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Butler meteorite, Bates Co., Missouri, USAi
Regional Level Types
Butler meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Bates Co.County
MissouriState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
38° 18' North , 94° 22' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Butler4,091 (2017)5.6km
Adrian1,622 (2017)10.9km
Foster113 (2017)19.3km
Amoret184 (2017)19.9km
Amsterdam235 (2017)20.2km


Iron meteorite, plessitic octahedrite (I-ung, O-pl)
Find 1874; 41 kg

A mass of about 40 kg was plowed up by a farmer named Abram Crabbe, living near Butler. Crabbe took the mass to a blacksmith who cut off a piece after heating it. The heated end has been altered, but the other end was left relatively intact. The meteorite's properties and history have been thoroughly described by Buchwald (1975). Undamaged specimens have a peculiar Widmanstätten structure of kamacite lamellae with pointed ends while taenite and plessite occupy ~ 80 vol% of the meteorite. Troilite and lesser amounts of graphite and schreibersite are among the accessory minerals. In recent years a new mineral, nickelphosphide, a Ni-rich analogue of schreibersite, was identified in Butler and, subsequently, in a number of additional meteorites.

Butler is one of 117 iron meteorites listed as an ungrouped iron (1106 listed in early December 2014). It is suspected that these ungrouped irons are probably stray remnants of tens or even scores of disrupted asteroids.

Butler specimens are held at Harvard University (>12 kg in 2000) and a number of other institutions.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


7 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Min Rec 31:4 p383-372
Graphite
Formula: C
Description: In plessite as spherical clusters.
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Min Rec 31:4 p383-372; Britvin S N, Kolomensky V D, Boldyreva M M, Bogdanova A N, Kretser Y L, Boldyreva O N, Rudashesky N S (1999) Nickelphosphide (Ni, Fe)3P, the nickel analog of schreibersite, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 128, issue 3 64-72; Farrington, O. C. (1915). Meteorites. Self-Published: Chicago. 233 pages.; Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Min Rec 31:4 p383-372; Britvin S N, Kolomensky V D, Boldyreva M M, Bogdanova A N, Kretser Y L, Boldyreva O N, Rudashesky N S (1999) Nickelphosphide (Ni, Fe)3P, the nickel analog of schreibersite, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 128, issue 3 64-72; Farrington, O. C. (1915). Meteorites. Self-Published: Chicago. 233 pages.; Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Nickelphosphide (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Fe)3P
Type Locality:
Reference: Britvin S N, Kolomensky V D, Boldyreva M M, Bogdanova A N, Kretser Y L, Boldyreva O N, Rudashesky N S (1999) Nickelphosphide (Ni, Fe)3P, the nickel analog of schreibersite, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 128, issue 3 64-72
'Plessite'
Reference: Farrington, O. C. (1915). Meteorites. Self-Published: Chicago. 233 pages.; Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Description: As minute angular bodies 10-50 µ across, (Buchwald, 1975).
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Min Rec 31:4 p383-372; Farrington, O. C. (1915). Meteorites. Self-Published: Chicago. 233 pages.; Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Description: As large nodules [1-2 cm diameter] & small globules [≥ 30 µ], (Buchwald, 1975).
Reference: Min Rec 31:4 p383-372; Farrington, O. C. (1915). Meteorites. Self-Published: Chicago. 233 pages.; Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Nickelphosphide (TL)1.BD.05(Ni,Fe)3P
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 9 - Silicates
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Plessite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Iron-Fe
Nickelphosphide (TL)-(Ni,Fe)3P
'Plessite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
MgMagnesium
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
SiSilicon
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
PPhosphorus
P Nickelphosphide(Ni,Fe)3P
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S TroiliteFeS
FeIron
Fe Nickelphosphide(Ni,Fe)3P
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe IronFe
NiNickel
Ni Nickelphosphide(Ni,Fe)3P
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Farrington, O. C. (1915). Meteorites. Self-Published: Chicago. 233 pages.
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Grady, M. M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.

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