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Kishesha lead silver mine, Jos Plateau, Plateau, Nigeriai
Regional Level Types
Kishesha lead silver mineMine
Jos PlateauPlateau
PlateauState
NigeriaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 9° 45' 49'' North , 8° 37' 34'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 9.76361,8.62611
GeoHash:G#: s1wps33m4
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Aw : Tropical savanna, wet
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Vom12,000 (2018)18.5km
Bukuru15,540 (2016)26.3km
Kagoro77,008 (2016)31.1km
Jos816,824 (2016)34.4km
Kafanchan79,522 (2016)41.8km


A small but very high grade lead silver mine which is occasionally mined underground by local miners. It is situated a few hundred meters east of Kishesha village, right on the border between Plateau State and Kaduna State.

Given the artisanal nature of this mine, no production figures are known.The hand-cobbed mineral concentrate is said to be sold to Chinese dealers in Jos, the provincial capital.

The history of the mine is not known in much detail. The official 1960 topographical sheet covering the area, mentions a mining camp on the map. According to the village chief of Kishesha (site visit in November 2007), earliest mining activities date back to the late 19th century.

Geologically, this is a series (?) of polymetallic Pb-Zn-Ag-Cu-As-Sb veins which are probably genetically related to the nearby Kigom alkaline complex with its rather unique molybdenite occurrence/mine. Host rocks are Archean gneisses, Quaternary basalts cover much of the area and it is not excluded that under the basalts more comparable vein type deposits could be discovered. Comparable Pb-Ag vein occurrences have been known and mined in the wider region since decades.

The head grade of the ore must be very high. A non-representative grab sample from the waste pile returned 12% Pb, 400 g/t Ag and 6% Zn.

Note: Google Earth puts the coordinates of this mine into Kaduna State, according to the local authorities Kishesha is situated in Plateau State.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate
West AfricaUN Subregion

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


15 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
Sternbergite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Argentopyrite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Sternbergite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Argentopyrite2.9.13.2AgFe2S3
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Sternbergite2.9.12.1AgFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
OOxygen
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
S SternbergiteAgFe2S3
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe SternbergiteAgFe2S3
Fe ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
AgSilver
Ag StephaniteAg5SbS4
Ag SilverAg
Ag SternbergiteAgFe2S3
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3
SbAntimony
Sb StephaniteAg5SbS4
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ectasian - Paleoproterozoic
1200 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185866
Paleoproterozoic-Mesoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1200 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma



ID: 3307821

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Lithology: Metamorphic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Wolfgang Hampel, site visit/studies November 2007


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