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Furnace Creek Mining District (Furnace Creek Borate Mining District), Inyo Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Furnace Creek Mining District (Furnace Creek Borate Mining District)Mining District
Inyo Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
36° 22' 19'' North , 116° 46' 0'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Death Valley Area Borate deposits; Ryan area


A borate mining area discovered in 1882 by R. Neuschwander.

Local rocks include Tertiary volcanic flow rocks, unit 16 (Northern Mojave Desert).

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Death Valley National Park, California/Nevada, USANational Park

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

38 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
Aristarainite
Formula: Na2MgB12O20 · 8H2O
Reference: Am Min 64:3-4 pp 369-375; Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and G.D. Eberlein (1979) New data on hungchaoite, the second world occurrence, Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 64: 369-375.
Borax
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 340.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Carboborite
Formula: Ca2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
Description: Occurs as efflorescences after evaporation of mine seepages.
Reference: McAllister, James Franklin (1970) Geology of the Furnace Creek borate area, Death Valley, Inyo County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology Map Sheet 14, 9 pp.: 9; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 243.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Clays'
Colemanite (TL)
Formula: Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 352; Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and A.C. Vlisidis (1970) Wardsmithite 5CaO • MgO •12B2O3 •30H2O, a new borate mineral from the Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 55: 351; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 290.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Datolite var: Bakerite (FRL)
Formula: Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
Reference: www.mineralsocal.org; Mineralogical Magazine 1903 13 : 353-355.
Ginorite
Formula: Ca2B14O20(OH)6 · 5H2O
Gowerite (TL)
Formula: Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister & H. Almond (1959), Gowerite, a new hydrous calcium borate from Death Valley, California: American Mineralogist: 44: 911-919; Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and A.C. Vlisidis (1970) Wardsmithite 5CaO • MgO •12B2O3 •30H2O, a new borate mineral from the Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 55: 349-357.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: McAllister, James Franklin (1961), Sborgite in the Furnace Creek area, California: USGS PP 424-B, Article 129: 300-301; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 259, 280.
Howlite
Formula: Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
Hungchaoite
Formula: Mg(B4O7) · 9H2O
Hydroboracite
Formula: CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Localities:
Inderite
Formula: MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Description: Produced by weathering of near-surface colemanite and priceite veins.
Reference: Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and A.C. Vlisidis (1970) Wardsmithite 5CaO • MgO •12B2O3 •30H2O, a new borate mineral from the Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 55: 349-357; Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and G.D. Eberlein (1979) New data on hungchaoite, the second world occurrence, Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 64: 369-375; Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols.
Inyoite
Formula: Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Korbel & Novak, 1999. Min.Encylopaedia, p.132.
Kurnakovite
Formula: MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Description: Occurs with other fine-grained borates. Produced by weathering of near-surface colemanite and priceite veins.
Reference: Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and A.C. Vlisidis (1970) Wardsmithite 5CaO • MgO •12B2O3 •30H2O, a new borate mineral from the Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 55: 349-357; Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and G.D. Eberlein (1979) New data on hungchaoite, the second world occurrence, Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 64: 369-375; www.mineralsocal.org.
Mcallisterite (TL)
Formula: Mg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2O
Colour: White
Description: Occurs as a minor constituent of efflorescence layer of fine-grained borates near weathered outcrops of colemanite and priceite. Small pellets 1 to 2 mm diameter.
Reference: Schaller, Waldemar Theodore, et al (1965), American Mineralogist: 65: 629-640; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 240.
Meyerhofferite
Formula: Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Am Min 64:3-4 pp 369-375; Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and G.D. Eberlein (1979) New data on hungchaoite, the second world occurrence, Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 64: 369-375.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nobleite (TL)
Formula: CaB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister & A.C. Vlisidis (1961), Nobleite, another new hydrous calcium borate from the Death Valley region, California: American Mineralogist: 46: 560-571.
Priceite
Formula: Ca2B5O7(OH)5 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Probertite
