SUPPORT US. If mindat.org is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Sicily Channel (Sicilian Channel; Strait of Sicily), Italyi
Regional Level Types
Sicily Channel (Sicilian Channel; Strait of Sicily)Channel
ItalyCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Locality type:
Other Languages:
French:
Canal de Sicile (Détroit de Sicile; Canal du Cap Bon; Canal de Kélibia), Italie
German:
Straße von Sizilien (Straße von Tunis), Italien
Italian:
Canale di Sicilia (Stretto di Sicilia), Italia
Russian:
Сицилийский пролив (Тунисский пролив), Италия
Simplified Chinese:
西西里海峡, 意大利
Spanish:
Canal de Sicilia (Estrecho de Sicilia), Italia
Arabic:
مضيق صقلية, إيطاليا
Azeri:
Siciliya boğazı, İtaliya
Basque:
Siziliako itsasartea, Italia
Belarusian:
Сіцылійскі праліў, Італія
Bosnian:
Sicilijanski moreuz, Italija
Bulgarian:
Сицилийски пролив, Италия
Catalan:
Canal de Sicília, Itàlia
Czech:
Sicilský průliv, Itálie
Dutch:
Kanaal van Sicilië, Italië
Esperanto:
Sicilia markolo, Italio
Farsi/Persian:
تنگه سیسیل, ایتالیا
Finnish:
Sisiliansalmi, Italia
Georgian:
სიცილიის სრუტე, იტალია
Greek:
Πορθμός της Σικελίας, Ιταλία
Hebrew:
מצר סיציליה, איטליה
Indonesian:
Selat Sisilia, Italia
Japanese:
シチリア海峡, イタリア
Korean:
시칠리아 해협, 이탈리아
Kurdish (Latin Script):
Tengava Sîcîlya, Îtalya
Latin:
Canalis Siciliæ, Italia
Lithuanian:
Sicilijos sąsiauris, Italija
Macedonian:
Сицилиски Проток, Италија
Maltese:
Kanal ta' Sqallija (Strett ta' Sqallija), Italja
Norwegian:
Siciliastredet, Italia
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Siciliasundet, Italia
Occitan:
Estrech de Sicília, Itàlia
Polish:
Cieśnina Sycylijska, Włochy
Portuguese:
Estreito da Sicília, Itália
Sicilian:
Canali di Sicilia (Strittu di Sicilia), Italia
Swedish:
Siciliensundet, Italien
Tamil:
சிசிலி நீரிணை, இத்தாலி
Thai:
ช่องแคบซิซิลี, อิตาลี
Traditional Chinese:
西西里海峽, 意大利
Turkish:
Sicilya Boğazı, İtalya
Ukrainian:
Туніська протока, Італія
Urdu:
آبنائے صقلیہ, اطالیہ
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Tunis boʻgʻozi, Italiya
Venetian:
Canal de Siciłia, Itałia
Welsh:
Culfor Sisili, Yr Eidal
Yiddish:
דורכגאס פון סיציליע, איטאליע


The Sicily Channel is located in the northern part of the African continental plate called the Pelagian Block, within a south-central segment of the Apennines-Maghrebides belt developing in the mid-western Mediterranean Sea. The Sicily Channel is a shallow sea and the water depth is less than 400 m in most of the strait whereas it ranges from 1300 to 1700 m in three NW–SE oriented depressions located in proximity of the islands of Pantelleria, Malta and Linosa. Despite the whole basin represents the Sicilian foreland of the Neogene Apennine-Maghrebian thrust belt, these bathymetric depressions are a morphological expression of a continental rifting episode affecting the Northern African lithosphere since the Neogene-Quaternary. The rifting thinned the continental crust from ca. 30 to 15–18 km in the early Pliocene and opened the Pantelleria, Malta and Linosa grabens controlled by NW-oriented subvertical normal faults.

