Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Khatyrka meteorite, Listvenitovyi stream, Khatyrka river, Chetkinvaiam tectonic melange, Iomrautvaam Massif, Koryak Upland (Koriak; Koriakskhiye), Kamchatka Krai, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Khatyrka meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Listvenitovyi streamStream
Khatyrka riverRiver
Chetkinvaiam tectonic melange- not defined -
Iomrautvaam MassifMassif
Koryak Upland (Koriak; Koriakskhiye)- not defined -
Kamchatka KraiKrai
RussiaCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Name(s) in local language(s):метеорит Хатырка, Лиственитовый ручей, река Хатырка, Чукотский Автономный Округ (Чукотка), Дальневосточный регион, Россия
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 62° 39' 11'' North , 174° 30' 2'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 62.65306,174.50056
GeoHash:G#: zghh6vekt
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:CV3 chondrite meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:CV3
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


Carbonaceous chondrite (CV3)
Found, 2011; 0.1 g

After 1.5 tons of clay were panned and tiny pieces of a chondrite (7 grains) were found during an expedition to Chukotka in far eastern Russia by scientists from the US, Russia and Italy from July 20 to August 7, 2011. They were in search of icosahedrite which had been discovered there recently. An additional three grains from an earlier 1979 expedition were also later identified as fragments from the same CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. The grains [~1 or < 1 mm in max. dimension] are dark grey with visible silicates and metal. SEM observations of two grains revealed zoned porphyritic chondrules [PO] with forsteritic cores as well as enstatite [sensu strictu] rimmed by Fe-rich olivine. The matrix is porous with composition and minerals (awaruite, diopside, nepheline, pentlandite, CAI spinel, etc.) typical of CV3 (Vigarano-like) chondrites. Very small amounts of localized hematite are present, but most of the meteoritic material is — at most — mildly altered by terrestrial weathering. However, the most remarkable discoveries have been those of new Al-rich minerals and the first recognized natural quasi-crystals.

We note here only the most remarkable of these findings as they are expected to be outdated in the near future. By early January 2017, Khatyrka had become the type location for 8 new Al-rich minerals (listed below). Six of the new minerals have the expected symmetries for minerals (isometric [2], orthorhombic [2], monoclinic [1], tetragonal [1]). They include steinhardite, an aluminum dominated mineral, and hollisterite, a natural Al-Fe alloy. But the two other new minerals are quasicrystals. Icosahedrite was the 1st natural quasicrystal to be recognized (in 2010) as an IMA mineral. Decagonite, with 10-fold symmetry, has now been added to the list. Other mineral species from the meteorite are under review.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Soviet Union (1922-1991)Country (Former)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


