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Northwest Africa Meteoritesi
Regional Level Types
Northwest Africa MeteoritesMeteorite Fall Location

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Key
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Casablanca3,144,909 (2016)
Algiers1,977,663 (2017)
Rabat1,655,753 (2016)
Fès964,891 (2016)
Sale903,485 (2016)
Marrakesh839,296 (2016)
Museums in region:


A broad region, mostly desert, of northwestern Africa associated with meteorite finds. Meteorites are frequently found in the desert and sold at markets in Morocco, etc, without it being clear exactly where within the region they came from, so these finds generally should only be allocated to this region rather than a specific country unless the exact fall location is known with some confidence.

Note: some meteorites have been incorrectly entered with the location of purchase rather than the fall location. These should be moved here.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

635 valid minerals. 35 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Meteorite/Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Acapulcoite meteorite

Amphibolite

Andesite

Angrite meteorite

'Anomalous EH7 chondrite meteorite'

Anorthosite

Anorthositic Lunar meteorite

'Aplite'

'Argillite'

'Arkose'

Ash

Aubrite meteorite

Banded iron formation

Basalt

Beresite

'Birbirite'

Breccia

CH3 chondrite meteorite

'CO3-melt breccia chondrite meteorite'

CR2 chondrite meteorite

CR6 chondrite meteorite

'CR7 chondrite meteorite'

CV3 chondrite meteorite

Calcrete

Caliche

Carbonaceous chondrite meteorite

Chassignite meteorite

Chert

'Chlorite schist'

'Cipolin'

Clay

Coal

Conglomerate

Dacite

Diatexite

Diorite

'Dolerite'

Dolostone

'Dunitic diogenite meteorite'

'EL-melt rock chondrite meteorite'

'EL7 chondrite meteorite'

'Episyenite'

Eucrite meteorite

Feldspathic breccia

Feldspathic breccia Lunar meteorite

'Fulgurite'

Gabbro

Gabbronorite

'Garnet-mica schist'

Gneiss

Gossan

Granite

Granodiorite

'Granophyric granite'

Granules

Granulite

Gravel

Greenschist

Greenstone

Greisen

'Greywacke'

'H3-5 chondrite meteorite'

'H3.9 chondrite meteorite'

H4 chondrite meteorite

H5 chondrite meteorite

'H5-melt breccia chondrite meteorite'

H6 chondrite meteorite

Hornfels

Hyaloclastite

IAB complex iron meteorite

IAB-sHL iron meteorite

IIAB iron meteorite

'Ignimbritic tuff'

Ironstone

'Jaspillite'

K4 chondrite meteorite

'L/LL3.10 chondrite meteorite'

'L3-6 chondrite meteorite'

'L3.1 chondrite meteorite'

L4 chondrite meteorite

L5 chondrite meteorite

L6 chondrite meteorite

LL3 chondrite meteorite

'LL3.2 chondrite meteorite'

LL5 chondrite meteorite

'LL5/6 chondrite meteorite'

LL6 chondrite meteorite

Lamprophyre

Laterite

'Leptynite'

'Leucogabbro'

'Leucogranite'

Limestone

Lodranite meteorite

Lunar achondrite meteorite

Lunar regolith

'Mafic volcanic rock'

Magnetitite

Marble

'Melagabbro'

Mesosiderite meteorite

Mesosiderite-B1 meteorite

Metabasalt

Metadacite

Metagabbro

Metamudstone

Meteorite

'Microgabbro'

'Microgranite'

Migmatite

Minette

Monzodiorite

Monzonite

Mudstone

Mylonite

Nakhlite meteorite

Norite

Noritic Lunar meteorite

'Ophiolite'

Orthopyroxenite

Para-amphibolite

'Pegmatite'

Phyllite

'Porphyry'

Pyroxenite

'Quartz porphyry'

Quartz-diorite

Quartzite

'R3-6 chondrite meteorite'

'R3.8-5 chondrite meteorite'

'Rapakivi granite'

Regolith breccia

Rhyodacite

Rhyolite

Sandstone

Schist

Serpentinite

Shale

Shergottite meteorite

Silcrete

'Silexite'

Siltstone

Skarn

Slag

Sodalite-syenite

Spessartite

Spilite

Syenite

'Tillite'

Tonalite

Trachyte

Troctolite

Tuff

Tuffite

'Ultramafic-rock'

Ultramylonite

'Unbrecciated eucrite meteorite'

'Ungrouped Achondrite meteorite'

'Ungrouped C1/2 chondrite meteorite'

'Ungrouped C2 chondrite meteorite'

'Ungrouped iron meteorite'

Ureilite meteorite

'Volcanic rock'

Winonaite meteorite

'itabirite'

