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Kunene Region, Namibiai
Regional Level Types
Kunene RegionRegion
NamibiaCountry

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Name in Afrikaans:Kunene, Namibië
Name in French:Kunene, Namibie
Name in German:Kunene, Namibia
Name in Italian:Regione del Kunene, Namibia
Name in Russian:Кунене, Намибия
Name in Simplified Chinese:庫內內區, 纳米比亚
Name in Spanish:Región de Kunene, Namibia
Name in Bulgarian:Кунене, Намибия
Name in Catalan:Cunene, Namíbia
Name in Cebuano:Kunene, Namibya
Name in Croatian:Kunene, Namibija
Name in Dutch:Kunene, Namibië
Name in Estonian:Kunene, Namiibia
Name in Faroese:Kunene, Namibia
Name in Finnish:Kunene, Namibia
Name in Georgian:კუნენეს რეგიონი, ნამიბია
Name in Hebrew:קוננה, נמיביה
Name in Hindi:कुनेने प्रदेश, नामीबिया
Name in Japanese:クネネ州, ナミビア
Name in Korean:쿠네네 주, 나미비아
Name in Lithuanian:Kunenės regionas, Namibija
Name in Luxembourgish:Kunene, Namibien
Name in Northern Frisian:Kunene, Namiibia
Name in Norwegian:Kunene, Namibia
Name in Polish:Kunene, Namibia
Name in Portuguese:Kunene, Namíbia
Name in Swahili:Mkoa wa Kunene, Namibia
Name in Turkish:Kunene, Namibya
Name in Ukrainian:Кунене, Намібія
Name in Urdu:کونینے علاقہ, نمیبیا
Name in Western Punjabi:صوبہ کنونے, نمیبیا
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Region
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Khorixas12,021 (2012)
Outjo6,557 (2012)
Opuwo5,101 (2017)


Formerly Kaokoland District.

