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Khatyrka meteorite, Listvenitovyi stream, Khatyrka river, Chetkinvaiam tectonic melange, Iomrautvaam Massif, Koryak Upland (Koriak; Koriakskhiye), Kamchatka Krai, Russia

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Name(s) in local language(s):метеорит Хатырка, Лиственитовый ручей, река Хатырка, Чукотский Автономный Округ (Чукотка), Дальневосточный регион, Россия
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 62° 39' 11'' North , 174° 30' 2'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 62.65306,174.50056
GeoHash:G#: zghh6vekt
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:CV3 chondrite meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:CV3
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


Carbonaceous chondrite (CV3)
Found, 2011; 0.1 g

After 1.5 tons of clay were panned and tiny pieces of a chondrite (7 grains) were found during an expedition to Chukotka in far eastern Russia by scientists from the US, Russia and Italy from July 20 to August 7, 2011. They were in search of icosahedrite which had been discovered there recently. An additional three grains from an earlier 1979 expedition were also later identified as fragments from the same CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. The grains [~1 or < 1 mm in max. dimension] are dark grey with visible silicates and metal. SEM observations of two grains revealed zoned porphyritic chondrules [PO] with forsteritic cores as well as enstatite [sensu strictu] rimmed by Fe-rich olivine. The matrix is porous with composition and minerals (awaruite, diopside, nepheline, pentlandite, CAI spinel, etc.) typical of CV3 (Vigarano-like) chondrites. Very small amounts of localized hematite are present, but most of the meteoritic material is — at most — mildly altered by terrestrial weathering. However, the most remarkable discoveries have been those of new Al-rich minerals and the first recognized natural quasi-crystals.

We note here only the most remarkable of these findings as they are expected to be outdated in the near future. By early January 2017, Khatyrka had become the type location for 8 new Al-rich minerals (listed below). Six of the new minerals have the expected symmetries for minerals (isometric [2], orthorhombic [2], monoclinic [1], tetragonal [1]). They include steinhardite, an aluminum dominated mineral, and hollisterite, a natural Al-Fe alloy. But the two other new minerals are quasicrystals. Icosahedrite was the 1st natural quasicrystal to be recognized (in 2010) as an IMA mineral. Decagonite, with 10-fold symmetry, has now been added to the list. Other mineral species from the meteorite are under review.

Regions containing this locality

Soviet Union (1922-1991)

