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Mpumalanga, South Africai
Regional Level Types
MpumalangaProvince
South AfricaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Province
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Witbank262,491 (2012)
Middelburg154,706 (2012)
eMbalenhle141,741 (2014)
Nelspruit110,159 (2013)
Bethal101,919 (2012)
Delmas92,046 (2012)


Was known as Eastern Transvaal Province until August 1995. Mpumalanga is divided into three districts.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

313 valid minerals. 16 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997) "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997).; Handbook of Mineralogy.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997);
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Gauert C, Trubač J, Ackerman L (2014) Late-stage magmatic-hydrothermal mineral associations in the Ni-Cu-PGE sulphide-bearing (ultra-) basic Uitkomst Complex, South Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 73
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Montinaro, A., Strauss, H., Mason, P. R., Roerdink, D., Münker, C., Schwarz-Schampera, U., ... & Peters, M. (2015). Paleoarchean sulfur cycling: Multiple sulfur isotope constraints from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Precambrian Research, 267, 311-322.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 435 pp
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 161 pg
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Guenther, C., & Gauert, C. (2012), September. Mineral characterization of the metallurgically detrimental talc-carbonate-pyrite schist in ultramafic rocks of the Nkomati Ni-Cu-PGE (-Co-Cr) Mine, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. In European Mineralogical Conference (pp. 2-6).
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Description: Slag mineral
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Apatite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy (2005)
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 435 pp
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Auricupride
Formula: Cu3Au
Reference: extraLapis 2:43
Aurorite
Formula: (Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Guenther, C., & Gauert, C. (2012), September. Mineral characterization of the metallurgically detrimental talc-carbonate-pyrite schist in ultramafic rocks of the Nkomati Ni-Cu-PGE (-Co-Cr) Mine, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. In European Mineralogical Conference (pp. 2-6).
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Biotite'
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bismutoferrite
Formula: Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Bonaccordite (TL)
Formula: Ni2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Type Locality:
Reference: [Trans.Geol.Soc.S.Afr.(1974) 77, 373; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual, p25]
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.
'Brewsterite'
Description: Recorded from amygdales.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 191 pp.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Bunsenite
Formula: NiO
Reference: Am. Min. 61, 502 (1976); O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.
Cabriite
Formula: Pd2CuSn
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cassedanneite
Formula: Pb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 435 pp
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Meulenbeld, P.M.P.B., Grote, W. & Verryn, S. (2014) The Albert silver mine and trippkeite occurrence. Rock & Minerals 89(5), 417-422.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Chapmanite
Formula: Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Reference: Sabine MC. Verryn & Paul MPB Meulenbe(e)ld (2000) A new locality for Chapmanite (Sb(OH)Fe2(SiO4)2) at a lead-silver-zinc deposit near Argent Station, Mpumalanga, South Africa. N. Jb. Miner. Mh. 2000(2):85-90. Stuttgart.
Cherepanovite
Formula: RhAs
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., & Cawthorn, R. G. (2002). Platinum-group minerals in chromitite xenoliths from the Onverwacht and Tweefontein ultramafic pipes, eastern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 481-497.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Montinaro, A., Strauss, H., Mason, P. R., Roerdink, D., Münker, C., Schwarz-Schampera, U., ... & Peters, M. (2015). Paleoarchean sulfur cycling: Multiple sulfur isotope constraints from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Precambrian Research, 267, 311-322.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Clairite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Ann.Geol.Survey S.Africa,(1983) 17, 29-34; Daltry, V.D.C., (1997) Mineralogy of South Africa: Type-Mineral Species and Type-Mineral Names, Council For Geoscience, Geological Survey of South Africa, Handbook 15.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinochrysotile'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Reference: Meulenbeld, P.M.P.B., Grote, W. & Verryn, S. (2014) The Albert silver mine and trippkeite occurrence. Rock & Minerals 89(5), 417-422.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cochromite (TL)
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 65 (1980), 811; O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Copper
Formula: Cu
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Crocoite
Formula: PbCrO4
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Matheys, F. G., (1990), The alluvial diamond deposits of the lower Vaal river between Barkly West and the Vaal-Harts confluence in the Northern Cape Province, South Africa.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Reference: H.F.J. Theart and C.D. de Nooy (2001) The Platinum Group Minerals in two parts of the Massive Sulphide Body of the Uitkomst Complex, Mpumalanga, South Africa. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF GEOLOGY, VOLUME 104, PAGE 287-300
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Embreyite
Formula: Pb5(CrO4)2(PO4)2 · H2O
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Reference: http://www.unileoben.ac.at/~buero62/minpet/malitch/4IASMalitch.pdf
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 204.; Reeks, G. (1996) The Kruisrivier Cobalt Mine - Transvaal (South Africa). Mineralogical Record, 27(6), 417-428.; Windisch, W. (2014) An introduction to micromounting.