37 valid minerals. 9 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Ahrensite
Formula: SiFe2O4
Reference: Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
Aluminium
Formula: Al
Reference: Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Ruzicka, A., Jeffrey N. Grossman, J.N. & Garvie, L. (2014) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 100: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49: E1-E10. (June 2014). [On line]
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Scientific Report 5:9111; Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Scientific Report 5:9111
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Cupalite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Zn)Al
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Decagonite (TL)
Formula: Al71Ni24Fe5
Type Locality:
Reference: Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.; Bindi, L. and Steinhardt, P.J. (2015) Decagonite, IMA 2015-017. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 535; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535; Bindi, L. et al. (2015): Natural quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry. Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 9111 [doi:10.1038/srep09111].
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.; Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Description: Enstatite, sensu strictu, [Fs1Wo1] is interstitial along with adjoining olivine.
Reference: Ruzicka, A., Jeffrey N. Grossman, J.N. & Garvie, L. (2014) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 100: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49: E1-E10. (June 2014). [On line]
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Description: Olivine exists as (sometimes nearly pure) Forsterite (Fa0 to Fa~18) in chondrules and in nearly Fayalitic [Fa48-50] Fe-enriched rims.
Reference: Ruzicka, A., Jeffrey N. Grossman, J.N. & Garvie, L. (2014) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 100: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49: E1-E10. (June 2014). [On line]
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.; Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Scientific Report 5:9111
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Ruzicka, A., Jeffrey N. Grossman, J.N. & Garvie, L. (2014) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 100: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49: E1-E10. (June 2014). [On line]
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Hollisterite (TL)
Formula: Al3Fe
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]; Ma, C., Lin, C., Luca Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2017): Hollisterite (Al3Fe), kryachkoite (Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu), and stolperite (AlCu): Three new minerals from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 102, 690-693
Icosahedrite (TL)
Formula: Al63Cu24Fe13
Type Locality:
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Khatyrkite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Zn)Al2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Kryachkoite (TL)
Formula: (Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu)
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Kryachkoite, IMA 2016-062. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1142; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144; Ma, C., Lin, C., Luca Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2017): Hollisterite (Al3Fe), kryachkoite (Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu), and stolperite (AlCu): Three new minerals from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 102, 690-693
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Scientific Report 5:9111
Naquite
Formula: FeSi
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Scientific Report 5:9111
Proxidecagonite (TL)
Formula: Al34Ni9Fe2
Type Locality:
Reference: Bindi, L. and Steinhard, P.J. (2018) Proxidecagonite, IMA 2018-038. CNMNC Newsletter No. 44, August 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: xxx–xxx.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Steinhardtite (TL)
Formula: Al0.38Ni0.32Fe0.30
Type Locality:
Reference: Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L.S., Poirier, G.R., Andronicos, C.L., MacPherson, G.J., Distler, V.V., Eddy, M.P., Kostin, A., Kryachko, V., Steinhardt, W.M., Yudovskaya, M. (2014): Steinhardtite, a new body-centered-cubic allotropic form of aluminum from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 99 (in press); Bindi, L. et al. (2015): Natural quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry. Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 9111 [doi:10.1038/srep09111].; http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=55600
Stishovite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Stolperite (TL)
Formula: AlCu
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Luca Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2017): Hollisterite (Al3Fe), kryachkoite (Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu), and stolperite (AlCu): Three new minerals from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist: 102:, 690-693.
Suessite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3Si
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Scientific Report 5:9111
Trevorite
Formula: Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Bindi, L. et al. (2015): Natural quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry. Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 9111 [doi:10.1038/srep09111].; Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Scientific Report 5:9111
'UM1985-02-E:AlZn' (FRL)
Formula: (Zn,Cu)Al2
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO 114,90(1985)
'UM1985-03-E:AlZn'
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2Al
Reference: Razin, L.V., Rudashevskiy, N.S., Vyalsov, L.N. (1985): New natural intermetallic compounds of aluminum, copper and zinc - khatyrkite, cupalite, and zinc aluminides: Zapiski Vses. Mineralog. Obshch (1985): 114, 90-100; in: Hawthorne, F.C., Fleischer, M., Grew, E.S., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J.A. (1986): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 71: 1278
'Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy)'
Formula: AlCuFe
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011): Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
'Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy II)'
Formula: Al78Cu15Fe5
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Xifengite
Formula: Fe5Si3
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Aluminium1.AA.05Al
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Cupalite (TL)1.AA.20(Cu,Zn)Al
Decagonite (TL)1.AH.Al71Ni24Fe5
Iron1.AE.05Fe
Khatyrkite (TL)1.AA.15(Cu,Zn)Al2
Naquite1.BB.15FeSi
Nickel1.AA.05Ni
Suessite1.BB.05(Fe,Ni)3Si
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
'UM1985-02-E:AlZn' (TL)1.AA.15(Zn,Cu)Al2
Xifengite1.BB.40Fe5Si3
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Coesite4.DA.35SiO2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Stishovite4.DA.40SiO2
Trevorite4.BB.05Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - Silicates
Ahrensite9.AC.SiFe2O4
Clinoenstatite9.DA.10MgSiO3
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Hollisterite (TL)-Al3Fe
Icosahedrite (TL)-Al63Cu24Fe13
Kryachkoite (TL)-(Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu)
Proxidecagonite (TL)-Al34Ni9Fe2
Steinhardtite (TL)-Al0.38Ni0.32Fe0.30
Stolperite (TL)-AlCu
'UM1985-03-E:AlZn'-(Zn,Cu)2Al
'Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy II)'-Al78Cu15Fe5
'Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy)'-AlCuFe

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Aluminium1.1.1.5Al
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Cupalite (TL)1.1.15.1(Cu,Zn)Al
Khatyrkite (TL)1.1.15.2(Cu,Zn)Al2
Naquite1.1.33.2FeSi
Nickel1.1.11.5Ni
Suessite1.1.23.1(Fe,Ni)3Si
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
'UM1985-02-E:AlZn' (FRL)1.1.23.3(Zn,Cu)Al2
Xifengite1.1.23.3Fe5Si3
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Stishovite4.4.1.9SiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Trevorite7.2.2.5Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Coesite75.1.4.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Ahrensite-SiFe2O4
Decagonite (TL)-Al71Ni24Fe5
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Hollisterite (TL)-Al3Fe
Icosahedrite (TL)-Al63Cu24Fe13
Iron-Fe
Kryachkoite (TL)-(Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu)
Proxidecagonite (TL)-Al34Ni9Fe2
Steinhardtite (TL)-Al0.38Ni0.32Fe0.30
Stolperite (TL)-AlCu
'UM1985-03-E:AlZn'-(Zn,Cu)2Al
'Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy II)'-Al78Cu15Fe5
'Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy)'-AlCuFe