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

120 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.
Ajoite
Formula: (K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Gerhard Niedermayr: Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Apachite
Formula: Cu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Reference: Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 and 2nd Edition, in German), 97-99; Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. 35.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern(in English)
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Dunning, G.E. & Cooper. J.F. (1998): Namibite, a summary of world occurrences. Mineralogical Record. 29: 163-166
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Dunning, G.E. & Cooper. J.F. (1998): Namibite, a summary of world occurrences. Mineralogical Record. 29: 163-166
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Wall, F., Niku-Paavola, V.N., Storey, C., Müller, A. & Jeffries, T. (2008) Xenotime-(Y) from carbonatite dykes at Lofdal, Namibia: unusually low LREE:HREE ratio in carbonatite, and first dating of xenotime overgrowths in zircon. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 861-877.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Carbocernaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Reference: Drüppel, K., Hoefs, J., & Okrusch, M. (2005). Fenitizing processes induced by ferrocarbonatite magmatism at Swartbooisdrif, NW Namibia. Journal of Petrology, 46(2), 377-406.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chenevixite ?
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Description: See topic http://www.mindat.org/mesg-99-324939.html - 3 references check by Debbie Woolf, none confirm this occurrence,
Reference: Palfi, A. (2005): Spessartin- und Dioptas-Mineralisationen im Kaokoland, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 16 (4), 49-61 (in German); Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Reference: Gerhard Niedermayr: Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit; Ludi von Bezing Namibia Minerals & Localities ; Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
Reference: Gerhard Niedermayr: Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit; Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Drüppel, K., Hoefs, J., & Okrusch, M. (2005). Fenitizing processes induced by ferrocarbonatite magmatism at Swartbooisdrif, NW Namibia. Journal of Petrology, 46(2), 377-406.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Reference: Gerhard Niedermayr: Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit; Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Gerhard Niedermayr: Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Unger, G., Zimmermann, R., Gloaguen, R. (2018) 3D Modeling of the Epembe (Namibia) Nb-Ta-P-(LREE) Carbonatite Deposit: New Insights into Geometry Related to Rare Metal Enrichment. Minerals 8(12), 600. [https://doi.org/10.3390/min8120600].
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
Fletcherite
Formula: Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
Reference: Drüppel, K., Wagner, T., Boyce, A.J. (2006) Evolution of sulfide mineralization in ferrocarbonatite, Swartbooissdrif, NW Namibia: constraints from mineral chemistry and sulfur isotopes. Can. Mineral., 44, 877-894.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
'Gadolinite'
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern(in English)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Gerhard Niedermayr: Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit; Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Drüppel, K., Hoefs, J., & Okrusch, M. (2005). Fenitizing processes induced by ferrocarbonatite magmatism at Swartbooisdrif, NW Namibia. Journal of Petrology, 46(2), 377-406.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Own find R. Lang 2005
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Gerhard Niedermayr: Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Unger, G., Zimmermann, R., Gloaguen, R. (2018) 3D Modeling of the Epembe (Namibia) Nb-Ta-P-(LREE) Carbonatite Deposit: New Insights into Geometry Related to Rare Metal Enrichment. Minerals 8(12), 600. [https://doi.org/10.3390/min8120600].
Khorixasite (TL)
Formula: (Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Mills, S.J., Christy, A.G., Birch, W.D., Bourgoin, V., Boulliard, J.-C. (2016): Khorixasite, IMA 2016-048. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1139; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Reference: - Brandstätter, F.; Niedermayr, G.; Schnaitmann,E. A.; Walter F. (2011): Neue Fundstelle in Namibia: Die Van-der-Plas-Mine im Kaokoland. Mineralien Welt 22 (5), 66-75.; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Zeolite Collection of Volker Betz
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Gauert, C.D.K. (2005): Stratiform coticule-barite-sulphide horizons in the sediment-hosted Tsongoari–Omupokko Pb-Cu-Ba-Zn-Ag prospects, Kaokoland, Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 108, 87-118.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Gauert, C.D.K. (2005): Stratiform coticule-barite-sulphide horizons in the sediment-hosted Tsongoari–Omupokko Pb-Cu-Ba-Zn-Ag prospects, Kaokoland, Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 108, 87-118.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Description: Confused with baryte.
Reference: Schnaitmann, E. A. & Jahn, S. (2010): Mineralien aus Schürfen im Kaokoveld, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 78-90.
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Mottramite var: Duhamelite
Formula: (Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Description: All duhamelites are not khorixasite the amount of lead is sometimes greater than that of bismuth
Reference: Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Zimmermann, R., Brandmeier, M., Andreani, L., Mhopjeni, K., Gloaguen, R. (2016) Remote Sensing Exploration of Nb-Ta-LREE-Enriched Carbonatite (Epembe/Namibia). Remote Sensing, 8, 620.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Namibite (TL)
Formula: Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Sahama, T. G. (1981): Namibite, a new copper-bismuth-vanadium mineral from Namibia. Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen: 61: 7-12; Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Saphira Minerals specimens, Munich Show 2014
Opal var: Opal-CT
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Saphira Minerals specimens, Munich Show 2014
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Drüppel, K., Hoefs, J., & Okrusch, M. (2005). Fenitizing processes induced by ferrocarbonatite magmatism at Swartbooisdrif, NW Namibia. Journal of Petrology, 46(2), 377-406.
'Parisite'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
'Petrified Wood'
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern(in English)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Reference: - Brandstätter, F.; Niedermayr, G.; Schnaitmann,E. A.; Walter F. (2011): Neue Fundstelle in Namibia: Die Van-der-Plas-Mine im Kaokoland. Mineralien Welt 22 (5), 66-75.; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Gerhard Niedermayr: Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit
Pumpellyite-(Mg) ?
Formula: Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Colour: Blackish-dark green
Description: Found with zeolites in basaltic vesicles but refined analysis has not been carried out.
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 683 (in English).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrochlore'
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Gerhard Niedermayr: Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Schnaitmann, E. A. & Jahn, S. (2010): Mineralien aus Schürfen im Kaokoveld, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 78-90.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Description: Dark brown with cream coloured silt fragments. Ornamental use.
Reference: http://www.mme.gov.na/gsn/pdf/dscat.pdf
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Carnelian
Reference: Cairncross, B. and McCarthy, T.S. (2015). Understanding Minerals and Crystals, Struik Nature, Penguin Random House, South Africa, 312 pages
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Pietersite
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Gerhard Niedermayr: Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit; Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Steffen, J., Kollonitsch, O. & Bast, R. (2006) Die Zeolithe vom Grootbergpass - in Namibia 2. Ed., 154-157 , Bode Verlag, Haltern
Scrutinyite ?
Formula: α-PbO2
Reference: - Brandstätter, F.; Niedermayr, G.; Schnaitmann,E. A.; Walter F. (2011): Neue Fundstelle in Namibia: Die Van-der-Plas-Mine im Kaokoland. Mineralien Welt 22 (5), 66-75.; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Gauert, C.D.K. (2005): Stratiform coticule-barite-sulphide horizons in the sediment-hosted Tsongoari–Omupokko Pb-Cu-Ba-Zn-Ag prospects, Kaokoland, Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 108, 87-118.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Drüppel, K., Hoefs, J., & Okrusch, M. (2005). Fenitizing processes induced by ferrocarbonatite magmatism at Swartbooisdrif, NW Namibia. Journal of Petrology, 46(2), 377-406.
'Synchysite'
Reference: Zimmermann, R., Brandmeier, M., Andreani, L., Mhopjeni, K., Gloaguen, R. (2016) Remote Sensing Exploration of Nb-Ta-LREE-Enriched Carbonatite (Epembe/Namibia). Remote Sensing, 8, 620.
