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Carrock Fell, Cumbria, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Carrock FellFell
CumbriaCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Locality type:Fell


Plutonic intrusive complex/tungsten deposit.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

132 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Agardite'
Agardite-(La)
Formula: LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Aikinite ?
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Alunite ?
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
'Apatite'
'Apatite Group'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arseniosiderite ?
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Azurite ?
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Beaverite-(Cu) ?
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Beryl ?
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Biotite'
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
'Bismuth Ochre'
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite ?
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Brochantite ?
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Caledonite ?
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Carpholite ?
Formula: Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
'Chlorite Group'
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Crocoite ?
Formula: PbCrO4
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Descloizite ?
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Devilline ?
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Duftite var: Calcio-duftite
Formula: (Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
Duftite var: Duftite-β
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
'Duftite-alpha'
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Feldspar Group'
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Grünlingite' ?
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Hedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Hornblende'
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Hydrocerussite ?
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Ingodite
Formula: Bi2TeS
Jamesonite ?
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite ?
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Joséite-A
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Lindgrenite ?
Formula: Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Gilbertite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Olivenite ?
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Petitjeanite
Formula: Bi3(PO4)2O(OH)
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Pitticite ?
Formula: (Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Plumbogummite ?
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Preisingerite
Formula: Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
'Psilomelane'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Rhodochrosite ?
Formula: MnCO3
Rooseveltite
Formula: Bi(AsO4)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
'Sodic plagioclase'
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Stilbite-Ca ?
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Sylvanite ?
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tetradymite ?
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Zinkenite ?
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Aikinite ?2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite ?2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hedleyite2.DC.05Bi7Te3
Ingodite2.DC.05Bi2TeS
Jamesonite ?2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Joséite-B2.DC.05Bi4Te2S
Krupkaite2.HB.05aPbCuBi3S6
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Sylvanite ?2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tetradymite ?2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zinkenite ?2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite ?5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Hydrocerussite ?5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite ?5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Susannite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite ?7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu) ?7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite ?7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite ?7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Crocoite ?7.FA.20PbCrO4
Devilline ?7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite ?7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Lindgrenite ?7.GB.05Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Agardite-(La)8.DL.15LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Arseniosiderite ?8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Bayldonite8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Descloizite ?8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
var: Calcio-duftite8.BH.35(Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
var: Duftite-β8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hedyphane8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Olivenite ?8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Petitjeanite8.BO.10Bi3(PO4)2O(OH)
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Pitticite ?8.DB.05(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Plumbogummite ?8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Preisingerite8.BO.10Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Rooseveltite8.AD.50Bi(AsO4)
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Beryl ?9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Carpholite ?9.DB.05Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Labradorite'9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Gilbertite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Stilbite-Ca ?9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Agardite'-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Apatite Group'-
'Biotite'-
'Bismuth Ochre'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Duftite-alpha'-PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Grünlingite' ?-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Joséite'-Bi4TeS2
Joséite-A-Bi4TeS2
'Mica Group'-
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Sodic plagioclase'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Hedleyite2.6.3.3Bi7Te3
'Joséite'2.6.2.1Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B2.6.2.2Bi4Te2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Ingodite2.8.20.4Bi2TeS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tetradymite ?2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sylvanite ?2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite ?3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Krupkaite3.4.5.2PbCuBi3S6
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite ?3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite ?3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
1 < ø < 2
Zinkenite ?3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
AX3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite ?14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite ?16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite ?16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Susannite17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite ?30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite ?30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Beaverite-(Cu) ?30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite ?30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline ?31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite ?32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
AXO4
Crocoite ?35.3.1.1PbCrO4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Rooseveltite38.4.4.1Bi(AsO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Bayldonite41.5.14.1PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Descloizite ?41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
'Duftite-alpha'41.5.2.5PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite ?41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hedyphane41.8.2.1Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Petitjeanite41.10.10.1Bi3(PO4)2O(OH)
Preisingerite41.10.9.1Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Plumbogummite ?42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite ?42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Pitticite ?43.5.3.1(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
Lindgrenite ?48.3.1.1Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl ?61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Carpholite ?65.1.5.1Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Hisingerite71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Stilbite-Ca ?77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Agardite'-
Agardite-(La)-LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Apatite Group'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-
'Bismuth Ochre'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Duftite
var: Calcio-duftite
-(Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
var: Duftite-β-PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Grünlingite' ?-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Joséite-A-Bi4TeS2
'Labradorite'-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Mica Group'-
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'-
Muscovite
var: Gilbertite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Rock Crystal
-SiO2
'Sodic plagioclase'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H TungstiteWO3 · H2O
H PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
H PetitjeaniteBi3(PO4)2O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Duftite (var: Calcio-duftite)(Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Duftite-alphaPbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H Duftite (var: Duftite-β)PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
OOxygen
O HübneriteMnWO4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O RutileTiO2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O BrookiteTiO2
O AnataseTiO2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O CerussitePbCO3
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O QuartzSiO2
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BismiteBi2O3
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TungstiteWO3 · H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
O RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
O PetitjeaniteBi3(PO4)2O(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O CorundumAl2O3
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Duftite (var: Calcio-duftite)(Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O CupriteCu2O
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
O HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Duftite-alphaPbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O Duftite (var: Duftite-β)PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CrocoitePbCrO4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
AlAluminium
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P PetitjeaniteBi3(PO4)2O(OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S GalenaPbS
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S CovelliteCuS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S IngoditeBi2TeS
S JoséiteBi4TeS2
S Joséite-BBi4Te2S
S KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S Joséite-ABi4TeS2
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Duftite (var: Calcio-duftite)(Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr CrocoitePbCrO4
MnManganese
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Fe ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
CuCopper
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cu Duftite (var: Calcio-duftite)(Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
Cu ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu Duftite-alphaPbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu Duftite (var: Duftite-β)PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
As RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
As BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As Duftite (var: Calcio-duftite)(Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
As CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
As ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
As Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As Duftite-alphaPbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As Duftite (var: Duftite-β)PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Mo LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
AgSilver
Ag Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
TeTellurium
Te HedleyiteBi7Te3
Te IngoditeBi2TeS
Te JoséiteBi4TeS2
Te Joséite-BBi4Te2S
Te Joséite-ABi4TeS2
Te Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
LaLanthanum
La Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
WTungsten
W HübneriteMnWO4
W StolzitePb(WO4)
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W TungstiteWO3 · H2O
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb Duftite (var: Calcio-duftite)(Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
Pb CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb Duftite-alphaPbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb Duftite (var: Duftite-β)PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb CrocoitePbCrO4
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi BismiteBi2O3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi HedleyiteBi7Te3
Bi IngoditeBi2TeS
Bi JoséiteBi4TeS2
Bi Joséite-BBi4Te2S
Bi KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Bi PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Bi RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
Bi PetitjeaniteBi3(PO4)2O(OH)
Bi Joséite-ABi4TeS2
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Phanerozoic : 282 Ma to 197 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Mesozoic
  Jurassic
   Early Jurassic
ⓘ Illite (youngest age)197 MaCarrock Mine, Mungrisdale, Eden, Cumbria, England, UK
    
