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Kovdor Zheleznyi Mine (Iron Mine), Kovdor Massif, Murmanskaya Oblast', Northern Region, Russia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 67° 33' 34'' North , 30° 25' 33'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 67.55970,30.42584
Name(s) in local language(s):Железный рудник, Ковдорский массив, Мурманская область
Other/historical region names associated with this locality:Murmanskaja Oblast'; Murmansk Oblast
Other regions containing this locality:Soviet Union (1922-1991)

Iron mine working on magnetite-rich ore.

Mineral List

55 valid minerals. 14 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Late Devonian - Middle Devonian
358.9 - 393.3 Ma
Igneous: intrusive; Intrusive: syenitic

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 393.3 Ma)

Description: East European Platform, Ural Mountains, Fennoscandian Shield- Gulf of Bothnia-Oslo graben

Comments: Craton cover; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Syenite, lamprophyre, minette, foid syenite

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Rimskaya-Korsakova, O.M. (1964) Genesis of the Kovdor iron-ore deposit (Kola Peninsula). International Geology Review, 6(10), 1735-1746.

Britvin, S.N., Ferraris, G., Ivaldi, G., Bogdanova, A.N., and Chukanov, N.V. (2002) Cattiite, Mg3(PO4)2·22H2O, a new mineral from Zhelezny mine (Kovdor Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2002: 160-168.

Seredkin, M.V. et al. (2003) Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 132(1): 67-75.

Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Mikhailova, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., and Krivovichev, S.V. (2006) Pakhomovskyite, Co3(PO4)2·8H2O, a new mineral species from Kovdor, Kola Peninsula, Russia, The Canadian Mineralogist 44, 117-123.

Ivanyuk, G.Y., Yakovenchuk, V.N., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2002) Kovdor. Laplandia Minerals, Apatity, Russia. (in Russian and English.)

External Links - A lot of photos (samples from different collections) and maps (in Russian) - Russian Database on Minerals and Localities

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