Formula: NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Rivadavite
Formula: Na6Mg[B6O7(OH)6]4 · 10H2O
Description: Occurs with other efforescent borate minerals on weathered veins of colemanite-priceite in altered Furnace Creek Formation rocks.
Reference: American Mineralogist: 55: 349-357; Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and G.D. Eberlein (1979) New data on hungchaoite, the second world occurrence, Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 64: 369-375; www.mineralsocal.org.
Sassolite
Formula: H3BO3
Sborgite
Formula: Na[B5O6(OH)4] · 3H2O
Reference: McAllister, James Franklin (1961), Sborgite in the Furnace Creek area, California: USGS PP 424-B, Article 129: 300-301
Stilpnomelane ?
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Description: Possibly celadonite or chlorite per p.c. of Foshag to Murdoch & Webb (1983).
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 352.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Tincalconite
Formula: Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Description: Occurs as an alteration product of borax efflorescences.
Reference: McAllister, James Franklin (1970) Geology of the Furnace Creek borate area, Death Valley, Inyo County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology Map Sheet 14, 9 pp.: 9; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 238.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tunellite
Formula: SrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Description: Small, well-formed crystals.
Reference: Collected it in the mine-Rock Currier; Erd, R.C., V. Morgan & J.R. Clark (1961), Tunellite, a new hydrous strontium borate from the Kramer borate district, California: USGS PP 424-C, article No. 255: C294-C297; McAllister, James Franklin (1970) Geology of the Furnace Creek borate area, Death Valley, Inyo County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology Map Sheet 14, 9 pp.: 8; Minette, J.W. and Wilber, D.P. (1973) Hydroboracite from the Thompson mine, Deathe Valley. Mineralogical Record: 4: 21-23.
Ulexite
Formula: NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Reference: Am Min 64:3-4 pp 369-375; American Mineralogist: 55: 349-357
Veatchite
Formula: Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 27: 35-40.
'Veatchite-1M'
Formula: Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey Photographic Library - http://libraryphoto.cr.usgs.gov/cgi-bin/show_picture.cgi?ID=ID.%20BYU%20Mineral%20Specimens%20837
Wardsmithite (TL)
Formula: Ca5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
Description: Occurs as a weathering product of colemanite-priceite veins. Fine-grained, soft clots up to0 75 microns diameter; less complex single crystals to 15 microns diameter and 2 micorns thick.
Reference: Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and A.C. Vlisidis (1970) Wardsmithite 5CaO • MgO •12B2O3 •30H2O, a new borate mineral from the Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 55: 349-357; www.mineralsocal.org.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Thermonatrite5.CB.05Na2CO3 · H2O
Group 6 - Borates
Aristarainite6.FB.05Na2MgB12O20 · 8H2O
Borax6.DA.10Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Carboborite6.AC.50Ca2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
Colemanite (TL)6.CB.10Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Ginorite6.FC.15Ca2B14O20(OH)6 · 5H2O
Gowerite (TL)6.EC.10Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Howlite6.CB.20Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5
Hungchaoite6.DA.20Mg(B4O7) · 9H2O
Hydroboracite6.CB.15CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Inderite6.CA.15MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Inyoite6.CA.35Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Kurnakovite6.CA.20MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Mcallisterite (TL)6.FA.10Mg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2O
Meyerhofferite6.CA.30Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Nobleite (TL)6.FC.05CaB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Priceite6.EB.25Ca2B5O7(OH)5 · H2O
Probertite6.EB.15NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Rivadavite6.FA.20Na6Mg[B6O7(OH)6]4 · 10H2O
Sassolite6.AA.05H3BO3
Sborgite6.EA.05Na[B5O6(OH)4] · 3H2O
Tincalconite6.DA.15Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Tunellite6.FC.05SrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Ulexite6.EA.25NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Veatchite6.EC.15Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Wardsmithite (TL)6.H0.25Ca5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
var: Bakerite (TL)9.AJ.20Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Stilpnomelane ?9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Clays'-
'Veatchite-1M'-Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Thermonatrite15.1.1.1Na2CO3 · H2O
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
AmBn[XO3]p
Sassolite24.3.1.1H3BO3
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Howlite25.3.5.1Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5
Pentaborates
Priceite25.5.1.1Ca2B5O7(OH)5 · H2O
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Colemanite (TL)26.3.5.1Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Hydroboracite26.3.6.1CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Inderite26.3.1.3MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Inyoite26.3.1.1Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Kurnakovite26.3.3.1MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Meyerhofferite26.3.2.1Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Tetraborates