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Adamite var: Alumino Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Al)2AsO4(OH)
Colour: sky-blue
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Addibischoffite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Al6Al6O20
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C. and Krot, A.N. (2015) Addibischoffite, IMA 2015-001. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 532; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535;Ma, C., Krot, A.N., Nagashima, K. (2017): Addibischoffite, Ca2Al6Al6O20, a new calcium aluminate mineral from the Acfer 214 CH carbonaceous chondrite: A new refractory phase from the solar nebula. American Mineralogist: 102: 1556-1560.
Adelite ?
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956): Le gisement de manganèse de Guettara. Symposium du manganèse XX congrès international de géologie,
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Aerinite
Formula: (Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Reference: Christopher O'Neill specimen
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: T. Witzke, U. Kolitsch, W. Krause, A. Wiechowski, O. Medenbach, A. R. Kampf, I. M. Steele and G. Favreau (2006): Guanacoite, Cu2Mg2(Mg0.5Cu0.5)(OH)4(H2O)4(AsO4)2, a new arsenate mineral species from the El Guanaco Mine, near Taltal, Chile: Description and crystal structure. Eur. J. Mineral. (in press).
Agardite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Habit: needles
Colour: yellowish green, green, blue-green
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000; American Mineralogist 55:1448
Ahrensite (TL)
Formula: SiFe2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Tschauner, O., Liu, Y. and Sinogeikin, S. (2013) Ahrensite, IMA 2013-028. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2707; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Reference: Berger, J., Ennih, N., Mercier, J. C., Liégeois, J. P., & Demaiffe, D. (2009). The role of fractional crystallization and late-stage peralkaline melt segregation in the mineralogical evolution of Cenozoic nephelinites/phonolites from Saghro (SE Morocco). Mineralogical magazine, 73(1), 59-82.
Akimotoite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Reference: Baziotis, I. P., Liu, Y., DeCarli, P. S., Melosh, H. J., McSween, H. Y., Bodnar, R. J., & Taylor, L. A. (2013). The Tissint Martian meteorite as evidence for the largest impact excavation. Nature Communications, 4, 1404.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Hadj-Kaddour, Z., Liegeois, J. P., Demaiffe, D., & Caby, R. (1998). The alkaline–peralkaline granitic post-collisional Tin Zebane dyke swarm (Pan-African Tuareg shield, Algeria): prevalent mantle signature and late agpaitic differentiation. Lithos, 45(1), 223-243.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Reference: Praszkier, T. (2010): Mineralogische Bonanzas - die Funde der letzten beiden Jahre in Bou Azzer, Marokko. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 68-77; Praszkier, T. (2010): Dyskrasit, Allargentum und Safflorit: Neufunde aus der Bouismas Mine, Bou Azzer, Marokko. Lapis, 35 (11), 32-34.
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
'Alluaudite-Na□'
Formula: 4Na4Mn2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12
Reference: Van King
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'
Reference: M. Guiraud, J.R. Kienast, A. Rahmani : "Petrological study of high-temperature granulites from In Ouzal, Algeria : some implications on the phase relationships in the FMASTOCr system", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, 1375-1390.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: various added photos
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: KHADEM ALLAH, B., FONTAN, F., KADAR, M., MONCHOUX, P. & SØRENSEN, H. (1998): Reactions between agpaitic nepheline syenitic melts and sedimentary carbonate rocks, exemplified by the Tamazeght complex, Morocco. Geokhimiya 7, 643-655.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Stanniferous Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Andradite var: Titanoan Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Jordi Fabre
Andreyivanovite
Formula: FeCrP
Angarfite (TL)
Formula: NaFe3+5(PO4)4(OH)4·4H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: needles
Colour: brownish yellow
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Housley, R.M., Favreau, G., Boulliard, J-C, and Bourgoin, V. (2012) Angarfite, a new mineral species from the Angarf-sud pegmatite, Morocco : description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 50, pages 781-791. DOI 10.3749/canmin.50.4.781
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Annabergite var: Cobaltoan Magnesian Annabergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Co)3[AsO4]2 · 8H2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Annabergite var: Magnesian Annabergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Annabergite-Erythrite Series'
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 625-638.
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006); Lhou, M., & Jung, H. Genesis of Co-Ni mineralizations during serpentinisation process in Bou Azzer ore deposits, the Neoproterozoic ophiolite of Bou Azzer El Graara (Central Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Abstracts AGU joint assembly Montreal
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Plumboan Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Pb)CO3
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argentopyrite ?
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Arhbarite (TL)
Formula: Cu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3
Type Locality:
Description: only three specimens are known
Reference: Schmetzer, K., Tremmel, G. and Medenbach, O. (1982): Arhbarit, Cu2[OH|AsO4]•6H2O, ein neues Mineral von Bou-Azzer, Marokko. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1982, 529-533; Krause, W., H.-J. Bernhardt, H. Effenberger, U. Kolitsch and C. Lengauer (2003): Redefinition of arhbarite, Cu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3. Mineralogical Magazine: 67, 1099-1107.
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Aspidolite
Formula: NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993); Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Austinite var: Cobaltoan Austinite
Formula: Ca(Zn,Co)AsO4(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Austinite var: Cuprian Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
'Axinite Group'
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Barbosalite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Analyses for Jordi Frabre
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 92 localities in this region.
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Taylor, C.D. and Giles, S. A. (2012): Potentiel minéral pour des dépôts d’éléments incompatibles au sein des pegmatites, de roches alcalines et de carbonatites sur le territoire de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie.- Second Projet de Renforcement Institutionnel du Secteur Minier de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie (PRISM-II), Phase V ; Livrable 87, USGS, 45 pages.
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Habit: small crude crystals and balls
Colour: green
Reference: Georges Favreau collection
Bayleyite
Formula: Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Reference: J. Geffroy, J.A. Sarcia & J. Chervet (1960): "Les minéraux uranifères français et leurs gisements" p231
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Habit: Earthy
Colour: Yellow
Reference: Joan Rosell - Rosellminerals.com (07/2015)
Bederite
Formula: Ca2(Mn2+)4(Fe3+)2(PO4)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Housley, R.M., Favreau, G., Boulliard, J-C, and Bourgoin, V. (2012) Angarfite, a new mineral species from the Angarf-sud pegmatite, Morocco : description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 50, pages 781-791. DOI 10.3749/canmin.50.4.781
Bendadaite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: U. Kolitsch, D. Atencio, N. V. Chukanov, N. V. Zubkova, L. A. D. Menezes Filho, J. M. V. Coutinho, W. D. Birch, J. Schlüter, D. Pohl, A. R. Kampf, I. M. Steele, G. Favreau, L. Nasdala, S. Möckel, G. Giester and D. Yu. Pushcharovsky (2010): Bendadaite, a new iron arsenate mineral of the arthurite group. Mineralogical Magazine 74, 469-486.
Benyacarite
Formula: (H2O,K)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Ti)2Ti(PO4)4(O,F)2 · 14H2O
Habit: small square plates
Colour: pale yellow
Description: EDS analysis A. Kasatkin 11/2013
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
β-Roselite
Formula: Ca2Co(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Beudantite var: Cuprian Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Van King
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Titanian Biotite'
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Bajddi, A., & Maacha, L. (2015). Cu–Au vein mineralization related to the Talat n’Imjjad shear zone (western High Atlas, Morocco): geological setting, ore mineralogy, and geochemical evolution. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(7), 5039-5056.
'Bitumen'
Bohdanowiczite
Formula: AgBiSe2
Reference: Vinogradova, R. A.; Uljanov, A. A.; Korotaeva, N. N.; Obraztsov, V. V.; Azizi, S. M. R.; Maasha, L. (1994): Selenium-bearing sulfarsenides of the cobaltite-gersdorffite series from deposits of Bu-Azzer district (Morocco). Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 123, 64-68 (in Russian).
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Bouazzerite (TL)
Formula: Bi6(Mg,Co)11Fe3+14(AsO4)18(OH)4O12 · 86H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Brugger, J., N. Meissier, S. Krivovichev, T.Armbruster, G. Favreau (2007): "Mineralogy and crystal structure of bouazzerite from Bou azzer, Anti-Atlas, Morocco: Bi-As-Fe nanoclusters containing Fe3+ in trigonal prismatic coordination", Am. Min. 92, 1630-1639.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2009): Imiter, der größte Silberbergbau Marokkos: Geologie, Bergbaugeschichte und Mineralien. Lapis 34 (12), 15-43; 62 (in German).
Bowieite ?
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Boukhari, A. E., Maacha, L., Maddi, A., & Mhaili, M. (2008). Platinum group minerals in podiform chromitites of the Bou Azzer ophiolite, Anti Atlas, Central Morocco. Mineralogy and Petrology, 92(1-2), 59-80.
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Braunite-II'
Formula: CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Habit: elongates striated dipyramidal xls, thick tabular xls
Colour: dark gray
Reference: FAVREAU G. & DIETRICH J.E. (2006) Tachgagalt (Maroc), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 93, 37-71.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: FAVREAU G. & DIETRICH J.E. (2006) Tachgagalt (Maroc), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 93, 37-71. (in French)
Brugnatellite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Burtite (TL)
Formula: Ca[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956): Le gisement de manganèse de Guettara. Symposium du manganèse XX congrès international de géologie,
Butlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Rachid Hakkou, Mostafa Benzaazoua and Bruno Bussière (2008): Acid Mine Drainage at the Abandoned Kettara Mine (Morocco): 1. Environmental Characterization. Mine Water and the Environment, 27, 145-159.
Cabalzarite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109.
'Calamine'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 112 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Cobaltoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Co)CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Iceland Spar
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Anthony Geneyton Collection
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Calcite var: Strontian Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)CO3
Description: In sövite.
Reference: Journal of Petrology, Vol. 44, Number 5, 2003, pp. 937-965.
'Calc-schist'
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Description: collected by JE Dietrich in the 1960's
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576 ; Salvi, S., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Moine, B. (2000). Hydrothermal mobilization of high field strength elements in alkaline igneous systems: evidence from the Tamazeght Complex (Morocco). Economic Geology, 95(3), 559-576.
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
'Cerite'
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 18:42.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p.186)
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Jordi Fabre specimens
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 116 localities in this region.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Habit: Long prisms to 15cm
Colour: grey black
Fluorescence: none
Description: The chalcostibite is pseudomorphing to azurite. The distinctive blue and black is unique. These chalcostibites are superior to the recent French ones tauted as world's finest.
Reference: Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp; Jahn, S., Bode, R., Lyckberg,P., Medenbach, O. & Lierl, H.-J. (2003): Marokko. land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag. 535p. (p.154-157)
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chamosite var: Bavalite
Formula: (Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn1027
'Chamosite-Clinochlore Series'
Reference: Jordi Fabre photo
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Chenmingite (TL)
Formula: FeCr2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C. and Tschauner, O. (2017) Chenmingite, IMA 2017-036. CNMNC Newsletter No. 38, August 2017, page 1037; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1033–1038.
Cheralite
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: D. Blamart et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 355-368.
Chlormayenite
Formula: Ca12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]
Reference: Ma, C., Kampf, A.R., Connolly, H.C. Jr., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R., Sweeney Smith, A.A., Schrader, D.L. (2011) Krotite: a new refractory mineral from the NWA 1934 meteorite. American Mineralogist, 96, 709-715; Ma, C., Connolly, Jr., H.C., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R., Kampf, A.R., Zega, T.J., Tschauner, O., Sweeney Smith, S.A. and Schrader, D.L. (2010) Brearleyite, IMA 2010-062. CNMNC Newsletter No. 7, February 2010, page 31; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 27-31. [as brearleyite, later discredited]
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 62 localities in this region.
Chromite var: Titaniferous Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: G. Tchimichkian, Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 87-88.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Jean-Pierre Barral specimens
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
'Clays'
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Lotfi, F., Belkabir, A., Brunet, S., Brown, A. C., & Marcoux, E. (2010). Lithogeochemical, mineralogical analyses and oxygen–hydrogen isotopes of the Hercynian Koudiat Aïcha massive sulphide deposit, Morocco. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 56(4), 150-166.
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Lotfi, F., Belkabir, A., Brunet, S., Brown, A. C., & Marcoux, E. (2010). Lithogeochemical, mineralogical analyses and oxygen–hydrogen isotopes of the Hercynian Koudiat Aïcha massive sulphide deposit, Morocco. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 56(4), 150-166.
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup var: Subcalcic augite'
Clinosafflorite
Formula: CoAs2
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Cobaltarthurite
Formula: (Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Cobaltaustinite
Formula: CaCo(AsO4)(OH)
Cobaltaustinite var: Cuprian Cobaltaustinite
Formula: Ca(Co,Cu)AsO4(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cobaltkoritnigite
Formula: (Co,Zn)(HAsO4) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cobaltlotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Co,Fe3+,Ni)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Cobaltlotharmeyerite var: Manganoan Cobaltlotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Co,Mn2+)2[AsO4]2 · 2H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Cobaltoan calcite-spherocobaltite'
