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Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lankai
Regional Level Types
Sabaragamuwa ProvinceProvince
Sri LankaCountry

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Key
03306850015561242028491.jpg
View of the Ratnapura gem mining area, in 1979.

Pelmadulla, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka
08981290015561242024197.jpg
View of the Ratnapura gem mining area, in 1979.

Pelmadulla, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka
04873380015561242033754.jpg
View of the Ratnapura gem mining area, in 1979.

Pelmadulla, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka
05902530015561222676948.jpg
View of the Ratnapura gem mining area, in 1979.

Pelmadulla, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka
01650700015561221258269.jpg
View of the Ratnapura gem mining area, in 1979.

Pelmadulla, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka
09678130015561219595711.jpg
View of the Ratnapura gem mining area, in 1979.

Pelmadulla, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka
03306850015561242028491.jpg
View of the Ratnapura gem mining area, in 1979.

Pelmadulla, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka
08981290015561242024197.jpg
View of the Ratnapura gem mining area, in 1979.

Pelmadulla, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka


No description has been added for this locality. Can you add one?

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

70 valid minerals. 7 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Müller, H. D. & Jahn, S. (2006): Kolonne bei Embilipitiya auf Sri Lanka-eine interessante Fundstelle für Olivin, Hornblende und Spinelle. Mineralien Welt 17 (4), 44-51.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Müller, H. D. & Jahn, S. (2006): Kolonne bei Embilipitiya auf Sri Lanka-eine interessante Fundstelle für Olivin, Hornblende und Spinelle. Mineralien Welt 17 (4), 44-51.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andalusite var: Viridine
Formula: (Al,Mn3+)2SiO4O
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Andradite var: Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group'
Baddeleyite (TL)
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Am Min 40 (1955), 275
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Müller, H. D. & Jahn, S. (2006): Kolonne bei Embilipitiya auf Sri Lanka-eine interessante Fundstelle für Olivin, Hornblende und Spinelle. Mineralien Welt 17 (4), 44-51.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl var: Alexandrite
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysoberyl var: Cymophane
Formula: BeAl2O4
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Padparadscha
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: http://gemexplorer.org/archives/ratnapura-sri-lanka
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Star Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Econ Geol (1981) 76:733-738
Corundum var: Star Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Econ Geol (1981) 76:733-738
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Reference: Dissanayake, C. B., Chandrajith, R. O. H. A. N. A., & Tobschall, H. J. (2000). The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. BULLETIN-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF FINLAND, 72(1/2), 5-20.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Dissanayake, C. B., Chandrajith, R. O. H. A. N. A., & Tobschall, H. J. (2000). The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. BULLETIN-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF FINLAND, 72(1/2), 5-20.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Edenite ?
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Description: There are no analytical data confirming an edenite composition in the amphiboles from this locality.
Reference: GRAZIANI, G.; MARTARELLI, L.; ZOYSA, G.E. (2002): The peculiarity of olivine from Sri Lanka. - Z. Dtsch. Gemm. Ges. 51 (1), 29-39. Trade Name; Dunilite. Canadian Gemmologist, Vol.21, No.3, PP. 84-90.
Ekanite (TL)
Formula: Ca2ThSi8O20
Reference: Nature 190 (1961), 997
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Dissanayake, C. B., Chandrajith, R. O. H. A. N. A., & Tobschall, H. J. (2000). The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. BULLETIN-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF FINLAND, 72(1/2), 5-20.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Ray Ladbury
Ferro-edenite ?
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Description: There are no analytical data confirming a ferro-edenite composition in the amphiboles from this locality.
Reference: Ikram Mineralogy; Burford M. Gunasekara, D.P., (2000) an unusual Olivine group Gemstone from Kolonne Area, Sri Lanka. Trade Name; Dunilite. Canadian Gemmologist, Vol.21, No.3, PP. 84-90.; Burford .M., Gunasekera ,D.P.,(2000) An unusual olivine group of gemstone from Kolonne, Sri Lanka.Trade name Dunilite. Canadian Gemmologist ,vol 21 no3 ,pp 84-90.
Ferro-hornblende ?
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Description: There are no analysis confirming a ferro-hornblende composition in the amphiboles from this locality.
Reference: Burford .M., Gunasekera ,D.P.,(2000) An unusual olivine group of gemstone from Kolonne, Sri Lanka.Trade name Dunilite. Canadian Gemmologist ,vol 21 no3 ,pp 84-90.
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Fluor-buergerite
Formula: Na(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3F
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
'Fluor-feruvite'
Formula: Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Reference: Current analysis
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Dissanayake, C. B., Chandrajith, R. O. H. A. N. A., & Tobschall, H. J. (2000). The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. BULLETIN-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF FINLAND, 72(1/2), 5-20.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Geikielite (TL)
Formula: MgTiO3
Description: Gem gravels.
Reference: Nature (1892) 46, 620; Mineralogical Magazine(1893) 10, 145
Gold
Formula: Au
Graphite
Formula: C
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
