5 chondrite meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:L5
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Fort Sumner932 (2017)21.1km
Melrose644 (2017)35.3km
Lake Sumner143 (2011)38.1km
Floyd114 (2017)47.8km


Ordinary chondrite, black, veined (L5; S6; W1)
Found, 1934; 25 kg

A group of meteoritic stones were recovered from the La Lande area. Only mildly weathered, the most obvious features in hand specimens and under the microscope are diffuse blackened textures due to finely dispersed Fe-Ni metal and sulfides found as tiny grains (frequently re-aggregated into cross cutting veins). Olivine (Fa25), orthopyroxene, plus lesser amounts of troilite and Fe-Ni metal accompanied by minor diopside and feldspathic glass are mineralogically and chemically characteristic of the L chondrite group of ordinary chondrites. The poorly defined chondritic textures, often intergrown with the host matrix, and the equilibrated olivine and orthopyroxene are, in the main, characteristic of the L5 petrographic type. However, the most striking characteristics of the meteorite are those features due to extremely high shock — features visible at every level of resolution. Veins and melt pockets are pervasive, plagioclase has largely been converted into maskelynite, olivine is beset with planar fractures, and polymorphs of ordinary silicates created by extremely high pressure (majorite, ringwoodite, wadsleyite) are present within the veins. Ar-Ar studies have suggested — perhaps not so surprisingly — that the Taiban material has suffered multiple impacts during the epochs before its eventual earth-encounter.

The L (low in bulk iron) ordinary chondrites represent ~ 45% of the classified witnessed meteorite falls with the L5 petrological type accounting for ~20% of all L chondrites. The largest portion of remaining material (~5 kg in 2016) has been kept at the Center for Meteorite Studies in Tempe, Arizona, USA.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Grady, M.M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Grady, M.M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Description: Composition (Fa25), Mason, 1963. Mosaicism and granulation accompany the planar fractures.
Reference: Mason, B. (1963) Olivine in ordinary chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 27(9): 1011-1023. (Sept 1963).; Grady, M.M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages. ; Lambert, P. (1982) Difference of Shock Pressure Recorded in Minerals of Shocked Rocks (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XIII: 412-414. (March 1982).; Acosta, T.E., Scott, E.R.D. & Sharma, S.K. (2012) Micro-Raman Mapping of Mineral Phases in the Strongly Shocked Taiban Ordinary Chondrite: 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. LPI Contribution No. 1659, id.2725.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Description: Forsterite (sensu strictu) with Olivine as Mg-rich as Fo94.
Reference: Acosta, T.E., Scott, E.R.D. & Sharma, S.K. (2012) Micro-Raman Mapping of Mineral Phases in the Strongly Shocked Taiban Ordinary Chondrite: 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. LPI Contribution No. 1659, id.2725.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.; Lambert, P. (1982) Difference of Shock Pressure Recorded in Minerals of Shocked Rocks (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XIII: 412-414. (March 1982).; Bland, P.A. & Hough, R.M. (2000) Textures in Metal Inclusions of the L5 Ordinary Chondrite Taiban Viewed Using Electron Backscatter Diffraction and Elemental Mapping: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXI, 1160.pdf. (March 2000).
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.; Lambert, P. (1982) Difference of Shock Pressure Recorded in Minerals of Shocked Rocks (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XIII: 412-414. (March 1982).; Bland, P.A. & Hough, R.M. (2000) Textures in Metal Inclusions of the L5 Ordinary Chondrite Taiban Viewed Using Electron Backscatter Diffraction and Elemental Mapping: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXI, 1160.pdf. (March 2000).
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Jadeite
Formula: Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Reference: Acosta, T.E., Scott, E.R.D. & Sharma, S.K. (2012) Micro-Raman Mapping of Mineral Phases in the Strongly Shocked Taiban Ordinary Chondrite: 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. LPI Contribution No. 1659, id.2725.
Lingunite
Formula: (Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Reference: Tomioka, N. & Miyahara, M. (2017) High-pressure minerals in shocked meteorites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 52(9): 2017-2039. (Sept 2017).
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Majorite
Formula: Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Reference: Acosta, T.E., Scott, E.R.D. & Sharma, S.K. (2012) Micro-Raman Mapping of Mineral Phases in the Strongly Shocked Taiban Ordinary Chondrite: 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. LPI Contribution No. 1659, id.2725.
'Majorite-Pyrope Series'
Reference: Tomioka, N. & Miyahara, M. (2017) High-pressure minerals in shocked meteorites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 52(9): 2017-2039. (Sept 2017).
'Maskelynite'
Reference: Grady, M.M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages. ; Acosta, T.E., Scott, E.R.D. & Sharma, S.K. (2012) Micro-Raman Mapping of Mineral Phases in the Strongly Shocked Taiban Ordinary Chondrite: 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. LPI Contribution No. 1659, id.2725.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Grady, M.M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
'Plessite'
Reference: Lambert, P. (1982) Difference of Shock Pressure Recorded in Minerals of Shocked Rocks (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XIII: 412-414. (March 1982).
Ringwoodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Reference: Acosta, T.E., Scott, E.R.D. & Sharma, S.K. (2012) Micro-Raman Mapping of Mineral Phases in the Strongly Shocked Taiban Ordinary Chondrite: 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. LPI Contribution No. 1659, id.2725.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Description: Ni-poor taenite with evidence of Ni-mobility at various (other) mineral boundaries.
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.; Lambert, P. (1982) Difference of Shock Pressure Recorded in Minerals of Shocked Rocks (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XIII: 412-414. (March 1982).; Bland, P.A. & Hough, R.M. (2000) Textures in Metal Inclusions of the L5 Ordinary Chondrite Taiban Viewed Using Electron Backscatter Diffraction and Elemental Mapping: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXI, 1160.pdf. (March 2000).
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Grady, M.M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages. ; Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.; Acosta, T.E., Scott, E.R.D. & Sharma, S.K. (2012) Micro-Raman Mapping of Mineral Phases in the Strongly Shocked Taiban Ordinary Chondrite: 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. LPI Contribution No. 1659, id.2725.
Wadsleyite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
Reference: Acosta, T.E., Scott, E.R.D. & Sharma, S.K. (2012) Micro-Raman Mapping of Mineral Phases in the Strongly Shocked Taiban Ordinary Chondrite: 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. LPI Contribution No. 1659, id.2725.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Jadeite9.DA.25Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Lingunite9.FA.70(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Majorite9.AD.25Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Ringwoodite9.AC.15(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Wadsleyite9.BE.02(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Majorite-Pyrope Series'-
'Maskelynite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Plessite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Ringwoodite51.3.3.1(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Wadsleyite51.3.4.1(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Majorite51.4.3a.5Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Jadeite65.1.3c.1Na(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Iron-Fe
Lingunite-(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
'Majorite-Pyrope Series'-
'Maskelynite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Plessite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

