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Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, UKi
Regional Level Types
WanlockheadVillage
Dumfries and GallowayCouncil Area
ScotlandCountry
UKCountry

This page kindly sponsored by michael mc mullen (2)
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
55° 23' 50'' North , 3° 47' 1'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Sanquhar1,980 (2017)9.4km
Kirkconnel2,070 (2017)13.6km
Douglas1,560 (2017)17.5km
Thornhill1,610 (2017)18.3km
Rigside770 (2017)22.2km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Dumfriesshire
Other Languages:
French:
Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Écosse, Royaume-Uni
German:
Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Schottland, Vereinigtes Königreich
Scottish Gaelic:
Cuingealach, Comhairle Dhùn Phris is Ghall-Ghàidhealaibh, Alba, An Rìoghachd Aonaichte
Irish Gaelic:
Cuingealach, Comhairle Dhún Phrís is Gall-Ghaidhealaibh, Albain, An Ríocht Aontaithe


Old lead-zinc mining area, part of the Leadhills-Wanlockhead Mining District (see Leadhills, http://www.mindat.org/loc-3032.html).
Mining activities stopped in the 1930s.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

79 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Aragonite var: Plumboan Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Pb)CO3
Reference: [Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: S Rust Collection
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chenite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Description: As a powdery yellow efflorescence on altered pyrite 'from 160 level, Wanlockhead, Dumfriesshire'. IGS specimen collected by J. Brown in 1916. ID confirmed by X-ray diffraction in 1979.
Reference: Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: BMS Database; Green, D. I. (1987): The minerals of Meadowfoot smelter. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2, 3-9.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Creaseyite
Formula: Pb2Cu2Fe3+2(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Crocoite
Formula: PbCrO4
Habit: Primatic
Colour: Dull orange
Reference: BMS Database
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: BMS Database; Green, D. I. (1987): The minerals of Meadowfoot smelter. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2, 3-9.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
'Descloizite-Mottramite Series'
Reference: Van King
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Habit: Thin crusts
Colour: Black
Description: Recordede on a specimen from Taits Level, Whytes Cleugh.
Reference: Minerals Of Scotland
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: NHM Collection (London), Collected 1956
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Green, D. I. (1987): The minerals of Meadowfoot smelter. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2, 3-9.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: BMS Database; Green, D. I. (1987): The minerals of Meadowfoot smelter. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2, 3-9.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kegelite
Formula: Pb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
Reference: Tim Neall and David I. Green (2008): Kegelite, a first British occurrence, from Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. Journal of the Russell Society 8, 110-111.
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lautenthalite
Formula: PbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: BMS Database; American Mineralogist, Volume 79, pages 570-574, 1994; Green, D. I. (1987): The minerals of Meadowfoot smelter. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2, 3-9.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: BMS Database; Green, D. I. (1987): The minerals of Meadowfoot smelter. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2, 3-9.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Reference: BMS Database; Green, D. I. (1987): The minerals of Meadowfoot smelter. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2, 3-9.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Nicholson, Keith; Banks, David (1987): Magnetite, pyrrhotine and pentlandite from the Leadhills-Wanlockhead mining district, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine 51, 175-176.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Mattheddleite
Formula: Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Monohydrocalcite
Formula: CaCO3 · H2O
Reference: BMS Database; Green, D. I. (1987): The minerals of Meadowfoot smelter. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2, 3-9.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1954 30 : 541-543.
Paralaurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: BMS Database; Green, D. I. (1987): The minerals of Meadowfoot smelter. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2, 3-9.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Nicholson, Keith; Banks, David (1987): Magnetite, pyrrhotine and pentlandite from the Leadhills-Wanlockhead mining district, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine 51, 175-176.
Phosphohedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbonacrite (TL)
Formula: Pb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
Type Locality:
Description: Work is continuing to confirm the occurance of plumbonacrite in the Leadhills-Wanlockhead Orefield.
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: BMS Database; Green, D. I. (1987): The minerals of Meadowfoot smelter. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2, 3-9.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite var: Ca-bearing Pyromorphite
Formula: (Pb,Ca)5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Nicholson, Keith; Banks, David (1987): Magnetite, pyrrhotine and pentlandite from the Leadhills-Wanlockhead mining district, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine 51, 175-176.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1954 30 : 541-543.
Redgillite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Reference: S.Rust Collection
Schmiederite
Formula: Pb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
Reference: BMS Database; Green, D. I. (1987): The minerals of Meadowfoot smelter. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2, 3-9.
Scotlandite
Formula: PbSO3
Reference: Steve Rust
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: BMS Database; Green, D. I. (1987): The minerals of Meadowfoot smelter. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2, 3-9.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Paul Render
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Description: Listed as "calamine (zinc carbonate)".
Reference: Davies, T. (1877) VI.— Notes on vauquelinite from Scotland, and cantonite from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 1, n° 4, 112-114.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Steverustite
Formula: Pb2+5(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
Description: Steverustite was visually identified by comparison with confirmed specimens from several Welsh and Scotish locations.
Reference: S. Rust Collection
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Reference: Livingstone, A. (1992) The composition of stolzite from Wanlockhead and wulfenite from various Scottish localities. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 4(2), 55-57.
Sundiusite
Formula: Pb10(SO4)O8Cl2
Reference: ex Steve Rust collection specimen now in the Natural History Museum London
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Vauquelinite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Description: Davies' Vauquelinite = Mottramite. See Bannister, F.A. (1933) The identity of mottramite and psittacinite with cupriferous descloizite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 23, n° 141, 376-386.
Reference: Davies, T. (1877) VI. — Notes on vauquelinite from Scotland, and cantonite from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 1, n° 4, 112-114.; Bannister, F.A. (1933) The identity of mottramite and psittacinite with cupriferous descloizite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 23, n° 141, 376-386.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 289-295.
Veszelyite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
'Wad'
Reference: S Rust Collection
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: [MinRec 12:293]
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: BMS Database

