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Höllgraben (Imlau), Pfarrwerfen, Werfen, Salzburg, Austriai
Regional Level Types
Höllgraben (Imlau)- not defined -
Pfarrwerfen- not defined -
Werfen- not defined -
Salzburg- not defined -
AustriaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Höllgraben (Imlau), Pfarrwerfen, Werfen, Salzburg, Österreich
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° North , 13° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~8km
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Höllngraben


A small southwestern branch of the Salzach valley, located just west of Pfarrwerfen. Along the valley, the stream cuts through numerous mineralized veins disseminating greenschists of the Werfen series (so-called Werfen schists). There are four types of veins, exhibiting different mineralizations:

QUARTZ VEINS: Mainly massive quartz, with some crystallized chalcopyrite, breunnerite, barite and lazulite
QUARTZ-BREUNNERITE VEINS: Eutectic mixture of quartz and breunnerite, rarely accompanied by small, poorly formed lazulite crystals. Only the wider veins contain vugs with well crystallized minerals. Wagnerite is rare in this association.
BREUNNERITE VEINS: Mainly massive breunnerite. Vugs in the middle of the veins contain well crystallized specimens. Lazulite is rare, but wagnerite occurs abundantly, the crystals reaching up to 20 cm in length.
BREUNNERITE-GYPSUM VEINS: These veins mainly consist of finely grained, massive gypsum, associated with crystallized anhydrite and aragonite. Breunnerite is present near the contact to the schists. Phosphates do not occur in this association.

In the upper valley, the schists are contacting limestones and dolomites of the Gutenstein formation. In vugs near this contact, large, well formed crystals of gypsum, chalcopyrite and mesitine spar occur. Mineralized clefts in the carbonatites themselves contain fluorite, crystallized carbonates and, rarely, rutile.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

17 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Aragonite var: Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Baryte var: Strontian Baryte
Formula: (Ba,Sr)SO4
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Habit: cubes to 1 cm along the edges
Colour: colourless, pale violet
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Description: found both naturally formed and in slags
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Isokite
Formula: CaMg(PO4)F
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Magnesite var: Breunnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Magnesite var: Mesitine Spar
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Habit: crystals to 4 cm
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Quartz var: Rose Quartz ?
Formula: SiO2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Wagnerite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Type Locality:
Habit: Tabular-prismatic crystals to several cms
Colour: Brownish white
Description: Occurs in quartz veins cutting clay schists.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 847; Canadian Mineralogist (1992): 30: 1161.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz ?4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Flos Ferri5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
var: Breunnerite5.AB.05(Mg,Fe)CO3
var: Mesitine Spar5.AB.05(Mg,Fe)CO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
var: Strontian Baryte7.AD.35(Ba,Sr)SO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Isokite8.BH.10CaMg(PO4)F
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Wagnerite (TL)8.BB.15(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Isokite41.5.6.2CaMg(PO4)F
A2(XO4)Zq
Wagnerite (TL)41.6.2.1(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
var: Flos Ferri-CaCO3
Baryte
var: Strontian Baryte
-(Ba,Sr)SO4
'Chlorite Group'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
Magnesite
var: Breunnerite
-(Mg,Fe)CO3
var: Mesitine Spar-(Mg,Fe)CO3
Quartz
var: Rose Quartz ?
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aragonite (var: Flos Ferri)CaCO3
C Magnesite (var: Breunnerite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Magnesite (var: Mesitine Spar)(Mg,Fe)CO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
OOxygen
O Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Aragonite (var: Flos Ferri)CaCO3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O Magnesite (var: Breunnerite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
O LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
O IsokiteCaMg(PO4)F
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O RutileTiO2
O Magnesite (var: Mesitine Spar)(Mg,Fe)CO3
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O Baryte (var: Strontian Baryte)(Ba,Sr)SO4
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
FFluorine
F Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
F IsokiteCaMg(PO4)F
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Mg Magnesite (var: Breunnerite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
Mg LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Mg IsokiteCaMg(PO4)F
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Magnesite (var: Mesitine Spar)(Mg,Fe)CO3
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
AlAluminium
Al LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
PPhosphorus
P Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
P LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
P IsokiteCaMg(PO4)F
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S Baryte (var: Strontian Baryte)(Ba,Sr)SO4
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Aragonite (var: Flos Ferri)CaCO3
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca IsokiteCaMg(PO4)F
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe Magnesite (var: Breunnerite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Magnesite (var: Mesitine Spar)(Mg,Fe)CO3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
SrStrontium
Sr Baryte (var: Strontian Baryte)(Ba,Sr)SO4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Baryte (var: Strontian Baryte)(Ba,Sr)SO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Meixner, H. (1971): Zur "Salzburg"-Exkursion der Österr.Mineralogischen Gesellschaft Oktober 1971 - 1) Lazulithvorkommen vom Typus Werfen; Der Karinthin 65, 237.
- A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
- Berl, R. (1997): Lazulith in Österreich Teil 2 - Bemerkungen zu einigen Lazulithvorkommen des Landes Salzburg. Der Steirische Mineralog, 9, p.5-10.

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