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Shohei Kaneko, Eiji Ohtani, Masaaki Miyahara, Takeshi Sakai, Masahiro Kayama, Hirotsugu Nishido, Yasuo Oishi, Naohisa Hirao (2011) Dynamic event recorded in a lunar meteorite NWA 4734. Japan Geooscience Union Meeting Makuhari, Chiba Japan.; Wang, Y., & Hsu, W. (2016). Shock-Induced Metamorphism in the Lunar Meteorite Northwest Africa 4734. LPI Contributions, 1921.
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
'Columbite Group'
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Rachid Hakkou, Mostafa Benzaazoua and Bruno Bussière (2008): Acid Mine Drainage at the Abandoned Kettara Mine (Morocco): 1. Environmental Characterization. Mine Water and the Environment, 27, 145-159.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
'Copper Sulphides'
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: Rachid Hakkou, Mostafa Benzaazoua and Bruno Bussière (2008): Acid Mine Drainage at the Abandoned Kettara Mine (Morocco): 1. Environmental Characterization. Mine Water and the Environment, 27, 145-159.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cornetite
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Habit: elongated tetragonal prisms with flat termination
Colour: bright blue
Description: EDS Association Jean Wyart, Paris
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Crednerite
Formula: CuMnO2
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Cronstedtite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Jordi Fabre (referring to the cronstedtite specimens attributed to the Hammam mines, 2017); PXRD by Alfredo Petrov, July 2016.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Denver Region Exploration Geologists Society October 6, 2008 Technical Presentation Alteration and Mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein Magnetite-Copper-Gold-Cobalt Deposit, Akjoujt, Mauritania. Michael J. Kirschbaum and Murray Hitzman.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprobismutite
Formula: Cu8AgBi13S24
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Cuprosklodowskite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Delhayelite
Formula: (Na,K)10Ca5Al6Si32O80(Cl2,F2,SO4)3 · 18H2O
Reference: Berger, J., Ennih, N., Mercier, J. C., Liégeois, J. P., & Demaiffe, D. (2009). The role of fractional crystallization and late-stage peralkaline melt segregation in the mineralogical evolution of Cenozoic nephelinites/phonolites from Saghro (SE Morocco). Mineralogical magazine, 73(1), 59-82.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
'Descloizite-Mottramite Series'
Reference: Van King
'Desert Rose'
Reference: António Manuel Ináçio Martins.
Despujolsite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1968) 91, 43-50
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Diamond
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: http://www.rexmining.be/rdmc/Pressroom/1999/1999_06_29_E.htm; Rex Diamond Mining Corp. Investors Brief.
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series' ?
Description: Pyroxene crystals labelled as such in mineral shows, but probably without any analysis
Reference: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p.186)
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dmisteinbergite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Fintor, K., Park, C., Nagy, S., Pál-Molnár, E. & Krot, A. N (2014) Hydrothermal origin of hexagonal CaAl2Si2O8 (dmisteinbergite) in a type A CAI from the Northwest Africa 2086 CV3 Chondrite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49 (5): 812-823 (May 2014)
Dmitryivanovite (TL)
Formula: CaAl2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Am. Min. 94,746-750(2009)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Cobaltoan Dolomite
Formula: (Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Karel Bal Collection
Dolomite var: Manganoan Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Donwilhelmsite (TL)
Formula: CaAl4Si2O11
Type Locality:
Reference: Fritz, J., Greshake, A., Klementova, M., Wirth, R., Palatinus, L., Assis Fernandes, V., Böttger, U. and Ferrière, L. (2019) Donwilhelmsite, IMA 2018-113. CNMNC Newsletter No. 47, February 2019, page 201; European Journal of Mineralogy, 31: 199–204.
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Steve Rust Collection
Dussertite (TL)
Formula: BaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris (1925): 180, 299; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 840.
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Description: Erlichmanite(Osmium sulfide) & Laurite (Ruthenium sulfide)form solid solutions and intimate intergrowths
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Supplement): A139. (July 1998)
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Eugenite
Formula: Ag11Hg2
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
'Famatinite-Luzonite Series'
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 71 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
'Ferganite'
Formula: LiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4·2H2O
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Fergusonite-(Ce)
Formula: CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Reference: Hadj-Kaddour, Z., Liegeois, J. P., Demaiffe, D., & Caby, R. (1998). The alkaline–peralkaline granitic post-collisional Tin Zebane dyke swarm (Pan-African Tuareg shield, Algeria): prevalent mantle signature and late agpaitic differentiation. Lithos, 45(1), 223-243.
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Reference: Greshake, A. (1997). The primitive matrix components of the unique carbonaceous chondrite Acfer 094: A TEM study. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 61 (2): 437–452. (Jan 1997). ; Wasson, J. T. & Rubin, A. E. (2010). Matrix and whole-rock fractionations in the Acfer 094 type 3.0 ungrouped carbonaceous chondrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45 (1): 73-90. (Jan 2010).
Ferrilotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Ferrilotharmeyerite var: Cobaltoan Ferrilotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Fe3+,Co)2[AsO4]2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Ferrisicklerite (TL)
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Bulletin de Minéralogie 99 (1976), 274
Ferroalluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
Description: The ferroalluadite from this locality is in the alluaudite-NaNa field according to Fransolet et al. (1985).
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data; FRANSOLET, A.-M. (1974) Les phosphates lithiques des pegmatites de la plaine des Zenaga (Anti-Atlas, Maroc). Notes Serv. géol. Maroc, 35, 137-143
'Ferroalluaudite-NaNa'
Formula: Na4Na4Fe2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12
Reference: Moore and Ito, 1971, Mineralogical Magazine 43:227
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S (TL)
Formula: [(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Type Locality:
Reference: C. Hejny et al. (2002) Eur. J. Mineral. 14, 957-967
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Fettelite ?
Formula: [Ag6As2S7][Ag10HgAs2S8]
Description: PXRD inconclusive (similar to polybasite, see http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-93085.html) Considered polybasite in Barral et al. (2009).
Reference: Marcus Origlieri (PXRD analysis) (see also http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-93085.html)
'Fine-grained metafelsic-rock'
Fluellite
Formula: Al2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Fluorarrojadite-(BaFe) (TL)
Formula: {Ba◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: IMA website
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: F. Choulet, M. Buatier, L. Barbanson, R. Guégan, A. Ennaciri (2016): Zinc-rich clays in supergene non-sulfide zinc deposits. Mineralium Deposita 51, 467–490.
Francevillite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Freibergite
Formula: (Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 99 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'Garnierite'
Gaudefroyite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist. 87 (1964), 216
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry lost Mindat data).
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: Meteoritical Bulletin Database
'Geikielite-Ilmenite Series'
Geminite
Formula: Cu(HAsO4) · H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Gerhardtite ?
Formula: Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Gersdorffite-P213
Reference: Bayliss, P. (1982) A further crystal structure refinement of gersdorffite, American Mineralogist. 67: 1058-106
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Guillaumen Matton (2008) Le Complexe Crétacé Du Rlchat (Mauritanie); Un Processus Alcalin Péri-Atlantiqu. PhD Thesis University of Montreal.
'Glass'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Godlevskite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Gold var: Palladian Gold
Formula: (Au,Pd)
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Gordonite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
Götzenite
Formula: NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: KHADEM ALLAH, B., FONTAN, F., KADAR, M., MONCHOUX, P. & SØRENSEN, H. (1998): Reactions between agpaitic nepheline syenitic melts and sedimentary carbonate rocks, exemplified by the Tamazeght complex, Morocco. Geokhimiya 7, 643-655.
Graftonite
Formula: Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W. and Nichols, M.C., Eds. Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/ (2016); van Bergen, M.J. (1980): Grandidierite from aluminous metasedimentary xenoliths within acid volcanics, a first record in Italy. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 651-658
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Grossite (TL)
Formula: CaAl4O7
Reference: Weber D, Bischoff A (1994) Grossite (CaAl4O7) - a rare phase in terrestrial rocks and meteorites, European Journal of Mineralogy 6, 591-594
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Denver Region Exploration Geologists Society October 6, 2008 Technical Presentation Alteration and Mineralization at the Guelb Moghrein Magnetite-Copper-Gold-Cobalt Deposit, Akjoujt, Mauritania. Michael J. Kirschbaum and Murray Hitzman. ; Mineralium Deposita (2006) 41:68-81
Guanacoite
Formula: Cu2Mg3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: T. Witzke, U. Kolitsch, W. Krause, A. Wiechowski, O. Medenbach, A. R. Kampf, I. M. Steele and G. Favreau (2006): Guanacoite, Cu2Mg2(Mg0.5Cu0.5)(OH)4(H2O)4(AsO4)2, a new arsenate mineral species from the El Guanaco Mine, near Taltal, Chile: Description and crystal structure. Eur. J. Mineral. 18, 813-821.
Guérinite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
'Gummite'
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hafnon
Formula: HfSiO4
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
Haidingerite
Formula: CaHAsO4 · H2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Hainite-(Y)
Formula: Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Berger, J., Ennih, N., Mercier, J. C., Liégeois, J. P., & Demaiffe, D. (2009). The role of fractional crystallization and late-stage peralkaline melt segregation in the mineralogical evolution of Cenozoic nephelinites/phonolites from Saghro (SE Morocco). Mineralogical magazine, 73(1), 59-82.
Halilsarpite (TL)
Formula: [Mg(H2O)6][CaAs3+2(Fe3+2.67Mo6+0.33)(AsO4)2O7]
Type Locality:
Reference: Grey I.E., Husdal T., Friis H., Dal Bo F., Kampf A.R., MacRae C.M., Mumme W.G., Ljøstad O.-T., Shanks F. (2019): Halilsarpite, IMA 2019-023. CNMNC Newsletter No. 50; Mineralogical Magazine: 31, doi: 10.1180/mgm.2019.46; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=15578&sid=813c77a70706fa166a7b80754bd6a1e5 (visited 23.07.2019)
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Rachid Hakkou, Mostafa Benzaazoua and Bruno Bussière (2008): Acid Mine Drainage at the Abandoned Kettara Mine (Morocco): 1. Environmental Characterization. Mine Water and the Environment, 27, 145-159.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: L. Latouche : "L'orthoferrosilite et les roches associées de la région des Gour Oumeladen (N.E. Ahaggar, Algérie)", Bull. Minéral. , 1983, 106, pp. 329-339.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Haxonite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)23C6
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites, vol 2: 632-634. University of California Press.
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Baidada, B., Maacha, L., & Bajddi, A. (2016). Minerals of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Pb–S system from the Amensif carbonate-replacement deposit (western High Atlas, Morocco). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 161, 85-97.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 99 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Henritermierite (TL)
Formula: Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist. 92 (1969), 185; Handbook of Mineralogy 2/1 (1995)
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Hexamolybdenum
Formula: (Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
Reference: Ma, C., Kampf, A.R., Connolly, H.C. Jr., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R., Sweeney Smith, A.A., Schrader, D.L. (2011) Krotite: a new refractory mineral from the NWA 1934 meteorite. American Mineralogist, 96, 709-715.
Hibonite
Formula: CaAl12O19
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hiortdahlite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Reference: Robles, E., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Soerensen, H. (2001): Hiortdahlite II from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 131-137
Hoganite
Formula: Cu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Holtstamite
Formula: Ca3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Reference: EDXS analyses by P. Roth, July 2019
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Imiterite (TL)
Formula: Ag2HgS2
Reference: Bull.Min.(1985) 108, 457-464; Anthony, et al. Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol 1, pg. 230; Uwe Kolitsch collection (analysed by single-crystal XRD); Burniaux, P. and Williams-Jones, A.E., (2006) Controls Of Silver-Mercury Mineralization At Imiter, Morocco. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 3
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Description: Along with sperrylite, most abundant of noble metal containing phases
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Supplement): A139. (July 1998)
Irhtemite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist: 59: 209
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Iron var: Martensite
Formula: Fe
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Isomertieite
Formula: Pd11Sb2As2
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Kesraoui, M., & Nedjari, S. (2002). Contrasting evolution of low-P rare metal granites from two different terranes in the Hoggar area, Algeria. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 34(3), 247-257.; Kesraoui Mokrane; Marignac Christian; Verkaeren Jean, 2000: Late magmatic evolution of rare earth granites; example of the Tin-Amzi Cupola Ahaggar, Algeria. Bulletin du Service Geologique de l'Algerie 11(2): 195-216
Ixiolite var: Wolframoixiolite
Formula: (Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
Reference: Kesraoui, M., & Nedjari, S. (2002). Contrasting evolution of low-P rare metal granites from two different terranes in the Hoggar area, Algeria. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 34(3), 247-257.; Kesraoui Mokrane; Marignac Christian; Verkaeren Jean, 2000: Late magmatic evolution of rare earth granites; example of the Tin-Amzi Cupola Ahaggar, Algeria. Bulletin du Service Geologique de l'Algerie 11(2): 195-216
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Jacquesdietrichite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(H2BO3)(OH)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R. & Favreau, G. (2004): Jacquesdietrichite, Cu2[BO(OH)2](OH)3, a new mineral from the Tachgagalt mine, Morocco: Description and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 16, 361-366.
Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMg)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn)
Formula: {Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Habit: elongated prisms
Colour: clove brown
Description: EDS analysis A. Kasatkin 11/2013 Associated with angarfite
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Jahnsite-(NaFeMg)
Formula: NaFe3+Mg2Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Habit: boat shaped xls
Colour: reddish brown
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Housley, R.M., Favreau, G., Boulliard, J-C, and Bourgoin, V. (2012) Angarfite, a new mineral species from the Angarf-sud pegmatite, Morocco : description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 50, pages 781-791. DOI 10.3749/canmin.50.4.781