Borax26.4.1.1Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Hungchaoite26.4.3.1Mg(B4O7) · 9H2O
Tincalconite26.4.2.1Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Pentaborates
Gowerite (TL)26.5.8.1Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Probertite26.5.12.1NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Sborgite26.5.1.1Na[B5O6(OH)4] · 3H2O
Ulexite26.5.11.1NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Veatchite26.5.9.1Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Hexaborates
Aristarainite26.6.5.1Na2MgB12O20 · 8H2O
Ginorite26.6.7.1Ca2B14O20(OH)6 · 5H2O
Mcallisterite (TL)26.6.2.1Mg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2O
Nobleite (TL)26.6.6.1CaB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Rivadavite26.6.1.1Na6Mg[B6O7(OH)6]4 · 10H2O
Tunellite26.6.6.2SrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Wardsmithite (TL)26.7.7.1Ca5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
Group 27 - COMPOUND BORATES
Miscellaneous
Carboborite27.1.1.1Ca2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
var: Bakerite (FRL)54.2.1b.1Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane ?74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Clays'-
'Veatchite-1M'-Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H NobleiteCaB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
H Datolite (var: Bakerite)Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
H GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
H WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
H ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
H McallisteriteMg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
H ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
H VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
H PriceiteCa2B5O7(OH)5 · H2O
H GinoriteCa2B14O20(OH)6 · 5H2O
H HungchaoiteMg(B4O7) · 9H2O
H InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
H KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
H SborgiteNa[B5O6(OH)4] · 3H2O
H UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
H RivadaviteNa6Mg[B6O7(OH)6]4 · 10H2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
H SassoliteH3BO3
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H AristarainiteNa2MgB12O20 · 8H2O
H Veatchite-1MSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
H BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
H MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
H HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
H TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
H TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
H CarboboriteCa2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
H ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
BBoron
B NobleiteCaB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
B Datolite (var: Bakerite)Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
B GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
B WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
B ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
B McallisteriteMg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2O
B HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
B ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
B VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
B PriceiteCa2B5O7(OH)5 · H2O
B GinoriteCa2B14O20(OH)6 · 5H2O
B HungchaoiteMg(B4O7) · 9H2O
B InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
B KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
B SborgiteNa[B5O6(OH)4] · 3H2O
B UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
B RivadaviteNa6Mg[B6O7(OH)6]4 · 10H2O
B InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
B SassoliteH3BO3
B AristarainiteNa2MgB12O20 · 8H2O
B Veatchite-1MSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
B BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
B MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
B HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
B TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
B TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
B CarboboriteCa2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CarboboriteCa2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
C ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
OOxygen
O NobleiteCaB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
O Datolite (var: Bakerite)Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
O GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
O WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
O ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
O McallisteriteMg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O CelestineSrSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
O ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
O PriceiteCa2B5O7(OH)5 · H2O
O GinoriteCa2B14O20(OH)6 · 5H2O
O HungchaoiteMg(B4O7) · 9H2O
O InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
O KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
O SborgiteNa[B5O6(OH)4] · 3H2O
O UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
O RivadaviteNa6Mg[B6O7(OH)6]4 · 10H2O
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
O SassoliteH3BO3
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O AristarainiteNa2MgB12O20 · 8H2O
O Veatchite-1MSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
O MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
O HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
O TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
O TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
O CarboboriteCa2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
O ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
NaSodium
Na ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Na SborgiteNa[B5O6(OH)4] · 3H2O
Na UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Na RivadaviteNa6Mg[B6O7(OH)6]4 · 10H2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na AristarainiteNa2MgB12O20 · 8H2O
Na BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Na TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
Mg McallisteriteMg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2O
Mg HungchaoiteMg(B4O7) · 9H2O
Mg InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Mg KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Mg RivadaviteNa6Mg[B6O7(OH)6]4 · 10H2O
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg AristarainiteNa2MgB12O20 · 8H2O
Mg HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Mg CarboboriteCa2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si Datolite (var: Bakerite)Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
Si HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S CelestineSrSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
CaCalcium
Ca NobleiteCaB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Ca Datolite (var: Bakerite)Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
Ca GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Ca WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
Ca ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
Ca ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Ca PriceiteCa2B5O7(OH)5 · H2O
Ca GinoriteCa2B14O20(OH)6 · 5H2O
Ca UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Ca HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Ca CarboboriteCa2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
MnManganese
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
FeIron
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Sr Veatchite-1MSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Sr TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
BaBarium
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Keyes, C.R. (1909), American Borax Deposits, Engineering & Mining Journal: 88: 826-827.
Foshag, William Frederick (1924a), Famous mineral localities: Furnace Creek, Death Valley, California: American Mineralogist: 9: 8-10.
Foshag, William Frederick (1924b), Priceite from Furnace Creek, Inyo County, California: American Mineralogist: 9: 11-13.
Foshag, William Frederick (1931b), Probertite from Ryan, California: American Mineralogist: 16: 338-341.
Foshag, William Frederick (1939), New Mineral names – priceite: American Mineralogist: 24: 728.
Funk, B.G. (1942) Borates and associated minerals from Mount Blanco, Death Valley, California. Mineralogist: 10: 267-268, 285-289.
Barnes, William H. (1949), The unit cell and space group of probertite: American Mineralogist: 34: 19-25.
Vonsen, Magnus (1951), Borates of California: Rocks & Minerals: 26: 494-503.
Kramer, Henry C. & Robert D. Allen (1956), A restudy of bakerite, priceite, and veatchite: American Mineralogist: 41: 690.
Allen, Robert D. & Henry C. Kramer (1957), Ginorite and sassolite from Death Valley, California, American Mineralogist: 42: 200, 201.
McAllister, James Franklin (1958) Borate minerals from weathering of late Tertiary borates in the Furnace Creek district, Death Valley, California. (abstract) Geological Society of America Bulletin: 69: 1695.
Clark, Joan R. & C.L. Christ (1959), Studies of borate minerals, V: Reinvestigation of the X-ray crystallography of ulexite and probertite: American Mineralogist: 44: 712-719.
Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister & H. Almond (1959), Gowerite, a new hydrous calcium borate from Death Valley, California: American Mineralogist: 44: 912.
Christ, C.L. & J.R. Clark (1960), X-ray crystallography and crystal chemistry of gowerite, CaO-3B2O3-5H2O: American Mineralogist: 45: 230-234.
Erd, R.C., V. Morgan & J.R. Clark (1961), Tunellite, a new hydrous strontium borate from the Kramer borate district, California: USGS PP 424-C, article No. 255: C294-C297.
McAllister, James Franklin (1961), Sborgite in the Furnace Creek area, California: USGS PP 424-B, Article 129: B299-B301.
Rumanova, I.M., Kurbanova, K.M., and Belov, N.V. (1966) Determination of the crystal structure of probertite CaNa[B5O7(OH)4]. Soviet Physics-Crystallography: 10: 513-522.
Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and A.C. Vlisidis (1970) Wardsmithite 5CaO • MgO •12B2O3 •30H2O, a new borate mineral from the Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 55: 349-357.
McAllister, James Franklin (1970) Geology of the Furnace Creek borate area, Death Valley, Inyo County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology Map Sheet 14, 9 pp.: 8, 9.
Konnert, J.A., Clark, J.R., and Christ, C.L. (1972) Gowerite, CaB5O8(OH) •B(OH)3•3H2O: crystal structure and comparison with related borates. American Mineralogist: 57: 381-396.
Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister & H. Almond (1959), Gowerite, a new hydrous calcium borate from Death Valley, California: American Mineralogist: 44: 912; Christ, C.L. & J.R. Clark (1960), X-ray crystallography and crystal chemistry of gowerite, CaO-3B2O3-5H2O: American Mineralogist: 45: 230-234; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 252.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #60000491.

USGS MRDS Record:60000491

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