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Mt Erebus, Ross Island, Victoria Land, Eastern Antarctica, Antarcticai
Regional Level Types
Mt ErebusMountain
Ross IslandIsland
Victoria LandRegion
Eastern AntarcticaRegion
AntarcticaContinent

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
77° 31' 47'' South , 167° 10' 12'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
McMurdo Station1,258 (2012)37.0km


This type of volcanism, of phonolitic composition, is indeed unique for Erebus and the East African Rift Zone (Kilimanjaro).

Regions containing this locality

Antarctic PlateTectonic Plate
Antarctic MeteoritesGroup of Meteorite Fall Locations

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Description: When an explosion occurs, the crystals are caught in frothy phonolite bombs, which are tossed out along the crater rim. The bombs' glassy matrix quickly weathers away to leave deep piles of crystals.
Reference: http://tea.rice.edu/jroberts/12.13.1999.html; Dov Bahat (1979) Anorthoclase Megacrysts: Physical Conditions of Formation. Mineralogical Magazine 43:287-291
Antarcticite
Formula: CaCl2 · 6H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Burkeite
Formula: Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Kyle et al (1992) Journal of Petrology, 33, 849-875.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Kyle et al (1992) Journal of Petrology, 33, 849-875.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Kyle et al (1992) Journal of Petrology, 33, 849-875.
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: Rosenberg, P.E. (1988): Aluminum fluoride hydrates, yolcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist: 73: 855-860.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Philip Raymond Kyle (1976) (doctoral thesis, Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand)
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Reference: Kyle et al (1992) Journal of Petrology, 33, 849-875.
Kenyaite ?
Formula: Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Reference: Museum Victoria (Victoria Australia) Registration Number: M 51899
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Philip Raymond Kyle (1976) (doctoral thesis, Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand)
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Kyle et al (1992) Journal of Petrology, 33, 849-875.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Philip Raymond Kyle (1976) (doctoral thesis, Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand)
Óskarssonite ?
Formula: AlF3
Reference: Rosenberg, P.E. (1988): Aluminum fluoride hydrates, yolcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist: 73: 855-860
Rosenbergite
Formula: AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Reference: 1. Rosenberg, P.E. (1988): Aluminum fluoride hydrates, volcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist, 73, 855-860; 2. Ciriotti, M.E., Fascio, L., Pasero, M. (2004): Italian Type Minerals. Felici, Ed., Pisa, CD-ROM.
'UM1988-02-F:AlHO'
Reference: Rosenberg, P.E. (1988): Aluminum fluoride hydrates, yolcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist: 73: 855-860
'Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)'
Formula: Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
Reference: Rosenberg, P.E. (1988): Aluminum fluoride hydrates, yolcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist: 73: 855-860
'Unnamed (Sodium Aluminium Oxide Chloride)'
Formula: NaAl4O4Cl5 ?
Reference: Rosenberg, P.E. (1988): Aluminum fluoride hydrates, yolcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist: 73: 855-860

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Antarcticite3.BB.30CaCl2 · 6H2O
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Rosenbergite3.CD.05AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Burkeite7.BD.25Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Kaersutite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kenyaite ?9.HA.10Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'UM1988-02-F:AlHO'-
'Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)'-Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
'Unnamed (Sodium Aluminium Oxide Chloride)'-NaAl4O4Cl5 ?
Óskarssonite ?-AlF3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Antarcticite9.2.6.1CaCl2 · 6H2O
AX3
Rosenbergite9.3.6.1AlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates
Burkeite32.1.1.1Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Kenyaite ?78.7.7.1Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'UM1988-02-F:AlHO'-
'Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)'-Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
'Unnamed (Sodium Aluminium Oxide Chloride)'-NaAl4O4Cl5 ?
Óskarssonite ?-AlF3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2O
H Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
H KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
CCarbon
C BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
OOxygen
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2O
O BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
O Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
O Unnamed (Sodium Aluminium Oxide Chloride)NaAl4O4Cl5 ?
O KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
FFluorine
F RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
F ÓskarssoniteAlF3
NaSodium
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
Na Unnamed (Sodium Aluminium Oxide Chloride)NaAl4O4Cl5 ?
Na KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Mg Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
AlAluminium
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al RosenbergiteAlF[F0.5(H2O)0.5]4·H2O
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Al Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Unnamed (Basic Aluminium Fluoride Monohydrate)Al(OH)0.5F2.5 · H2O
Al Unnamed (Sodium Aluminium Oxide Chloride)NaAl4O4Cl5 ?
Al ÓskarssoniteAlF3
SiSilicon
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
ClChlorine
Cl AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2O
Cl Unnamed (Sodium Aluminium Oxide Chloride)NaAl4O4Cl5 ?
KPotassium
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ca AntarcticiteCaCl2 · 6H2O
TiTitanium
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cenozoic
0 - 66 Ma



ID: 3187182
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Intermediate volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Rosenberg, P.E. (1988), Aluminum fluoride hydrates, volcanogenic salts from Mount Erebus, Antarctica. American Mineralogist: 73: 855-860.

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