Janggunite
Formula: Mn5-x(Mn,Fe)1+xO8(OH)6
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jordisite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Jouravskite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1965) 88, 254-262
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Karibibite
Formula: Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
Kashinite
Formula: (Ir,Rh)2S3
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Description: Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956)publish the following normalized amphibole composition: (Na0.394K0.243)0.637(Na1.242Ca0.758)2.00(Mg4.139Mn0.311Fe0.068Al0.471Ti0.010)5.00(Si7.894Al0.106)O22((OH)2. Their data does not give a Fe3+/(Fe3+ + Fe2+) ratio, but charge balance calculations give sufficient Fe3+ for the amphibole to fall within the katophorite range as defined by Hawthorne et al. (2012)
Reference: Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956): Le gisement de manganèse de Guettara. Symposium du manganèse XX congrès international de géologie,
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Keldyshite ?
Formula: (Na,H)2ZrSi2O7
Description: Potassium rich variety.
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Reference: BARRAL, J.P. (2013): Nador n'Bails - Djebel Hammimat. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 102, 5-22.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Kidwellite
Formula: NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
Kieftite
Formula: CoSb3
Reference: Praszkier, T. (2010): Dyskrasit, Allargentum und Safflorit: Neufunde aus der Bouismas Mine, Bou Azzer, Marokko. Lapis, 35 (11), 32-34.
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Krotite (TL)
Formula: CaAl2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Kampf, A.R., Connolly, Jr, H.C., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R., Sweeney Smith, S.A. and Schrader, D.L. (2010) Krotite, IMA 2010-038. CNMNC Newsletter, October 2010, page 901; Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 899-902.
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Baidada, B., Maacha, L., & Bajddi, A. (2016). Minerals of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Pb–S system from the Amensif carbonate-replacement deposit (western High Atlas, Morocco). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 161, 85-97.
Kryzhanovskite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Ktenasite
Formula: Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Habit: small blocky crystals
Colour: grayish green, green
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Kulkeite (TL)
Formula: Mg8Al(AlSi7O20)(OH)10
Type Locality:
Reference: Contr.Min.Petr.(1982) 80, 103-109
Kupletskite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Kuratite
Formula: Ca2(Fe2+5Ti)O2[Si4Al2O18]
Reference: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007AGUFM.P41A0219K (as rhönite); http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2014/pdf/1818.pdf
Kushiroite
Formula: CaAl[AlSiO6]
Reference: Ma, C., Krot, A.N., Nagashima, K. (2017): Addibischoffite, Ca2Al6Al6O20, a new calcium aluminate mineral from the Acfer 214 CH carbonaceous chondrite: A new refractory phase from the solar nebula. American Mineralogist: 102: 1556-1560.
Kushiroite var: Ti-kushiroite
Reference: Ma, C., Krot, A.N., Nagashima, K. (2017): Addibischoffite, Ca2Al6Al6O20, a new calcium aluminate mineral from the Acfer 214 CH carbonaceous chondrite: A new refractory phase from the solar nebula. American Mineralogist: 102: 1556-1560.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Laitakarite
Formula: Bi4Se2S
Lakargiite
Formula: Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Reference: Ma, C. (2011) Discovery of Meteoritic Lakargiite (CaZrO3), a New Ultra-Refractory Mineral from the Acfer 094 Carbonaceous Chondrite (Abstract-Id.#5169). Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Supplement s1, p. A144. (Sept 2011).
Lamprophyllite
Formula: (Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Georges Favreau collection
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Lecolle, Michel; Derre, Colette; Rjimati, Ech Cherki; Fonteilles, Michel; Azza, Addi; Benanni, Abdelhak (1993): A silicated and phosphated peraluminous hydrothermal alteration with associated rutile in the Upper Proterozoic of the Saghro (Anti-​Atlas, Morocco)​. Genesis and metallogenic consequences. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Serie II: Mecanique, Physique, Chimie, Sciences de la Terre et de l'Univers 316, 123-130.
Lechatelierite
Formula: SiO2
'Lepidolite'
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Leucoxene
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
Liebermannite
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Ma, C., Tschauner, O., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R. (2015): Liebermannite: A new potassic hollandite (KAlSi3O8) from the Zagami basaltic shergottite. 46th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract #1401.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Lingunite
Formula: (Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Reference: Baziotis, I. P., Liu, Y., DeCarli, P. S., Melosh, H. J., McSween, H. Y., Bodnar, R. J., & Taylor, L. A. (2013). The Tissint Martian meteorite as evidence for the largest impact excavation. Nature Communications, 4, 1404.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Lipscombite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Litharge
Formula: PbO
'Lithian Muscovite'
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kesraoui Mokrane; Marignac Christian; Verkaeren Jean, 2000: Late magmatic evolution of rare earth granites; example of the Tin-Amzi Cupola Ahaggar, Algeria. Bulletin du Service Geologique de l'Algerie 11(2): 195-216
Lithiophosphate
Formula: Li3PO4
Habit: striated flattened prisms (3 mm max.)
Colour: white
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Loveringite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38
Description: Inclusions in picotite. Up to 8 wt% ZrO2.
Reference: J.P. Lorand and J.Y. Cottin, Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 373-378.
'Low-calcium pyroxene'
Reference: https://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?sea=Tass%C3%A9det+004&sfor=names&ants=&nwas=&falls=&valids=&stype=contains&lrec=50&map=ge&browse=&country=All&srt=name&categ=All&mblist=All&rect=&phot=&strewn=&snew=0&pnt=Normal%20table&code=70035
Luanheite
Formula: Ag3Hg
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
Ludlamite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Benchekroun, F., & Jettane, A. (2004). Fluid inclusions and quantitative model for gold precipitation in the Tiouit deposit (Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 39(3), 295-300.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Maghemite
Formula: (Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Maghrebite (TL)
Formula: MgAl2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Habit: gypsum-like xls (same shape as mangangordonite)
Colour: colorless
Description: Maghrebite was first found (together with cabalzarite) in the open pit at Aghbar (not in the mine)
Reference: N. Meisser, J. Brugger (2006): "Bouazzerit und Maghrebit, zwei neue Arsenatmineralien aus dem Revier Bou Azzer, Marokko", Lapis 31(7/8), 69-71; Meisser, N.; Brugger, J.; Krivovichev, S.; Armbruster, T.; Favreau, G. (2012): Description and crystal structure of maghrebite, MgAl2(AsO4)2(OH)2•8H2O, from Aghbar, Anti-Atlas, Morocco: first arsenate in the laueite mineral group. European Journal of Mineralogy 24, 717-726.
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Magnesiozippeite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O
Habit: balls of short needles
Colour: bright yellow
Description: SEM-EDS analysis Association Jean Wyart, Paris. The first uranium mineral described in the district. Associated with ktenasite and serpierite.
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnesite var: Breunnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Reference: Endress, M., Keil, K., Bischoff, A., Spettel, B., Clayton, R. N. & Mayeda, T. K. (1994) Origin of dark clasts in the ACFER 059/El Djouf 001 CR2 chondrite: Meteoritics 29 (1): 26-40. (Jan 1994).
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 105 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Nickeloan Magnetite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ni)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Majorite
Formula: Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Reference: Baziotis, I. P., Liu, Y., DeCarli, P. S., Melosh, H. J., McSween, H. Y., Bodnar, R. J., & Taylor, L. A. (2013). The Tissint Martian meteorite as evidence for the largest impact excavation. Nature Communications, 4, 1404.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 135 localities in this region.
Malayaite
Formula: CaSn(SiO4)O
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: Sakellaris, G.A., Meyer, F.M. (2008) A Metamorphic Origin of the Guelb Moghrein Fe Oxide-Copper-Gold-Cobalt Deposit, Mauritania. http://www.minsoc.ru/2008-1-101-1
'Manganese Oxides'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Reference: Don Windeler collection, MinDat November 2012
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Manganoneptunite
Formula: Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Marićite
Formula: NaFe2+(PO4)
Reference: Barth, M.I.F. et al. (2018) Sulfide-oxide assemblages in Acfer 094—Clues to nebular metal-gas interactions. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 53, 2: 187-203. (Feb 2018).
Marokite (TL)
Formula: CaMn3+2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Gaudefroy, C., Jouravsky, G., Permingeat, F. (1963) La marokite, CaMn2O4 une nouvelle éspèce minérale. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 86: 359-67.
'Maskelynite'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Reiner Mielke
Masutomilite
Formula: (K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Baidada, B., Maacha, L., & Bajddi, A. (2016). Minerals of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Pb–S system from the Amensif carbonate-replacement deposit (western High Atlas, Morocco). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 161, 85-97.
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Mcguinnessite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Melliniite (TL)
Formula: (Ni,Fe)4P
Reference: V. Moggi-Cecchi et al., 2005
Mélonjosephite (TL)
Formula: CaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
Type Locality:
Habit: fibrous in matrix
Colour: black
Reference: Fransolet, A.-M. (1973): La mélonjosephite, CaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH), une nouvelle espèce minérale. Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral., 96, 135–142 (in French with English abs.).
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Mertieite-I
Formula: Pd11(Sb,As)4
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992), Zeolites of the World, p.321
Messelite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: FRANSOLET, A.-M. (1974) Les phosphates lithiques des pegmatites de la plaine des Zenaga (Anti-Atlas, Maroc). Notes Serv. géol. Maroc, 35, 137-143
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2009): Imiter, der größte Silberbergbau Marokkos: Geologie, Bergbaugeschichte und Mineralien. Lapis 34 (12), 15-43; 62 (in German).
'Metafelsic-rock'
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Metanováčekite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Meteoritic Iron'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Mica Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Meteoritical Society Abstracts (2001)
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Minrecordite ?
Formula: CaZn(CO3)2
Description: ID by x-ray (may be a bit questionable)
Reference: Belhai, D., Sahoui, R., & Devouard, B. (2012, March). New Studies about the Maadna Impact Crater (Talemzane, Algeria). In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 43).
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Molybdenite var: Rhenian Molybdenite
Formula: (Mo,Re)S2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Molysite
Formula: FeCl3
Description: Microinclusions in quartz.
Reference: Cheilletz, C. (1984) Caractéristiques géochimiques et thermobarométriques des fluides associés à la scheelite et au quartz des minéralisations de tungstène du Jbel Aouam (Maroc Central). Bulletin de Minéralogie, 107:2, 255-272 (in French).
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Description: A single grain was analyzed (Schulze,1998).
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Supplement): A139. (July 1998)
Moncheite var: Chengbolite
Description: A single grain was analyzed (Schulze,1998).
Reference: Schulze, H. (1998) Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, Supplement): A139. (July 1998)
Montdorite
Formula: (K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 625-638.
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
Montgomeryite
Formula: Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Moorhouseite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber and Thomas Witzke (2010) Lapis, 35, #11, 35-36.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Nadorite
Formula: PbSbClO2
Reference: Mineralogical Record Nov-Dec 2013 Volume 44 Number 6
Namuwite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Nantokite
Formula: CuCl
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
'Native Amalgam'
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Natrodufrénite
Formula: NaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Neltnerite (TL)
Formula: CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Type Locality:
Description: Vein N° 2. Associated with braunite II rich in calcium. Neltnerite also shows hausmannite inclusions.
Reference: Bull.Min.(1982) 105, 161-165
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Nickelaustinite (TL)
Formula: CaNi(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Nickel-iron'
Nickellotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Ni,Fe3+,Co)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Nickelphosphide
Formula: (Ni,Fe)3P
Reference: V. Moggi-Cecchi et al., 2005
Nickelskutterudite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Nickeltalmessite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Ni(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: ZRMO 138(4),32-39 (2009); N. V. Chukanov, A. A. Mukhanova, S. Möckel, D. I. Belakovsky und L. A. Levitskaya (2010): Nickeltalmessite, Ca2Ni(AsO4)2 • 2H2O, a new mineral species of the fairfieldite group, Bou Azzer, Morocco. Geology of Ore Deposits 52, 606-611.
Nierite
Formula: Si3N4
Reference: Lee, M.R., Russell, S.S., Arden, J.W., & Pillinger, C.T. (1995) Nierite (Si3N4), a new mineral from ordinary and enstatite chondrites. Meteoritics 30 (4): 387-397. (July 1995).
Niningerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Reference: Patzer, A., Hill, D. H., & Boynton, W. V. (2001). Itqiy: A metal‐rich enstatite meteorite with achondritic texture. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(11), 1495-1505.
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Guillaumen Matton (2008) Le Complexe Crétacé Du Rlchat (Mauritanie); Un Processus Alcalin Péri-Atlantiqu. PhD Thesis University of Montreal.
Normandite
Formula: NaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
'Nováčekite'
Nováčekite-I
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
'Ochre'
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Olivenite var: Cobaltoan Olivenite
Formula: (Cu,Co)2AsO4(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Olivenite var: Zincian Olivenite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(AsO4)(OH)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Opal var: Menilite
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 17:243.
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Reference: Lhou, M., & Jung, H. Genesis of Co-Ni mineralizations during serpentinisation process in Bou Azzer ore deposits, the Neoproterozoic ophiolite of Bou Azzer El Graara (Central Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Abstracts AGU joint assembly Montreal
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Osbornite
Formula: TiN
Description: 3 small grains
Reference: McCoy, T. J. et al. (1995) Origin and history of impact-melt rocks of enstatite chondrite parentage: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59 (1): 161-175. (Feb 1995)
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Palladseite
Formula: Pd17Se15
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Palygorskite ?
