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Tafone Mine, Manciano, Grosseto Province, Tuscany, Italy

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Name(s) in local language(s):Miniera del Tafone, Manciano, Provincia di Grosseto, Toscana, Italia
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 34' 59'' North , 11° 31' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.58333,11.51667
GeoHash:G#: sr84q041v
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


Abandoned Sb mine in the little valley of Fosso del Tafone. This Sb deposit differs from all other Tuscan antimony deposits because the stibnite mineralization is situated in a reducing environment below the water table; consequently, the secondary Sb minerals of the oxidation zone are lacking.

During the last years, minerals have been collected from mine dumps and slag dumps of the melting plant.

The first find of chapmanite for Italy was reported from the Southern stope (Tafone Sud) as olive-green crusts and concretions up to 1 cm in thickness (Dessau et al., 1972). The presence of chapmanite at the Northern stope (Tafone Nord) was later recorded (Braga, 1980).

Rosiaite and clinocervantite were collected only in slags of the ore processing plant, as well as bindheimite, gaylussite, mopungite, senarmontite, tripuhyite, and valentinite. In the last years of the processing activity, the melting plant used not only Tuscan ores (from Tafone, Pereta, and Montauto mines) but also Sb ore from China, which contained Sn minerals as impurity phases (resulting in the formation of cassiterite in slags).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


28 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: R. Meli (1999): I minerali delle discariche e delle scorie del Fosso del Tafone (Grosseto). - Riv. Min. Ital., 23 3: 187-191.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. collection (6791CL).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: L. C.
Cetineite
Formula: (K,Na)6Sb3+12(Sb3+S3)2O18(OH)0.5 · 5,5H2O
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: R. Meli (1999): I minerali delle discariche e delle scorie del Fosso del Tafone (Grosseto). - Riv. Min. Ital., 23 3: 187-191.
Chapmanite
Formula: Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Clinocervantite (TL)
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Ciriotti, M.E., Fascio, L., Pasero, M. (2009): Italian Type Minerals. PLUS - University of Pisa, Ed., Pisa, 357 pp.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: R. Meli (1999): I minerali delle discariche e delle scorie del Fosso del Tafone (Grosseto). - Riv. Min. Ital., 23 3: 187-191.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Reference: R. Meli (1999): I minerali delle discariche e delle scorie del Fosso del Tafone (Grosseto). - Riv. Min. Ital., 23 3: 187-191.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: R. Meli (1999): I minerali delle discariche e delle scorie del Fosso del Tafone (Grosseto). - Riv. Min. Ital., 23 3: 187-191.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Reference: Marco Bonifazi Collection
Metacinnabar ?
Formula: HgS
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Mopungite
Formula: Na[Sb5+(OH)6]
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Orpiment ?
Formula: As2S3
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: R. Meli (1999): I minerali delle discariche e delle scorie del Fosso del Tafone (Grosseto). - Riv. Min. Ital., 23 3: 187-191.
Rosiaite (TL)
Formula: PbSb5+2O6
Reference: Ciriotti, M.E., Fascio, L., Pasero, M. (2009): Italian Type Minerals. PLUS - University of Pisa, Ed., Pisa, 357 pp. Handbook of Mineralogy Vol III p 482
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: R. Meli (1999): I minerali delle discariche e delle scorie del Fosso del Tafone (Grosseto). - Riv. Min. Ital., 23 3: 187-191.
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: AA.VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Van King
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: R. Meli (1999): I minerali delle discariche e delle scorie del Fosso del Tafone (Grosseto). - Riv. Min. Ital., 23 3: 187-191.
Tripuhyite
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. collection (6791CL).
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. collection (6791CL).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Mercury'1.AD.05Hg
'Sulphur'1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Cetineite'2.MA.05(K,Na)6Sb3+12(Sb3+S3)2O18(OH)0.5 · 5,5H2O
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cinnabar'2.CD.15aHgS
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Metacinnabar' ?2.CB.05aHgS
'Orpiment' ?2.FA.30As2S3
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Realgar'2.FA.15aAs4S4
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
'Stibnite'2.DB.05Sb2S3
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Clinocervantite' (TL)4.DE.30Sb3+Sb5+O4
'Mopungite'4.FC.15Na[Sb5+(OH)6]
'Rosiaite' (TL)4.DH.25PbSb5+2O6
'Senarmontite'4.CB.50Sb2O3
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
'Tripuhyite'4.DB.05Fe3+Sb5+O4
'Valentinite'4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Gaylussite'5.CB.35Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Chapmanite'9.ED.25Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Metacinnabar ?2.8.2.3HgS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment ?2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Oxysulfides
Cetineite2.13.3.1(K,Na)6Sb3+12(Sb3+S3)2O18(OH)0.5 · 5,5H2O
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)3
Mopungite6.3.7.4Na[Sb5+(OH)6]
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Gaylussite15.2.2.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
AX2O6
Tripuhyite44.2.1.3Fe3+Sb5+O4
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chapmanite71.1.3.2Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Clinocervantite (TL)-Sb3+Sb5+O4
Rosiaite (TL)-PbSb5+2O6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Cetineite(K,Na)6Sb123+(Sb3+S3)2O18(OH)0.5 · 5,5H2O
H ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
H GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MopungiteNa[Sb5+(OH)6]
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Cetineite(K,Na)6Sb123+(Sb3+S3)2O18(OH)0.5 · 5,5H2O
O ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
O ClinocervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
O GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MopungiteNa[Sb5+(OH)6]
O RosiaitePbSb25+O6
O SenarmontiteSb2O3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
O ValentiniteSb2O3
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na Cetineite(K,Na)6Sb123+(Sb3+S3)2O18(OH)0.5 · 5,5H2O
Na GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Na MopungiteNa[Sb5+(OH)6]
SiSilicon
Si ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S Cetineite(K,Na)6Sb123+(Sb3+S3)2O18(OH)0.5 · 5,5H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MetacinnabarHgS
S OrpimentAs2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S RealgarAs4S4
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S SulphurS8
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
KPotassium
K Cetineite(K,Na)6Sb123+(Sb3+S3)2O18(OH)0.5 · 5,5H2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As OrpimentAs2S3
As RealgarAs4S4
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb Cetineite(K,Na)6Sb123+(Sb3+S3)2O18(OH)0.5 · 5,5H2O
Sb ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Sb ClinocervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
Sb MopungiteNa[Sb5+(OH)6]
Sb RosiaitePbSb25+O6
Sb SenarmontiteSb2O3
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg MercuryHg
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb RosiaitePbSb25+O6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Oligocene - Eocene
23.03 - 56 Ma



ID: 3137585
Eocene sandstone

Age: Paleogene (23.03 - 56 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{sandstone}, Minor{claystone,marlstone,limestone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186392
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dessau, G. (1952) Antimony deposits of Tuscany. Economic Geology: 47: 397-413.
Dessau, G., Ducchi, G., and Stea, B. (1972) Geologia e depositi minerari della zona Monti Romani-Monteti (Comune di Manciano - GR). Memorie della Società Geologica Italiana: 11(2): 218-242 and 245-246.
De Michele, V. (1974) Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.
Braga, R. (1980) La stibnite in Toscana. Lazio Minerale: 2: 25.
Meli, R. (1999) I minerali delle discariche e delle scorie del Fosso del Tafone (Grosseto). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana: 23(3): 187-191.
Ciriotti, M.E., Fascio, L., and Pasero, M. (2009) Italian Type Minerals. PLUS - University of Pisa, Ed., Pisa, 357 pp.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
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