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Pargas, Southwest Finland, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
Pargas- not defined -
Southwest FinlandRegion
FinlandCountry

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Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Länsi-Turunmaa15,498 (2015)
Pargas11,962 (2014)
Nagu1,410 (2014)
Korppoo878 (2014)
Houtskär626 (2014)
Iniö279 (2014)


The Pargas (Parainen) limestone deposit is located about 18 km south of the city of Turku (Åbo). Limestone has been worked here since medieval times, but in 1898 Paraisten Kalkkivuori Osakeyhtiö (Pargas Kalkbergs Aktiebolag), a joint stock company was founded and quarrying was started.
The largest and most famous open-pit quarries are Limberg and Skräbböle quarries.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Fennoscandian ShieldShield
Baltic SeaSea

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

75 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Eskola et. al 1919
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Eskola et. al 1919
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Eskola et. al 1919
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Metzger, The deposit of crystalline limestone of Pargas-Parainen. In Aurola, E.(Ed): (1954): The Mines and Quarries of Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Geoteknillisiä julkaisuja. 55, 53-58
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Eskola et. al 1919
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Eskola et. al 1919
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Hawthorne, F. C., Oberti, R., Ungaretti, L., Grice, J. D. (1996): A new hyper-calcic amphibole with Ca at the A site: Fluor-cannilloite from Pargas, Finland. American Mineralogist. 81, 995-1002
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Eskola et. al 1919
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. & Suominen, Veli (1988): Occurrence, crystallography and chemistry of the fluorcerite-bastnäsite-cerianite intergrowth from Fjälskär granite, Southwestern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland. 60 (1) 45-53.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Metzger, The deposit of crystalline limestone of Pargas-Parainen. In Aurola, E.(Ed): (1954): The Mines and Quarries of Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Geoteknillisiä julkaisuja. 55, 53-58
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
'Cannilloite'
Formula: Ca(Ca2)(Mg4Al)(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Description: The F-dominant in the cannilloite-group was first named cannilloite, but was later re-named fluor-cannilloite. Cannilloite in accordance with the current (2012) definition of the mineral has not been identified from Pargas.
Reference: Hawthorne, F. C., Oberti, R., Ungaretti, L., Grice, J. D. (1996): A new hyper-calcic amphibole with Ca at the A site: Fluor-cannilloite from Pargas, Finland. American Mineralogist. 81, 995-1002
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. & Suominen, Veli (1988): Occurrence, crystallography and chemistry of the fluorcerite-bastnäsite-cerianite intergrowth from Fjälskär granite, Southwestern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland. 60 (1) 45-53.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chaoite
Formula: C
Reference: Vdovykin, G.P. 1972. Forms of carbon in the new Haverö ureilite of Finland. Meteoritics 7 (4) 547-552.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Eskola et. al 1919
Chondrodite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp; Niedermayr, (2008): Für den Sammler- Informationen für den Sammler – Ausgabe 2008. Carinthia II. 118, 275–290 (p.283)
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Ramdohr, P. 1972. The highly reflecting and opaque components in the minerals content of the Haverö meteorite. Meteoritics, vol 7,N:o 4 December 30, 1972.
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Reference: Hietala, Satu 2012. Paraisten kalkkilouhoksen mineraaleista. Kivi 1/2012 12-18.
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: K. J. Neuvonen, B. Ohlson, Heikki Papunen, T. A. Häkli & Paul Ramdohr (1972). The Haverö ureilite. Meteoritics 7, 515-531. (Dec 1972).
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Vdovykin, G.P. 1972. Forms of carbon in the new Haverö ureilite of Finland. Meteoritics 7 (4) 547-552.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Hietala, Satu 2012. Paraisten kalkkilouhoksen mineraaleista. Kivi 1/2012 12-18.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Eskola et. al 1919
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: K. J. Neuvonen, B. Ohlson, Heikki Papunen, T. A. Häkli & Paul Ramdohr (1972). The Haverö ureilite. Meteoritics 7, 515-531. (Dec 1972).
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.handbookofmineralogy.com/pdfs/ferrohornblende.pdf
'Fluocerite'
Reference: Lahti, Seppo I. & Suominen, Veli (1988): Occurrence, crystallography and chemistry of the fluorcerite-bastnäsite-cerianite intergrowth from Fjälskär granite, Southwestern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland. 60 (1) 45-53.
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Reference: Chemical analysis (Laht i & Suominen 1988)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Hietala, Satu 2012. Paraisten kalkkilouhoksen mineraaleista. Kivi 1/2012 12-18.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Fluoro-cannilloite (TL)
