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Cane River Mine (Cane Hill mine; Cano; Highams), Mount Stuart Station, Ashburton Shire, Western Australia, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 22° 9' 22'' South , 116° 3' 5'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -22.15615,116.05160
GeoHash:G#: qs49byd5n
Locality type:Mine
Location uncertain. Maitland states the mine is 2.5 miles south of the Red
Hill mine location, and 2 miles south of the Rundle Hill location. One or both is incorrect. Marston states Cane Hill mine is 5 kilometres from Red Hill but in what direction is not mentioned. He further states maps at the time (1979), show the Cane Hill mine one kilometre further north of its actual position. Co-ordinates are as stated in Marston.
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate

'Alongside the main road to Roebourne': this is assumed to be the Mount Stuart-Red Hill Road, a now little used track, before the North West Coastal Highway took over. Maps place a Cane River Mine, a few hundred metres west of the Red Hill Mine, or a Cane Hill Mine a few hundred metres west of the Rundle Hill Mine. Sources give contradictory information about the location of the historic mine.

It is a group of copper lodes, outcropping on level ground, for 1000 feet striking north-west. This tapers gradually into micaeous schist. It is a bold outcrop, 3 feet high, carrying much malachite in a quartz reef, dipping south-west. The quartz is traversed by minute veins and kernels of chalcopyrite.

There is large quantities of brick red coloured massive cuprite, hematite, and much chalcocite. Four shafts had been sunk on the historic lease, down to a maximum depth of 50 feet.

There are two ore shoots, 400 feet apart, the southern one 100 feet long by 2 to 5 feet wide, the northern one 80 feet long by a few inches to 3 feet wide, both dipping south.

Mineral List

12 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

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Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

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1600 - 2500 Ma

ID: 3193232
Paleoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Wyloo Group

Comments: Ashburton Basin

Lithology: Shale,sandstone,conglomerate

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

1800 - 2050 Ma

ID: 818684
Ashburton Formation

Age: Orosirian (1800 - 2050 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Ashburton Formation

Description: Mudstone and sandstone, minor conglomerate, banded iron-formation, chert, dolomite, and mafic to felsic volcanics.

Comments: argillaceous detrital sediment; sedimentary carbonate; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Argillaceous detrital sediment; sedimentary carbonate

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Maitland, A. Gibb (1919) The Copper Deposits of Western Australia, Geological Survey of Western Australia, State Government of Western Australia.
Marston, R.J. (1979) Copper Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 13, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 208p. 

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