OOxygen
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
O Ringwoodite(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
O Wadsleyite(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
O JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
O Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
NaSodium
Na JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Na Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Mg Ringwoodite(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Mg Wadsleyite(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
AlAluminium
Al JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Al Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
SiSilicon
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Si Ringwoodite(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Si Wadsleyite(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
Si JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Si Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
SSulfur
S TroiliteFeS
S IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
CaCalcium
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe Ringwoodite(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Fe Wadsleyite(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
Fe JadeiteNa(Al,Fe3+)Si2O6
Fe IronFe
NiNickel
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
CuCopper
Cu IsocubaniteCuFe2S3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Triassic
201.3 - 237 Ma



ID: 2972393
Upper Chinle Group, Garita Creek through Redonda Formations, undivided

Age: Late Triassic (201.3 - 237 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Chinle Group

Comments: Original map source: Green, G.N., Jones, G.E., and Anderson, O.J., 1997, The Digital Geologic Map of New Mexico in ARC/INFO Format: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-0052, 9 p., scale 1:500,000.

Lithology: Major:{sandstone,mudstone}, Minor:{conglomerate}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3191821
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mason, B. (1963) Olivine in ordinary chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 27(9): 1011-1023. (Sept 1963).
Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Lambert, P. (1982) Difference of Shock Pressure Recorded in Minerals of Shocked Rocks (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XIII: 412-414. (March 1982).
Rubin, A.E. (1994) Contact Metamorphism in Ordinary Chondrite Impact Breccias: Implications for the Impact Heating of Chondrite Parent Bodies (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science XXV:1169-1170.
Brearley, A.J. & Jones, R.H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, JJ - Ed.), Chapter 3: 1-398: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA.
Bland, P.A. & Hough, R.M. (2000) Textures in Metal Inclusions of the L5 Ordinary Chondrite Taiban Viewed Using Electron Backscatter Diffraction and Elemental Mapping: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXI, 1160.pdf. (March 2000).
Grady, M.M (2000). Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge; New York; Oakleigh; Madrid; Cape Town. 689 pages.
Acosta, T.E., Scott, E.R.D. & Sharma, S.K. (2012) Micro-Raman Mapping of Mineral Phases in the Strongly Shocked Taiban Ordinary Chondrite: 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. LPI Contribution No. 1659, id.2725.
Acosta, T.E., Scott, E.R.D., Sharma, S.K. & Misra, A.K. (2012) Micro-Raman of mineral phases in the strongly shocked Taiban ordinary chondrite: ringwoodite coloration. European Planetary Science Congress 2012, held 23-28 September, 2012 in Madrid, Spain. (Sept 2012).
Grady, M.M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Tomioka, N. & Miyahara, M. (2017) High-pressure minerals in shocked meteorites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 52(9): 2017-2039. (Sept 2017).

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