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Belton Grain vein, Wanlock Dod-Whytes Cleuch, Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, UK

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 55° 24' 17'' North , 3° 46' 46'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 55.40472,-3.77944
GeoHash:G#: gcv71ypgu
UK National Grid Reference:NS877133
Locality type:Vein
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Dumfriesshire


Belton Grain vein is one of the more mineralogicaly diverse veins in the Wanlockhead-Leadhills area. The vein has been confirmed over a distance of 1 mile coursing NNW-SSE, and traced for a further 1/2 mile. Belton Grain vein has been developed in Whytes Cleuch and from both sides of Wanlock Dod, by adits and shallow shafts. The grid ref is for the shaft workings on top of Wenlock Dod

Regions containing this locality

Strathclyde, Scotland, UK

Region (Historical) - 343 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


30 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Habit: Micro crystals
Colour: Yellow to dark brown
Reference: S Rust Collection
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: S. Rust collection
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Habit: Lath-like
Colour: Pale Blue to light blue
Reference: S.Rust collection
Galena
Formula: PbS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: S. Rust collection
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Mattheddleite
Formula: Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Habit: Prismatic
Colour: Colourless
Reference: S Rust Collection
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Phosphohedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Manchester University Museum, S.Rust collection
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Colour: Pale brown to Orange-red
Reference: [MinRec 12:247]

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Plattnerite'4.DB.05PbO2
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Hydrocerussite'5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Leadhillite'5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Susannite'5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Caledonite'7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
'Devilline'7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
'Lanarkite'7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
'Langite'7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
'Linarite'7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Corkite'8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Descloizite'8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
'Mimetite'8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
'Mottramite'8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
'Phosphohedyphane'8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
'Pyromorphite'8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
'Vanadinite'8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Hemimorphite'9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
'Mattheddleite'9.AH.25Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Susannite17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Mattheddleite52.4.9.6Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Phosphohedyphane-Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
O PlattneritePbO2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S GalenaPbS
S LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
ClChlorine
Cl MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Pb PlattneritePbO2
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186080
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3137211
Ordovician sandstone

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{sandstone}, Minor{conglomerate,claystone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Caradocian
449 - 458.4 Ma



ID: 2026208
Portpatrick Formation And Glenwhargen Formation (Undifferentiated)

Age: Late Ordovician (449 - 458.4 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Scaur Group

Lithology: Wacke

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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