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Description: Maybe the same as the smectite in the 2009 reference
Reference: MINERALOGICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION OF Mg-SMECTITE FROM JBEL GHASSOUL, MOROCCO, A. Benhammou, B. Tanouti, L. Nibou, A. Yaacoubi and J.-P. Bonnet; Clays and Clay Minerals; v. 57 p. 264 (2009). ANALYSES OF PALYGORSKITES AND ASSOCIATED CLAYS FROM THE JBEL RHASSOUL (MOROCCO) A. Chahi, J. Duplay, J. Luca; Clays and Clay Minerals; v. 41 p. 401 (1993).
Paraguanajuatite
Formula: Bi2Se3
Reference: Belkabir, A., Gibson, H.L., Marcoux, E., Lentz, D., and Rziki, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 280-306.
Paralaurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Pararammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006); Econ Geol (1997) 92:360-367
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Parasymplesite var: Cobaltoan Parasymplesite
Formula: (Fe,Co)3[AsO4]2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Parisite'
Reference: Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576 ; Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.; Salvi, S., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Moine, B. (2000). Hydrothermal mobilization of high field strength elements in alkaline igneous systems: evidence from the Tamazeght Complex (Morocco). Economic Geology, 95(3), 559-576.
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Taylor, C.D. and Giles, S. A. (2012): Potentiel minéral pour des dépôts d’éléments incompatibles au sein des pegmatites, de roches alcalines et de carbonatites sur le territoire de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie.- Second Projet de Renforcement Institutionnel du Secteur Minier de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie (PRISM-II), Phase V ; Livrable 87, USGS, 45 pages.
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Paulkerrite
Formula: K(Mg,Mn2+)2(Fe3+,Al,Ti,Mg)2Ti(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2O
Habit: small square plates
Colour: pale yellow
Description: EDS analysis P. Orlandi (Pisa)
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109.
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens (with nickeltalmessite)
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Periclase
Formula: MgO
Reference: Greshake, A., Bischoff, A. & Putnis, A. (1996). Pure CaO, MgO (Periclase), TiO2 (Rutile), and Al2O3 (Corundum) in Ca,Al-rich Inclusions from Carbonaceous Chondrites. Lunar and Planetary Science, vol. 27, p. 463. (March 1996).
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Perryite ?
Formula: (Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Reference: Patzer, A., Hill, D. H., & Boynton, W. V. (2001). Itqiy: A metal‐rich enstatite meteorite with achondritic texture. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 36(11), 1495-1505.
Pharmacoalumite
Formula: KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Phlogopite var: Chromian Phlogopite
Formula: K(Mg,Cr)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Ti-Cr phlogopite.
Reference: J.P. Lorand and J.Y. Cottin, Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 373-378.
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Phosphohedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Joan Rosell - Rosell Minerals
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'Pimelite'
Formula: Ni3Si4O10(OH)2·4H2O
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1205-1215.
'Plessite'
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Tristan Mantoy's collection
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polybasite-Tac
Reference: Burniaux, P. and Williams-Jones, A.E., (2006) Controls Of Silver-Mercury Mineralization At Imiter, Morocco. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 3
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Lhou, M., & Jung, H. Genesis of Co-Ni mineralizations during serpentinisation process in Bou Azzer ore deposits, the Neoproterozoic ophiolite of Bou Azzer El Graara (Central Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Abstracts AGU joint assembly Montreal
Polylithionite
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Habit: balls, rounded platy crystals
Colour: dark blue
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Potarite ?
Formula: PdHg
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite
Formula: [(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Protolithionite'
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Description: Mg-rich pseudobrookite inclusions in picotite. Ferri-armalcolite.
Reference: J.P. Lorand and J.Y. Cottin, Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 373-378.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pseudorutile
Formula: Fe2Ti3O9
Reference: C. Hejny et al. (2002) Eur. J. Mineral. 14, 957-967
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 205 localities in this region.
Pyroaurite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Pyrochlore'
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Pyrostilpnite ?
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Thomas Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 340 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Habit: Slender crystals, often with Dauphiné habit tips.
Colour: Dark yellow.
Reference: Amir Akhavan collection
Quartz var: Eisenkiesel
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lapis 39 (2014), p. 70
Quartz var: Ferruginous Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Gwindel
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Iris Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Specimen in Spirifer Society Collection, Poland
Quartz var: Jasper
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Prase
Formula: SiO2
Reference: A.M.I. Martins collection
Quartz var: Quartzine
Formula: SiO2
Description: Unsuspiciously intergrown with length-fast chalcedony in agates. White bands in agates from this locality are potential candidates.
Reference: "Amir Akhavan" Collection;
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: https://sites.google.com/site/mineralienmuseumguntersblum/bildergalerien/achate/afrika/marokko/agouim
Quartz var: Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Retgersite
Formula: NiSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Rhönite
Formula: Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Ringwoodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Reference: Ma, C., Tschauner, O., Liu, Y., Beckett, J. R., Rossman, G. R., Zuravlev, K., ... & Taylor, L. A. (2014, March). Discovery of Ahrensite gamma-Fe2SiO4 and Tissintite (Ca, Na, □) AlSi2O6: Two New High Pressure Minerals from the Tissint Martian Meteorite. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 45, p. 1222).; Baziotis, I. P., Liu, Y., DeCarli, P. S., Melosh, H. J., McSween, H. Y., Bodnar, R. J., & Taylor, L. A. (2013). The Tissint Martian meteorite as evidence for the largest impact excavation. Nature Communications, 4, 1404.
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Reference: Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576 ; Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.; Salvi, S., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Moine, B. (2000). Hydrothermal mobilization of high field strength elements in alkaline igneous systems: evidence from the Tamazeght Complex (Morocco). Economic Geology, 95(3), 559-576.
Rittmannite
Formula: {(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Robertsite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Roselite
Formula: Ca2(Co2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Roselite-Wendwilsonite Series'
Rosenbuschite
Formula: Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: WALENTA (1981) Grüner Helvin von Azegour, Der Aufschluß, 32, 443-449
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: Taylor, C.D. and Giles, S. A. (2012): Potentiel minéral pour des dépôts d’éléments incompatibles au sein des pegmatites, de roches alcalines et de carbonatites sur le territoire de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie.- Second Projet de Renforcement Institutionnel du Secteur Minier de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie (PRISM-II), Phase V ; Livrable 87, USGS, 45 pages.
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Sainfeldite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Salmonsite'
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
Sampleite
Formula: NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Reference: M. Guiraud, J.R. Kienast, A. Rahmani : "Petrological study of high-temperature granulites from In Ouzal, Algeria : some implications on the phase relationships in the FMASTOCr system", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, 1375-1390.
Sarmientite
Formula: Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti collection [S. Möckel 2010 - EDX+PXRD]
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Flavien Choulet, Nicolas Charles, Luc Barbanson, Yannick Branquet, Stanislas Sizaret, Aomar Ennaciri, Lakhlifi Badra, Yan Chen (2014): Non-sulfide zinc deposits of the Moroccan High Atlas: Multi-scale characterization and origin. Ore Geology Reviews, 56, 115-140.; F. Choulet, M. Buatier, L. Barbanson, R. Guégan, A. Ennaciri (2016): Zinc-rich clays in supergene non-sulfide zinc deposits. Mineralium Deposita 51, 467–490.
'Scapolite'
Reference: various added photos
'Scapolite Group'
Reference: Bouabdellah, M., Lebret, N., Marcoux, E., Sadequi, M. (2013) Les mines de Beni Bou Ifrour-Ouixane (Rif Oriental): un district ferrugineux néogènede type skarns. The Beni Bou Ifrour-Ouixane mines (Eastern Rif), Neogene Skarn Type Iron Deposits. Chalouan, A.A., Rjimati , E., MouttaqiMichard, A., Saddiqi, O. Nouveaux Guides Géologiques et miniers du Maroc, Notes et mémoires du Service géologique du Maroc, pp.357-362, 2012, Notes et mémoires N° 564 du Service géologique du Maroc- 2011.
Schachnerite
Formula: Ag1.1Hg0.9
Reference: In the collection of Brent Thorne.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Schirmerite'
Formula: PbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Baidada, B., Maacha, L., & Bajddi, A. (2016). Minerals of the Ag–Bi–Cu–Pb–S system from the Amensif carbonate-replacement deposit (western High Atlas, Morocco). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 161, 85-97.
Schneiderhöhnite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+3As3+5O13
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Habit: hexagonal plates, balls
Colour: light greenish blue
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Scorzalite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Seifertite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Shohei Kaneko, Eiji Ohtani, Masaaki Miyahara, Takeshi Sakai, Masahiro Kayama, Hirotsugu Nishido, Yasuo Oishi, Naohisa Hirao (2011) Dynamic event recorded in a lunar meteorite NWA 4734. Japan Geooscience Union Meeting Makuhari, Chiba Japan.; Wang, Y., & Hsu, W. (2016). Shock-Induced Metamorphism in the Lunar Meteorite Northwest Africa 4734. LPI Contributions, 1921.
Senarmontite (TL)
Formula: Sb2O3
Habit: octahedrons
Colour: gray
Reference: Acta Crystallographica,B31,2016(1975)
Sengierite
Formula: Cu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist (1957) 42:408-410
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Sicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Siderite var: Manganoan Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)CO3
Reference: Kesraoui, M., & Nedjari, S. (2002). Contrasting evolution of low-P rare metal granites from two different terranes in the Hoggar area, Algeria. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 34(3), 247-257.; Kesraoui Mokrane; Marignac Christian; Verkaeren Jean, 2000: Late magmatic evolution of rare earth granites; example of the Tin-Amzi Cupola Ahaggar, Algeria. Bulletin du Service Geologique de l'Algerie 11(2): 195-216
'Silica'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Silver var: Kongsbergite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Reference: Cheilletz, A., Levresse, G., Gasquet, D., Azizi-Samir, M., Zyadi, R., Archibald, D. A., & Farrar, E. (2002). The giant Imiter silver deposit: Neoproterozoic epithermal mineralization in the Anti-Atlas, Morocco. Mineralium Deposita, 37(8), 772-781.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Smolyaninovite
Formula: Co3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
'Soapstone'
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 74 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Schalenblende
Reference: Philip Bluemner Collection
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Description: Pleonaste and Cr-Pleonaste appear as two distinct varieties or phases in this meteorite
Reference: Weisberg et al., (2008) Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 94: Meteoritics and Planetary Science 43 (9): 1551-1588. (Sept 2008) ; Anorthite, Diopside, Olivine; Merrillite, Pleonaste, Spinel, Troilite
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Rachid Hakkou, Mostafa Benzaazoua and Bruno Bussière (2008): Acid Mine Drainage at the Abandoned Kettara Mine (Morocco): 1. Environmental Characterization. Mine Water and the Environment, 27, 145-159.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: D. Blamart et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 355-368.
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch collection (analysed by single-crystal XRD); Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2009): Imiter, der größte Silberbergbau Marokkos: Geologie, Bergbaugeschichte und Mineralien. Lapis 34 (12), 15-43; 62 (in German).
Sternbergite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Stevensite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: MINERALOGICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION OF Mg-SMECTITE FROM JBEL GHASSOUL, MOROCCO, A. Benhammou, B. Tanouti, L. Nibou, A. Yaacoubi and J.-P. Bonnet; Clays and Clay Minerals; v. 57 p. 264 (2009). ANALYSES OF PALYGORSKITES AND ASSOCIATED CLAYS FROM THE JBEL RHASSOUL (MOROCCO) A. Chahi, J. Duplay, J. Luca; Clays and Clay Minerals; v. 41 p. 401 (1993).
Stevensite var: Ghassoulite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: MINERALOGICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION OF Mg-SMECTITE FROM JBEL GHASSOUL, MOROCCO, A. Benhammou, B. Tanouti, L. Nibou, A. Yaacoubi and J.-P. Bonnet; Clays and Clay Minerals; v. 57 p. 264 (2009). ANALYSES OF PALYGORSKITES AND ASSOCIATED CLAYS FROM THE JBEL RHASSOUL (MOROCCO) A. Chahi, J. Duplay, J. Luca; Clays and Clay Minerals; v. 41 p. 401 (1993).
Stewartite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Stichtite
Formula: Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: Jordi Fabre specimens
'Stilbite subgroup'
Stishovite
Formula: SiO2
Stokesite
Formula: CaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Strashimirite ?
Formula: Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Strawberry Quartz'
Reference: Yves Masson
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: WALENTA (1981) Grüner Helvin von Azegour, Der Aufschluß, 32, 443-449
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Lecolle, Michel; Derre, Colette; Rjimati, Ech Cherki; Fonteilles, Michel; Azza, Addi; Benanni, Abdelhak (1993): A silicated and phosphated peraluminous hydrothermal alteration with associated rutile in the Upper Proterozoic of the Saghro (Anti-​Atlas, Morocco)​. Genesis and metallogenic consequences. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Serie II: Mecanique, Physique, Chimie, Sciences de la Terre et de l'Univers 316, 123-130.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: A. J. Irving, T. E. Bunch, Alan E. Rubin & John T. Wasson (2010). Northwest Africa 2828/Al Haggounia 001 is a Weathered, Unequilibrated EL Chondrite: Trace Element and Petrologic Evidence. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 45, p. A90. [Supplement]
Symplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993); Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Synchysite-(Y)
Formula: CaY(CO3)2F
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Szaibélyite
Formula: MgBO2(OH)
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Takovite
Formula: Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Talmessite
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Talmessite var: Cobaltoan Talmessite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Co)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Talmessite var: Nickeloan Talmessite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Ni)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
'Talmessite - β-Roselite Series'
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Taranakite