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series var: Hortonolite'
Formula: from (Fe1.5Mg0.5)2SiO4 to (Mg1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Feldspar Group'
Fiedlerite
Formula: Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Gaspéite
Formula: Ni(CO3)
Reference: Am. Min. 61, 502 (1976)
Genkinite (TL)
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1977) 15, 389-392; Cabri, L. J., Laflamme, J. G., & Stewart, J. M. (1977). Platinum-group minerals from Onverwacht; II, Platarsite, a new sulfarsenide of platinum. The Canadian Mineralogist, 15(3), 385-388.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Geversite
Formula: PtSb2
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Godlevskite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
Graphite
Formula: C
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Habit: Hemimorphic sometimes hexagonal
Colour: Yellow-orange
Description: First reported occurrence for South Africa. Associated with galena, sphalerite, goethite, baryte, anglesite and quartz.
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 435 pp
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 212 pp.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Paul Meulenbeld collection
Haycockite (TL)
Formula: Cu4Fe5S8
Type Locality:
Reference: Cabri, L.J. & Hall, S.R. (1972) Mooihoekite and haycockite, two new copper-iron sulfides and their relationship to chalcopyrite and talnakhite. American Mineralogist 57, 689-708; Rowland, J.F. & Hall, S.R. (1973) The crystal structure of haycockite, Cu4Fe5S8. American Mineralogist, 58, 1110 abstract????; Rowland, J.F. & Hall, S.R. (1975) Haycockite, Cu4Fe5S8: a superstructure in the chalcopyrite series. Acta crystallographica B31, 2105-2112; Daltry, V.D.C., (1997) Mineralogy of South Africa: Type-Mineral Species and Type-Mineral Names, Council For Geoscience, Geological Survey of South Africa, Handbook 15.
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 435 pp
Hemihedrite
Formula: Pb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 435 pp
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Reference: Min Rec 27:6 pp417-428
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Hopeite
Formula: Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Hornblende'
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Hydrombobomkulite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 13-14H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Annal.Geol.Survey S.Africa,(1980) 14, no. 2, 1-110; Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. & Windisch, W.(1998): Microminerals from the Bushveld Complex South Africa. Mineralogical Record 29: 461-465
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Irarsite (TL)
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iridium var: Osmiridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Julgoldite-(Fe3+)
Formula: Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
Habit: acicular
Colour: dark-green
Description: First reported find of this mineral in South Africa
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Windisch, W.(1998): Microminerals from the Bushveld Complex South Africa. Mineralogical Record 29: 461-465
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Munyai, M. R., Dirks, P. H. G. M., & Charlesworth, E. G. (2011). Archaean gold mineralisation during post-orogenic extension in the new consort gold mine, Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 114(2), 121-144.
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.
Ktenasite
Formula: Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Description: Slag mineral
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 435 pp
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Letovicite
Formula: (NH4)3H(SO4)2
Reference: International Journal of Coal Geology 72 (2007) 124–140
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Liebenbergite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Am. Min. 61, 502 (1976)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
'Lindackerite Group'
Formula: MCu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 9H2O
Reference: Meulenbeld, P.M.P.B., Grote, W. & Verryn, S. (2014) The Albert silver mine and trippkeite occurrence. Rock & Minerals 89(5), 417-422.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Lonecreekite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Ann.Geol.Surv.S.Africa,(1983) 17, 29-34
Ludlamite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: Otto, A., & Meyer, F. M. (2008). Tektono-metamorphe Kontrolle der archaischen Goldmineralisation in der New Consort Gold Mine, Barberton Grünsteingürtel, Südafrika (No. RWTH-CONV-112943). Lehrstuhl und Institut für Mineralogie und Lagerstättenlehre u. Labor für Geochemie und Umweltanalytik.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Marshite
Formula: CuI
Reference: Meulenbeld, P.M.P.B., Grote, W. & Verryn, S. (2014) The Albert silver mine and trippkeite occurrence. Rock & Minerals 89(5), 417-422.
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
Reference: Stracher, G.B., Finkelman, R.B., Hower, J.C., Pone, J.D.N., Prakash, A., Blake, D.R., Schroeder, P.A., Emsbo-Mattingly, S.D., and O'Keefe, J.M.K. (2009): Natural and anthropogenic coal fires. In: Umran Dogan, A., and Cutler, J. (eds.): Encyclopedia of Earth. Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment, Cleveland (Washington, D.C.); International Journal of Coal Geology 72 (2007) 124–140
'Maskelynite'
Reference: Prior, G.T. (1923) The Meteoric Iron of Karee Kloof, and the Meteoric Stones of Leeuwfontein and Sinai Peninsula: Mineralogical Magazine 20 (103): 134-139. (Dec 1923).
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Mbobomkulite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Ann.Geol.Surv.S.Africa,(1980) 14, n2, 1-110; Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Mcguinnessite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., & Cawthorn, R. G. (2002). Platinum-group minerals in chromitite xenoliths from the Onverwacht and Tweefontein ultramafic pipes, eastern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 481-497.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
'Melnikovite'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Meneghinite
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Mertieite-II
Formula: Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Reference: Cabri, L. J., Laflamme, J. G., & Stewart, J. M. (1977). Platinum-group minerals from Onverwacht; II, Platarsite, a new sulfarsenide of platinum. The Canadian Mineralogist, 15(3), 385-388.
