SUPPORT US. If mindat.org is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Santa Catharina meteorite, Morro do Rócio, São Francisco do Sul, Santa Catarina, Brazili
Regional Level Types
Santa Catharina meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Morro do Rócio- not defined -
São Francisco do SulMunicipality
Santa CatarinaState
BrazilCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
26° 13' South , 48° 36' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
São Francisco do Sul36,224 (2012)4.8km
Joinville461,304 (2012)26.3km
Guaratuba18,906 (2012)37.2km
Barra Velha17,665 (2012)46.9km
Guaramirim21,422 (2012)49.2km


Iron Meteorite; Ataxite, Ni-rich (IAB-ung; D)
Found 1875; 7 tons [recognized and recovered].

Several weathered masses, the largest weighing 2,557 kg, were recovered on the island of São Francisco. First believed to be a nickel ore, total mass recovered by humans may have been as much as 25,000 kg. The meteorite is unusual in 3 important respects — it is (1) unusually nickel rich (~30 wt% of unoxidized portions), (2) unusually troilite-rich, and (3) very severely weathered. What remains of the original metallic structure is a complex polycrystalline network consisting of two or three varieties of Ni-rich metal plus minor kamacite. Schreibersite, troilite, and their multiple weathering products are ubiquitous companions. Indeed, one of these products, the secondary phosphate arupite, was first discovered in Santa Catharina fragment. In some cases, only a limonitic, but Ni-rich mass remains (the 'nickel ore'). At the other extreme, barringerite and schreibersite-enclosed fayalite are mineralogically unusual even for meteorites.

The municipality of São Francisco do Sul was initailly named as Nossa Senhora da Graça do Rio São Francisco do Sul. For this reason, in the older literature, the name Rio São Francisco is mentioned.

Over 2,500 kg is kept in Brazil's National Museum in Rio de Janeiro.

Britvin, S.N., Shilovskikh, V.V., Pagano, R., Vlasenko, N.S., Zaitsev, A.N., Krzhizhanovskaya, M.G., Lozhkin, M.S., Zolotarev, A.A., Gurzhiy, V.V. (2019): Allabogdanite, the high-pressure polymorph of (Fe,Ni)2P, a stishovite-grade indicator of impact processes in the Fe–Ni–P system. Scientific Reports, 9, 1047; https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-37795-x