Formula: (K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1000.; A. Carnot, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 1895, vol. 121, p. 153
Tavorite
Formula: LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Tazheranite
Formula: (Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Reference: Ma, C. (2011) Discovery of Meteoritic Lakargiite (CaZrO3), a New Ultra-Refractory Mineral from the Acfer 094 Carbonaceous Chondrite (Abstract-Id.#5169). Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Supplement s1, p. A144. (Sept 2011).
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tetra-auricupride
Formula: AuCu
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Tetrataenite
Formula: FeNi
Theisite
Formula: Cu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Joan Rosell - Rosellminerals
'Thomsonite'
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992), Zeolites of the World, p.490
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Thorite var: Uranothorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Tilasite
Formula: CaMg(AsO4)F
Reference: Heflik W., 1989: Symplectic intergrowths in vulcanites from the Djebel Guettara manganese deposit (Northern Algeria). Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20(2), 11-28
Tin
Formula: Sn
Description: Thin plates on cassiterite in sheared zones.
Reference: G. Tchimichkian, Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 87-88.
Tissintite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Liu, Y. and Tschauner, O. (2013) Tissintite, IMA 2013-027. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2707; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709; Ma, C., Tschauner, O., Beckett, J.R., Liu, Y., Rossman, G.R., Zhuravlev, K., Prakapenka, V., Dera, P., Taylor, L.A. (2015): Tissintite, (Ca, Na, □)AlSi2O6, a highly-defective, shock-induced, high-pressure clinopyroxene in the Tissint martian meteorite. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 422, 194-205
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: FAVREAU G. & DIETRICH J.E. (2006) Tachgagalt (Maroc), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 93, 37-71. (in French)
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Tranquillityite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Reference: Srinivasan, P., Dunlap, D. R., Agee, C. B., Wadhwa, M., Coleff, D., Ziegler, K., ... & McCubbin, F. M. (2018). Silica-rich volcanism in the early solar system dated at 4.565 Ga. Nature communications, 9(1), 3036.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Tsangpoite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)2(SiO4)
Tsumoite
Formula: BiTe
Reference: Ilmen, S., Alansari, A., Bajddi, A., & Maacha, L. (2015). Cu–Au vein mineralization related to the Talat n’Imjjad shear zone (western High Atlas, Morocco): geological setting, ore mineralogy, and geochemical evolution. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(7), 5039-5056.
Tuite
Formula: Ca3(PO4)2
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Reference: Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p.340)
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'UM1991-19-Se:AsCo'
Formula: (Co,Ni)AsSe
Reference: Vinogradova, R. A.; Uljanov, A. A.; Korotaeva, N. N.; Obraztsov, V. V.; Azizi, S. M. R.; Maasha, L. (1994): Selenium-bearing sulfarsenides of the cobaltite-gersdorffite series from deposits of Bu-Azzer district (Morocco). Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 123, 64-68 (in Russian).
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uranocircite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranospinite
Formula: Ca(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Vanadinite var: Arsenatian Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
Varlamoffite
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Vinogradovite
Formula: Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Vishnevite
Formula: (Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Vladimirite
Formula: Ca4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.; Bernhard Pracejus (2015) The Ore Minerals Under the Microscope, Volume 3 2nd Edition. Elsevier 1118p
'Wad'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Wakefieldite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(VO4)
Description: In quartz veins.
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 657-663.
Walentaite
Formula: Fe3+3(P0.84As0.16O4)2(O,OH)6As3+2.56Ca0.42Na0.28Mn2+0.35Fe2+0.30O6.1(OH)0.9(H2O)0.9
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Weilite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Wendwilsonite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Dunn, P.J., et al (1987) American Mineralogist:72: 217-221.
'Whiteite'
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Wickmanite
Formula: Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Winchite ?
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Description: An analysis published by Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956) gives a composition near the richterite-winchite-katophorite join. The composition falls within a katophorite composition following the species definitions outlined in the amphibole nomenclature by Hawthorne et al.(2012). See the katophorite entry for more details.
Reference: Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956): Le gisement de manganèse de Guettara. Symposium du manganèse XX congrès international de géologie, Heflik W., 1989: Symplectic intergrowths in vulcanites from the Djebel Guettara manganese deposit (Northern Algeria). Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20(2), 11-28
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Bouabsa, L., Marignac, C., Chabbi, R., & Cuney, M. (2010). The Filfila (NE Algeria) topaz-bearing granites and their rare metal minerals: Petrologic and metallogenic implications. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 56(2), 107-113.
Wöhlerite
Formula: NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Xanthoconite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
'Xenotime'
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Yukonite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Reference: N. Meisser, J. Brugger (2006): "Bouazzerit und Maghrebit, zwei neue Arsenatmineralien aus dem Revier Bou Azzer, Marokko", Lapis 31(7/8), 69-71
Yukonite var: Chromian Yukonite
Formula: Ca3(Fe3+,Cr)(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Reference: N. Meisser, J. Brugger (2006): "Bouazzerit und Maghrebit, zwei neue Arsenatmineralien aus dem Revier Bou Azzer, Marokko", Lapis 31(7/8), 69-71
Zálesíite
Formula: CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Zincroselite
Formula: Ca2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Reference: Kosakevitch, A. (1974): Supergene remobilization of lead in the antimony deposit of Mejmaa Salihine (central Morocco). Comptes Rendus du Congres National des Societes Savantes, Section des Sciences 96 (Volume Date 1971), 637-645 (in French).
'Zinnwaldite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: Can Miner. 25, 687-693 (1987)
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Andreyivanovite1.BD.15FeCrP
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Eugenite1.AD.15cAg11Hg2
Gold1.AA.05Au
var: Palladian Gold1.AA.05(Au,Pd)
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Haxonite1.BA.10(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
var: Martensite1.AE.05Fe
Luanheite1.AD.15bAg3Hg
Melliniite (TL)1.BD.20(Ni,Fe)4P
Nickelphosphide1.BD.05(Ni,Fe)3P
Nierite1.DB.05Si3N4
Osbornite1.BC.15TiN
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
Perryite ?1.BB.10(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Potarite ?1.AD.25PdHg
Schachnerite1.AD.15aAg1.1Hg0.9
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Kongsbergite1.AA.05(Ag,Hg)
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tetra-auricupride1.AA.10bAuCu
Tetrataenite1.AE.10FeNi
Tin1.AC.10Sn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Allargentum2.AA.30(Ag1-xSbx)
Alloclasite2.EB.10bCo1-xFexAsS
Argentopyrite ?2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Argyrodite2.BA.70Ag8GeS6
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
var: Danaite2.EB.20(Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bohdanowiczite2.JA.20AgBiSe2
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bowieite ?2.DB.15(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cattierite2.EB.05aCoS2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Clinosafflorite2.EB.15aCoAs2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Cuprobismutite2.JA.10aCu8AgBi13S24
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Diaphorite2.JB.05Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Fettelite ?2.LA.30[Ag6As2S7][Ag10HgAs2S8]
Freibergite2.GB.05(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Godlevskite2.BB.15(Ni,Fe)9S8
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hedleyite2.DC.05Bi7Te3
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Imiterite (TL)2.BD.05Ag2HgS2
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Isomertieite2.AC.15aPd11Sb2As2
Jordisite2.EA.30MoS2
Kashinite2.DB.15(Ir,Rh)2S3
Keithconnite2.BC.20Pd20Te7
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Kieftite2.EC.05CoSb3
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Krupkaite2.HB.05aPbCuBi3S6
Laitakarite2.DC.05Bi4Se2S
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Mertieite-I2.AC.15bPd11(Sb,As)4
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
var: Rhenian Molybdenite2.EA.30(Mo,Re)S2
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
var: Chengbolite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nickelskutterudite2.EC.05(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Niningerite2.CD.10(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Orcelite2.AB.10Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Palladseite2.BC.05Pd17Se15
Paraguanajuatite2.DC.05Bi2Se3
Pararammelsbergite2.EB.10eNiAs2
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrostilpnite ?2.GA.10Ag3SbS3
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
'Schirmerite'2.JB.40dPbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Schalenblende2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Sternbergite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Tsumoite2.DC.05BiTe
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Volynskite2.JA.20AgBiTe2
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Xanthoconite2.GA.10Ag3AsS3
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Bromargyrite3.AA.15AgBr
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Molysite3.AC.10FeCl3
Nadorite3.DC.30PbSbClO2
Nantokite3.AA.05CuCl
Paralaurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Addibischoffite (TL)4.BC.Ca2Al6Al6O20
Akimotoite4.CB.05(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Asbolane4.FL.30(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Burtite (TL)4.FC.10Ca[Sn(OH)6]
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cervantite4.DE.30Sb3+Sb5+O4
Chenmingite (TL)4.BB.FeCr2O4
Chlormayenite4.CC.20Ca12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Claudetite4.CB.45As2O3
Coesite4.DA.35SiO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Crednerite4.AB.05CuMnO2
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Dmitryivanovite (TL)4.BC.10CaAl2O4
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Ferrohögbomite-2N2S (TL)4.00.[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn,Al)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]2
Francevillite4.HB.15Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Grossite (TL)4.CC.15CaAl4O7
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Picotite4.BB.05(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Hibonite4.CC.45CaAl12O19
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
var: Wolframoixiolite4.DB.25(Nb,W,Ta,Fe,Mn,Nb)2O4
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Janggunite4.FG.05Mn5-x(Mn,Fe)1+xO8(OH)6
Karibibite4.JA.15Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
Lakargiite4.CC.30Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3
Lechatelierite4.DA.30SiO2
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Loveringite4.CC.40(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38
Maghemite4.BB.15(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Nickeloan Magnetite4.BB.05(Fe2+,Ni)Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Marokite (TL)4.BC.05CaMn3+2O4
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Menilite4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Periclase4.AB.25MgO
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
Pseudorutile4.CB.25Fe2Ti3O9
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Eisenkiesel4.DA.05SiO2
var: Ferruginous Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Gwindel4.DA.05SiO2
var: Iris Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Prase4.DA.05SiO2
var: Quartzine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Schneiderhöhnite4.JA.35Fe2+Fe3+3As3+5O13
Seifertite4.DA.50SiO2
Senarmontite (TL)4.CB.50Sb2O3
Sengierite4.HB.10Cu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stishovite4.DA.40SiO2
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Tazheranite4.DL.10(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Tyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Varlamoffite4.DB.05(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Wickmanite4.FC.10Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Plumboan Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Pb)CO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bayleyite5.ED.05Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Brugnatellite5.DA.45Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Cobaltoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Co)CO3
var: Iceland Spar5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
var: Strontian Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Sr)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dawsonite5.BB.10NaAlCO3(OH)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Cobaltoan Dolomite5.AB.10(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
var: Manganoan Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Dundasite5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Gerhardtite ?5.NB.05Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
var: Breunnerite5.AB.05(Mg,Fe)CO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite5.BA.10(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Minrecordite ?5.AB.10CaZn(CO3)2
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Pyroaurite5.DA.50Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Manganoan Siderite5.AB.05(Fe,Mn)CO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Spherocobaltite5.AB.05CoCO3
Stichtite5.DA.50Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)5.BD.20cCaY(CO3)2F
Takovite5.DA.50Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Gaudefroyite (TL)6.AB.60Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Jacquesdietrichite (TL)6.AB.80Cu2(H2BO3)(OH)3
Szaibélyite6.BA.15MgBO2(OH)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Butlerite7.DC.10Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Despujolsite (TL)7.DF.25Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Fergusonite-(Ce)7.GA.05CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Fornacite7.FC.10Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Hydroniumjarosite7.BC.10(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jouravskite (TL)7.DG.15Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Ktenasite7.DD.20Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Magnesiozippeite7.EC.05Mg(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Moorhouseite7.CB.25(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
Namuwite7.DD.50Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Retgersite7.CB.30NiSO4 · 6H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Starkeyite7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
var: Alumino Adamite8.BB.30(Zn,Al)2AsO4(OH)
var: Cuprian Adamite8.BB.30(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Adelite ?8.BH.35CaMg(AsO4)(OH)
Agardite-(Ce)8.DL.15CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Agardite-(Y) (TL)8.DL.15YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Alluaudite8.AC.10(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
var: Cobaltoan Magnesian Annabergite8.CE.40(Ni,Mg,Co)3[AsO4]2 · 8H2O
var: Magnesian Annabergite8.CE.40(Ni,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Arhbarite (TL)8.BE.25Cu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3
Arrojadite-(KFe)8.BF.05{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arseniosiderite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Austinite8.BH.35CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