Formula: {Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Habit: granular aggregates up to 0.15 x 0.15 x 0.20 mm in diameter.
Colour: gray-green and semitranslucent with a vitreous luster.
Description: The type specimen is a hand specimen, an equidimensional sample about 2 cm in diameter, and contains a marble consisting primarily of calcite together with fluoro-cannilloite, muscovite, anorthite, an aluminous diopside, pyrope, and fluorite.
Reference: Hawthorne, F. C., Oberti, R., Ungaretti, L., Grice, J. D. (1996): A new hyper-calcic amphibole with Ca at the A site: Fluor-cannilloite from Pargas, Finland. American Mineralogist. 81, 995-1002
Fluoro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Fluoro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Hietala, Satu 2012. Paraisten kalkkilouhoksen mineraaleista. Kivi 1/2012 12-18.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
Graphite
Formula: C
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Metzger, The deposit of crystalline limestone of Pargas-Parainen. In Aurola, E.(Ed): (1954): The Mines and Quarries of Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Geoteknillisiä julkaisuja. 55, 53-58
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
'Hornblende'
'Humite Group'
Reference: Henri Koskinen Collection
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Ramdohr, P. 1972. The highly reflecting and opaque components in the minerals content of the Haverö meteorite. Meteoritics, vol 7,N:o 4 December 30, 1972.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: K. J. Neuvonen, B. Ohlson, Heikki Papunen, T. A. Häkli & Paul Ramdohr (1972). The Haverö ureilite. Meteoritics 7, 515-531. (Dec 1972).
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Reference: Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Lonsdaleite
Formula: C
Reference: Vdovykin, G.P. 1972. Forms of carbon in the new Haverö ureilite of Finland. Meteoritics 7 (4) 547-552.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Eskola et. al 1919
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Eskola et. al 1919
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Hawthorne, F. C., Oberti, R., Ungaretti, L., Grice, J. D. (1996): A new hyper-calcic amphibole with Ca at the A site: Fluor-cannilloite from Pargas, Finland. American Mineralogist. 81, 995-1002
Niningerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Reference: Ramdohr, P. 1972. The highly reflecting and opaque components in the minerals content of the Haverö meteorite. Meteoritics, vol 7,N:o 4 December 30, 1972.
Norbergite
Formula: Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Ramdohr, P. 1972. The highly reflecting and opaque components in the minerals content of the Haverö meteorite. Meteoritics, vol 7,N:o 4 December 30, 1972.
Pargasite (TL)
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, April 1997, Vol. 61, pp. 295-321
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Gennady P. Vdovykin (1972). Forms of Carbon in the new Haverö urelite of Finland. Meteoritics 7, #4, 547-552. (Dec 1972).
Potassic-pargasite (TL)
Formula: {K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: Holotype-specimen presumed to be from Pargas
Reference: Robinson, G.W., Grice, J.D., Gault, R.A, and Lalonde, A.E. (1997): Potassicpargasite, a new member of the amphibole group from Pargas, Turku-Pori, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist. 35, 1535–1540.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Hawthorne, F. C., Oberti, R., Ungaretti, L., Grice, J. D. (1996): A new hyper-calcic amphibole with Ca at the A site: Fluor-cannilloite from Pargas, Finland. American Mineralogist. 81, 995-1002
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
'Scapolite'
Reference: Metzger, The deposit of crystalline limestone of Pargas-Parainen. In Aurola, E.(Ed): (1954): The Mines and Quarries of Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Geoteknillisiä julkaisuja. 55, 53-58
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: K. J. Neuvonen, B. Ohlson, Heikki Papunen, T. A. Häkli & Paul Ramdohr (1972). The Haverö ureilite. Meteoritics 7, 515-531. (Dec 1972).
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
Sinnerite
Formula: Cu6As4S9
Reference: Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Reference: Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp.(p 283)
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Ramdohr, P. 1972. The highly reflecting and opaque components in the minerals content of the Haverö meteorite. Meteoritics, vol 7,N:o 4 December 30, 1972.
Tschermakite
Formula: ☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Laitakari, Aarne (1916): Le gisement de calcaire cristallin de Kirmonniemi à Korpo en Finlande. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin - Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande, Vol 46, 39p.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Metzger, The deposit of crystalline limestone of Pargas-Parainen. In Aurola, E.(Ed): (1954): The Mines and Quarries of Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Geoteknillisiä julkaisuja. 55, 53-58
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Jyrki Autio collection and photo, identified by microprobe

