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Limburg, Netherlandsi
Regional Level Types
Limburg- not defined -
NetherlandsCountry

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Key
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Maastricht122,378 (2017)
Heerlen93,084 (2017)
Venlo92,403 (2017)
Kerkrade49,777 (2017)
Weert48,662 (2017)
Sittard48,400 (2017)


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Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

53 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Buurman et al (1975) in 'Geologie en Mijnbouw'
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Beudantite ?
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Boussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Description: Bravoite was found in more coalmines in Limburg, but in "T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007" there are not more locality details (De Wijkerslooth, 1948, 1949)
Reference: T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fluorellestadite-Hydroxylellestadite Series'
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Buurman et al (1975) in 'Geologie en Mijnbouw' T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Description: Halotrichite was found on the dumps of more coalmines in Limburg, but in "T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007" there are not more locality details (Van der Lijn 1973)
Reference: T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
'Hydromuscovite'
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Description: Linnaeite was found in more coalmines in Limburg, but in "T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007" there are not more locality details. It forms kuboactedric crystals (De Wijkerslooth, 1948, 1949)
Reference: T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Description: Melanterite was found on the dumps of more coalmines in Limburg, but in "T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007" there are not more locality details (Van der Lijn 1973)
Reference: T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
Mogánite
Formula: SiO2
Description: Found in flint in cretacious rocks
Reference: T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
Mullite
Formula: Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
'Ozocerite'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: found by FdW
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
'Rubinblende'
Reference: T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Description: Stannite was found in more coalmines in Limburg, but in "T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007" there are not more locality details. It was found in 0,1-0,2 mm big/small crystals, usually twinned (De Wijkerslooth, 1948, 1949)
Reference: T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Description: Tetraedrite was found in more coalmines in Limburg, but in "T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007" there are not more locality details. It was found usually as inclusions in chalkopyrite (De Wijkerslooth, 1948, 1949)
Reference: T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Description: Wurtzite was found in more coalmines in Limburg, but in "T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007" there are not more locality details (De Wijkerslooth, 1948).
Reference: T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Mogánite4.DA.20SiO2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Boussingaultite7.CC.60(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Mascagnite7.AD.05(NH4)2SO4
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Beudantite ?8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mullite9.AF.20Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fluorellestadite-Hydroxylellestadite Series'-
'Glauconite'-(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Hydromuscovite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Ozocerite'-
'Rubinblende'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Mascagnite28.2.1.1(NH4)2SO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Boussingaultite29.3.7.2(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite ?43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Mullite52.2.3.1Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
'Glauconite'71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fluorellestadite-Hydroxylellestadite Series'-
'Hydromuscovite'-
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Mogánite-SiO2
'Ozocerite'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Rubinblende'-
Sphalerite
var: Marmatite
-(Zn,Fe)S

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
NNitrogen
N Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
N Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O TridymiteSiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
O Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O MogániteSiO2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Mg Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
AlAluminium
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Al Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si MogániteSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
SSulfur
S SiegeniteCoNi2S4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MilleriteNiS
S PyriteFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S SulphurS8
S Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
S GalenaPbS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
CoCobalt
Co SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Co LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
NiNickel
Ni SiegeniteCoNi2S4
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
AsArsenic
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SnTin
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Romein, B.J. (1966) Geologische geschiedenis van Zuid-Limburg. Ons Krijtland Zuid-Limburg II. Wet. Med. K.N.N.V., 61 (in Dutch).
Van Wijngaarden, A. (1967) De ondergrondse kalkgroeven van Zuid-Limburg. Ons Krijtland Zuid-Limburg III. Wet. Med. K.N.N.V., 71 (in Dutch).
Breuls, Ton (1994) Mergelgrotten, het onbekende landschap van Limburg. Mergelbouwsteen, ISBN 90-801848-1-0, 52 pp. (in Dutch).

Localities in this Region


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