var: Cobaltoan Austinite8.BH.35Ca(Zn,Co)AsO4(OH)
var: Cuprian Austinite8.BH.35CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Barbosalite8.BB.40Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Bariopharmacosiderite8.DK.10Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Bayldonite8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Bederite8.CF.05Ca2(Mn2+)4(Fe3+)2(PO4)6 · 2H2O
Bendadaite8.DC.15Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Benyacarite8.DH.35(H2O,K)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Ti)2Ti(PO4)4(O,F)2 · 14H2O
Beraunite8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
var: Cuprian Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Bouazzerite (TL)8.DH.60Bi6(Mg,Co)11Fe3+14(AsO4)18(OH)4O12 · 86H2O
Brushite8.CJ.50Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Cabalzarite8.CG.15Ca(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cheralite8.AD.50CaTh(PO4)2
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Clinoclase8.BE.20Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Cobaltarthurite8.DC.15(Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Cobaltaustinite8.BH.35CaCo(AsO4)(OH)
var: Cuprian Cobaltaustinite8.BH.35Ca(Co,Cu)AsO4(OH)
Cobaltkoritnigite8.CB.20(Co,Zn)(HAsO4) · H2O
Cobaltlotharmeyerite8.CG.15Ca(Co,Fe3+,Ni)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
var: Manganoan Cobaltlotharmeyerite8.CG.15Ca(Co,Mn2+)2[AsO4]2 · 2H2O
Collinsite8.CG.05Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cornetite8.BE.15Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Cornubite8.BD.30Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite8.BD.05Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Dussertite (TL)8.BL.10BaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fairfieldite8.CG.05Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ferrilotharmeyerite8.CG.15Ca(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
var: Cobaltoan Ferrilotharmeyerite8.CG.15Ca(Fe3+,Co)2[AsO4]2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Ferrisicklerite (TL)8.AB.10Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Ferroalluaudite8.AC.10(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
Fluellite8.DE.10Al2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorarrojadite-(BaFe) (TL)8.BF.05{Ba◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)F2
Frondelite8.BC.10Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Geminite8.CB.30Cu(HAsO4) · H2O
Gordonite8.DC.30MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Graftonite8.AB.20Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Guanacoite8.DD.10Cu2Mg3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Guérinite8.CJ.75Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Haidingerite8.CJ.20CaHAsO4 · H2O
Heterosite8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hörnesite8.CE.40Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Irhtemite (TL)8.CB.55Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)8.DH.15{Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMg)8.DH.15{Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)8.DH.15{Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn)8.DH.15{Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(NaFeMg)8.DH.15NaFe3+Mg2Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Kidwellite8.DK.20NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Kryzhanovskite8.CC.05(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Köttigite8.CE.40Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Lipscombite8.BB.90Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lithiophosphate8.AA.20Li3PO4
Ludlamite8.CD.20Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Maghrebite (TL)8.DC.30MgAl2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mansfieldite8.CD.10AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Marićite8.AC.20NaFe2+(PO4)
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Messelite8.CG.05Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Metanováčekite8.EB.10Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Montgomeryite8.DH.25Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Mélonjosephite (TL)8.BG.10CaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
Natrodufrénite8.DK.15NaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Nickelaustinite (TL)8.BH.35CaNi(AsO4)(OH)
Nickellotharmeyerite8.CG.15Ca(Ni,Fe3+,Co)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Nickeltalmessite (TL)8.CG.35Ca2Ni(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Nováčekite-I8.EB.05Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
var: Cobaltoan Olivenite8.BB.30(Cu,Co)2AsO4(OH)
var: Zincian Olivenite8.BB.30(Cu,Zn)2(AsO4)(OH)
Parasymplesite8.CE.40Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
var: Cobaltoan Parasymplesite8.CE.40(Fe,Co)3[AsO4]2 · 8H2O
Parnauite8.DF.35Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Paulkerrite8.DH.35K(Mg,Mn2+)2(Fe3+,Al,Ti,Mg)2Ti(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2O
Pharmacoalumite8.DK.12KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Pharmacolite8.CJ.50Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Phosphohedyphane8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Picropharmacolite8.CH.15Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Rittmannite8.DH.15{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Robertsite8.DH.30Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Roselite8.CG.10Ca2(Co2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Sainfeldite8.CB.10Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Sampleite8.DG.05NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Sarmientite8.DB.35Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Scorzalite8.BB.40Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Sicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Smolyaninovite8.CH.55Co3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Stewartite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strashimirite ?8.DC.12Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Symplesite8.CE.45Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Talmessite8.CG.05Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
var: Cobaltoan Talmessite8.CG.05Ca2(Mg,Co)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
var: Nickeloan Talmessite8.CG.05Ca2(Mg,Ni)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Taranakite8.CH.25(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Tavorite8.BB.05LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Theisite8.BE.75Cu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14
Tilasite8.BH.10CaMg(AsO4)F
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Tuite8.AC.45Ca3(PO4)2
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Uranocircite8.EB.05Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Uranospinite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
var: Arsenatian Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
Vladimirite8.CJ.25Ca4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Wakefieldite-(Ce)8.AD.35Ce(VO4)
Walentaite8.CH.05Fe3+3(P0.84As0.16O4)2(O,OH)6As3+2.56Ca0.42Na0.28Mn2+0.35Fe2+0.30O6.1(OH)0.9(H2O)0.9
Weilite8.AD.10Ca(HAsO4)
Wendwilsonite (TL)8.CG.10Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Yukonite8.DM.25Ca3Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
var: Chromian Yukonite8.DM.25Ca3(Fe3+,Cr)(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Zeunerite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Zincroselite8.CG.10Ca2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Zálesíite8.DL.15CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
β-Roselite8.CG.05Ca2Co(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Aerinite9.DB.45(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Ahrensite (TL)9.AC.SiFe2O4
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Stanniferous Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Titanoan Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Aspidolite9.EC.20NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Astrophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Braunite-II'9.AG.05CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Catapleiite9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Celsian9.FA.30Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
var: Bavalite9.EC.55(Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinoenstatite9.DA.10MgSiO3
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cronstedtite9.ED.15Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cuprosklodowskite9.AK.10Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Delhayelite9.EB.10(Na,K)10Ca5Al6Si32O80(Cl2,F2,SO4)3 · 18H2O
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Dmisteinbergite9.EG.15Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elpidite9.DG.65Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Fraipontite9.ED.15(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Grandidierite9.AJ.05(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Götzenite9.BE.22NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Hafnon9.AD.30HfSiO4
Hainite-(Y)9.BE.22Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Henritermierite (TL)9.AD.25Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Hiortdahlite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Holtstamite9.AD.25Ca3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Kaersutite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kalsilite9.FA.05KAlSiO4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Keldyshite ?9.BC.10(Na,H)2ZrSi2O7
Kirschsteinite9.AC.05CaFe2+SiO4
Kulkeite (TL)9.EC.60Mg8Al(AlSi7O20)(OH)10
Kupletskite9.DC.05(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Kushiroite9.DA.15CaAl[AlSiO6]
var: Ti-kushiroite9.DA.15CaAl[AlSiO6]
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Lamprophyllite9.BE.25(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Lingunite9.FA.70(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lorenzenite9.DB.10Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Låvenite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Majorite9.AD.25Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Malayaite9.AG.15CaSn(SiO4)O
Manganoneptunite9.EH.05Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Masutomilite9.EC.20(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Hyalophane9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Montdorite9.EC.15(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Narsarsukite9.DJ.05Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Neltnerite (TL)9.AG.05CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Normandite9.BE.17NaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Nosean9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Népouite9.ED.15(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite ?9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pecoraite9.ED.15Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Chromian Phlogopite9.EC.20K(Mg,Cr)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Polylithionite9.EC.20KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite9.DE.25[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Rhönite9.DH.40Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Ringwoodite9.AC.15(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Rinkite-(Ce)9.00.20(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Rosenbuschite9.BE.22Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Sauconite9.EC.45Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorlomite9.AD.25Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stevensite9.EC.45(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
var: Ghassoulite9.EC.45(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Stokesite9.DM.05CaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Uranothorite9.AD.30(Th,U)SiO4
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tranquillityite9.AG.90(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vinogradovite9.DB.25Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Vishnevite9.FB.05(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Winchite ?9.DE.20☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Wöhlerite9.BE.17NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zunyite9.BJ.55Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Åkermanite9.BB.10Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Hoganite10.AA.35Cu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Alluaudite-Na□'-4Na4Mn2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Angarfite (TL)-NaFe3+5(PO4)4(OH)4·4H2O
'Annabergite-Erythrite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'var: Titanian Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Bitumen'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Calamine'-
'Calc-schist'-
'Cerite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chamosite-Clinochlore Series'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'var: Subcalcic augite'-
'Cobaltoan calcite-spherocobaltite'-
'Columbite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Copper Sulphides'-
'Descloizite-Mottramite Series'-
'Desert Rose'-
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series' ?-
Donwilhelmsite (TL)-CaAl4Si2O11
'Famatinite-Luzonite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Ferganite'-LiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4·2H2O
'Ferroalluaudite-NaNa'-Na4Na4Fe2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12
'Fine-grained metafelsic-rock'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnierite'-
'Geikielite-Ilmenite Series'-
Gersdorffite-P213-
'Glass'-
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Gummite'-
Halilsarpite (TL)-[Mg(H2O)6][CaAs3+2(Fe3+2.67Mo6+0.33)(AsO4)2O7]
'Heulandite subgroup'-
Hexamolybdenum-(Mo,Ru,Fe,Ir,Os)
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Krotite (TL)-CaAl2O4
Kuratite-Ca2(Fe2+5Ti)O2[Si4Al2O18]
'Lepidolite'-
Leucoxene-
Liebermannite-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lithian Muscovite'-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Low-calcium pyroxene'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Maskelynite'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Metafelsic-rock'-
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Native Amalgam'-(Ag,Hg)
'Nickel-iron'-
'Nováčekite'-
'Ochre'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Parisite'-
'Pimelite'-Ni3Si4O10(OH)2·4H2O
'Plessite'-
Polybasite-Tac-
'Protolithionite'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Roselite-Wendwilsonite Series'-
'Salmonsite'-
'Scapolite'-
'Scapolite Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Soapstone'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Strawberry Quartz'-
'Talmessite - β-Roselite Series'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
'Thomsonite'-
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Tissintite (TL)-(Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tsangpoite-Ca5(PO4)2(SiO4)
'UM1991-19-Se:AsCo'-(Co,Ni)AsSe
'Wad'-
'Whiteite'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4
'Xenotime'-
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Andreyivanovite1.1.32.3FeCrP
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Eugenite1.1.8.5Ag11Hg2
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Haxonite1.1.16.2(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Luanheite1.1.8.4Ag3Hg
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Osbornite1.1.19.1TiN
Perryite ?1.1.22.1(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Schachnerite1.1.8.2Ag1.1Hg0.9
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tetra-auricupride1.1.2.2AuCu
Tetrataenite1.1.11.3FeNi
Tin1.1.13.1Sn
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Iridium1.2.1.2(Ir,Os,Ru)
Osmium1.2.2.1(Os,Ir,Ru)
Potarite ?1.2.4.4PdHg
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Nierite1.3.10.1Si3N4
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Allargentum2.2.1.2(Ag1-xSbx)
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
Keithconnite2.2.6.1Pd20Te7
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Orcelite2.3.2.1Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Argyrodite2.5.6.1Ag8GeS6
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
Imiterite (TL)2.5.8.1Ag2HgS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Hedleyite2.6.3.3Bi7Te3
Laitakarite2.6.2.4Bi4Se2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Godlevskite2.7.4.1(Ni,Fe)9S8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Tsumoite2.8.20.1BiTe
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Argentopyrite ?2.9.13.2AgFe2S3
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