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Montinaro, A., Strauss, H., Mason, P. R., Roerdink, D., Münker, C., Schwarz-Schampera, U., ... & Peters, M. (2015). Paleoarchean sulfur cycling: Multiple sulfur isotope constraints from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Precambrian Research, 267, 311-322.
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Monazite-(Nd)
Formula: Nd(PO4)
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 435 pp
Mooihoekite (TL)
Formula: Cu9Fe9S16
Type Locality:
Reference: Amer.Min.(1972) 57, 689-708
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Munirite
Formula: NaVO3 · 1.9H2O
Habit: radiating, fibrous aggregates of pearly crystals
Colour: cream-white
Reference: Cairncross, B. & Windisch, W. (1998): Microminerals from the Bushveld Complex South Africa. Mineralogical Record 29: 461-465
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: International Journal of Coal Geology 72 (2007) 124–140
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
Natropharmacosiderite
Formula: (Na,K)Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Am. Min. 61, 502 (1976); Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.
Newberyite
Formula: Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
'Nichromite'
Formula: (Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Nickelalumite'
Formula: (Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: Ann.Geol.Surv.S.Africa,(1980) 14, n2, 1-110;Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nickelskutterudite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Nimite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist (1969): 54: 1739; O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Onoratoite
Formula: Sb8Cl2O11
Reference: Meulenbeld, P.M.P.B., Grote, W. & Verryn, S. (2014) The Albert silver mine and trippkeite occurrence. Rock & Minerals 89(5), 417-422.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Description: Abundant Ca-poor orthopyroxene ('hypersthene') a defining characteristic of well-equilibrated ordinary chondrites.
Reference: Graham, A. L., Bevan, A. W. R. & Hutchison, B. (1985) Catalogue of Meteorites (4/e). University of Arizona Press: Tucson.
'Parachrysotile'
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Paralaurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: Guenther, C., & Gauert, C. (2012), September. Mineral characterization of the metallurgically detrimental talc-carbonate-pyrite schist in ultramafic rocks of the Nkomati Ni-Cu-PGE (-Co-Cr) Mine, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. In European Mineralogical Conference (pp. 2-6).
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phoenicochroite
Formula: Pb2(CrO4)O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Min Rec 27:6 pp417-428
Platarsite (TL)
Formula: PtAsS
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1977): 15, 385-388.; Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.; Cabri, L. J., Laflamme, J. G., & Stewart, J. M. (1977). Platinum-group minerals from Onverwacht; II, Platarsite, a new sulfarsenide of platinum. The Canadian Mineralogist, 15(3), 385-388.
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Platinum var: Ferroan Platinum
Formula: (Pt,Fe)
Reference: Cabri, L. J., Laflamme, J. G., & Stewart, J. M. (1977). Platinum-group minerals from Onverwacht; II, Platarsite, a new sulfarsenide of platinum. The Canadian Mineralogist, 15(3), 385-388.
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Montinaro, A., Strauss, H., Mason, P. R., Roerdink, D., Münker, C., Schwarz-Schampera, U., ... & Peters, M. (2015). Paleoarchean sulfur cycling: Multiple sulfur isotope constraints from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Precambrian Research, 267, 311-322.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: www.mindat.org/mesg-55-48596.html
Quartz var: Ametrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: (Error for yellow iron-stained amethyst; not true ametrine.)
Quartz var: Aventurine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Robert Lavinsky photo ID 605150
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: (Error for yellow iron-stained quartz; not true citrine.)
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Colour: bright red
Description: Found in association with orpiment.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, 237;
Reevesite
Formula: Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Am Min 54 (1969), 1204-1208
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Rustenburgite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)3Sn
Rustenburgite var: Cuprian Rustenburgite
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
Ruthenarsenite
Formula: (Ru,Ni)As
Reference: Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., & Cawthorn, R. G. (2002). Platinum-group minerals in chromitite xenoliths from the Onverwacht and Tweefontein ultramafic pipes, eastern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 481-497.; Cabri, L. J., Laflamme, J. G., & Stewart, J. M. (1977). Platinum-group minerals from Onverwacht; II, Platarsite, a new sulfarsenide of platinum. The Canadian Mineralogist, 15(3), 385-388.
Ruthenium
Formula: (Ru,Ir)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Sabieite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Ann.Geol.Surv.S.Africa,(1983) 17, 29-34
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Reference: International Journal of Coal Geology 72 (2007) 124–140
Sampleite
Formula: NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997);
Sasaite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Guenther, C., & Gauert, C. (2012), September. Mineral characterization of the metallurgically detrimental talc-carbonate-pyrite schist in ultramafic rocks of the Nkomati Ni-Cu-PGE (-Co-Cr) Mine, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. In European Mineralogical Conference (pp. 2-6).
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Siderite var: Mg-rich Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)CO3
Reference: PMPB Meulenbeld collection
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Sobolevskite
Formula: Pd(Bi,Te)
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Munyai, M. R., Dirks, P. H. G. M., & Charlesworth, E. G. (2011). Archaean gold mineralisation during post-orogenic extension in the new consort gold mine, Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 114(2), 121-144.