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Cotunnite3.DC.85PbCl2
Paralaurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Scotlandite4.JE.20PbSO3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Plumboan Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Pb)CO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Monohydrocalcite5.CB.20CaCO3 · H2O
Plumbonacrite (TL)5.BE.15Pb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Susannite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chenite7.BC.70Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Crocoite7.FA.20PbCrO4
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Elyite7.DF.65Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Lautenthalite7.DE.70PbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Redgillite7.DD.70Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Schmiederite7.BC.65Pb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Steverustite7.JA.10Pb2+5(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Sundiusite7.BD.70Pb10(SO4)O8Cl2
Vauquelinite ?7.FC.05Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Wroewolfeite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Phosphohedyphane8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
var: Ca-bearing Pyromorphite8.BN.05(Pb,Ca)5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Veszelyite8.DA.30(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Creaseyite9.HH.15Pb2Cu2Fe3+2(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kegelite9.EC.80Pb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
Mattheddleite9.AH.25Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Descloizite-Mottramite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Rammelsbergite2.12.2.12NiAs2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Cotunnite9.2.7.1PbCl2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Paralaurionite10.2.3.1PbCl(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Monohydrocalcite15.1.3.1CaCO3 · H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Plumbonacrite (TL)16a.5.1.1Pb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Susannite17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chenite30.1.16.1Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Elyite30.1.2.1Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Sundiusite30.1.1.1Pb10(SO4)O8Cl2
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Steverustite30.4.4.Pb2+5(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Wroewolfeite31.4.2.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Lautenthalite31.6.1.2PbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 33 - SELENATES AND TELLURATES
(AB)m(XO4)pZq
Schmiederite33.1.1.1Pb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)
Scotlandite34.1.1.2PbSO3
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
AXO4
Crocoite35.3.1.1PbCrO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Veszelyite42.2.3.1(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Vauquelinite ?43.4.3.1Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Mattheddleite52.4.9.6Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with other anions
Kegelite71.5.1.1Pb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Creaseyite78.7.2.1Pb2Cu2Fe3+2(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
var: Plumboan Aragonite-(Ca,Pb)CO3
'Descloizite-Mottramite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Phosphohedyphane-Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
Pyromorphite
var: Ca-bearing Pyromorphite
-(Pb,Ca)5(PO4)3Cl
Redgillite-Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PlumbonacritePb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
H Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H LautenthalitePbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MonohydrocalciteCaCO3 · H2O
H ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H CreaseyitePb2Cu2Fe23+(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
H KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H SteverustitePb52+(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C PlumbonacritePb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Aragonite (var: Plumboan Aragonite)(Ca,Pb)CO3
C WitheriteBaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C MonohydrocalciteCaCO3 · H2O
C SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O PlumbonacritePb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O SundiusitePb10(SO4)O8Cl2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Aragonite (var: Plumboan Aragonite)(Ca,Pb)CO3
O WitheriteBaCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CrocoitePbCrO4
O CupriteCu2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O LithargePbO
O LautenthalitePbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MonohydrocalciteCaCO3 · H2O
O ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O HematiteFe2O3
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O PlattneritePbO2