Country (Former) - 3,770 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


37 valid minerals. 9 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Ahrensite
Formula: SiFe2O4
Reference: Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
Aluminium
Formula: Al
Reference: Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Ruzicka, A., Jeffrey N. Grossman, J.N. & Garvie, L. (2014) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 100: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49: E1-E10. (June 2014). [On line]
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Scientific Report 5:9111; Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Scientific Report 5:9111
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Cupalite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Zn)Al
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
'CV3 chondrite meteorite'
Reference: Meteoritical Society Database
Decagonite (TL)
Formula: Al71Ni24Fe5
Type Locality:
Reference: Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.; Bindi, L. and Steinhardt, P.J. (2015) Decagonite, IMA 2015-017. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 535; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535; Bindi, L. et al. (2015): Natural quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry. Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 9111 [doi:10.1038/srep09111].
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.; Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Description: Enstatite, sensu strictu, [Fs1Wo1] is interstitial along with adjoining olivine.
Reference: Ruzicka, A., Jeffrey N. Grossman, J.N. & Garvie, L. (2014) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 100: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49: E1-E10. (June 2014). [On line]
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Description: Olivine exists as (sometimes nearly pure) Forsterite (Fa0 to Fa~18) in chondrules and in nearly Fayalitic [Fa48-50] Fe-enriched rims.
Reference: Ruzicka, A., Jeffrey N. Grossman, J.N. & Garvie, L. (2014) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 100: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49: E1-E10. (June 2014). [On line]
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.; Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Scientific Report 5:9111
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Ruzicka, A., Jeffrey N. Grossman, J.N. & Garvie, L. (2014) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 100: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49: E1-E10. (June 2014). [On line]
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Hollisterite (TL)
Formula: Al3Fe
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]; Ma, C., Lin, C., Luca Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2017): Hollisterite (Al3Fe), kryachkoite (Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu), and stolperite (AlCu): Three new minerals from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 102, 690-693
Icosahedrite (TL)
Formula: Al63Cu24Fe13
Type Locality:
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Khatyrkite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Zn)Al2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Kryachkoite (TL)
Formula: (Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu)
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Kryachkoite, IMA 2016-062. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1142; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144; Ma, C., Lin, C., Luca Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2017): Hollisterite (Al3Fe), kryachkoite (Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu), and stolperite (AlCu): Three new minerals from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 102, 690-693
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Scientific Report 5:9111
Naquite
Formula: FeSi
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Scientific Report 5:9111
Proxidecagonite (TL)
Formula: Al34Ni9Fe2
Type Locality:
Reference: Bindi, L. and Steinhard, P.J. (2018) Proxidecagonite, IMA 2018-038. CNMNC Newsletter No. 44, August 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: xxx–xxx.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Steinhardtite (TL)
Formula: Al0.38Ni0.32Fe0.30
Type Locality:
Reference: Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L.S., Poirier, G.R., Andronicos, C.L., MacPherson, G.J., Distler, V.V., Eddy, M.P., Kostin, A., Kryachko, V., Steinhardt, W.M., Yudovskaya, M. (2014): Steinhardtite, a new body-centered-cubic allotropic form of aluminum from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 99 (in press); Bindi, L. et al. (2015): Natural quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry. Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 9111 [doi:10.1038/srep09111].; http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=55600
Stishovite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
Stolperite (TL)
Formula: AlCu
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Luca Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2017): Hollisterite (Al3Fe), kryachkoite (Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu), and stolperite (AlCu): Three new minerals from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist: 102:, 690-693.
Suessite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3Si
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Scientific Report 5:9111
Trevorite
Formula: Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Bindi, L. et al. (2015): Natural quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry. Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 9111 [doi:10.1038/srep09111].; Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L. S., Andronicos, C. L., Distler, V. V., ... & Steinhardt, W. M. (2015). Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist, 100(10), 2340-2343.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Scientific Report 5:9111
'UM1985-02-E:AlZn' (FRL)
Formula: (Zn,Cu)Al2
Type Locality:
Reference: ZVMO 114,90(1985)
'UM1985-03-E:AlZn'
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2Al
Reference: Razin, L.V., Rudashevskiy, N.S., Vyalsov, L.N. (1985): New natural intermetallic compounds of aluminum, copper and zinc - khatyrkite, cupalite, and zinc aluminides: Zapiski Vses. Mineralog. Obshch (1985): 114, 90-100; in: Hawthorne, F.C., Fleischer, M., Grew, E.S., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J.A. (1986): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 71: 1278
'Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy)'
Formula: AlCuFe
Reference: Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011): Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist, 96, 928-931.
'Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy II)'
Formula: Al78Cu15Fe5
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Xifengite
Formula: Fe5Si3
Reference: Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Aluminium'1.AA.05Al
'Awaruite'1.AE.20Ni3Fe
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
'Cupalite' (TL)1.AA.20(Cu,Zn)Al
'Decagonite' (TL)1.AH.Al71Ni24Fe5
'Iron'1.AE.05Fe
'Khatyrkite' (TL)1.AA.15(Cu,Zn)Al2
'Naquite'1.BB.15FeSi
'Nickel'1.AA.05Ni
'Suessite'1.BB.05(Fe,Ni)3Si
'Taenite'1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
'UM1985-02-E:AlZn' (TL)1.AA.15(Zn,Cu)Al2
'Xifengite'1.BB.40Fe5Si3
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Pentlandite'2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
'Troilite'2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Chromite'4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Coesite'4.DA.35SiO2
'Corundum'4.CB.05Al2O3
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Hercynite'4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Spinel'4.BB.05MgAl2O4
'Stishovite'4.DA.40SiO2
'Trevorite'4.BB.05Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - Silicates
'Ahrensite'9.AC.SiFe2O4
'Clinoenstatite'9.DA.10MgSiO3
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Enstatite'9.DA.05MgSiO3
'Forsterite'9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
'Hedenbergite'9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
'Nepheline'9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
'Sodalite'9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'CV3 chondrite meteorite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Hollisterite' (TL)-Al3Fe
'Icosahedrite' (TL)-Al63Cu24Fe13
'Kryachkoite' (TL)-(Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu)
'Proxidecagonite' (TL)-Al34Ni9Fe2
'Steinhardtite' (TL)-Al0.38Ni0.32Fe0.30
'Stolperite' (TL)-AlCu
'UM1985-03-E:AlZn'-(Zn,Cu)2Al
'Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy II)'-Al78Cu15Fe5
'Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy)'-AlCuFe

