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Hitachi mine, Hitachi-machi, Taga-gun, Ibaraki Prefecture, Kanto region, Honshu Island, Japan

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 36° 37' 45'' North , 140° 36' 20'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 36.62917,140.60556
GeoHash:G#: xnebrs1u6
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


One of Japan's richest copper mines, worked from 1905 until 1974. It also produced some cobalt. Massive sulphide ore is hosted in conglomerate in biotite schist.
The oldest known ore deposit in Japan.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

20 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Okamoto collection (curated at the Geological Survey museum, Japan)
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Dr. Yohachiro Okamoto collection (conserved by the Geological Survey of Japan)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Laznicka, P. (1981) Data on the worldwide distribution of stratiform and stratabound ore deposits. (chapter 2 in: Wolf, K.H. (Ed.) (1981) Handbook of Strata-Bound and Stratiform Ore Deposits. Vol. 10. (Elsevier)); Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
'Biotite'
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
'commodity:Cobalt'
Formula: Co
Reference:  
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Reference:  
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Takahata, Hiroyuki; Uchiyama, Koji (1985) Dumortierite-Bearing Argillaceous Gneisses from the Abukuma Metamorphic Terrain, Northeast Japan. Jour. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser. IV, vol. 21, no. 3, Aug. 1985. pp. 465-481.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Okamoto collection (curated at the Geological Survey museum, Japan); Okamoto collection (curated at the Geological Survey museum, Japan)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Laznicka, P. (1981) Data on the worldwide distribution of stratiform and stratabound ore deposits. (chapter 2 in: Wolf, K.H. (Ed.) (1981) Handbook of Strata-Bound and Stratiform Ore Deposits. Vol. 10. (Elsevier))
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Dr Yohachiro Okamoto (1876-1960) collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan)
Hitachiite (TL)
Formula: Pb5Bi2Te2S6
Reference: Kuribayashi, T., Nagase, T., Nozaki, T., Ishibashi, J., Shimada, K., Shimizu, M. and Momma, K. (2018) Hitachiite, IMA 2018-027. CNMNC Newsletter No. 44, August 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 82: xxx–xxx.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Laznicka, P. (1981) Data on the worldwide distribution of stratiform and stratabound ore deposits. (chapter 2 in: Wolf, K.H. (Ed.) (1981) Handbook of Strata-Bound and Stratiform Ore Deposits. Vol. 10. (Elsevier))
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Pyrite var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Co)S2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22:223.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at the Geological Survey of Japan); Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Arsenic'1.CA.05As
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite2.EB.05a(Fe,Co)S2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anhydrite'7.AD.30CaSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Andalusite'9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
'Anthophyllite'9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Chloritoid'9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Hitachiite (TL)-Pb5Bi2Te2S6

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Dumortierite54.1.2.1(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Hitachiite (TL)-Pb5Bi2Te2S6
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
-(Fe,Co)S2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
OOxygen
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
AlAluminium
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HitachiitePb5Bi2Te2S6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Fe Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CoCobalt
Co Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenicAs
TeTellurium
Te HitachiitePb5Bi2Te2S6
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb HitachiitePb5Bi2Te2S6
BiBismuth
Bi HitachiitePb5Bi2Te2S6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Devonian - Cambrian
358.9 - 541 Ma



ID: 3185905
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Rocks & Minerals: 22:223
- Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan.
- Tatsuo Nozaki, Yasuhiro Kato, Katsuhiko Suzuki (2014): Re-Os Geochronology of the Hitachi Volcanogenic Massive Sulfide Deposit: The Oldest Ore Deposit in Japan. Economic Geology 109, 2023-2034.

Localities in this Region
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Japan

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