'Hornblende'
Description: Found as dark green or black crystals up to 35 cm. No chemical analysis has been published of the amphiboles, but the refractive index is 1,658-1,667-1,678 and the density 3,17 g/cm3. Hornblende is in this context used in the petrological use of the term, i.e. as a calcium subgroup amphibole excluding tremolite-actinolite series minerals.
Reference: Müller, H. D. & Jahn, S. (2006): Kolonne bei Embilipitiya auf Sri Lanka-eine interessante Fundstelle für Olivin, Hornblende und Spinelle. Mineralien Welt 17 (4): 44-51.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Reference: Dissanayake, C. B., Chandrajith, R. O. H. A. N. A., & Tobschall, H. J. (2000). The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. BULLETIN-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF FINLAND, 72(1/2), 5-20.
'Liddicoatite'
Formula: Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Müller, H. D. & Jahn, S. (2006): Kolonne bei Embilipitiya auf Sri Lanka-eine interessante Fundstelle für Olivin, Hornblende und Spinelle. Mineralien Welt 17 (4), 44-51.
Lucchesiite (TL)
Formula: CaFe2+3 Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bosi, F., Skogby, H., Ciriotti, M.E., Gadas, P., Novák, M., Cempírek, J., Všianský, D. and Filip, J. (2015) Lucchesiite, IMA 2015-043. CNMNC Newsletter No. 27, October 2015, page 1224; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1229–1236.
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S (TL)
Formula: Mg3Al8BeO16
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1951) 29, 765-772; Neues Jahrb.Min.,Abh.(1983) 146, 15-28
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Müller, H. D. & Jahn, S. (2006): Kolonne bei Embilipitiya auf Sri Lanka-eine interessante Fundstelle für Olivin, Hornblende und Spinelle. Mineralien Welt 17 (4), 44-51.
'Monazite'
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
'Moonstone'
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Pargasite ?
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: There are no analytical data confirming a pargasite composition for the amphiboles from this locality.
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:253; Mineralogical Record(2000) Vol31 pp510–511p; Jordi Fabre
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Lapis 8(9), 17 (1983)
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Müller, H. D. & Jahn, S. (2006): Kolonne bei Embilipitiya auf Sri Lanka-eine interessante Fundstelle für Olivin, Hornblende und Spinelle. Mineralien Welt 17 (4), 44-51.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Carnelian
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Müller, H. D. & Jahn, S. (2006): Kolonne bei Embilipitiya auf Sri Lanka-eine interessante Fundstelle für Olivin, Hornblende und Spinelle. Mineralien Welt 17 (4), 44-51.
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Reference: Müller, H. D. & Jahn, S. (2006): Kolonne bei Embilipitiya auf Sri Lanka-eine interessante Fundstelle für Olivin, Hornblende und Spinelle. Mineralien Welt 17 (4), 44-51; Natural History Museum Vienna collection
'Scapolite'
Reference: Shigley, J. E., Dirlam, D. M., Laurs, B. M., Boehm, E. W., Bosshart, G., & Larson, W. F. (2000). Gem localities of the 1990s. Gems & Gemology, 36(4), 292-335.; Dissanayake, C. B., Chandrajith, R. O. H. A. N. A., & Tobschall, H. J. (2000). The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. BULLETIN-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF FINLAND, 72(1/2), 5-20.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Serendibite
Formula: Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Reference: Müller, H. D. & Jahn, S. (2006): Kolonne bei Embilipitiya auf Sri Lanka-eine interessante Fundstelle für Olivin, Hornblende und Spinelle. Mineralien Welt 17 (4), 44-51.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Sinhalite
Formula: MgAl(BO4)
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Spinel var: Ceylonite
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Spinel var: Gahnospinel
Formula: (Mg,Zn)Al2O4
Reference: [Clark, 1993, 249 - "Hey's Mineral Index - 3rd Edition"]
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
'Spinel Group'
Formula: AE2O4
Description: Dark, individual octahedral crystal up to 5 cm on the edge and 10 cm total length. No analysis has been published, but the spinels are not ferro-magnetic.
Reference: Müller, H. D. & Jahn, S. (2006): Kolonne bei Embilipitiya auf Sri Lanka-eine interessante Fundstelle für Olivin, Hornblende und Spinelle. Mineralien Welt 17 (4): 44-51.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Spodumene var: Hiddenite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Srilankite (TL)
Formula: ZrTi2O6
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1983) 151-157; Lapis 8(9), 17 (1983)
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Tantalite-(Mg)
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Thorianite (TL)
Formula: ThO2
Type Locality:
Reference: [Circular of the USA National Bureau of Standards,539,V.1,57(1953); Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Thorutite
Formula: (Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Reference: De Hoog, J., van Bergen, M.J. (1997): Notes on the Chemical composition of Zirconolite with Thorutite inclusions from Walaweduwa, Sri Lanka, Mineralogical Magazine, October 1997, Vol. 61, pp 721-725
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline var: Achroite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
'Tourmaline var: Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
'Tourmaline var: Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Hyacinth
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zircon var: Jargoon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Zircon var: Starlite
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite ?
Formula: (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Reference: [Blake, G.S., Smith, H. (1913): On varieties of Zirkelite from Ceylon, Mineralogical Magazine, July 1913, Vol. 16, pp 309-316] [De Hoog, J., van Bergen, M.J. (1997): Notes on the Chemical composition of Zirconolite with Thorutite inclusions from Walaweduwa, Sri Lanka, Mineralogical Magazine, October 1997, Vol. 61, pp 721-725]