Stannopalladinite
Formula: (Pd,Cu)3Sn2
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibiopalladinite
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Stichtite
Formula: Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Stichtite-2H' (FRL)
Formula: Mg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: Am Min 26 (1941), 295
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Sudburyite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)Sb
Reference: http://www.unileoben.ac.at/~buero62/minpet/malitch/4IASMalitch.pdf
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Stracher, G.B., Finkelman, R.B., Hower, J.C., Pone, J.D.N., Prakash, A., Blake, D.R., Schroeder, P.A., Emsbo-Mattingly, S.D., and O'Keefe, J.M.K. (2009): Natural and anthropogenic coal fires. In: Umran Dogan, A., and Cutler, J. (eds.): Encyclopedia of Earth. Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment, Cleveland (Washington, D.C.); International Journal of Coal Geology 72 (2007) 124–140
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Taranakite
Formula: (K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Temagamite
Formula: Pd3HgTe3
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Montinaro, A., Strauss, H., Mason, P. R., Roerdink, D., Münker, C., Schwarz-Schampera, U., ... & Peters, M. (2015). Paleoarchean sulfur cycling: Multiple sulfur isotope constraints from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Precambrian Research, 267, 311-322.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
'Testibiopalladite'
Formula: PdTe(Sb,Te)
Tetra-auricupride
Formula: AuCu
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Tetraferroplatinum
Formula: PtFe
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tredouxite
Formula: NiSb2O6
Reference: Bindi, L., Zaccarini, F., Miller, D.E., Garuti, G. (2017): Tredouxite, IMA 2017-061. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1284; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1279–1286; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.phpf=5&t=14029&sid=1bd8fea6f10174ac7bdd04a79c06bffd (2017)
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Trevorite (TL)
Formula: Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 57 (1972), 1524; O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.; Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 20; Am. Min. 61, 502 (1976); Am Min 54 (1969), 1204-1208
Trippkeite
Formula: Cu2+As3+2O4
Reference: Meulenbeld, P.M.P.B., Grote, W. & Verryn, S. (2014) The Albert silver mine and trippkeite occurrence. Rock & Minerals 89(5), 417-422.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Description: Found with gold.
Reference: Minerals of South Africa. Cairncross, B. and Anhaeusser, C.R., (1992), Gold in South Africa. Mineralogical Record: 23(3): 215
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
'UM1976-16-S:IrRhSb'
Formula: (Rh,Ir)SbS
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
'UM1977-04-E:CuFeNiPtSb'
Formula: Pt10Fe3Ni3Cu3Sb
Reference: Cabri, L.J., Rosenzweig, A., Pinch, W.W. (1977): Platinum-group mineral from Onverwacht; I, Pt-Fe-Cu-Ni alloys. Can. Mineral.: 15: 380-384
'UM1992-04-Bi:Pt'
Formula: (Pt,Fe)(Bi,Sb)
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
'UM1992-12-E:IrPtSb'
Formula: (Pt,Ir,Fe)3Sb
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
'UM1992-38-Sn:CuPdPt'
Formula: (Pd,Pt)4(Cu,Fe)2(Sn,Sb)3
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
'Unnamed (NH4 Thiosulphate)'
Formula: (NH4)2(S2O3)
Reference: Stracher, G.B., Finkelman, R.B., Hower, J.C., Pone, J.D.N., Prakash, A., Blake, D.R., Schroeder, P.A., Emsbo-Mattingly, S.D., and O'Keefe, J.M.K. (2009): Natural and anthropogenic coal fires. In: Umran Dogan, A., and Cutler, J. (eds.): Encyclopedia of Earth. Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment, Cleveland (Washington, D.C.)
