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Caloris Basin, Mercuryi
Regional Level Types
Caloris BasinBasin
MercuryPlanet

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Locality type:


Smooth volcanic plains. Characterizes in high abundance of K-feldspar (as the Radar bright region C), but has also likely some amphiboles. It is supposed that there is both orthoclase - in a radial dyke system observed by the MESSENGER spacecraft - and sanidine, in rhyolites or other volcanic rocks. The Basin is also rich in high-Ca clinopyroxene, with less abundant OPX.

Reportadly the largest feature on the surface of Mercury.

Co-ordinates for this basin are 30.5°N 189.8°W.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


2 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Sprague, A.L., Donaldson Hanna, K.L., Kozlowski, R.W.H., Helbert, J., Maturilli, A., Warell, J.B., Hora, J.L. (2009): Spectral emissivity measurements of Mercury’s surface indicate Mg- and Ca-rich mineralogy, K-spar, Na-rich plagioclase, rutile, with possible perovskite, and garnet. Planetary and Space Science: 57: 364-383
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Sprague, A.L., Donaldson Hanna, K.L., Kozlowski, R.W.H., Helbert, J., Maturilli, A., Warell, J.B., Hora, J.L. (2009): Spectral emissivity measurements of Mercury’s surface indicate Mg- and Ca-rich mineralogy, K-spar, Na-rich plagioclase, rutile, with possible perovskite, and garnet. Planetary and Space Science: 57: 364-383
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series' ?
Reference: Sprague, A.L., Donaldson Hanna, K.L., Kozlowski, R.W.H., Helbert, J., Maturilli, A., Warell, J.B., Hora, J.L. (2009): Spectral emissivity measurements of Mercury’s surface indicate Mg- and Ca-rich mineralogy, K-spar, Na-rich plagioclase, rutile, with possible perovskite, and garnet. Planetary and Space Science: 57: 364-383
'Hornblende' ?
Reference: Sprague, A.L., Donaldson Hanna, K.L., Kozlowski, R.W.H., Helbert, J., Maturilli, A., Warell, J.B., Hora, J.L. (2009): Spectral emissivity measurements of Mercury’s surface indicate Mg- and Ca-rich mineralogy, K-spar, Na-rich plagioclase, rutile, with possible perovskite, and garnet. Planetary and Space Science: 57: 364-383
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Sprague, A.L., Donaldson Hanna, K.L., Kozlowski, R.W.H., Helbert, J., Maturilli, A., Warell, J.B., Hora, J.L. (2009): Spectral emissivity measurements of Mercury’s surface indicate Mg- and Ca-rich mineralogy, K-spar, Na-rich plagioclase, rutile, with possible perovskite, and garnet. Planetary and Space Science: 57: 364-383
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Sprague, A.L., Donaldson Hanna, K.L., Kozlowski, R.W.H., Helbert, J., Maturilli, A., Warell, J.B., Hora, J.L. (2009): Spectral emissivity measurements of Mercury’s surface indicate Mg- and Ca-rich mineralogy, K-spar, Na-rich plagioclase, rutile, with possible perovskite, and garnet. Planetary and Space Science: 57: 364-383
Pyrope ?
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Sprague, A.L., Donaldson Hanna, K.L., Kozlowski, R.W.H., Helbert, J., Maturilli, A., Warell, J.B., Hora, J.L. (2009): Spectral emissivity measurements of Mercury’s surface indicate Mg- and Ca-rich mineralogy, K-spar, Na-rich plagioclase, rutile, with possible perovskite, and garnet. Planetary and Space Science: 57: 364-383
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Sprague, A.L., Donaldson Hanna, K.L., Kozlowski, R.W.H., Helbert, J., Maturilli, A., Warell, J.B., Hora, J.L. (2009): Spectral emissivity measurements of Mercury’s surface indicate Mg- and Ca-rich mineralogy, K-spar, Na-rich plagioclase, rutile, with possible perovskite, and garnet. Planetary and Space Science: 57: 364-383

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
Pyrope ?9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series' ?-
'Hornblende' ?-
'K Feldspar'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Pyrope ?51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series' ?-
'Hornblende' ?-
'K Feldspar'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

OOxygen
O RutileTiO2
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
MgMagnesium
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
AlAluminium
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Sprague, A.L., Donaldson Hanna, K.L., Kozlowski, R.W.H., Helbert, J., Maturilli, A., Warell, J.B., Hora, J.L. (2009) Spectral emissivity measurements of Mercury’s surface indicate Mg- and Ca-rich mineralogy, K-spar, Na-rich plagioclase, rutile, with possible perovskite, and garnet. Planetary and Space Science, 57, 364-383.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caloris_Planitia
Wikidata ID:Q1027437


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