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Aluminium1.1.1.5Al
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Cupalite (TL)1.1.15.1(Cu,Zn)Al
Khatyrkite (TL)1.1.15.2(Cu,Zn)Al2
Naquite1.1.33.2FeSi
Nickel1.1.11.5Ni
Suessite1.1.23.1(Fe,Ni)3Si
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
'UM1985-02-E:AlZn' (FRL)1.1.23.3(Zn,Cu)Al2
Xifengite1.1.23.3Fe5Si3
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Stishovite4.4.1.9SiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Trevorite7.2.2.5Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Coesite75.1.4.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Ahrensite-SiFe2O4
'CV3 chondrite meteorite'-
Decagonite (TL)-Al71Ni24Fe5
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Hollisterite (TL)-Al3Fe
Icosahedrite (TL)-Al63Cu24Fe13
Iron-Fe
Kryachkoite (TL)-(Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu)
Proxidecagonite (TL)-Al34Ni9Fe2
Steinhardtite (TL)-Al0.38Ni0.32Fe0.30
Stolperite (TL)-AlCu
'UM1985-03-E:AlZn'-(Zn,Cu)2Al
'Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy II)'-Al78Cu15Fe5
'Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy)'-AlCuFe

List of minerals for each chemical element

OOxygen
O AhrensiteSiFe2O4
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
O CoesiteSiO2
O CorundumAl2O3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O HematiteFe2O3
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O StishoviteSiO2
O TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
NaSodium
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al AluminiumAl
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
Al DecagoniteAl71Ni24Fe5
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al HollisteriteAl3Fe
Al IcosahedriteAl63Cu24Fe13
Al Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
Al Kryachkoite(Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu)
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al ProxidecagoniteAl34Ni9Fe2
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al SteinhardtiteAl0.38Ni0.32Fe0.30
Al StolperiteAlCu
Al UM1985-02-E:AlZn(Zn,Cu)Al2
Al UM1985-03-E:AlZn(Zn,Cu)2Al
Al Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy)AlCuFe
Al Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy II)Al78Cu15Fe5
SiSilicon
Si AhrensiteSiFe2O4
Si ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Si CoesiteSiO2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si NaquiteFeSi
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si StishoviteSiO2
Si Suessite(Fe,Ni)3Si
Si XifengiteFe5Si3
SSulfur
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S TroiliteFeS
ClChlorine
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
CaCalcium
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe AhrensiteSiFe2O4
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe DecagoniteAl71Ni24Fe5
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe HollisteriteAl3Fe
Fe IcosahedriteAl63Cu24Fe13
Fe IronFe
Fe Kryachkoite(Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe NaquiteFeSi
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe ProxidecagoniteAl34Ni9Fe2
Fe SteinhardtiteAl0.38Ni0.32Fe0.30
Fe Suessite(Fe,Ni)3Si
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy)AlCuFe
Fe Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy II)Al78Cu15Fe5
Fe XifengiteFe5Si3
NiNickel
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
Ni DecagoniteAl71Ni24Fe5
Ni NickelNi
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni ProxidecagoniteAl34Ni9Fe2
Ni SteinhardtiteAl0.38Ni0.32Fe0.30
Ni Suessite(Fe,Ni)3Si
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
Cu Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
Cu IcosahedriteAl63Cu24Fe13
Cu Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
Cu Kryachkoite(Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu)
Cu StolperiteAlCu
Cu UM1985-02-E:AlZn(Zn,Cu)Al2
Cu UM1985-03-E:AlZn(Zn,Cu)2Al
Cu Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy)AlCuFe
Cu Unnamed (Al-Cu-Fe Alloy II)Al78Cu15Fe5
ZnZinc
Zn Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
Zn Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
Zn UM1985-02-E:AlZn(Zn,Cu)Al2
Zn UM1985-03-E:AlZn(Zn,Cu)2Al

