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Golden Giant Mine, Hemlo gold deposit, Bomby Township, Thunder Bay District, Ontario, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Golden Giant MineMine
Hemlo gold depositDeposit
Bomby TownshipTownship
Thunder Bay DistrictDistrict
OntarioProvince
CanadaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
48° 41' 41'' North , 85° 54' 13'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:


Gold mine owned by Battle Mountain Canada.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


51 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
'Apophyllite'
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Econ Geol (1997) 92:569-577; HARRIS, D.C., ROBERTS, A.C. & CRIDDLE, A.J. (1989): Vaughanite (TlHgSb4S7), a new mineral from the Hemlo gold deposit, Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 53, 79-83.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Econ Geol (1997) 92:569-577; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164; HARRIS, D.C., ROBERTS, A.C. & CRIDDLE, A.J. (1989): Vaughanite (TlHgSb4S7), a new mineral from the Hemlo gold deposit, Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 53, 79-83.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; HARRIS, D.C., ROBERTS, A.C. & CRIDDLE, A.J. (1989): Vaughanite (TlHgSb4S7), a new mineral from the Hemlo gold deposit, Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 53, 79-83.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108
Criddleite (TL)
Formula: TlAg2Au3Sb10S10
Type Locality:
Reference: HARRIS, D.C., ROBERTS, A.C., LAFLAMME, J.H.G. & STANLEY, C.J. (1988): Criddleite, TlAg2Au3Sb10S10, a new gold-bearing mineral from Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 52, 691-697. HARRIS, D.C. (1989): The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada, Economic Geology Report 38.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Econ Geol (1997) 92:569-577; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Econ Geol (1997) 92:569-577; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108
Pääkkönenite
Formula: Sb2AsS2
Reference: HARRIS, D.C., ROBERTS, A.C. & CRIDDLE, A.J. (1989): Vaughanite (TlHgSb4S7), a new mineral from the Hemlo gold deposit, Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 53, 79-83.
Parapierrotite
Formula: TlSb5S8
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Poppiite
Formula: Ca2V3+V3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Reference: PAN, Y. & FLEET, M.E. (1992) Vanadium-rich minerals of the pumpellyite group from the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 30, 153-162.[“vanadoan pumpelleyite” = UM 1992-34 = poppiite]
Pumpellyite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 30, 153
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:569-577; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108; HARRIS, D.C., ROBERTS, A.C. & CRIDDLE, A.J. (1989): Vaughanite (TlHgSb4S7), a new mineral from the Hemlo gold deposit, Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 53, 79-83.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108; HARRIS, D.C., ROBERTS, A.C. & CRIDDLE, A.J. (1989): Vaughanite (TlHgSb4S7), a new mineral from the Hemlo gold deposit, Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 53, 79-83.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108
'Scapolite'
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108
Stibarsen
Formula: AsSb
Reference: HARRIS, D.C., ROBERTS, A.C. & CRIDDLE, A.J. (1989): Vaughanite (TlHgSb4S7), a new mineral from the Hemlo gold deposit, Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 53, 79-83.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Econ Geol (1997) 92:569-577; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Proceedings 30th Intl Geol Cong Vol 16 pp 97-108; HARRIS, D.C., ROBERTS, A.C. & CRIDDLE, A.J. (1989): Vaughanite (TlHgSb4S7), a new mineral from the Hemlo gold deposit, Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 53, 79-83.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756
Tvalchrelidzeite
Formula: Hg3SbAsS3
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:569-577
Vaughanite (TL)
Formula: TlHgSb4S7
Type Locality:
Reference: HARRIS, D.C., ROBERTS, A.C. & CRIDDLE, A.J. (1989): Vaughanite (TlHgSb4S7), a new mineral from the Hemlo gold deposit, Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 53, 79-83. HARRIS, D.C. (1989): The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada, Economic Geology Report 38.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Franklin, J M, Schnieders, B R, Koopman, E R (1991) Mineral Deposits in the western Superior Province, Ontario (Field Trip 9) Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 2164

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Stibarsen1.CA.05AsSb
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Aurostibite2.EB.05aAuSb2
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Criddleite (TL)2.LA.25TlAg2Au3Sb10S10
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Parapierrotite2.HC.05fTlSb5S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Pääkkönenite2.DB.05Sb2AsS2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Tvalchrelidzeite2.GC.45Hg3SbAsS3
Vaughanite (TL)2.LA.20TlHgSb4S7
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Poppiite9.BG.20Ca2V3+V3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Pumpellyite-(Mg)9.BG.20Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Scapolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Stibarsen1.3.1.3AsSb
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Pääkkönenite2.11.5.1Sb2AsS2
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Aurostibite2.12.1.11AuSb2
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
1 < ø < 2
Parapierrotite3.8.14.1TlSb5S8
Tvalchrelidzeite3.8.3.1Hg3SbAsS3
Vaughanite (TL)3.8.15.1TlHgSb4S7
ø = 1
Criddleite (TL)3.9.1.1TlAg2Au3Sb10S10
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pumpellyite-(Mg)58.2.2.7Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Poppiite-Ca2V3+V3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
'Scapolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H PoppiiteCa2V3+V23+(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O RutileTiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O PoppiiteCa2V3+V23+(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
AlAluminium
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si PoppiiteCa2V3+V23+(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10
S VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7
S PyriteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S RealgarAs4S4
S OrpimentAs2S3
S CinnabarHgS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S StibniteSb2S3
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S GudmunditeFeSbS
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8
S TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S PääkköneniteSb2AsS2
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca PoppiiteCa2V3+V23+(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
VVanadium
V PoppiiteCa2V3+V23+(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe GudmunditeFeSbS
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
AsArsenic
As RealgarAs4S4
As OrpimentAs2S3
As ArsenicAs
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3
As PääkköneniteSb2AsS2
As StibarsenAsSb
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10
SbAntimony
Sb CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10
Sb VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7
Sb AurostibiteAuSb2
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb AntimonySb
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Sb GudmunditeFeSbS
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Sb ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8
Sb TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3
Sb PääkköneniteSb2AsS2
Sb StibarsenAsSb
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10
Au AurostibiteAuSb2
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3
TlThallium
Tl CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10
Tl VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7
Tl ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8
PbLead
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Neoarchean : 2678.5 ± 1.2 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Archean
  Neoarchean
ⓘ Zircon2678.5 ± 1.2 Ma

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
HARRIS, D.C. (1989): The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada, Economic Geology Report 38.
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
PAN, Y. & FLEET, M.E. (1992) Vanadium-rich minerals of the pumpellyite group from the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 30, 153-162.
Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756


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