  
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Cisuralian
ⓘ Illite (oldest age)282 MaCarrock Mine, Mungrisdale, Eden, Cumbria, England, UK

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the Mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John van Voorst, London, ix. 483 pp. (p. 375 referring to antimonite (= stibnite) from Carrock Fells [sic]). [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977.]
Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory: or a guide to the principal mineral localities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp. (p. 53 referring to stibnite from Carrock Fell).
Goodchild, J.G. (1885) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 3]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 9 (for 1883-1884), 175-199.
Harker, A. (1894) Carrock Fell: a study in the variation of igneous rock masses - part I. The Gabbro. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 50, 311-337.
Harker, A. (1895) Carrock Fell: a study in the variation of igneous rock masses - part II The Carrock Fell Granophyre, part III the Grainsgill greisen. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 51, 125-148.
Finlayson, A.M. (1910) The ore-bearing pegmatites of Carrock Fell. Geological Magazine, 7, 19-28.
Postlethwaite, J. (1913) Mines and mining in the Lake District, 3rd edition, Whitehaven, p. 60 (referring to stibnite from Carrock Fell).
Holmes, A. (1917) Albite granophyre and quartz-porphyry from Brandy Gill, Carrock Fell. Geological Magazine, decade 6, 4, 403-407.
Melmore, S. (1920) The metamorphism of the Carrock Fell gabbro; with a note on the origin of the sulphide veins of the Caldbeck Fells. Geological Magazine, 57, 266-268.
Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.
Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), pp. 296-300 (referring to Greg and Lettsom (1858), Hall (1868) and Postlethwaite (1913)).
Thimmaiah, T. (1956) Mineralisation of the Caldbeck Fells area, Cumberland. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of London.
Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.
Shepherd, T.J., Beckinsale, R.D., Rundle, C.C., and Durham, J. (1976) Genesis of Carrock Fell tungsten deposits, Cumbria: fluid inclusion and isotopic study. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 85, B63-73.
Anonymous (1977) Carrock Fell. Mining Magazine, 136, 169-175.
Firman, R.J. (1978) Epigenetic mineralization in the Lake District. pp. 226-241 in Moseley (Ed.), 1978.
Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report n° 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.
Moseley, F. (Ed.) (1978) The geology of the Lake District. Yorkshire Geological Society. Occasional Publication N° 3. viv, 284 pp.
Rundle, C.C. (1979) Ordovician intrusions in the English Lake District. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 136, 29-38.
O'Brien, C., Plant, J.A., Simpson, P.R., and Tarney, J. (1985) The geochemistry, metasomatism and petrogenesis of the granites of the English Lake District. Journal of the Geological Society of London, 142, 1139-1158.
Harris, P. and Dagger, G.W. (1987) The intrusion of the Carrock Fell Gabbro Series (Cumbria) as a sub-horizontal body. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 46, 371-380.
Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Stephenson, D., Bevins, R.E., Millward, D., Stone, P., Parsons, I., Highton, A.J., and Wadsworth, W.J. (2000) Caledonian Igneous Rocks of Great Britain. Geological Conservation Review, Volume 17, Joint Nature Conservancy Council.

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