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Empress Mine, Zinc Hill, Zinc Hill District, Argus Mts (Argus Range), Inyo Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Empress MineMine
Zinc HillHill
Zinc Hill DistrictMining District
Argus Mts (Argus Range)Mountain Range
Inyo Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 36° 18' 51'' North , 117° 30' 12'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 36.31417,-117.50333
GeoHash:G#: 9qkqw4u9m
USGS MRDS Record:10033974
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


A former Pb-Zn-Ag-Cu-Au occurrence/mine located in sec. 2, T19S, R41E, MDM, 2.2 km (1.3 miles) NNW of Zinc Hill (coordinates of record), on the N end of the Argus Range, on National Park Service wilderness land (Death Valley National Park/Death Valley Wilderness). MRDS database stated accuracy for this location is 100 meters.

Corrected coordinates: N36.31414 W117.50340 (taken at remains of mining structures by Richard Muster in the year 2009 using an Ashtech MM6 device).

Mineralization is a deposit hosted in granite. The ore body strikes N80E and dips 35N, at a width of 0.91 meter. A quartz vein occurs in granite near a limestone contact. Local rocks include Permian marine sedimentary rocks, unit 1 (Death Valley and Mojave Desert).

Workings include underground openings with a length of 91.44 meters and comprised of a 100 foot adit and 200 feet of drifts.

Production data are found in: Goodwin, Joseph Grant (1957).

Production information: Period: 1946 - 1949 : Complex ore was shipped and averaged 25.4% Pb, 6.95% Zn, 13.9 ounces Ag/ton, 1.77% Cu, and minor Au. A 1951 shipment contained 26.4% Pb, 3.34% Zn, 6.8 ounces Ag, plus some Cu.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Death Valley National Park, California/Nevada, USANational Park

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


21 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
CCarbon
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
MgMagnesium
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
SSulfur
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185380
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Triassic - Pennsylvanian
201.3 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 2943532
Permian marine sedimentary rocks, unit 1 (Death Valley and Mojave Desert)

Age: Phanerozoic (201.3 - 323.2 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Anvil Spring Formation; Bird Spring Formation; Bloody Mountain Formation; Kaibab Limestone; Owens Valley Group; Darwin Canyon Formation; Osborne Canyon Formation; Keeler Canyon Formation; Lone Pine Formation; Conglomerate Mesa Formation; Fairview Valley Formation

Description: Shale, conglomerate, limestone and dolomite, sandstone, slate, hornfels, quartzite; minor pyroclastic rocks

Comments: East-central Sierra Nevada, Death Valley area, and Mojave Desert. Consists primarily of sandstone, limestone, conglomerate, hornfels, and marble. Includes some rocks of Triassic and Pennsylvanian age, and some rocks of uncertain age. Original map source: Saucedo, G.J., Bedford, D.R., Raines, G.L., Miller, R.J., and Wentworth, C.M., 2000, GIS Data for the Geologic Map of California, California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, CD-ROM 2000-07, scale 1:750,000.

Lithology: Major:{sandstone,limestone}, Minor:{conglomerate,siltstone mudstone,hornfels}, Incidental:{marble}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Norman, L.A. & Richard M. Stewart (1951), Mines and mineral resources of Inyo County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology (Report 47): 47(1): 69.
Goodwin, Joseph Grant (1957) Lead and zinc in California. California Journal of Mines and Geology, Division of Mines (Report 53): 53(3&4): 470.
Hall, Wayne Everett & E.M. Mackevett (1958), Economic geology of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: Calif Division of Mines Special Report 51, 77 pp.: 44, 49.
Hall, Wayne Everett & Edward M. Mackevett (1963), Geology and ore deposits of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: USGS PP 368.
Hall, Wayne Everett & Hal G. Stephens (1963), Economic geology of the Panamint Butte quadrangle and Modoc district, Inyo County, California: California Division of Mines & Geology Special Report 73: 64.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 83 (map 3-2), 84, 194, 234, 300, 513.
Mineralogical Record (1984): 15(1): 15.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10033974 & 10284745.
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file ID #0060270560.


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