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide)'
Formula: Ni3Sb
Reference: Tredoux, M., Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., Miller, D.E. (2016): Phases in the Ni-Sb-AS system which occur in the Bon Accord oxide body, Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 187-198
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide II)'
Formula: Ni5(Sb,As)2
Reference: Tredoux, M., Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., Miller, D.E. (2016): Phases in the Ni-Sb-AS system which occur in the Bon Accord oxide body, Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 187-198
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide III)'
Formula: Ni7(Sb,As)3
Reference: Tredoux, M., Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., Miller, D.E. (2016): Phases in the Ni-Sb-AS system which occur in the Bon Accord oxide body, Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 187-198
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide IV)'
Formula: Ni11(Sb,As)8
Reference: Tredoux, M., Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., Miller, D.E. (2016): Phases in the Ni-Sb-AS system which occur in the Bon Accord oxide body, Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 187-198
'Unnamed (Ni Arsenide)'
Formula: Ni3As
Reference: Tredoux, M., Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., Miller, D.E. (2016): Phases in the Ni-Sb-AS system which occur in the Bon Accord oxide body, Barberton greenstone belt, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 187-198
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Vauquelinite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Reference: Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
Willemseite (TL)
Formula: Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Nat.Inst.Met.(S.A.)Res.Rep.(1968) 352, 1-14; Am Min 55 (1970), 31; O'Driscoll, B., Clay, P. L., Cawthorn, R. G., Lenaz, D., Adetunji, J., & Kronz, A. (2014). Trevorite: Ni-rich spinel formed by metasomatism and desulfurization processes at Bon Accord, South Africa?. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(1), 145-163.; Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
'Xenotime'
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 57 pg
Zaccariniite
Formula: RhNiAs
Reference: Rudashevsky, N.S., Avdontsev, S.N., Dneprovskaya, M.B. (1992): Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineral. Petrol.: 47: 37-54; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1111
Zeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Montinaro, A., Strauss, H., Mason, P. R., Roerdink, D., Münker, C., Schwarz-Schampera, U., ... & Peters, M. (2015). Paleoarchean sulfur cycling: Multiple sulfur isotope constraints from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa. Precambrian Research, 267, 311-322.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Auricupride1.AA.10aCu3Au
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Cabriite1.AG.30Pd2CuSn
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
var: Osmiridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Isoferroplatinum1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Nickel1.AA.05Ni
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
var: Ferroan Platinum1.AF.10(Pt,Fe)
Rustenburgite1.AG.10(Pt,Pd)3Sn
var: Cuprian Rustenburgite1.AG.10(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Ruthenium1.AF.05(Ru,Ir)
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Stannopalladinite1.AG.25(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tetra-auricupride1.AA.10bAuCu
Tetraferroplatinum1.AG.40PtFe
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Braggite2.CC.35a(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cherepanovite2.CC.15RhAs
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Cooperite2.CC.35bPtS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djerfisherite2.FC.05K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Famatinite2.KA.10Cu3SbS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Galenobismutite2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Genkinite (TL)2.AC.35a(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Geversite2.EB.05aPtSb2
Godlevskite2.BB.15(Ni,Fe)9S8
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Haycockite (TL)2.CB.10bCu4Fe5S8
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Hollingworthite2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Irarsite (TL)2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Meneghinite2.HB.05bPb13CuSb7S24
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Mertieite-II2.AC.10bPd8Sb2.5As0.5
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Mooihoekite (TL)2.CB.10bCu9Fe9S16
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nickelskutterudite2.EC.05(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Orcelite2.AB.10Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Platarsite (TL)2.EB.25PtAsS
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Ruthenarsenite2.CC.15(Ru,Ni)As
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sobolevskite2.CC.05Pd(Bi,Te)
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibiopalladinite2.AC.20aPd5Sb2
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Sudburyite2.CC.05(Pd,Ni)Sb
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Temagamite2.BC.50Pd3HgTe3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Testibiopalladite'2.EB.25PdTe(Sb,Te)
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Botallackite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Fiedlerite3.DC.10Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Laurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Marshite3.AA.05CuI
Matlockite3.DC.25PbFCl
Onoratoite3.DC.80Sb8Cl2O11
Paralaurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Aurorite4.FL.20(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Bunsenite4.AB.25NiO
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Cochromite (TL)4.BB.05(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Delafossite4.AB.15CuFeO2
Franklinite4.BB.05Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Munirite4.HD.15NaVO3 · 1.9H2O
'Nichromite'4.BB.05(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Ametrine ?4.DA.05SiO2
var: Aventurine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine ?4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Trevorite (TL)4.BB.05Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Trippkeite4.JA.20Cu2+As3+2O4
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Gaspéite5.AB.05Ni(CO3)
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrombobomkulite (TL)5.ND.15(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 13-14H2O
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mbobomkulite (TL)5.ND.10(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Mcguinnessite5.BA.10(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Reevesite5.DA.50Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Mg-rich Siderite5.AB.05(Fe,Mg)CO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Stichtite5.DA.50Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Stichtite-2H' (TL)5.DA.45Mg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Group 6 - Borates
Bonaccordite (TL)6.AB.30Ni2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alum-(K)7.CC.20KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Aluminite7.DC.05Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Arcanite7.AD.05K2SO4
Argentojarosite7.BC.10AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cassedanneite7.FC.20Pb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Clairite (TL)7.DF.55(NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Crocoite7.FA.20PbCrO4
Elyite7.DF.65Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Embreyite7.FC.20Pb5(CrO4)2(PO4)2 · H2O
Fornacite7.FC.10Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hemihedrite7.FC.15Pb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Ktenasite7.DD.20Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Letovicite7.AD.20(NH4)3H(SO4)2
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Lonecreekite (TL)7.CC.20(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Mascagnite7.AD.05(NH4)2SO4
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Nickelalumite'7.DD.75(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Phoenicochroite7.FB.05Pb2(CrO4)O
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Sabieite (TL)7.AC.20(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Sideronatrite7.DF.20Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Tschermigite7.CC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Vauquelinite7.FC.05Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Wroewolfeite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
var: Cuprian Adamite8.BB.30(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Brushite8.CJ.50Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Churchite-(Y)8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Clinoclase8.BE.20Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Hopeite8.CA.30Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Ludlamite8.CD.20Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Monazite-(Nd)8.AD.50Nd(PO4)
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Natropharmacosiderite8.DK.10(Na,K)Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Newberyite8.CE.10Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Picropharmacolite8.CH.15Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Sampleite8.DG.05NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Sasaite8.DB.55(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Taranakite8.CH.25(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Zeunerite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bismutoferrite9.ED.25Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Chapmanite9.ED.25Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinochrysotile'9.ED.