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Pyromorphite (var: Ca-bearing Pyromorphite)(Pb,Ca)5(PO4)3Cl
O PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O CreaseyitePb2Cu2Fe23+(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
O ScotlanditePbSO3
O KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O SteverustitePb52+(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O SideriteFeCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al CreaseyitePb2Cu2Fe23+(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Al KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Si CreaseyitePb2Cu2Fe23+(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Si KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
PPhosphorus
P Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Pyromorphite (var: Ca-bearing Pyromorphite)(Pb,Ca)5(PO4)3Cl
P PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
SSulfur
S SundiusitePb10(SO4)O8Cl2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
S GalenaPbS
S GreenockiteCdS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S LautenthalitePbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcociteCu2S
S RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
S ScotlanditePbSO3
S KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
S SteverustitePb52+(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
ClChlorine
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl SundiusitePb10(SO4)O8Cl2
Cl ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl CotunnitePbCl2
Cl Pyromorphite (var: Ca-bearing Pyromorphite)(Pb,Ca)5(PO4)3Cl
Cl PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Aragonite (var: Plumboan Aragonite)(Ca,Pb)CO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca MonohydrocalciteCaCO3 · H2O
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Pyromorphite (var: Ca-bearing Pyromorphite)(Pb,Ca)5(PO4)3Cl
Ca PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
CrChromium
Cr CrocoitePbCrO4
Cr VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
FeIron
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe CreaseyitePb2Cu2Fe23+(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Fe CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni RammelsbergiteNiAs2
CuCopper
Cu Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu LautenthalitePbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu CreaseyitePb2Cu2Fe23+(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Cu SteverustitePb52+(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
Cu VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
AsArsenic
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As NickelineNiAs
As RammelsbergiteNiAs2
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
SeSelenium
Se SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
BaBarium
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W StolzitePb(WO4)
PbLead
Pb PlumbonacritePb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb SundiusitePb10(SO4)O8Cl2
Pb Aragonite (var: Plumboan Aragonite)(Ca,Pb)CO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb CrocoitePbCrO4
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LithargePbO
Pb LautenthalitePbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Pb ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4
Pb SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Pb PlattneritePbO2
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb CotunnitePbCl2
Pb Pyromorphite (var: Ca-bearing Pyromorphite)(Pb,Ca)5(PO4)3Cl
Pb PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Pb CreaseyitePb2Cu2Fe23+(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Pb CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb ScotlanditePbSO3
Pb KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
Pb SteverustitePb52+(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Davies, T. (1877) VI.— Notes on vauquelinite from Scotland, and cantonite from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 1, n° 4, 112-114.
Bannister, F.A. (1933) The identity of mottramite and psittacinite with cupriferous descloizite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 23, n° 141, 376-386 (claims that Davies' (1877) identification of vauquelinite from Wanlockhead is incorrect and that the mineral in question is in fact mottramite.)
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 289-295 (referring to Davies (1877) and Bannister (1933)).
Temple, A. K. (1956) Leadhills-Wanlockhead lead and zinc deposits. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 63, 85-113.
Gillanders, R.J. (1981) Famous mineral localities: the Leadhills-Wanlockhead district, Scotland. Mineralogical Record, 12(4), 235-250.
Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
Paar, W. H. (1983) Leadhills-Wanlockhead. Lapis 8 (9), 9-15 (in German).
Livingstone, A. (1992) The composition of stolzite from Wanlockhead and wulfenite from various Scottish localities. Journal of the Russell Society, 4(2), 55-57.

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