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite (TL)4.DE.35ZrO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
var: Alexandrite4.BA.05BeAl2O4
var: Cymophane4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Padparadscha4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Star Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Star Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Geikielite (TL)4.CB.05MgTiO3
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S (TL)4.FC.25Mg3Al8BeO16
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Ceylonite4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Gahnospinel4.BB.05(Mg,Zn)Al2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Srilankite (TL)4.DB.25ZrTi2O6
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Tantalite-(Mg)4.DB.35(Mg,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Thorianite (TL)4.DL.05ThO2
Thorutite4.DH.05(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite ?4.DL.05(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Sinhalite6.AC.05MgAl(BO4)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
var: Viridine9.AF.10(Al,Mn3+)2SiO4O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Demantoid9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Danburite9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Edenite ?9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ekanite (TL)9.EA.10Ca2ThSi8O20
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Ferro-edenite ?9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende ?9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fluor-buergerite9.CK.05Na(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3F
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
'Liddicoatite'9.CK.05Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pargasite ?9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Serendibite9.DH.40Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Hiddenite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Hyacinth9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Jargoon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Starlite9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Fluor-feruvite'-Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lucchesiite (TL)-CaFe2+3 Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
'Monazite'-
'Moonstone'-
'Scapolite'-
'Spinel Group'-AE2O4
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Geikielite (TL)4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite (TL)4.4.14.1ZrO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Srilankite (TL)4.4.13.2ZrTi2O6
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite (TL)5.1.1.2ThO2
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S (TL)7.2.11.1Mg3Al8BeO16
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite ?8.2.5.1(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
AB2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Thorutite8.3.4.2(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2XO4
Sinhalite24.1.1.1MgAl(BO4)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Euclase52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fluor-buergerite61.3.1.5Na(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3F
'Liddicoatite'61.3.1.2Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Edenite ?66.1.3a.10{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Pargasite ?66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Serendibite69.2.1a.6Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Ekanite (TL)72.1.1.1Ca2ThSi8O20
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andalusite
var: Viridine
-(Al,Mn3+)2SiO4O
Andradite
var: Demantoid
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Chrysoberyl
var: Alexandrite
-BeAl2O4
var: Cymophane-BeAl2O4
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Corundum
var: Padparadscha
-Al2O3
var: Ruby-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
var: Star Ruby-Al2O3
var: Star Sapphire-Al2O3
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Ferro-edenite ?-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende ?-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Fluor-feruvite'-Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grossular
var: Hessonite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lucchesiite (TL)-CaFe2+3 Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
'Monazite'-
'Moonstone'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Carnelian-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Scapolite'-
Spinel
var: Ceylonite
-MgAl2O4
var: Gahnospinel-(Mg,Zn)Al2O4
var: Pleonaste-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
'Spinel Group'-AE2O4
Spodumene
var: Hiddenite
-LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite-LiAlSi2O6
Tantalite-(Mg)-(Mg,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Achroite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Zircon
var: Hyacinth
-Zr(SiO4)
var: Jargoon-Zr(SiO4)
var: Starlite-Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H LucchesiiteCaFe32+ Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H Fluor-feruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li Spodumene (var: Hiddenite)LiAlSi2O6
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be Chrysoberyl (var: Alexandrite)BeAl2O4
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Chrysoberyl (var: Cymophane)BeAl2O4
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B LucchesiiteCaFe32+ Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
B SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe33+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3F
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Verdelite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Fluor-feruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
B SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
B DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
B KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
O Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
O ThorianiteThO2