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Julgoldite-(Fe3+)9.BG.20Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Liebenbergite (TL)9.AC.05(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nimite (TL)9.EC.55(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Népouite9.ED.15(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pecoraite9.ED.15Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Willemseite (TL)9.EC.05Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Åkermanite9.BB.10Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Biotite'-
'Brewsterite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'var: Hortonolite'-from (Fe1.5Mg0.5)2SiO4 to (Mg1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
'Feldspar Group'-
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lindackerite Group'-MCu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 9H2O
'Maskelynite'-
'Melnikovite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Parachrysotile'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tredouxite-NiSb2O6
'UM1976-16-S:IrRhSb'-(Rh,Ir)SbS
'UM1977-04-E:CuFeNiPtSb'-Pt10Fe3Ni3Cu3Sb
'UM1992-04-Bi:Pt'-(Pt,Fe)(Bi,Sb)
'UM1992-12-E:IrPtSb'-(Pt,Ir,Fe)3Sb
'UM1992-38-Sn:CuPdPt'-(Pd,Pt)4(Cu,Fe)2(Sn,Sb)3
'Unnamed (NH4 Thiosulphate)'-(NH4)2(S2O3)
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide)'-Ni3Sb
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide II)'-Ni5(Sb,As)2
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide III)'-Ni7(Sb,As)3
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide IV)'-Ni11(Sb,As)8
'Unnamed (Ni Arsenide)'-Ni3As
'Xenotime'-
Zaccariniite-RhNiAs

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Auricupride1.1.2.1Cu3Au
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Nickel1.1.11.5Ni
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tetra-auricupride1.1.2.2AuCu
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Cabriite1.2.11.Pd2CuSn
Iridium1.2.1.2(Ir,Os,Ru)
Isoferroplatinum1.2.5.1Pt3Fe
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Rustenburgite1.2.5.2(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Ruthenium1.2.2.2(Ru,Ir)
Stannopalladinite1.2.9.1(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
Tetraferroplatinum1.2.4.1PtFe
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Orcelite2.3.2.1Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Stibiopalladinite2.3.3.1Pd5Sb2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Genkinite (TL)2.6.4.1(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Temagamite2.6.5.1Pd3HgTe3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Cobaltpentlandite2.7.1.3(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Godlevskite2.7.4.1(Ni,Fe)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Braggite2.8.5.3(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Cherepanovite2.8.17.2RhAs
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Cooperite2.8.5.1PtS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Ruthenarsenite2.8.17.1(Ru,Ni)As
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Haycockite (TL)2.9.8.2Cu4Fe5S8
Mooihoekite (TL)2.9.8.3Cu9Fe9S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Geversite2.12.1.14PtSb2
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Hollingworthite2.12.3.8(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Irarsite (TL)2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Michenerite2.12.3.11PdBiTe
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Nickelskutterudite2.12.17.2(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Platarsite (TL)2.12.3.6PtAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
'Testibiopalladite'2.12.3.13PdTe(Sb,Te)
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Chlor-sulfides
Djerfisherite2.15.2.1K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Mertieite-II2.16.3.1Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Famatinite3.2.2.2Cu3SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Meneghinite3.3.5.1Pb13CuSb7S24
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Galenobismutite3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Bunsenite4.2.1.2NiO
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Heterogenite6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Delafossite7.1.1.1CuFeO2
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Cochromite (TL)7.2.3.5(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Franklinite7.2.2.4Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
'Nichromite'7.2.3.4(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Trevorite (TL)7.2.2.5Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
AB3X7
Aurorite7.8.2.2(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Marshite9.1.7.3CuI
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Matlockite9.2.11.1PbFCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Botallackite10.1.3.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
A(O,OH)Xq
Laurionite10.2.2.1PbCl(OH)
Paralaurionite10.2.3.1PbCl(OH)
A3(O,OH)2Xq
Fiedlerite10.3.2.1Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Am(O,OH)pXq
Onoratoite10.5.7.1Sb8Cl2O11
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Gaspéite14.1.1.8Ni(CO3)
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite16a.3.1.4(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Reevesite16b.6.3.1Ni6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
Stichtite16b.6.2.2Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Stichtite-2H' (FRL)16b.6.1.2Mg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 19 - NITRATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Anhydrous Nitrates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hydrombobomkulite (TL)19.1.4.2(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 13-14H2O
Mbobomkulite (TL)19.1.4.1(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Bonaccordite (TL)24.2.1.4Ni2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Anhydrous Acid Sulfates
Letovicite28.1.3.1(NH4)3H(SO4)2
A2XO4
Arcanite28.2.1.2K2SO4
Mascagnite28.2.1.1(NH4)2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Sabieite (TL)28.3.5.1(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(K)29.5.5.1KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Lonecreekite (TL)29.5.5.4(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Tschermigite29.5.5.3(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Elyite30.1.2.1Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentojarosite30.2.5.5AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
'Nickelalumite'31.3.1.2(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Wroewolfeite31.4.2.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Ktenasite31.6.3.1Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Aluminite31.7.4.1Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Sideronatrite31.8.3.1Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Clairite (TL)31.10.8.1(NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
A2XO4
Phoenicochroite35.1.2.1Pb2(CrO4)O
AXO4
Crocoite35.3.1.1PbCrO4
Group 36 - COMPOUND CHROMATES
Miscellaneous
Hemihedrite36.1.1.2Pb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
AXO4
Monazite-(Nd)38.4.3.5Nd(PO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Brushite39.1.1.1Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Newberyite39.1.6.1Mg(HPO4) · 3H2O
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Picropharmacolite39.2.4.1Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Miscellaneous
Taranakite39.3.6.1(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite40.2a.14.2Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Zeunerite40.2a.14.1Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hopeite40.3.4.1Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Ludlamite40.3.5.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Clinoclase41.3.1.1Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Natropharmacosiderite42.8.1.2(Na,K)Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Sampleite42.9.4.1NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Normal Compound Phosphates, etc·
Cassedanneite43.3.2.2Pb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
Embreyite43.3.2.1Pb5(CrO4)2(PO4)2 · H2O