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Cretaceous - Early Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 640637
Sedimentary; Sedimentary: undivided

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Description: Okhotsk, Bering Sea, Pacific Alaska, Koryak-west Kamchatka fold belt, central Kamchatka volcanic belt

Comments: Orogen, magmatic arc/suite; Petrov et al., unpublished compilation, 2007-08

Lithology: Sandstone, siltstone, shale, limestone;

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3186152
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Razin, L.V., Rudashevskij, N.S., and Vyalsov, L.N. (1985) New natural intermetallic compounds of aluminium, copper and zinc—khatyrkite CuAl2, cupalite, CuAl and zinc aluminides—from hyperbasites of dunite-harzburgite formation. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 114: 90–100 (in Russian).
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.
Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J., Yao, N., Lu, P.J. (2011) Icosahedrite, Al63Cu24Fe13, the first natural quasicrystal. American Mineralogist: 96: 928-931.
Ruzicka, A., Jeffrey N. Grossman, J.N. & Garvie, L. (2014) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 100: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49: E1-E10. (June 2014). [On line]
Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L.S., Poirier, G.R., Andronicos, C.L., MacPherson, G.J., Distler, V.V., Eddy, M.P., Kostin, A., Kryachko, V., Steinhardt, W.M., Yudovskaya, M. (2014) Steinhardtite, a new body-centered-cubic allotropic form of aluminum from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist: 99: 2433–2436.
Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P. J. (2014) The quest for forbidden crystals. Mineralogical Magazine: 78(2): 467-482.
Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L.S., Andronicos, C.L., Distler, V.V., Eddy, M.V., Kostin, A., Kryachko, V., MacPherson, G.J., Steinhardt, W.M., Yudovskay, M., Steinhardt, P.J. (2015) Natural quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry. Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 9111 [doi:10.1038/srep09111].
Bindi, L., Yao, N., Lin, C., Hollister, L.S., Andronicos, C.L., Distler, V.V., Eddy, M.V., Kostin, A., Kryachko, V., MacPherson, G.J., Steinhardt, W.M., Yudovskay, M., Steinhardt, P.J. (2015) Decagonite, Al71Ni24Fe5, a quasicrystal with decagonal symmetry from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist: 100(10): 2340-2343.
Ivanova, M.A., Lorenz, C.A., Borisovskiy, S.E., Burmistrov, A.A., Korost, D.V., Korochantsev, A.V., Logunov, M.N., Shornikov, S.I., Petaev, M.I. (2017) Composition and origin of holotype Al-Cu-Zn minerals in relation to quasicrystals in the Khatyrka meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science: 52(5): 869-883. doi: 10.1111/maps.12839
Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2017) Hollisterite (Al3Fe), kryachkoite (Al,Cu)6(Fe,Cu), and stolperite (AlCu): Three new minerals from the Khatyrka CV3 carbonaceous chondrite. American Mineralogist: 102: 690-693.

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