In the Sicily Channel, volcanic activity is concentrated mainly on the islands of Pantelleria and Linosa. Minor submarine volcanism took place on the seafloor, where at least ten recent volcanoes of various dimensions, moslty located along NW-SE regional faults, have been recognised (Calanchi et al., 1989). Some of these seamounts erupted during historical times, others are covered by undisturbed Pliocene-Quaternary sediments and have been detected by seismic profiles and magnetic survey. Several of these submarine volcanoes are located in Adventure Plateau and in Graham and Nameless Banks. The oldest products have been found in a submarine volcanic seamount located eastward of Nameless Bank, where hawaiitic dredged samples gave a K-Ar age of 9.5 ± 0.4 Ma (Beccaluva et al., 1981). However, the climax of the volcanism occurred during the Pleistocene on the islands of Linosa and Pantelleria; the volcanic centers recognized in Adventure Plateau (Anfitrite, Tetide, Galatea, and Cimatoe) are also considered to be of Plio-Pleistocene age (Calanchi et al., 1989). Historical activity took place in the nineteenth century close to Pantelleria. On Graham Bank, in A.D. 1831 a submarine volcano was constructed at a depth of ~200 m, giving rise to an ephemeral island ~65 m above sea level named Ferdinandea Island. This volcano erupted again in 1863. The youngest eruptions of the region took place in 1891 ~5 km northwest of Pantelleria, where a submarine volcanic eruption was recorded (Washington, 1909), and in 1941 at the Pinne Bank (coordinates 36.91394 N, 12.87395 E) at the southeastern wedge of Graham Bank, where emissions of gases were observed (Carapezza et al., 1979; Imbò, 1965).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

13 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Rotolo, S.G., Castorina, F., Cellura, D., Pompilio, M. (2006): Petrology and geochemistry of submarine volcanism in the Sicily Channel Rift. J. Geol., 114, 3, 355-365.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Washington, H. S. (1909): The submarine eruption of 1831 and 1891 near Pantelleria. Amer. J. Sci., ser. 4, 27, 131–150; Conte, A.M., Martorelli, E., M. Calarco, M., A. Sposato, A., Perinelli, C., Coltelli, M., Chiocci, F.L. (2014): The 1891 submarine eruption offshore Pantelleria Island (Sicily Channel, Italy): Identification of the vent and characterization of products and eruptive style. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 15, 2555–2574; Kelly, J.T., Carey, S., Pistolesi, M., Rosi, M., Croff-Bell, K.L., Roman, C., Marani, M. (2014): Exploration of the 1891 Foerstner submarine vent site (Pantelleria, Italy): insights into the formation of basaltic balloons. Bull. Volcanol., 76, 844, 18 pp.; Peccerillo, A. (2017): Cenozoic Volcanism in the Tyrrhenian Sea Region. Second Edition. Advances in Geology. Springer International Publishing AG, Cham, Switzerland, 398 pp.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Beccaluva, L., Macciotta, G., Di Girolamo, P., Savelli, C. (1981): Upper Miocene submarine volcanism in the Strait of Sicily (Banco Senza Nome). Bulletin of Volcanology, 44, 573–581; Beccaluva, L., Colantoni, P., Di Girolamo, P., Savelli, C. (1982-1983): Basalti alcalini dragati nel canale di Sicilia con età K-Ar indicanti il Miocene superiore. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 38, 497-498.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: Rotolo, S.G., Castorina, F., Cellura, D., Pompilio, M. (2006): Petrology and geochemistry of submarine volcanism in the Sicily Channel Rift. J. Geol., 114, 3, 355-365.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Rotolo, S.G., Castorina, F., Cellura, D., Pompilio, M. (2006): Petrology and geochemistry of submarine volcanism in the Sicily Channel Rift. J. Geol., 114, 3, 355-365.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Conte, A.M., Martorelli, E., M. Calarco, M., A. Sposato, A., Perinelli, C., Coltelli, M., Chiocci, F.L. (2014): The 1891 submarine eruption offshore Pantelleria Island (Sicily Channel, Italy): Identification of the vent and characterization of products and eruptive style. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 15, 2555–2574.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
'Glass'