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fornacite43.4.3.2Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Vauquelinite43.4.3.1Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Sasaite43.5.4.1(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Trippkeite45.1.5.1Cu2+As3+2O4
Group 47 - VANADIUM OXYSALTS
Normal Anhydrous Vanadium Oxysalts
Munirite47.1.3.1NaVO3 · 1.9H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Liebenbergite (TL)51.3.1.3(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Åkermanite55.4.1.1Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Julgoldite-(Fe3+)58.2.2.2Ca2Fe3+Fe3+2(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Bismutoferrite71.1.3.1Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Chapmanite71.1.3.2Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Clinochrysotile'71.1.2d.1
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Népouite71.1.2b.3(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pecoraite71.1.2d.4Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
'Glauconite'71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Willemseite (TL)71.2.1.4Ni3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Nimite (TL)71.4.1.5(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
'Brewsterite'77.1.7.1
Harmotome77.1.3.5(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Adamite
var: Cuprian Adamite
-(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Axinite Group'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'var: Hortonolite'-from (Fe1.5Mg0.5)2SiO4 to (Mg1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
'Feldspar Group'-
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Iridium
var: Osmiridium
-(Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kotulskite-Pd(Te,Bi)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lindackerite Group'-MCu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 9H2O
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Maskelynite'-
'Melnikovite'-
'Mica Group'-
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Parachrysotile'-
Platinum
var: Ferroan Platinum
-(Pt,Fe)
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Ametrine ?-SiO2
var: Aventurine-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Citrine ?-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
Rustenburgite
var: Cuprian Rustenburgite
-(Pt,Pd)3Sn
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siderite
var: Mg-rich Siderite
-(Fe,Mg)CO3
Sobolevskite-Pd(Bi,Te)
Sudburyite-(Pd,Ni)Sb
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tredouxite-NiSb2O6
'UM1976-16-S:IrRhSb'-(Rh,Ir)SbS
'UM1977-04-E:CuFeNiPtSb'-Pt10Fe3Ni3Cu3Sb
'UM1992-04-Bi:Pt'-(Pt,Fe)(Bi,Sb)
'UM1992-12-E:IrPtSb'-(Pt,Ir,Fe)3Sb
'UM1992-38-Sn:CuPdPt'-(Pd,Pt)4(Cu,Fe)2(Sn,Sb)3
'Unnamed (NH4 Thiosulphate)'-(NH4)2(S2O3)
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide)'-Ni3Sb
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide II)'-Ni5(Sb,As)2
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide III)'-Ni7(Sb,As)3
'Unnamed (Ni Antimonide-Arsenide IV)'-Ni11(Sb,As)8
'Unnamed (Ni Arsenide)'-Ni3As
'Xenotime'-
Zaccariniite-RhNiAs

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
H Sabieite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
H Hydrombobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 13-14H2O
H Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
H Clairite(NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
H Mbobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
H Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H EmbreyitePb5(CrO4)2(PO4)2 · H2O
H VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
H FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H LaurionitePbCl(OH)
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
H PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
H HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
H SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
H Natropharmacosiderite(Na,K)Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuniriteNaVO3 · 1.9H2O
H Julgoldite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Fe23+(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
H Sasaite(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
H ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
H Unnamed (NH4 Thiosulphate)(NH4)2(S2O3)
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Letovicite(NH4)3H(SO4)2
H Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
H Lindackerite GroupMCu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 9H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H CassedanneitePb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
H HemihedritePb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
BBoron
B BonaccorditeNi2Fe3+(BO3)O2
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
C CerussitePbCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
C GaspéiteNi(CO3)
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C GraphiteC
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C DiamondC
C Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
C Siderite (var: Mg-rich Siderite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
NNitrogen
N Sabieite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
N Hydrombobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 13-14H2O
N Clairite(NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
N Mbobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
N Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
N Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
N Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
N Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
N Unnamed (NH4 Thiosulphate)(NH4)2(S2O3)
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
N Letovicite(NH4)3H(SO4)2
OOxygen
O Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
O BonaccorditeNi2Fe3+(BO3)O2
O Sabieite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
O Hydrombobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 13-14H2O
O TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
O Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
O Clairite(NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
O Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
O Liebenbergite(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
O Mbobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
O Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O EmbreyitePb5(CrO4)2(PO4)2 · H2O
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
O MassicotPbO
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O BunseniteNiO
O GaspéiteNi(CO3)
O Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O AnglesitePbSO4
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O CrocoitePbCrO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
O FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O MiniumPb3O4
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O PlattneritePbO2
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O CorundumAl2O3
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
O ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O LaurionitePbCl(OH)
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
O PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O TenoriteCuO
O BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
O Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
O Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
O HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
O Nichromite(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
O Quartz (var: Aventurine)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
O SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Natropharmacosiderite(Na,K)Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O WüstiteFeO
O ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O MuniriteNaVO3 · 1.9H2O
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Julgoldite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Fe23+(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
O LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
O Sasaite(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
O ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O Fayalite-Forsterite Series (var: Hortonolite)from (Fe1.5Mg0.5)2SiO4 to (Mg1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
O Unnamed (NH4 Thiosulphate)(NH4)2(S2O3)
