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Grasberg Mine, Gunung Bijih District (Grasberg District), Carstensz Mts, New Guinea, Papua Province, Western New Guinea (Irian Jaya), Indonesiai
Regional Level Types
Grasberg MineMine
Gunung Bijih District (Grasberg District)District
Carstensz MtsMountain Range
New Guinea- not defined -
Papua ProvinceProvince
Western New Guinea (Irian Jaya)- not defined -
IndonesiaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 4° 3' 21'' South , 137° 6' 47'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -4.05602,137.11320
GeoHash:G#: rp38bjdgc
Owned/operated by:Freeport-McMoRan, Rio Tinto Group
Locality type:Mine
Age:3.41 ± 0.03 to 2.59 ± 0.15 Ma
Geologic Time:Pliocene
Dating method:Ar-Ar
Reference for age:Pollard, P. J., Taylor, R. G., & Peters, L. (2005). Ages of intrusion, alteration, and mineralization at the Grasberg Cu-Au deposit, Papua, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 100(5), 1005-1020.
Köppen climate type:Af : Tropical rainforest climate


Gigantic porphyry copper-gold deposit.
Reserves of 1.7 billion tonnes of ores grading at 1.1% Cu and 1.2 g/t Au.

The largest gold mine and the third largest copper mine in the world.

It is owned and operated by Freeport Indonesia (PTFI), a subsidiary of US-based Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. (FCX). Rio Tinto has a joint venture with FCX for a 40 per cent share of production above specific levels until 2021, and 40 per cent of all production after 2021.

Regions containing this locality

New Guinea

Island - 212 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


28 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).
'Biotite'
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Benjamin Webb; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Penniston-Dorland, S. C. (2001). Illumination of vein quartz textures in a porphyry copper ore deposit using scanned cathodoluminescence: Grasberg Igneous Complex, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. American Mineralogist, 86(5-6), 652-666.; Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
'Diorite'
Reference: Pollard, P. J., Taylor, R. G., & Peters, L. (2005). Ages of intrusion, alteration, and mineralization at the Grasberg Cu-Au deposit, Papua, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 100(5), 1005-1020.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Benjamin Webb; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Largest gold mine so there must be gold; Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
'Limestone'
Reference: Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Pollard, P. J., Taylor, R. G., & Peters, L. (2005). Ages of intrusion, alteration, and mineralization at the Grasberg Cu-Au deposit, Papua, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 100(5), 1005-1020.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Nukundamite
Formula: Cu3.4Fe0.6S4
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Pollard, P. J., Taylor, R. G., & Peters, L. (2005). Ages of intrusion, alteration, and mineralization at the Grasberg Cu-Au deposit, Papua, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 100(5), 1005-1020.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).; Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Pollard, P. J., & Taylor, R. G. (2002). Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550; Miller, S. D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., & Richards, D. (2006). Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10 year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).
'Quartz-monzodiorite'
Reference: Pollard, P. J., Taylor, R. G., & Peters, L. (2005). Ages of intrusion, alteration, and mineralization at the Grasberg Cu-Au deposit, Papua, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 100(5), 1005-1020.
'Skarn'
Reference: Pollard, P. J., Taylor, R. G., & Peters, L. (2005). Ages of intrusion, alteration, and mineralization at the Grasberg Cu-Au deposit, Papua, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 100(5), 1005-1020.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:535-550

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Colusite'2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Digenite'2.BA.10Cu9S5
'Enargite'2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nukundamite2.CA.10Cu3.4Fe0.6S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Andalusite'9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Diorite'-
K Feldspar-
Limestone-
Quartz-monzodiorite-
Skarn-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Nukundamite2.9.15.1Cu3.4Fe0.6S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Diorite'-
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limestone'-
'Quartz-monzodiorite'-
'Skarn'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
VVanadium
V ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleogene - Cretaceous
23.03 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186135
Mesozoic-Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (23.03 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Van Nort, S.D., Atwood, G.W., Collinson, T.B., Flint, D.C., and Potter, D.R. (1991) Geology and mineralization of the Grasberg porphyry copper-gold deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Mining engineering, 43(3), 300-303.
Mealey, G.A. (1996) Grasberg. 384 pp. Freeport- McMoRan Copper & Gold Co. ISBN 0 9652890 0 1.
Mathur, R., Ruiz, J., Titley, S., Gibbins, S., and Margotomo, W. (2000) Different crustal sources for Au-rich and Au-poor ores of the Grasberg Cu–Au porphyry deposit. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 183(1), 7-14.
Pollard, P.J. and Taylor, R.G. (2002) Paragenesis of the Grasberg Cu–Au deposit, Irian Jaya, Indonesia: results from logging section 13. Mineralium Deposita, 37(1), 117-136.
Pollard, P.J., Taylor, R.G., and Peters, L. (2005) Ages of intrusion, alteration, and mineralization at the Grasberg Cu-Au deposit, Papua, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 100(5), 1005-1020.
Miller, S.D., Rusdinar, Y., Smart, R., Andrina, J., and Richards, D. (2006) Design and construction of limestone blended waste rock dumps: lessons learned from a 10-year study at Grasberg (Doctoral dissertation, ASMR).

External Links

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grasberg_mine

http://dsm.gsd.spc.int/public/files/meetings/01_Terrestrial_Mining_and_Mineral_Resources_Potential_of_the_Pacific_Islands_Region_Akuila_Tawake.pdf [Akuila Tawake (2012) Mineral Resources Potential and Mining in the Pacific Islands Region - Lessons Learned. Pacific-ACP States Regional Training Workshop on Geological, Technological, Biological and Environmental Aspects of Deep Sea Minerals. Tanoa International Hotel, Nadi Fiji. 13th–17th August 2012]

http://www.riotinto.com/copper-and-diamonds-82.aspx#indonesia


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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