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Mount Percy Gold Mine, Mullingar, Kalgoorlie-Boulder, Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire, Western Australia, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 30° 43' 50'' South , 121° 28' 52'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -30.7306890302, 121.480984544


The Mount Percy Gold Mine is 2 kilometres north-east of the Kalgoorlie city centre. It is part of four shallow pits named, Mount Percy, Sir John, Union Club, and Mystery, accessing regolith gold. The pits are virtually co-joined. While by no means the most interesting geological deposits in Western Australia, they have been much studied, due to their proximity to Kalgoorlie and the Golden Mile.

Ore body geology is included under the Mystery Gold Mine Mindat locality, as it is virtually the same as Mount Percy. This section will focus on the host rocks.

The mines occupy a hinge zone and steep east dipping limb of the Kalgoorlie Anticline. This consists of the Hannans Lake Serpentine, Devon Consols Basalt, Kapai Slate and Williamstown Dolerite. It is cross-cut by a series of north trending, west dipping dextral faults named Maritana, Reward, Charlotte and Mystery Faults. The Golden Mile Dolerite is found to the east, and Black Flag Beds to the west. Gold is found at Mount Percy in quartz veins and felsic porphyry intruding the Devon Consols Basalt.

Open pit mining was conducted from 1985 to 1995. The mineralised zone is 30 metres wide by 1800 metres long, separated from the Mystery Zone gold deposit by 300 metres of intermittently mineralised rock. The pit was partially backfilled in 1998. The Mount Percy processing plant was decommissioned in 1997, and the 7 ha site rehabilitated in 2001.

Historically, mining activity before this was only found in the late 1890's, although prospector activity may have occurred after. From 1896 to 1898, the African Gold Recovery Company developed the mine. This company had been an early entry on the South African Goldfields, and had patented the cyanide gold extraction process. They owned a number of gold mines in Australia at the time. Telluride was discovered in 1897, in areas of rich gold, being the first discovery in the Kalgoorlie area outside the Golden Mile. GML 4468E.

The regolith consists of 1 metre thick calcareous soil, 1-5 metres of lateritic residuum, 10-15 metres of mottled and plasmic clays, 40-50 metres of saprolite, and basal saprock. A shallow palaeochannel, 5-7 metres deep can be seen in the northern wall of the pit.

The Hannans Lake Serpentine consists of biotite-talc rocks; talc-chlorite rocks; and fuchsite ultramafic rocks. The biotite-talc rocks are fine felted aggregates of talc and Biotite, the latter intergrown with chlorite. There are also porphyroblasts of magnesite and dolomite to 1 mm, and albite 0.2 mms. Throughout the mass is carbonates coalescing into veinlets.

The talc-chlorite rock is cross cut by networks of carbonate-quartz veins and carbonate-albite.

The fuchsite ultramafic rocks show dolomite, magnesite, quartz, fuchsite, some chlorite, accessory rutile, and pyrite (with gold), the mass green, especially at porphyry contacts. Some areas also include albite alteration, cross cut by numerous carbonate-quartz-albite veins. Some of the veins contain fuchsite, and a few dark green vanadiferous muscovite roscoelite.

Meanwhile there are three types of porphyries which intrude the host rocks. The first is pale grey to white with green fuchsitic xenoliths, some carbonate, chlorite and fuchsite, in a groundmass of albite, in part replaced by K Feldspar, with accessory rutile, pyrite and other sulphides.

The second is pale buff to grey, with carbonate phenocrysts surrounded by rutile and sphene. The groundmass is carbonate, white mica, albite, and quartz, but no feldspar.

The third is pale grey, bleached when next to narrow cracks, with scattered twinned albite phenocrysts, and carbonate, chlorite, and mica, in a groundmass of albite, carbonate and quartz. Pyrites and other sulphides are locally abundant.

Gold is found associated with fine grained dissemination and veinlets of pyrite, and narrow quartz and quartz-tourmaline veining within porphyry, and the adjacent fuchsite-carbonate rock. Some veins have sulphide alteration haloes.

For a photograph see the Mystery Gold Mine Mindat locality. The Mount Percy mine is the pit to the left in this photograph.

Mineral List


23 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.

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The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Butt, C.R.M. (2003), Mt. Percy Gold Deposit Area Western Australia, CRC LEME 2003

KCGM (2007), Conceptual Mine Closure Strategy, August 2007

Butt, C.R.M. (2003), Dispersion of Gold and Associated Elements in the Lateritic Regolith Mystery Zone Mt. Percy Kalgoorlie Western Australia, CRC LEME 2003

Gray, D.J., Cudahy, T.J. (1996), Pilot Spectral Study of the Mount Percy Gold Deposit Western Australia, AMIRA, Exploration and Mining Report 175R, May 1996

Australian Town and Country Journal (Sydney) (1897), The Kalgoorlie Field, 29/10/1897

Coolgardie Miner newspaper (1896), The African Gold Recovery Co Ltd, 05/08/1896

Sergeev, N.B., Gray, D.J. (2001), Gold Balance in Regolith Mystery Zone Mt. Percy Kalgoorlie Western Australia, Geochemistry, November 2001

Schwabe, M.R., Hamlyn, D.A., Bonsall, E.M. (1984), Gold Mineralisation at the North End of the Kalgoorlie Field Mount Percy Kalgoorlie Western Australia, The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 01/01/1984






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