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Letovicite(NH4)3H(SO4)2
O UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
O CupriteCu2O
O DelafossiteCuFeO2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
O Lindackerite GroupMCu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 9H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OnoratoiteSb8Cl2O11
O TrippkeiteCu2+As23+O4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PericlaseMgO
O ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
O ArcaniteK2SO4
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O CassedanneitePb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O HemihedritePb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O RutileTiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O TredouxiteNiSb2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Siderite (var: Mg-rich Siderite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Ametrine)SiO2
FFluorine
F FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
F MatlockitePbFCl
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Na Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Na Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Na LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Na MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Na SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Na Natropharmacosiderite(Na,K)Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Na MuniriteNaVO3 · 1.9H2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Mg Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Mg StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
Mg WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Mg Fayalite-Forsterite Series (var: Hortonolite)from (Fe1.5Mg0.5)2SiO4 to (Mg1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
Mg Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg PericlaseMgO
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Siderite (var: Mg-rich Siderite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
AlAluminium
Al Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Al Hydrombobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 13-14H2O
Al Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Al Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Al Mbobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Al Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Al MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Al Nichromite(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al Sasaite(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2O
Al Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Al ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Al Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Si Liebenbergite(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Si WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Si Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Si Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Si Quartz (var: Aventurine)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Julgoldite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Fe23+(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Fayalite-Forsterite Series (var: Hortonolite)from (Fe1.5Mg0.5)2SiO4 to (Mg1.5Fe0.5)2SiO4
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Si HemihedritePb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Ametrine)SiO2
PPhosphorus
P EmbreyitePb5(CrO4)2(PO4)2 · H2O
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
P SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
P LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
P LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
P NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
P Sasaite(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2O
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
P Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SSulfur
S Sabieite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
S Hydrombobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 13-14H2O
S MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16
S Clairite(NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
S PlatarsitePtAsS
S Mbobomkulite(Ni,Cu)Al4((NO3)2,SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
S HaycockiteCu4Fe5S8
S Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S MilleriteNiS
S Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
S LauriteRuS2
S ErlichmaniteOsS2
S CooperitePtS
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S AnglesitePbSO4
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GudmunditeFeSbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
S LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S StibniteSb2S3
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
S Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S CinnabarHgS
S CovelliteCuS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S FamatiniteCu3SbS4
S GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S DigeniteCu9S5
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
S ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S OrpimentAs2S3
S RealgarAs4S4
S SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
S ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
S Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
S SulphurS8
S Unnamed (NH4 Thiosulphate)(NH4)2(S2O3)
S Letovicite(NH4)3H(SO4)2
S DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
S Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
S TroiliteFeS
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ArcaniteK2SO4
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S GreenockiteCdS
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S UM1976-16-S:IrRhSb(Rh,Ir)SbS
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cl BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Cl MatlockitePbFCl
Cl ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Cl LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cl MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
Cl DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Cl OnoratoiteSb8Cl2O11
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
K Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
K Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
K Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K DjerfisheriteK6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K ArcaniteK2SO4
CaCalcium
Ca SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
Ca Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Ca LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Julgoldite-(Fe3+)Ca2Fe3+Fe23+(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH) · H2O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
Ca WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V MuniriteNaVO3 · 1.9H2O
V CassedanneitePb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
CrChromium
Cr Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Cr Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Cr EmbreyitePb5(CrO4)2(PO4)2 · H2O
Cr VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Cr StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr CrocoitePbCrO4
Cr PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Cr FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Cr Nichromite(Ni,Co,Fe)(Cr,Fe,Al)2O4
Cr UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Cr CassedanneitePb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
Cr HemihedritePb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe BonaccorditeNi2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Fe Sabieite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
Fe MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16
Fe TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
Fe Clairite(NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
Fe Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4
Fe HaycockiteCu4Fe5S8
Fe Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Platinum (var: Ferroan Platinum)(Pt,Fe)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe TetraferroplatinumPtFe
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe GudmunditeFeSbS
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
Fe GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Fe CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O