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Chaoite1.CB.05bC
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Lonsdaleite1.CB.10bC
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Kësterite 2.CB.15aCu2ZnSnS4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Niningerite2.CD.10(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sinnerite2.GC.10Cu6As4S9
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluocerite-(Ce)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Cannilloite' ?9.DE.10Ca(Ca2)(Mg4Al)(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Chondrodite (TL)9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clintonite9.EC.35Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fluoro-cannilloite (TL)9.DE.10{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Norbergite9.AF.40Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Pargasite (TL)9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Potassic-pargasite (TL)9.DE.15{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tschermakite9.DE.10☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
''-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Fluocerite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Humite Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Chaoite1.3.6.4C
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Lonsdaleite1.3.6.3C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Kësterite 2.9.2.9Cu2ZnSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Sinnerite3.6.14.1Cu6As4S9
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
AX3
Fluocerite-(Ce)9.3.4.1(Ce,La)F3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite (TL)52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Norbergite52.3.2a.1Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite (TL)66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Clintonite71.2.2c.2Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
''-
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Cannilloite' ?-Ca(Ca2)(Mg4Al)(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Ferro-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Fluocerite'-
Fluoro-cannilloite (TL)-{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-edenite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-pargasite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
'Hornblende'-
'Humite Group'-
Iron-Fe
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Niningerite-(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite-(Ca,Mg)S
Potassic-pargasite (TL)-{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Tschermakite-☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Potassic-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H CannilloiteCa(Ca2)(Mg4Al)(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C CalciteCaCO3
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C ChaoiteC
C LonsdaleiteC
C DiamondC
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Potassic-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O QuartzSiO2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
O ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O CannilloiteCa(Ca2)(Mg4Al)(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
FFluorine
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
F NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Na Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Potassic-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Mg Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
Mg Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Mg ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg CannilloiteCa(Ca2)(Mg4Al)(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Potassic-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Al Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Al ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al CannilloiteCa(Ca2)(Mg4Al)(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Potassic-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Si ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si CannilloiteCa(Ca2)(Mg4Al)(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
S SinneriteCu6As4S9
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
S TroiliteFeS
S Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K Potassic-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Potassic-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Ca ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Ca Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca CannilloiteCa(Ca2)(Mg4Al)(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Uralite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe IronFe
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
NiNickel
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni BreithauptiteNiSb
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Cu SinneriteCu6As4S9
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As SinneriteCu6As4S9
As LöllingiteFeAs2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
SnTin
Sn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb BreithauptiteNiSb
TeTellurium
Te HessiteAg2Te
CeCerium
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
ThThorium
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
d'Ohsson, C.M. (1817) Undersokning af någre mineralier. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 1817: 206-210.
Metzger, The deposit of crystalline limestone of Pargas-Parainen. In Aurola, E. (Ed.) (1954) The Mines and Quarries of Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Geoteknillisiä julkaisuja, 55, 53-58.
Wilke, H.-J. (1976) Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp. (pp. 282-285).
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Ungaretti, L., and Grice, J.D. (1996) A new hyper-calcic amphibole with Ca at the A site: Fluor-cannilloite from Pargas, Finland. American Mineralogist, 81, 995-1002.
Robinson, G.W., Grice, J.D., Gault, R.A, and Lalonde, A.E. (1997) Potassicpargasite, a new member of the amphibole group from Pargas, Turku-Pori, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist, 35, 1535–1540.

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