List of minerals for each chemical element

OOxygen
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O CorundumAl2O3
O StishoviteSiO2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
O CoesiteSiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
O AhrensiteSiFe2O4
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O HematiteFe2O3
NaSodium
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
MgMagnesium
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
AlAluminium
Al Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
Al Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
Al UM1985-02-E:AlZn(Zn,Cu)Al2
Al IcosahedriteAl63Cu24Fe13
Al SteinhardtiteAl0.38Ni0.32Fe0.30
Al DecagoniteAl71Ni24Fe5
Al StolperiteAlCu
Al HollisteriteAl3Fe
Al Kryachkoite(Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu)
Al ProxidecagoniteAl34Ni9Fe2
Al Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy)AlCuFe
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al AluminiumAl
Al UM1985-03-E:AlZn(Zn,Cu)2Al
Al Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy II)Al78Cu15Fe5
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
SiSilicon
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si StishoviteSiO2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si CoesiteSiO2
Si ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Si AhrensiteSiFe2O4
Si NaquiteFeSi
Si XifengiteFe5Si3
Si Suessite(Fe,Ni)3Si
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
SSulfur
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S TroiliteFeS
ClChlorine
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
CaCalcium
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe IcosahedriteAl63Cu24Fe13
Fe SteinhardtiteAl0.38Ni0.32Fe0.30
Fe DecagoniteAl71Ni24Fe5
Fe HollisteriteAl3Fe
Fe Kryachkoite(Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu)
Fe ProxidecagoniteAl34Ni9Fe2
Fe Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy)AlCuFe
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe AhrensiteSiFe2O4
Fe NaquiteFeSi
Fe Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy II)Al78Cu15Fe5
Fe XifengiteFe5Si3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IronFe
Fe Suessite(Fe,Ni)3Si
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
NiNickel
Ni SteinhardtiteAl0.38Ni0.32Fe0.30
Ni DecagoniteAl71Ni24Fe5
Ni ProxidecagoniteAl34Ni9Fe2
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni NickelNi
Ni Suessite(Fe,Ni)3Si
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
CuCopper
Cu Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
Cu Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
Cu UM1985-02-E:AlZn(Zn,Cu)Al2
Cu IcosahedriteAl63Cu24Fe13
Cu StolperiteAlCu
Cu Kryachkoite(Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu)
Cu Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy)AlCuFe
Cu UM1985-03-E:AlZn(Zn,Cu)2Al
Cu Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy II)Al78Cu15Fe5
Cu CopperCu
ZnZinc
Zn Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
Zn Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
Zn UM1985-02-E:AlZn(Zn,Cu)Al2
Zn UM1985-03-E:AlZn(Zn,Cu)2Al

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Cretaceous - Early Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 640637
Sedimentary; Sedimentary: undivided

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Description: Okhotsk, Bering Sea, Pacific Alaska, Koryak-west Kamchatka fold belt, central Kamchatka volcanic belt

Comments: Orogen, magmatic arc/suite; Petrov et al., unpublished compilation, 2007-08

Lithology: Sandstone, siltstone, shale, limestone;

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3186152
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Razin, L.V., Rudashevskij, N.S., and Vyalsov, L.N. (1985) New natural intermetallic compounds of aluminium, copper and zinc—khatyrkite CuAl2, cupalite, CuAl and zinc aluminides—from hyperbasites of dunite-harzburgite formation. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 114: 90–100 (in Russian).
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.
Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist: 96: 928-931.
Ruzicka, A., Jeffrey N. Grossman, J.N. & Garvie, L. (2014) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 100: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49: E1-E10. (June 2014). [On line]
Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L.S., Poirier, G.R., Andronicos, C.L., MacPherson, G.J., Distler, V.V., Eddy, M.P., Kostin, A., Kryachko, V., Steinhardt, W.M., Yudovskaya, M. (2014) Steinhardtite, a new body-centered-cubic allotropic form of aluminum from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist: 99: 2433–2436.
Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P. J. (2014) The quest for forbidden crystals. Mineralogical Magazine: 78(2): 467-482.
Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L.S., Andronicos, C.L., Distler, V.V., Eddy, M.V., Kostin, A., Kryachko, V., MacPherson, G.J., Steinhardt, W.M., Yudovskay, M., Steinhardt, P.J. (2015) Natural quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry. Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 9111 [doi:10.1038/srep09111].
Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L.S., Andronicos, C.L., Distler, V.V., Eddy, M.V., Kostin, A., Kryachko, V., MacPherson, G.J., Steinhardt, W.M., Yudovskay, M., Steinhardt, P.J. (2015) Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist: 100(10): 2340-2343.
Ivanova, M.A., Lorenz, C.A., Borisovskiy, S.E., Burmistrov, A.A., Korost, D.V., Korochantsev, A.V., Logunov, M.N., Shornikov, S.I., Petaev, M.I. (2017) Composition and origin of holotype Al-Cu-Zn minerals in relation to quasicrystals in the Khatyrka meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science: 52(5): 869-883. doi: 10.1111/maps.12839
Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2017) Hollisterite (Al3Fe), kryachkoite (Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu), and stolperite (AlCu): Three new minerals from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist: 102: 690-693.

External Links



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: March 24, 2019 21:34:11 Page generated: January 18, 2019 16:48:24
Go to top of page