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Surprise Mine, Ramona, Ramona District, San Diego Co., California, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 33° 3' 10'' North , 116° 47' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 33.0527777778, -116.788888889


A gem-bearing granite pegmatite deposit located 7.4 km (4.6 miles) east of Ramona. Elevation approx. 1997' AMSL.

Mineral List


12 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Cretaceous - Middle Jurassic
66 - 174.1 Ma
Mesozoic granitic rocks, unit 2 (Peninsular Ranges)

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 174.1 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Bonsall Tonalite; Bradley Granodiorite; Cactus Quartz Monzonite; Cajalco Quartz Monzonite; Corona Hornblende Granodiorite Porphyry; Domenigoni Valley Granodiorite; Escondido Creek Leucogranodiorite; Estelle Tonalite; Fargo Canyon Diorite; Green Valley Tonalite; Home Gardens Quartz Monzonite Porphyry; Indian Mountain Leucogranodiorite; Lakeview Mountain Tonalite; Lake Wolford Leucogranodiorite; La Sierra Tonalite; Mount Hole Granodiorite; Rattlesnake Granite; Roblar Leucogranite; San Jacinto Granodiorite; Stonewall Quartz Diorite; Woodson Mountain Granodiorite

Description: Mesozoic granite, quartz monzonite, granodiorite, and quartz diorite

Comments: Peninsular Ranges. Primarily tonalite, granodiorite, and minor quartz monzonite and granite. Emplacement ages mostly 80 to 105 Ma in eastern part of area and 105 to 140 Ma in western part; minor Jurassic rocks in central part

Lithology: Major:{tonalite}, Minor:{quartz diorite,granodiorite,quartz monzonite}, Incidental:{granite, pegmatite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Kunz, George Frederick (1905a), Gems, jewelers’ materials, and ornamental stones of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 37, 171 pp.: 49, 52, 146-147.

Ford, William Ebenezer (1906), Some interesting beryl crystals and their association: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 22: 217-223.

Merrill, F. J. H. (1914), Geology and Mineral Resources of San Diego and Imperial Counties: Gems, Lithia Minerals. California State Mining Bureau, San Francisco, Cal. California State Printing Office, December. Chapter 1: 72.

Rocks & Minerals (1943): 18: 207.

Sinkankas, J. (1957a) Recent gem mining at Ramona, San Diego County, California. Gems and Gemology: 8: 367-373.

Sinkankas, J. (1959) Gemstones of North America. D. Van Nostrand Co., New York, 675 pp.: 103.

Snyder, Doris (1962), Wonderful world of pegmatite minerals: Part I: Gems & Minerals, No. 293: 24-26, Feb, 1962.

Weber, F. H. (1963a), Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: 87, 112, Pl. 5.

Simpson, Dale R. (1965) Geology of the central part of the Ramona pegmatite district, San Diego County, California. Clifornia Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 86: 22.

Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 103, 195, 368.

Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 454, 499.

 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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