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Christmas Creek Mine, Roy Hill Station, East Pilbara Shire, Western Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Christmas Creek MineMine
Roy Hill StationStation (farming)
East Pilbara ShireShire
Western AustraliaState

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Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 22° 22' 15'' South , 119° 38' 57'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -22.37106,119.64929
GeoHash:G#: qsj0dxmzn
Owned/operated by:Fortescue Metals Group (100%)
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate

Iron ore mine, owned and operated by Fortescue Metals Group. 50 kilometres to the east of the Cloud Break Mine. 61 kilometres west south-west of Nullagine. Fortescue was formed by mining magnate Andrew 'Twiggy' Forrest, and is the fourth largest iron ore producer in the world.

Ore is processed on site, then trucked to the Cloud Break mine, where the ore is then railed to Port Hedland. The mine commenced production in May 2009.

March 2007, two employees were killed at a FMG rail camp, when cyclone George destroyed the mining camp. Late 2013 two workers were killed in separate incidents. The first incident the company was found not guilty, while contractors in the last two incidents were fined minor amounts.

The Christmas Creek mine is located south of the Chitchester Range on plains bordering the northern side of the Fortescue Marsh. The marsh
and nearby areas has been some of few areas the Night Parrot has been seen. This is a very rare species, only seen by a handful of people.

The ore body is flat lying, with an ore reserve of 997 Mt, significantly higher than Cloud Break at 628 Mt. The mine was constructed when iron ore prices were at record highs. At the time of writing, the price for the commodity had plunged due to the combined factors of a Chinese economic slow down, and increased production from Pilbara mines. Fortescue has been on a cost cutting programme, sacking workers, and reducing pay and conditions.

Most ore comes from the Nammuldi Member. To the south, this Member is overlain by Tertiary clays and alluvium which forms the soils of the Fortescue Marsh. The ore is a mixture of hematite, goethite and martite.

The shallow pit is largely continuous but has been arbitrarily sub-divided into sections, from the west named Flinders, Vasse, Windich, Mokare, Young, Cathedral and Eyre pits. Future expansion will be to the west.

The mine site comprises an area of some 701sq kilometres.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
West Australian Element, Western Australia, AustraliaCraton
Warakurna Large Igneous Province, Western Australia, AustraliaGeologic Province
Pilbara Craton, Western Australia, AustraliaCraton
Fortescue Basin, Western Australia, AustraliaBasin
Hamersley Basin, Western Australia, AustraliaBasin

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.

Mineral List

2 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: FMG (2015), Public Environmental Review. Christmas Creek Iron Ore Mine Expansion, 25/03/2015
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: FMG (2015), Public Environmental Review. Christmas Creek Iron Ore Mine Expansion, 25/03/2015
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: FMG (2015), Public Environmental Review. Christmas Creek Iron Ore Mine Expansion, 25/03/2015

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
var: Martite

List of minerals for each chemical element

H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

0 - 2.588 Ma

ID: 926370
colluvium 38491

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: Colluvium and/or residual deposits, sheetwash, talus, scree; boulder, gravel, sand; may include minor alluvial or sand plain deposits, local calcrete and reworked laterite

Comments: regolith; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Regolith

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Quaternary - Paleocene
0 - 66 Ma

ID: 3188416
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Sandstone-siltstone

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
WAtoday (2015), FMG Sacks Workers at Christmas Creek Cloudbreak Mine Sites, 2015.
Australian Mining (2015), FMG Shuts One Camp at Christmas Creek Mine, 16/07/2015.
Australian Mining (2014), Contractor Fined $115 000 Over Death at FMG's Christmas Creek Mine, 21/10/2014.
FMG (2015), Public Environmental Review. Christmas Creek Iron Ore Mine Expansion, 25/03/2015.
ENV Australia Pty Ltd (2013): Christmas creek life of mine flora and vegetation assessment - update, Prepared for Fortescue Metals Group Ltd.

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