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Wall, F., Niku-Paavola, V.N., Storey, C., Müller, A. & Jeffries, T. (2008) Xenotime-(Y) from carbonatite dykes at Lofdal, Namibia: unusually low LREE:HREE ratio in carbonatite, and first dating of xenotime overgrowths in zircon. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 861-877.
Tangeite
Formula: CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Wall, F., Niku-Paavola, V.N., Storey, C., Müller, A. & Jeffries, T. (2008) Xenotime-(Y) from carbonatite dykes at Lofdal, Namibia: unusually low LREE:HREE ratio in carbonatite, and first dating of xenotime overgrowths in zircon. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 861-877.
'Tiger's Eye'
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Gerhard Niedermayr: Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Macey, P., and Harris, C. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 671-690.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Macey, P., and Harris, C. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 671-690.
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Description: Small nodules to several centimeters in a small pegmatite on Heinrichsfelde portion of Sorris-Sorris.
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 800 pp (in English).
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Reference: Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Niedermayr, G. & Schnaitmann, E. A. (2010): Neuigkeiten aus Namiba. Mineralien-Welt 21 (6), 89-96.
'Wad'
Reference: Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Wall, F., Niku-Paavola, V.N., Storey, C., Müller, A. & Jeffries, T. (2008) Xenotime-(Y) from carbonatite dykes at Lofdal, Namibia: unusually low LREE:HREE ratio in carbonatite, and first dating of xenotime overgrowths in zircon. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 861-877. Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Fletcherite2.DA.05Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite3.AA.15Ag(Cl,Br)
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-CT4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Pietersite4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Scrutinyite ?4.DB.20α-PbO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Beyerite5.BE.35Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Carbocernaite5.AB.50(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Arcanite7.AD.05K2SO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cuprotungstite7.GB.15Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chenevixite ?8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Clinobisvanite8.AD.65Bi(VO4)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite ?8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
var: Duhamelite8.BH.40(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Namibite (TL)8.BB.50Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Tangeite8.BH.35CaCu(VO4)(OH)
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Ajoite9.EA.70(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Apachite9.HE.10Cu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Hyalophane9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Pumpellyite-(Mg) ?9.BG.20Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Shattuckite9.DB.40Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Gadolinite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'K Feldspar'-
Khorixasite (TL)-(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Parisite'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Synchysite'-
'Tiger's Eye'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Fletcherite2.10.1.3Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Scrutinyite ?4.4.6.2α-PbO2
AX3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Iodargyrite9.1.5.1AgI
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Carbocernaite14.4.6.1(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Beyerite16a.2.3.1Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Arcanite28.2.1.2K2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
AXO4
Clinobisvanite38.4.7.1Bi(VO4)
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Miscellaneous
Namibite (TL)38.5.9.1Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Tangeite41.5.1.6CaCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite ?41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite ?42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
Cuprotungstite48.3.2.1Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pumpellyite-(Mg) ?58.2.2.7Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Shattuckite65.1.7.1Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
var: Hyalophane76.1.1.3(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Apachite78.4.1.1Cu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Ajoite78.5.1.1(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Chlorargyrite
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
-Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
'Feldspar Group'-
Ferro-pargasite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Gadolinite'-
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Khorixasite (TL)-(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Mottramite
var: Duhamelite
-(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-CT
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Parisite'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Pyrochlore'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Carnelian-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Pietersite-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Synchysite'-
'Tiger's Eye'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
H Khorixasite(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
H Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H TungstiteWO3 · H2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H ApachiteCu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Opal (var: Opal-CT)SiO2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
H Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
LiLithium
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
BeBeryllium
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
OOxygen
O NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
O Khorixasite(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
O Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
O BismiteBi2O3
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O RutileTiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SideriteFeCO3
O TenoriteCuO
O TungstiteWO3 · H2O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O BaryteBaSO4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O PlattneritePbO2
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O Quartz (var: Pietersite)SiO2
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O ApachiteCu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O Opal (var: Opal-CT)SiO2 · nH2O
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O ArcaniteK2SO4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
O Scrutinyiteα-PbO2
O Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Al Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Si Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Pietersite)SiO2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si ApachiteCu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si Opal (var: Opal-CT)SiO2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
PPhosphorus
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S DigeniteCu9S5
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S SiegeniteCoNi2S4
S MilleriteNiS
S PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
S LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
S FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S ArcaniteK2SO4
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K ArcaniteK2SO4
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ca Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
VVanadium
V NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
V Khorixasite(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
V ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
V TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
Fe Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
CoCobalt
Co SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Co FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
Ni FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4
CuCopper
Cu NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Cu Khorixasite(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu CopperCu
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4
Cu ApachiteCu9Si10O29 · 11H2O
Cu ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
BrBromine
Br Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Sr Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Ag SilverAg
Ag IodargyriteAgI
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
IIodine
I IodargyriteAgI
BaBarium
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
LaLanthanum
La Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Ce Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
WTungsten
W CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W TungstiteWO3 · H2O
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb PlattneritePbO2
Pb LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb Scrutinyiteα-PbO2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
BiBismuth
Bi NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Bi Khorixasite(Bi0.670.33)Cu(VO4)(OH)
Bi BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bi BismiteBi2O3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)
Bi Mottramite (var: Duhamelite)(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)
Bi BismuthBi
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)

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