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Sasbach, Kaiserstuhl, Baden-Württemberg, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Sasbach- not defined -
Kaiserstuhl- not defined -
Baden-WürttembergState
GermanyCountry

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Key
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Name(s) in local language(s):Sasbach, Kaiserstuhl, Baden-Württemberg, Deutschland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 48° 8' 22'' North , 7° 36' 53'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 48.13944,7.61472
GeoHash:G#: u0t3v78be
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Sasbach3,369 (2013)0.1km
Wyhl3,645 (2013)3.9km
Vogtsburg5,686 (2017)5.1km
Marckolsheim3,846 (2016)5.9km
Artzenheim648 (2016)6.0km


Sasbach am Kaiserstuhl is an amalgamated community, incorporating the towns of Sasbach, Jechtingen (since 1 January 1975) and Leiselheim (since 1 April 1974).

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

21 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Augite var: Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Reference: collection of Tony Peterson
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
'Chabazite'
'Chusite'
Reference: No reference listed
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: No reference listed
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Zeolite collection of Volker Betz
'Erionite'
'Faujasite'
Faujasite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Reference: Klaus Behlendorff chemical analysis
Faujasite-Mg (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh., (1975) 433; Can. Mineral. (1997) 35, 1571
Faujasite-Na (TL)
Formula: (Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: European Journal of Mineralogy 10 (1998), 1037
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Description: as "hyalosiderite" = 50<70 mol% fayalite.
Reference: Betz, V. (2012) Hyalosiderit und Augit vom Limberg bei Sasbach, Kaiserstuhl. Lapis, 37, #5, 33-36.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 273.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Betz, V. (2012) Hyalosiderit und Augit vom Limberg bei Sasbach, Kaiserstuhl. Lapis, 37, #5, 33-36.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Offretite
Formula: KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Phillipsite-Ca ?
Formula: (Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Description: The phillipsite-K is Ca-bearing, but phillipsite-Ca has yet to be verified and all analyses so far published indicate the mineral is phillipsite-K.
Reference: WEISENBERGER, T. & SPÜRGIN, S. (2009): Zeolites in alkaline rocks of the Kaiserstuhl Volcanic Complex, SW Germany – new microprobe investigation and the relationship of zeolite mineralogy to the host rock. Geologica Belgica, 12, 75-91.
'Phillipsite-Ca-Phillipsite-K Series'
Reference: WEISENBERGER, T. & SPÜRGIN, S. (2009): Zeolites in alkaline rocks of the Kaiserstuhl Volcanic Complex, SW Germany – new microprobe investigation and the relationship of zeolite mineralogy to the host rock. Geologica Belgica, 12, 75-91.
Phillipsite-K
Formula: (K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Reference: WEISENBERGER, T. & SPÜRGIN, S. (2009): Zeolites in alkaline rocks of the Kaiserstuhl Volcanic Complex, SW Germany – new microprobe investigation and the relationship of zeolite mineralogy to the host rock. Geologica Belgica, 12, 75-91.
Spadaite
Formula: MgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Wad'
Reference: No reference listed

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Picotite4.BB.05(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Titanian Augite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Faujasite-Ca9.GD.30(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Mg (TL)9.GD.30(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Na (TL)9.GD.30(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Offretite9.GD.25KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Phillipsite-Ca ?9.GC.10(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-K9.GC.10(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Spadaite9.EC.45MgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chabazite'-
'Chusite'-
'Erionite'-
'Faujasite'-
'Phillipsite-Ca-Phillipsite-K Series'-
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Offretite77.1.2.4KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Spadaite78.7.14.1MgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Augite
var: Titanian Augite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
'Chabazite'-
'Chusite'-
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Erionite'-
'Faujasite'-
Faujasite-Ca-(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Mg (TL)-(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Na (TL)-(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Hercynite
var: Picotite
-(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Phillipsite-Ca ?-(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
'Phillipsite-Ca-Phillipsite-K Series'-
Phillipsite-K-(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
H Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
H Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
H Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
OOxygen
O Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
O Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O CalciteCaCO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
O Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
NaSodium
Na Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Na Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Na Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Na Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Na Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Mg Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Mg Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
AlAluminium
Al Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Al Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Al Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Al Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Al Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
SiSilicon
Si Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Si Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Si Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Si Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
KPotassium
K OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
K Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Ca Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Ca Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Ca Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Ca Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
TiTitanium
Ti Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
CrChromium
Cr Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
MnManganese
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
FeIron
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
BaBarium
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ba Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Ba Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Pleistocene
0.0117 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 2603539

Age: Pleistocene (0.0117 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: loess (aeolian) loess loam

Comments: Loess, loess loam and other loess derivatives, often above older loesses

Lithology: Silt; fine-sandy, clayey, in parts increasingly calcareous downwards

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Neogene
2.588 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185393
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neogene (2.588 - 23.03 Ma)

Comments: Rhine Graben

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Neogene - Paleogene
2.588 - 66 Ma



ID: 3135304
Palaeogene basalt

Age: Cenozoic (2.588 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Basalt

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

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