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Ergani Mine, Ergani (Arghana; Osmaniye; Erganiosmaniye), Diyarbakir Province, South-Eastern Anatolia Region, Turkeyi
Regional Level Types
Ergani MineMine
Ergani (Arghana; Osmaniye; Erganiosmaniye)- not defined -
Diyarbakir ProvinceProvince
South-Eastern Anatolia RegionRegion
TurkeyCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 38° 16' 59'' North , 39° 45' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 38.28333,39.76667
GeoHash:G#: syu3bcm0w
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Ergani52,684 (2015)1.9km
Eğil4,820 (2015)27.0km
Dicle13,017 (2015)27.5km
Çermik20,975 (2015)32.5km
Çüngüş5,103 (2015)42.8km


A copper mine. Produced 32,491 metric tons Cu ore yielding 2,158 metric tons of Cu (2nd. quarter, 1947). Ophiolite complex.

"I visited this mine in 1988 during a guided mineralogical and cultural trip through Turkey. We were told that during the operations old tunnels where found, probably from Roman times. In these tunnels were effloresecences and crusts, post-mining formation. There was even speculation if this mine wasn't the place where 'pisanite' (cuprian melanterite) was found for the first time.

The local name is Ergani Maden: 'maden' is a word that means both 'mine' and 'mineral'. I suppose this word comes from the Arabic language, as 'Almaden' (literally 'The Mine') is the name of the old and famous mercury mine in Spain." Erik Vercammen observations.

Regions containing this locality

Arabian Plate (Arabia Plate; Arab Plate)Tectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


45 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: https://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/T%FCrkei/S%FCdostanatolien/Diyarbakir%2C%20Provinz/Ergani%20-%20Maden/Ergani%20Mine
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Erik Vercammen collection and field observation; Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Erik Vercammen collection and field observation; Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: University of Utah, Dept. of Geology & Geophysical Sciences Collection; Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Glauconite
Formula: (K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Leucoxene
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Erik Vercammen field observation and collection; Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
'Melnikovite'
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Opal var: Opaline
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: https://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/T%FCrkei/S%FCdostanatolien/Diyarbakir%2C%20Provinz/Ergani%20-%20Maden/Ergani%20Mine; Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Cattierite2.EB.05aCoS2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltpentlandite2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opaline4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
Glauconite-(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Cobaltpentlandite2.7.1.3(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Cattierite2.12.1.3CoS2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Glauconite71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opaline
-SiO2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Opal (var: Opaline)SiO2 · nH2O
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AnataseTiO2
O RutileTiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O MaghemiteFe23+O3
O TenoriteCuO
O SideriteFeCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Opal (var: Opaline)SiO2 · nH2O
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Opal (var: Opaline)SiO2 · nH2O
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S DigeniteCu9S5
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S CattieriteCoS2
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
S GalenaPbS
S Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe MaghemiteFe23+O3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
CoCobalt
Co CattieriteCoS2
Co LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
Co Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu CupriteCu2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous - Triassic
66 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3135392
ophiolite complex

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 251.902 Ma)

Lithology: Basalt

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186565
Mesozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Ophiolite complex; unclassified volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Rocks & Min.: 23:222
Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Oct, 1947).
Akinci, O. T. (2009). Ophiolite-hosted copper and gold deposits of Southeastern Turkey: formation and relationship with seafloor hydrothermal processes. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 475-509.
Erik Vercammen's memories of this trip.


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