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Beccaluva, L., Macciotta, G., Di Girolamo, P., Savelli, C. (1981): Upper Miocene submarine volcanism in the Strait of Sicily (Banco Senza Nome). Bulletin of Volcanology, 44, 573–581; Beccaluva, L., Colantoni, P., Di Girolamo, P., Savelli, C. (1982-1983): Basalti alcalini dragati nel canale di Sicilia con età K-Ar indicanti il Miocene superiore. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 38, 497-498.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Rotolo, S.G., Castorina, F., Cellura, D., Pompilio, M. (2006): Petrology and geochemistry of submarine volcanism in the Sicily Channel Rift. J. Geol., 114, 3, 355-365.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Calanchi, N., Colantoni, P., Rossi, P.L., Saitta, M., and Serri, G. (1989): The Strait of Sicily continental rift systems: physiography and petrochemistry of the submarine volcanic centres. Mar. Geol., 87, 55–83; Peccerillo, A. (2017): Cenozoic Volcanism in the Tyrrhenian Sea Region. Second Edition. Advances in Geology. Springer International Publishing AG, Cham, Switzerland, 398 pp.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Montmorillonite-Vermiculite Group'
Reference: Beccaluva, L., Macciotta, G., Di Girolamo, P., Savelli, C. (1981): Upper Miocene submarine volcanism in the Strait of Sicily (Banco Senza Nome). Bulletin of Volcanology, 44, 573–581; Beccaluva, L., Colantoni, P., Di Girolamo, P., Savelli, C. (1982-1983): Basalti alcalini dragati nel canale di Sicilia con età K-Ar indicanti il Miocene superiore. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 38, 497-498.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Peccerillo, A. (2017): Cenozoic Volcanism in the Tyrrhenian Sea Region. Second Edition. Advances in Geology. Springer International Publishing AG, Cham, Switzerland, 398 pp.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Rotolo, S.G., Castorina, F., Cellura, D., Pompilio, M. (2006): Petrology and geochemistry of submarine volcanism in the Sicily Channel Rift. J. Geol., 114, 3, 355-365.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Montmorillonite-Vermiculite Group'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
'K Feldspar'-
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Montmorillonite-Vermiculite Group'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O CalciteCaCO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O CorundumAl2O3
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
MgMagnesium
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
AlAluminium
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
SiSilicon
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
CaCalcium
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Washington, H.S. (1909): The submarine eruption of 1831 and 1891 near Pantelleria. Amer. J. Sci., ser. 4, 27, 131–150.
Imbò, G. (1965): Catalogue of the active volcanoes of the world including solfatara fields, Part XVIII, Italy. Intern. Assoc. Volcanology, Rome, 72 pp.
Beccaluva, L., Macciotta, G., Di Girolamo, P., Savelli, C. (1981): Upper Miocene submarine volcanism in the Strait of Sicily (Banco Senza Nome). Bull. Volcanol., 44, 573–581.
Carapezza, M., Ferla, P., Nuccio, P.M., and Valenza, M. (1979): Caratteri petrologici e geochimici delle vulcaniti dell’Isola «Ferdinandea». Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 35, 377–388.
Calanchi, N., Colantoni, P., Rossi, P.L., Saitta, M., and Serri, G. (1989): The Strait of Sicily continental rift systems: physiography and petrochemistry of the submarine volcanic centres. Mar. Geol., 87, 55–83, doi: 10.1016/0025-3227(89)90145-X.
Peccerillo, A. (2005): Plio-Quaternary Volcanism in Italy. Petrology, Geochemistry, Geodinamics. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg, 365 pp.
Corti, G., Cuffaro, M., Doglioni, C., Innocenti, F., Manetti, P. (2006): Coexisting geodynamic processes in the Sicily Channel. In: Dilek, Y., Pavlides, S., eds., Postcollisional tectonics and magmatism in the Mediterranean region and Asia. Geological Society of America Special Paper 409, 83–96, doi: 10.1130/2006.2409(05).
Rotolo, S.G., Castorina, F., Cellura, D., Pompilio, M. (2006): Petrology and geochemistry of submarine volcanism in the Sicily Channel Rift. J. Geol., 114, 3, 355-365.
Lodolo, E., Civile, D., Zanolla, C., Geletti, R. (2012): Magnetic signature of the Sicily Channel volcanism. Mar. Geophys. Res., 33, 33-44.
Peccerillo, A. (2017): Cenozoic Volcanism in the Tyrrhenian Sea Region. Second Edition. Advances in Geology. Springer International Publishing AG, Cham, Switzerland, 398 pp.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strait_of_Sicily
Wikidata ID:Q206975
GeoNames ID:2523117

Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 22, 2019 18:09:18 Page generated: October 4, 2019 14:46:22
Go to top of page