O GeikieliteMgTiO3
O SrilankiteZrTi2O6
O LucchesiiteCaFe32+ Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O CorundumAl2O3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Spinel (var: Gahnospinel)(Mg,Zn)Al2O4
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Chrysoberyl (var: Alexandrite)BeAl2O4
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O Zircon (var: Hyacinth)Zr(SiO4)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Corundum (var: Star Ruby)Al2O3
O Corundum (var: Star Sapphire)Al2O3
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Zircon (var: Starlite)Zr(SiO4)
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Chrysoberyl (var: Cymophane)BeAl2O4
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O Spinel (var: Ceylonite)MgAl2O4
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O RutileTiO2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
O Tantalite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Zircon (var: Jargoon)Zr(SiO4)
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe33+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3F
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Tourmaline (var: Rubellite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tourmaline (var: Verdelite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tourmaline (var: Achroite)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Spodumene (var: Hiddenite)LiAlSi2O6
O Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
O UraniniteUO2
O Andalusite (var: Viridine)(Al,Mn3+)2SiO4O
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O Corundum (var: Padparadscha)Al2O3
O Spinel GroupAE2O4
O Fluor-feruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
O SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
O DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O QuartzSiO2
O Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe33+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3F
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F Fluor-feruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe33+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3F
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Na Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
Mg GeikieliteMgTiO3
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Spinel (var: Gahnospinel)(Mg,Zn)Al2O4
Mg SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Spinel (var: Ceylonite)MgAl2O4
Mg Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg Tantalite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Fluor-feruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Mg SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
Al LucchesiiteCaFe32+ Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Spinel (var: Gahnospinel)(Mg,Zn)Al2O4
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Chrysoberyl (var: Alexandrite)BeAl2O4
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al Corundum (var: Star Ruby)Al2O3
Al Corundum (var: Star Sapphire)Al2O3
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Chrysoberyl (var: Cymophane)BeAl2O4
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al Spinel (var: Ceylonite)MgAl2O4
Al Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe33+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3F
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al Spodumene (var: Hiddenite)LiAlSi2O6
Al Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Al Andalusite (var: Viridine)(Al,Mn3+)2SiO4O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Corundum (var: Padparadscha)Al2O3
Al Fluor-feruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Al SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Al KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
Si LucchesiiteCaFe32+ Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si Zircon (var: Hyacinth)Zr(SiO4)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Zircon (var: Starlite)Zr(SiO4)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Zircon (var: Jargoon)Zr(SiO4)
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe33+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3F
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si Spodumene (var: Hiddenite)LiAlSi2O6
Si Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Si Andalusite (var: Viridine)(Al,Mn3+)2SiO4O
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Fluor-feruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Si SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Si DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
Ca LucchesiiteCaFe32+ Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca Fluor-feruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Ca DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti GeikieliteMgTiO3
Ti SrilankiteZrTi2O6
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Andalusite (var: Viridine)(Al,Mn3+)2SiO4O
FeIron
Fe LucchesiiteCaFe32+ Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Tantalite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Andradite (var: Demantoid)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe33+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3F
Fe Fluor-feruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fe Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn Spinel (var: Gahnospinel)(Mg,Zn)Al2O4
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr SrilankiteZrTi2O6
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Zr Zircon (var: Hyacinth)Zr(SiO4)
Zr Zircon (var: Starlite)Zr(SiO4)
Zr Zircon (var: Jargoon)Zr(SiO4)
Zr Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
NbNiobium
Nb Tantalite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
CeCerium
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
TaTantalum
Ta StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
Ta Tantalite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
ThThorium
Th EkaniteCa2ThSi8O20
Th ThorianiteThO2
Th Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
U UraniniteUO2

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