Regions containing this locality

South America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


20 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Reference: [Mandarino, 1997]
Allabogdanite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)2P
Reference: Britvin, S.N., Shilovskikh, V.V., Pagano, R., Vlasenko, N.S., Zaitsev, A.N., Krzhizhanovskaya, M.G., Lozhkin, M.S., Zolotarev, A.A., Gurzhiy, V.V. (2019): Allabogdanite, the high-pressure polymorph of (Fe,Ni)2P, a stishovite-grade indicator of impact processes in the Fe–Ni–P system. Scientific Reports, 9, 1047; https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-37795-x ; Britvin, S. N., Shilovskikh, V. V., Pagano, R., Vlasenko, N. S., Zaitsev, A. N., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., ... & Gurzhiy, V. V. (2019). Allabogdanite, the high-pressure polymorph of (Fe, Ni) 2 p, a stishovite-grade indicator of impact processes in the Fe–Ni–p system. Scientific reports, 9(1), 1047.
'Antitaenite'
Formula: Fe3Ni
Reference: Scorzelli, Rosa B..(2008) Meteorites: messengers from the outer space. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2008, vol.19, n.2 [cited 2014-08-16], pp. 226-23; Goldstein, J. I. et al. (1998) The Santa Catharina Meteorite: A Cloudy Zone Microstructure Consisting of a Fine Intergrowth of Tetrataenite and Antitaenite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Suppl): pages A59-A60. (July 1998)
Arupite (TL)
Formula: Ni3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: [Mandarino, 1997]
Barringerite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)2P
Description: Britvin, S.N., Shilovskikh, V.V., Pagano, R., Vlasenko, N.S., Zaitsev, A.N., Krzhizhanovskaya, M.G., Lozhkin, M.S., Zolotarev, A.A., Gurzhiy, V.V. (2019): Allabogdanite, the high-pressure polymorph of (Fe,Ni)2P, a stishovite-grade indicator of impact processes in the Fe–Ni–P system. Scientific Reports, 9, 1047; https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-37795-x
Reference: Britvin, S. N., Shilovskikh, V. V., Pagano, R., Vlasenko, N. S., Zaitsev, A. N., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., ... & Gurzhiy, V. V. (2019). Allabogdanite, the high-pressure polymorph of (Fe, Ni) 2 p, a stishovite-grade indicator of impact processes in the Fe–Ni–p system. Scientific reports, 9(1), 1047.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Buchwald, Vagn F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press, 1418 pp.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: [Mandarino, 1997]; Buchwald, Vagn F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press, 1418 pp.
Graphite ?
Formula: C
Reference: Buchwald, Vagn F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press, 1418 pp.
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: [Mandarino, 1997]
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: [Mandarino, 1997]
Honessite
Formula: (Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Reference: [Mandarino, 1997]
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Buchwald, Vagn F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press, 1418 pp.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Buchwald, Vagn F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press, 1418 pp.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: van Tassel et al. (1992) An overlooked fragment of the Santa Catharina ataxite: Meteoritics 27: 467-469 (Sept 1992).; Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: [Mandarino, 1997]; van Tassel et al. (1992) An overlooked fragment of the Santa Catharina ataxite: Meteoritics 27: 467-469 (Sept 1992).; Britvin, S. N., Shilovskikh, V. V., Pagano, R., Vlasenko, N. S., Zaitsev, A. N., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., ... & Gurzhiy, V. V. (2019). Allabogdanite, the high-pressure polymorph of (Fe, Ni) 2 p, a stishovite-grade indicator of impact processes in the Fe–Ni–p system. Scientific reports, 9(1), 1047.
Nickelphosphide
Formula: (Ni,Fe)3P
Reference: Britvin, S. N., Shilovskikh, V. V., Pagano, R., Vlasenko, N. S., Zaitsev, A. N., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., ... & Gurzhiy, V. V. (2019). Allabogdanite, the high-pressure polymorph of (Fe, Ni) 2 p, a stishovite-grade indicator of impact processes in the Fe–Ni–p system. Scientific reports, 9(1), 1047.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Description: Product of terrestrial decomposition of once abundant troilite
Reference: [Mandarino, 1997]; Buchwald, Vagn F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press, 1418 pp.; Britvin, S. N., Shilovskikh, V. V., Pagano, R., Vlasenko, N. S., Zaitsev, A. N., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., ... & Gurzhiy, V. V. (2019). Allabogdanite, the high-pressure polymorph of (Fe, Ni) 2 p, a stishovite-grade indicator of impact processes in the Fe–Ni–p system. Scientific reports, 9(1), 1047.
Reevesite
Formula: Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Reference: [Mandarino, 1997]
Sarcopside
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Reference: Britvin, S. N., Shilovskikh, V. V., Pagano, R., Vlasenko, N. S., Zaitsev, A. N., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., ... & Gurzhiy, V. V. (2019). Allabogdanite, the high-pressure polymorph of (Fe, Ni) 2 p, a stishovite-grade indicator of impact processes in the Fe–Ni–p system. Scientific reports, 9(1), 1047.
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Description: As small inclusions with weathered kamacite rims, as rosettes or skeleton crystals, and as rhabdites.
Reference: Buchwald, Vagn F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press, 1418 pp.; van Tassel et al. (1992) An overlooked fragment of the Santa Catharina ataxite: Meteoritics 27: 467-469 (Sept 1992).; Britvin, S. N., Shilovskikh, V. V., Pagano, R., Vlasenko, N. S., Zaitsev, A. N., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., ... & Gurzhiy, V. V. (2019). Allabogdanite, the high-pressure polymorph of (Fe, Ni) 2 p, a stishovite-grade indicator of impact processes in the Fe–Ni–p system. Scientific reports, 9(1), 1047.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Description: Product of terrestrial decomposition of the once abundant troilite
Reference: Buchwald, Vagn F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press, 1418 pp.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Buchwald, Vagn F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press, 1418 pp.; van Tassel et al. (1992) An overlooked fragment of the Santa Catharina ataxite: Meteoritics 27: 467-469 (Sept 1992).
Tetrataenite
Formula: FeNi
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 65, pages 624-630 1980; Scorzelli, Rosa B..(2008) Meteorites: messengers from the outer space. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2008, vol.19, n.2 [cited 2014-08-16], pp. 226-23; Goldstein, J. I. et al. (1998) The Santa Catharina Meteorite: A Cloudy Zone Microstructure Consisting of a Fine Intergrowth of Tetrataenite and Antitaenite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Suppl): pages A59-A60. (July 1998) ; Britvin, S. N., Shilovskikh, V. V., Pagano, R., Vlasenko, N. S., Zaitsev, A. N., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., ... & Gurzhiy, V. V. (2019). Allabogdanite, the high-pressure polymorph of (Fe, Ni) 2 p, a stishovite-grade indicator of impact processes in the Fe–Ni–p system. Scientific reports, 9(1), 1047.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Buchwald, Vagn F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press, 1418 pp.; van Tassel et al. (1992) An overlooked fragment of the Santa Catharina ataxite: Meteoritics 27: 467-469 (Sept 1992).; Britvin, S. N., Shilovskikh, V. V., Pagano, R., Vlasenko, N. S., Zaitsev, A. N., Krzhizhanovskaya, M. G., ... & Gurzhiy, V. V. (2019). Allabogdanite, the high-pressure polymorph of (Fe, Ni) 2 p, a stishovite-grade indicator of impact processes in the Fe–Ni–p system. Scientific reports, 9(1), 1047.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Allabogdanite1.BD.15(Fe,Ni)2P
'Antitaenite'1.AE.10Fe3Ni
Barringerite ?1.BD.10(Fe,Ni)2P
Graphite ?1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Nickelphosphide1.BD.05(Ni,Fe)3P
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite1.AE.10FeNi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akaganeite4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Reevesite5.DA.50Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Honessite7.DD.35(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Arupite (TL)8.CE.40Ni3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Sarcopside8.AB.15(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Barringerite ?1.1.21.1(Fe,Ni)2P
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tetrataenite1.1.11.3FeNi
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite ?1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Akaganeite6.1.6.1(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Reevesite16b.6.3.1Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Honessite31.10.6.1(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Sarcopside38.3.1.1(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Arupite (TL)40.3.6.8Ni3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Allabogdanite-(Fe,Ni)2P
'Antitaenite'-Fe3Ni
Iron-Fe
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Nickelphosphide-(Ni,Fe)3P