Sternbergite2.9.12.1AgFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Bowieite ?2.11.12.1(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Kashinite2.11.12.2(Ir,Rh)2S3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Paraguanajuatite2.11.7.4Bi2Se3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Alloclasite2.12.6.2Co1-xFexAsS
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cattierite2.12.1.3CoS2
Clinosafflorite2.12.4.6CoAs2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Glaucodot2.12.6.1(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Jordisite2.12.11.1MoS2
Kieftite2.12.17.3CoSb3
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Merenskyite2.12.14.4(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Moncheite2.12.14.3(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Nickelskutterudite2.12.17.2(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Pararammelsbergite2.12.5.1NiAs2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Rammelsbergite2.12.2.12NiAs2
Safflorite2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Vaesite2.12.1.2NiS2
Oxysulfides
Kermesite2.13.1.1Sb2S2O
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Miscellaneous
Isomertieite2.16.2.1Pd11Sb2As2
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Mertieite-I2.16.1.1Pd11(Sb,As)4
Palladseite2.16.19.1Pd17Se15
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Fettelite ?3.2.10.[Ag6As2S7][Ag10HgAs2S8]
Luzonite3.2.2.1Cu3AsS4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Krupkaite3.4.5.2PbCuBi3S6
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Pyrostilpnite ?3.4.2.2Ag3SbS3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
Xanthoconite3.4.2.1Ag3AsS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Diaphorite3.5.4.1Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
'Schirmerite'3.5.5.1PbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9
ø = 2
Bohdanowiczite3.7.1.2AgBiSe2
Chalcostibite3.7.5.1CuSbS2
Emplectite3.7.5.2CuBiS2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
Volynskite3.7.1.3AgBiTe2
1 < ø < 2
Cuprobismutite3.8.2.1Cu8AgBi13S24
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Periclase4.2.1.1MgO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Claudetite4.3.10.1As2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
Senarmontite (TL)4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cervantite4.4.16.1Sb3+Sb5+O4
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Stishovite4.4.1.9SiO2
Tazheranite4.4.13.1(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Varlamoffite4.4.2.1(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
AX3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Heterogenite6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
X(OH)3
Burtite (TL)6.3.6.5Ca[Sn(OH)6]
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Nordstrandite6.3.3.1Al(OH)3
Wickmanite6.3.6.1Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Miscellaneous
Asbolane6.4.9.1(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Janggunite6.4.7.1Mn5-x(Mn,Fe)1+xO8(OH)6
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Crednerite7.1.2.1CuMnO2
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Dmitryivanovite (TL)7.2.16.CaAl2O4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Marokite (TL)7.2.10.1CaMn3+2O4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Ulvöspinel7.2.5.2TiFe2O4
(AB)10X14
Grossite (TL)7.3.2.1CaAl4O7
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1CaAl12O19
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Braunite-II'7.5.1.3CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Neltnerite (TL)7.5.1.2CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
AB4X9
Karibibite7.10.2.1Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
Miscellaneous
Chlormayenite7.11.3.1Ca12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)8.1.1.3CeNbO4 · 0.3H2O
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
AB2O6
Brannerite8.3.4.1UTi2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
A2B3O9
Pseudorutile8.4.2.1Fe2Ti3O9
AB21O38
Loveringite8.5.1.2(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Bromargyrite9.1.4.2AgBr
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Nantokite9.1.7.1CuCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
AX3
Molysite9.3.1.1FeCl3
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
A(O,OH)Xq
Nadorite10.2.5.2PbSbClO2
Paralaurionite10.2.3.1PbCl(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Spherocobaltite14.1.1.5CoCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Minrecordite ?14.2.1.4CaZn(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Bayleyite15.3.3.1Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)16a.1.3.2CaY(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Dawsonite16a.3.8.1NaAlCO3(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite16a.3.1.4(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Dundasite16b.2.1.1PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Pyroaurite16b.6.2.3Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Stichtite16b.6.2.2Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Takovite16b.6.3.2Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Brugnatellite16b.7.5.1Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 19 - NITRATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Anhydrous Nitrates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Gerhardtite ?19.1.1.1Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Diborates
Szaibélyite25.2.1.2MgBO2(OH)
Group 27 - COMPOUND BORATES
Miscellaneous
Gaudefroyite (TL)27.1.2.1Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Moorhouseite29.6.8.5(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
Retgersite29.6.9.1NiSO4 · 6H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
Starkeyite29.6.6.2MgSO4 · 4H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Namuwite31.4.7.1Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ktenasite31.6.3.1Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Despujolsite (TL)31.7.6.1Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Butlerite31.9.1.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Magnesiozippeite31.10.4.3Mg(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Jouravskite (TL)32.4.4.3Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Group 37 - ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Ferrilotharmeyerite37.1.6.2Ca(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Weilite37.1.1.2Ca(HAsO4)
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Ferrisicklerite (TL)38.1.4.1Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Marićite38.1.2.1NaFe2+(PO4)
Sicklerite38.1.4.2Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
(AB)5(XO4)3
Alluaudite38.2.3.6(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Ferroalluaudite38.2.3.5(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
(AB)3(XO4)2
Graftonite38.3.3.1Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Tuite38.3.4.6Ca3(PO4)2
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
AXO4
Cheralite38.4.3.5CaTh(PO4)2
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Lithiophosphate38.4.10.1Li3PO4
Wakefieldite-(Ce)38.4.11.4Ce(VO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Brushite39.1.1.1Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Cobaltkoritnigite39.1.4.2(Co,Zn)(HAsO4) · H2O
Haidingerite39.1.5.1CaHAsO4 · H2O
Pharmacolite39.1.1.2Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Guérinite39.2.2.2Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Irhtemite (TL)39.2.5.1Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2O
Picropharmacolite39.2.4.1Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Sainfeldite39.2.1.2Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Vladimirite39.2.2.1Ca4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Miscellaneous
Taranakite39.3.6.1(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Collinsite40.2.2.3Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Fairfieldite40.2.2.1Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Francevillite40.2a.27.1Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Messelite40.2.2.2Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Metanováčekite40.2a.10.2Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite40.2a.14.2Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Nickeltalmessite (TL)40.2.3.5Ca2Ni(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Nováčekite-I40.2a.10.1Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Roselite40.2.3.1Ca2(Co2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Talmessite40.2.2.5Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Tyuyamunite40.2a.26.1Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Uranocircite40.2a.3.1Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Uranospinite40.2a.2.1Ca(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Wendwilsonite (TL)40.2.3.4Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Zeunerite40.2a.14.1Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Zincroselite40.2.3.3Ca2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
β-Roselite40.2.2.7Ca2Co(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hörnesite40.3.6.7Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Kryzhanovskite40.3.2.2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Köttigite40.3.6.5Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ludlamite40.3.5.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Parasymplesite40.3.6.6Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Symplesite40.3.8.1Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Mansfieldite40.4.1.4AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Geminite40.5.12.1Cu(HAsO4) · H2O
Smolyaninovite40.5.8.1Co3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Walentaite40.5.10.1Fe3+3(P0.84As0.16O4)2(O,OH)6As3+2.56Ca0.42Na0.28Mn2+0.35Fe2+0.30O6.1(OH)0.9(H2O)0.9
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p > 4:1
Theisite41.1.2.1Cu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Clinoclase41.3.1.1Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Cornetite41.3.2.1Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornubite41.4.2.1Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite41.4.2.2Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Adelite ?41.5.1.1CaMg(AsO4)(OH)
Austinite41.5.1.3CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Bayldonite41.5.14.1PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cobaltaustinite41.5.1.8CaCo(AsO4)(OH)
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Dussertite (TL)41.5.10.1BaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Nickelaustinite (TL)41.5.1.7CaNi(AsO4)(OH)
Tavorite41.5.9.1LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Tilasite41.5.6.1CaMg(AsO4)F
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq
Arrojadite-(KFe)41.7.2.1{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Frondelite41.9.2.2Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Barbosalite41.10.1.4Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lipscombite41.10.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Mélonjosephite (TL)41.10.5.1CaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
Scorzalite41.10.1.2Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Guanacoite42.4.1.2Cu2Mg3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Agardite-(Y) (TL)42.5.1.2YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zálesíite42.5.1.7CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Arhbarite (TL)42.6.5.2Cu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3
Fluellite42.6.9.1Al2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
Sengierite42.6.10.1Cu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
Strashimirite ?42.6.5.1Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Bariopharmacosiderite42.8.1a.3Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Kidwellite42.8.2.1NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Pharmacoalumite42.8.1b.1KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Robertsite42.8.4.2Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Yukonite42.8.6.1Ca3Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Natrodufrénite42.9.1.3NaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Sampleite42.9.4.1NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Bendadaite42.11.20.6Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Benyacarite42.11.21.4(H2O,K)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Ti)2Ti(PO4)4(O,F)2 · 14H2O
Beraunite42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Cobaltarthurite42.11.20.5(Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Gordonite42.11.14.4MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)42.11.2.2{Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMg)42.11.2.1{Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)42.11.2.3{Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn)42.11.2.4{Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(NaFeMg)42.11.2.6NaFe3+Mg2Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Montgomeryite42.11.8.1Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Paulkerrite42.11.21.1K(Mg,Mn2+)2(Fe3+,Al,Ti,Mg)2Ti(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2O
Rittmannite42.11.3.4{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Stewartite42.11.10.2Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fornacite43.4.3.2Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Parnauite43.5.13.1Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Sarmientite43.5.1.1Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Schneiderhöhnite45.1.12.1Fe2+Fe3+3As3+5O13
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Kirschsteinite51.3.2.2CaFe2+SiO4
Ringwoodite51.3.3.1(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite51.4.3d.1Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Henritermierite (TL)51.4.4.1Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Majorite51.4.3a.5Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Schorlomite51.4.3c.1Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Hafnon51.5.2.2HfSiO4
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Malayaite52.4.3.2CaSn(SiO4)O
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Cuprosklodowskite53.3.1.4Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Grandidierite54.1.1.1(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Keldyshite ?55.2.2.1(Na,H)2ZrSi2O7
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Åkermanite55.4.1.1Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Axinite-(Mn)56.2.2.3Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Götzenite56.2.5.4NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Hainite-(Y)56.2.4.9Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Hiortdahlite56.2.4.7(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Lamprophyllite56.2.6c.4(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Rosenbuschite56.2.4.8Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Wöhlerite56.2.4.5NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups
Zunyite57.3.1.1Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Ferrosilite65.1.2.2FeSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Kushiroite65.1.3.8CaAl[AlSiO6]
Lorenzenite65.1.6.1Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Bustamite65.2.1.2CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=6
Stokesite65.5.1.1CaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Gedrite66.1.2.5☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Katophorite66.1.3b.11{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Winchite ?66.1.3b.1☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 68 - INOSILICATES Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Aerinite68.1.3.1(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Vinogradovite68.1.2.1Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Astrophyllite69.1.1.1K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Kupletskite69.1.1.2(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Rhönite69.2.1a.5Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Narsarsukite70.1.2.1Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Column or Tube Structures with linked chains forming cages
Manganoneptunite70.4.1.2Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Cronstedtite71.1.4.7Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Fraipontite71.1.2c.4(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Népouite71.1.2b.3(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pecoraite71.1.2d.4Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
'Glauconite'71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Masutomilite71.2.2b.12(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Montdorite71.2.2a.10(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Polylithionite71.2.2b.8KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10