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ArupiteNi3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Honessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
H ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O ArupiteNi3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Honessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
SiSilicon
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
PPhosphorus
P ArupiteNi3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P Allabogdanite(Fe,Ni)2P
P Nickelphosphide(Ni,Fe)3P
P Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
P Barringerite(Fe,Ni)2P
SSulfur
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S Honessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S TroiliteFeS
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
FeIron
Fe Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Honessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Fe TetrataeniteFeNi
Fe AntitaeniteFe3Ni
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe IronFe
Fe Allabogdanite(Fe,Ni)2P
Fe Nickelphosphide(Ni,Fe)3P
Fe Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Fe Barringerite(Fe,Ni)2P
NiNickel
Ni ArupiteNi3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
Ni Honessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Ni TetrataeniteFeNi
Ni AntitaeniteFe3Ni
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Allabogdanite(Fe,Ni)2P
Ni Nickelphosphide(Ni,Fe)3P
Ni Barringerite(Fe,Ni)2P

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
van Tassel, R., Dillen, H., Vochten, R., Degrave, E. & Hertogen, J. (1992) An overlooked fragment of the Santa Catharina ataxite: Meteoritics 27: 467-469 (Sept 1992).
Goldstein, J. I., Reisner, R. J., Rancourt, D. G., Lagarec, K. & Scorzelli, R. B. (1998) The Santa Catharina Meteorite: A Cloudy Zone Microstructure Consisting of a Fine Intergrowth of Tetrataenite and Antitaenite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Suppl): pages A59-A60. (July 1998)
Scorzelli, Rosa B.. Meteorites: messengers from the outer space. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. [online]. 2008, vol.19, n.2 [cited 2014-08-16], pp. 226-23.
Britvin, S.N., Shilovskikh, V.V., Pagano, R., Vlasenko, N.S., Zaitsev, A.N., Krzhizhanovskaya, M.G., Lozhkin, M.S., Zolotarev, A.A., Gurzhiy, V.V. (2019): Allabogdanite, the high-pressure polymorph of (Fe,Ni)2P, a stishovite-grade indicator of impact processes in the Fe–Ni–P system. Scientific Reports, 9, 1047; https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-37795-x

External Links



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: September 17, 2019 15:37:01 Page generated: August 31, 2019 20:36:22
Go to top of page